Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Kelli Kelli

posted on May 27, 2012

I am trying to get some information on my grandmother’s family. We are told that she had Choctaw in her family. Her name was Leola Caldwell. She lived in Shreveport, Louisiana. She was born May 30, 1911. She was from a family of 12 or 13 I believe. She just passed away 27 May 1994. If anyone has any information it would be greatly appreciated. Just trying to figure out where I came from.

Thanks so much in advance.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on May 27, 2012

you might contact the jena choctaw tribe in louisiana, link in this post.

i don’t know if caldwell was a maiden name or married name.

this information is on a family tree on ancestry.com. you should contact anyone who posts about your family and exchange information and sources.

Leola Molly Caldwell
Birth May 30, 1911 in Louisiana
Death 2005 in Cleveland, OH
Ezra Shorty/Grandfeathers Caldwell 1876 – 1957
Louisa Williams 1882 – 1940

i often start with the death and work backwards. you will want cemetery record, maybe on findagrave.com or interment.com; death certificate from state vital records; obituary, see your local public library/interlibrary loan.

i don’t know if this is your family:
1920 United States Federal Census about Leola Caldwell
Name: Leola Caldwell
Age: 13
Birth Year: abt 1907
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1920: Police Jury Ward 9, Iberville, Louisiana
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: E L Caldwell
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Name: Bessie Caldwell
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
E L Caldwell 37
Bessie Caldwell 37
Lillian Caldwell 14
Leola Caldwell 13
Jennie Bell Cook 23
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Police Jury Ward 9, Iberville, Louisiana; Roll: T625_614; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 66; Image: 526.

this appears to be the same family:
1930 United States Federal Census about Leola Williamson
Name: Leola Williamson
[Leola Caldwell]
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1907
Birthplace: Mississippi
Race: Mulatto
[White]
Home in 1930: Police Jury Ward 1, West Baton Rouge, Louisiana
View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Spouse’s Name: Joseph Williamson
Father’s Name: E L Caldwell
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Name: Bessie Caldwell
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Occupation:

Education:

Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
E L Caldwell 47
Bessie Caldwell 49
Leola Williamson 23
Joseph Williamson 24
Bobby Williamson 0
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Police Jury Ward 1, West Baton Rouge, Louisiana; Roll: 822; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 2; Image: 982.0; FHL microfilm: 2340557.

and there’s another leola caldwell:
1930 United States Federal Census about Leola Caldwell
Name: Leola Caldwell
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1930
Birthplace: Louisiana
Race: Negro (Black)
Home in 1930: Shreveport, Caddo, Louisiana
View Map
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Father’s Name: Ezra Caldwell
Father’s Birthplace: Louisiana
Mother’s Name: Mary Caldwell
Mother’s Birthplace: Louisiana
Occupation:

Education:

Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Ezra Caldwell 26
Mary Caldwell 23
John Caldwell 8
Louisa Caldwell 4
Leola Caldwell 0
[1/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Shreveport, Caddo, Louisiana; Roll: 787; Page: 1B; Enumeration District: 29; Image: 69.0; FHL microfilm: 2340522.

if you get stuck, you can request a copy of her social security application. she would have submitted a birth record to show proof of age when social security came into effect 1/1/1937. sometimes this was a delayed birth certificate, so you should ask for both a birth certificate and a delayed birth certificate from the state where she was born.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes packet is exists or is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/dawes.php?s_last=green&s_first=mart&s_middle=&s_tribe=
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.

you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

jasmine williams jasmine williams

posted today at 12:03AM

I know it’s a couple of years later and my family is said to have some Choctaw lineage and are from Shreveport, Louisiana(bossier parish) and are Caldwell as well… Names known are Jake Caldwell (b.1876-?) Married to Betsey Caldwell(b.1889-?), they had 3 kids… Mary Lizzie Caldwell(1898-?),Annie Dell Caldwell(b.1903-?), Anderson Caldwell(b.1905-???) Wondering if these are the same family?

jasmine williams jasmine williams

posted today at 12:05AM

Correction *plain dealing, Louisiana

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted today at 1:19AM

you should contact the jena choctaw tribe in louisiana. this is the website of the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. each tribe had membership requirements.

http://www.jenachoctaw.org/
click on history to look at location.

there is also another choctaw tribe in LA
http://www.choctaw-apache.org/

one of the problems is that betsey was 9 years old when she had mary lizzie caldwell? so i don’t know if the dates are accurate. maybe she is a second or third wife and not the mother of mary lizzie caldwell.

you would have to contact them to find out if your relatives were enrolled in their tribe.

1910 United States Federal Census about Anderson Caldwell
Name: Anderson Caldwell
Age in 1910: 5
Birth Year: abt 1905
Birthplace: Louisiana
Home in 1910: Police Jury Ward 3, Bossier, Louisiana
Race: Black
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Jake Caldwell
Father’s Birthplace: Louisiana
Mother’s name: Betsey Caldwell
Mother’s Birthplace: Louisiana
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Jake Caldwell 34
Betsey Caldwell 21
Mary Lizzie Caldwell 12
Annie Bell Caldwell 7
Anderson Caldwell 5
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Police Jury Ward 3, Bossier, Louisiana; Roll: T624_509; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 0018; FHL microfilm: 1374522.

1910 United States Federal Census about Jake Caldwell
Name: Jake Caldwell
Age in 1910: 34
Birth Year: abt 1876
Birthplace: Louisiana
Home in 1910: Police Jury Ward 3, Bossier, Louisiana
Race: Black
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Betsey Caldwell
Father’s Birthplace: South Carolina
Mother’s Birthplace: South Carolina

1910 United States Federal Census about Betsey Caldwell
Name: Betsey Caldwell
Age in 1910: 21
Birth Year: abt 1889
Birthplace: Louisiana
Home in 1910: Police Jury Ward 3, Bossier, Louisiana
Race: Black
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Jake Caldwell
Father’s Birthplace: Louisiana
Mother’s Birthplace: South Carolina

1900 United States Federal Census about Jake Caldwell
Name: Jake Caldwell
Age: 25
Birth Date: Jun 1874
Birthplace: Louisiana
Home in 1900: Plain Dealing, Bossier, Louisiana
Race: Black
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Jennie Caldwell
Marriage Year: 1895
Years Married: 5
Father’s Birthplace: Louisiana
Mother’s Birthplace: Alabama
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Jake Caldwell 25
Jennie Caldwell 20
May Caldwell 1
Jake Caldwell 0
Kate Austin 18
Lucy Austin 16
Rall Austin 12
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Plain Dealing, Bossier, Louisiana; Roll: 559; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 0017; FHL microfilm: 1240559.

it appears that this is his second marriage.

the austins are jake’s half-sisters and half-brother.

Louisiana Marriage Records, 1851-1900 about Jennie Clay
Name: Jack Caldwell
Spouse: Jennie Clay
Marriage Date: 12 Dec 1895
County: Boss
State: LA

since jake says that betsey is his second marriage in the 1910 census, jennie and betsey might be the same person. but jennie’s parents are from LA, so that would argue for a different person.

this would mean that some of the children might be jennie’s and some might be betsey’s.

is this your jake?
Louisiana, Statewide Death Index, 1900-1949 about Jacob Caldwell
Name: Jacob Caldwell
Death Date: 5 Mar 1919
Estimated birth year: 1874
Age: 45 years

Parish: Bossier
Certificate Number: 4158
Volume: 9
Title: Louisiana Statewide Death Indeces 1900-1929

i start with the death and work backwards. you need some vital records.

if you get stuck and the person passed away after 1/1/1937, then you can get a copy of their social security application with a SS-5. http://www.legalgenealogist.com/blog/2013/05/31/ordering-the-ss-5/

when they applied for social security, they would have had to present a birth record to show proof of age. often this was a delayed birth certificate from state vital records. so if you ask for a birth certificate, also ask for a delayed birth certificate.

suzanne hamlet shatto