Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Need help Please, Have searched all over and no luck. Need direction

lmfrench lmfrench

posted on March 16, 2012

I have searched every data base I can find. Looking for Fields family living on Choctaw Nation in 1900 census. I’m hoping someone here can help. I will attach the file. but in case that doesn’t work, it is George Washington Fields, born March 1848 Died abt 1902. I have found lots of relatives living on Indian territory. It is so hard to search for them, why?


suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 17, 2012 and updated on March 17, 2012

no spouse name, no childrens’ names, no specific location in your post.

the name is very common so i am not surprised you are having difficulty with it. when i have trouble with a particular person, i go back and review the childrens’ documents.

the children would probably have been alive 1/1/1937, when social security came into effect. when they applied, they would have had to submit a birth record, such as a birth certificate or delayed birth certificate. see the state vital records office for that. many submitted delayed birth certificates, so you would have to ask for both documents. since the records were old, you would also have to check with the state archives and state historical society.

he was born in GA, so his family made a late migration to indian territory/arkansas. this would mean that he might be mississippi choctaw or cherokee or chickasaw. you would have to look at the native census records and native database on
see the left menu for that

natives that were living on a reservation were not taxed, so they were not on the federal census. the 1900 census was the first time that all were enumerated on the federal census.

however, the georgia birthplace probably indicates he was not living on a reservation when he was born.

there is a picture of him on family records. there is also more than one person who is researching the family.

George Washington Fields
Birth Mar 1848 in Amicalola, Lumpkin County, Georgia
Death abt 1902 in Rocky, Polk County, Arkansas


Reuben Fields 1828 – 1856 Barbara A. Green 1829 – 1900


Emily Fields1848 – 1909 Malinda Fields1854 – Elizabeth Eliza Fields1857 – 1943 Half siblings Mary Eugene Howell1860 – 1951 David B. Howell1866 – Barbara Ann Howell1867 – 1908

Spouse & Children

Jane Gordon – 1876 John William Fields 1871 – 1956

Spouse & Children

Parmelia Yannels 1854 – 1887 Joseph Larkin Fields 1877 – 1925 Mary Elizabeth Fields 1880 – 1903 George Washington Fields 1884 – 1911

Spouse & Children

Martha Jane Gibson 1866 – 1906 Reuben Mathew Fields 1889 – 1957 Samuel Lee Fields 1891 – 1966 James Monroe Fields 1892 – 1940 Benjamin Franklin “Frank” Fields 1894 – 1981 Evan Pierce Fields 1895 – 1969 Sophia Fields 1896 – 1976 Claude Fields 1900 – 1976 Linda Ann Fields 1901 – 1978

1848 Mar

Amicalola, Lumpkin County, Georgia

6 source citations
Age: 2

Amicalola, Lumpkin County, Georgia

1 source citation
Age: 6

Sister was born.

Age: 12

Freedom Township, Polk County, Arkansas

1 source citation
Age: 22

Marriage to Jane Gordon

Age: 22

Freedom Township, Polk County, Arkansas
The home of his sister Emily and her husband Sidney Barber.

1 source citation
1871 29 Aug
Age: 23

Rocky, Polk County, Arkansas
Birth of John William

1876 ABT
Age: 28

Marriage to Parmelia Yannels

Age: 32

Freedom Township, Polk County, Arkansas

1 source citation
1887 30 Jan
Age: 38

Marriage to Martha Jane Gibson
Polk County, Arkansas

1 source citation
1894 10 Mar
Age: 46

Polk County, Arkansas
Birth of Frank

1896 7 Oct
Age: 48

Indian Territory
Birth of Sophia

Age: 52

Whitesboro, Le Flore County, Oklahoma
Township 3, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory

1 source citation
1902 abt
Age: 54

Rocky, Polk County, Arkansas
Fell from his horse.

1 source citation


Potter, Polk County, Arkansas
Potter Cemetery. Was buried in an unmarked grave near a large oak tree, no doubt gone by now.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common

surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to

include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth

certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your

grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on

file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might

have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are

helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or

marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start

with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful.

census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census

records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be

public information in 2012.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:

social security application for a deceased person:
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and is another

useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times

their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with

accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes packet is exists or is available at fold3.
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a

relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the

time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a

date of death on or
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time

of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might

have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try or ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if

you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are

buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before

1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth

certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be

under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census

was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state

census records and native census records and native rolls. and heritage quest are two

databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA

( are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for

enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they

didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or

benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly,

they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see

other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are

especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other

oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available

other resources are NARA

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary

loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
some obituaries:

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for

oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have

microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw

Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When

US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any

benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents

(application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
marriage records

other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they

will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can

get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find

a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births,

marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not

1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.

you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to

do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to

be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the

family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your

family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe

located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called

choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a

database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there

are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal


this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching

google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal

recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to

see the postcards that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request

the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Barbara Barbara

posted on August 21, 2012

There’s a George Washington Fields listed on as:
Col-Le-Ska-We George Washington FIELDS, b. 28 Mar 1848, Cherokee Nation, Ill. Dist, Native America. Has a George Washington Fields, 1823-1848 as father, and Elvina McCoy, 1824-1875. No other information. You might check with the owner of the tree.