Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation
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Allen Wright

1866 - 1870

Allen Wright was born in Attla County, Mississippi in November 1826. Known as Kilihote in his native language he was orphaned at the age of 13. He went to live with Reverend Cyrus Kingsbury and attended Pine Ridge Mission School near Doaksville. After four years there he entered the major tribal school, Spencer Academy. Later he attended Delaware College, Union College in New York and Union Theological Seminary in New York City. After completion of his studies he was ordained by the Presbyterian Church. He was the principal instructor at Armstrong Academy during the 1855-1856 school term. He married Harriet Newell Mitchell of Ohio in 1857.

Allen Wright became a member of the Choctaw Council in 1856, was elected treasurer of the Choctaw Nation in 1859, and under a new constitution he became a member of the Choctaw Council in 1861. During the Civil War the Choctaws joined forces with the Confederate Army. Because of their allegiance with the South they renounced all of its previous treaties with the United States. At the close of the war the tribe was in poverty and it was Allen Wright’s job as Principal Chief, to negotiate a new treaty with the United States and try to reorganize a badly split tribe.

He was elected Chief of the Choctaw Nation in 1866 and served until 1870. Some of his accomplishments included translating the laws of the Chickasaw Nation from English into their native language, Compiling a Choctaw dictionary for use in tribal schools, translating the book of Psalms from Hebrew into Choctaw, was editor of the Indian Chapion, and was a charter member of the first Masonic Lodge in Oklahoma. Chief Wright passed away December 2, 1885 and was buried at Boggy Depot in Atoka County.