Government Treaties

Pre-Removal Government Treaties

1786 Treaty of Hopewell (PDF)
This early treaty was designed to designate land and rights to the Native Americans.

1801 Treaty of Fort Adams (PDF)
This treaty was a description of the rights and limitations between the Choctaw Nation and the United States Government.

1802 Treaty of Fort Confederation (PDF)
In 1802, The U.S. Government developed a treaty that would allow them to redraw old lines of Indian property.

1803 Treaty of Hoe Buckintoopa (PDF)
This treaty following the one of Fort Confederation confirmed lines set out in the previous treaty.

1805 A Treaty of Limits (PDF)
Another expansion of land ownership, the United States and Choctaw Nation signed this treaty that took more land east of Choctaw territory for the U.S. Government.

1805 Treaty of Mount Dexter (PDF)
Almost identical in wording when compared to the 1805 Treaty of Limits, the Mount Dexter treaty cedes more Indian land over to the Federal Government. This treaty also outlined what kind of pay would be given as compensation.

1816 Treaty of Fort Stephens (PDF)
Eleven years after the Treaty of Mount Dexter, the treaty of Fort Stephens claimed more land east of a new Choctaw boundary. Also outlined was a detailed payment plan that the U.S. Government would enter into with the Choctaw Nation.

1820 Treaty of Doak's Stand (PDF)
This treaty details the relocation of Choctaw Indians and a proposed process of providing education and hunting supplies to the members of the Choctaw Nation.

1825 Treaty of Washington City (PDF)
An agreement in which the Choctaw Nation ceded land to the United States in return for annual payments.

1826 Refusal of Chickasaws and Choctaws (PDF)
This document refers to the Choctaw and Chickasaw Indian’s refusal to give up any more land and move west of the Mississippi. 

1830 Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek (PDF)
This treaty ceded land to the United States and moved the Choctaw Nation west of the Mississippi.

Post-Removal Government Treaties

1837 Treaty with Choctaw & Chickasaw (PDF)
This treaty was supposed to guarantee co-existence between the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations. Both nations of people in 1837 occupied the same land due to the previous treaties with the U.S. Government.

1838 October Choctaw Nation Constitution (PDF)
This post-removal constitution outlined the rights provided for every member of the Choctaw Nation.

1842 November 10 Choctaw Nation Constitution (PDF)
This is an updated version of the Choctaw Nation’s post-removal constitution.

1850 Choctaw Nation Constitution (PDF)
This is the third updated version of the Choctaw Nation’s post-removal constitution.

1854 Treaty with Choctaw & Chickasaw (PDF)
This treaty addresses the way land will be divided and surveyed between the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations.

1855 Treaty with Choctaw & Chickasaw (PDF)
This treaty updates the 1854 treaty between the nations of Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians.

1857 Choctaw Nation Constitution (PDF)
This document is an updated version of the Choctaw Nation’s Constitution.

1860 January 11 Choctaw Nation Constitution (PDF)
Sharing many of the same sections as previous constitutions, this updated version also dictates land boundaries near the Canadian and Red Rivers.

1861 Articles of Confederation (PDF)
This document involves Muscogees, Seminoles, Choctaws and Chickasaws in an agreement of peace for mutual protection within the Confederate States of America.

1866 Treaty with Choctaw & Chickasaw (PDF)
This treaty is an agreement between the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations and the U.S. Government after the Civil War. Besides granting amnesty for past crimes against the U.S. Government, this treaty also encourages the Choctaws and Chickasaws to seek cooperation from the plains Indians to the west.

Cyrus Byington

Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Post Removal City Life