Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation


Debbie Lapeyrouse Debbie Lapeyrouse

posted on March 9, 2012

I’m seeking information on Sarah Ann “Annie” Pearson and daughter Emily Elizabeth Pearson. They were Choctaw and were my great-great and great-grandmother, respectively. Years ago I saw on one of the rolls where Annie or Emily, I don’t recall which, was listed as a child that didn’t live on the reservation. Emily was born in Gilbert Town, Choctaw County, Alabama but she married Hilard McLain of Wayne County, Mississippi and that’s where my family is from. We have very little history of our Pearson relatives. My mother was taken to visit Annie when she was very young and she said she was Native American. Before she died, my grandmother’s oldest sibling told me the whole story about Emily, told me where Annie was buried, etc. but all my notes were destroyed in hurricane Katrina, where I lived on the Mississippi Gulf Coast at that time. I found a confirming posting online on someone else’s genealogy page (I’d never heard of them) and they had the exact details my great-aunt Ada had told me and have Annie listed as Choctaw. Annie’s father was Wenlock (Winlock) Christopher Pearson, whom I believe was white. So I think his wife Elizabeth must have been Choctaw, but I have no last maiden name for Elizabeth. There is a possibility that Christopher’s mother was Choctaw, for all I know. All I have on her is Theiry Wilson as her maiden name and no other information about her. So, we know Annie was Choctaw but don’t know if one or both of her parents were. If anyone has any knowledge of this family, please share whatever information you have.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 9, 2012

there are no years in this post. this is a big handicap in trying to do genealogy. i assume that sarah ann’s married name is pearson and emily elizabeth’s maiden name is pearson.

sarah ann “annie” m. wenlock/winlock christopher pearson
emily elizabeth pearson b. AL m. hillard mclain b. MS

it would have been nice to give the information from other family trees. this is one of the reasons it might be wise to pot your family tree on the internet: information is not lost during a personal tragedy, sources of information might be preserved electronically, and contact with other family members can help acquire documents, exchange information. maybe you will consider posting your family tree to rootsweb worldconnect, as this is a free website. i have my family tree on ancestry and occasionally receive inquiries from other members of the family.

there is nothing in this story that indicates that you have a connection to the choctaw tribe in oklahoma. perhaps you have a connection to the MOWA or mississippi choctaw tribes.

this is a website that has the dawes roll 1896-1906, showing applicants to the five major tribes of oklahoma.
see the left menu. some of the census records, rolls and databases might help you.

this land record might help you. it might establish WHO was choctaw and that a land grant was accepted for tribal termination.
Mississippi Land Records about Winlock C Pearson
Name: Winlock C Pearson
Land Office: JACKSON
Document Number: 38984
Total Acres: 31.04
Signature: Yes
Canceled Document: No
Issue Date: 29 Nov 1889
Mineral Rights Reserved: No
Metes and Bounds: No
Statutory Reference: 3 Stat. 566
Multiple Warantee Names: No
Act or Treaty: April 24, 1820
Multiple Patentee Names: No
Entry Classification: Sale-Cash Entries
Land Description:
1 7 CHOCTAW No 2N 18E 9
2 12 CHOCTAW No 2N 18E 9
Source Information:
United States, Bureau of Land Management. Mississippi Land Records [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1997.
Original data: United States, Bureau of Land Management. Mississippi Pre-1908 Patents: Homesteads, Cash Entry, Choctaw Indian Scrip and Chickasaw Cession Lands. General Land Office Automated Records Project, 1997.
click on land patents

you would have to order the whole land packet, as only the deed will have an image on this website. but it will give you information about that document.
contact NARA for the land packet.

i noticed that most of the family trees are very lightly documented, with many settling for citing other people’s family trees. there is much work to be done on this family.

Hillard C “Hill” MCLAIN
Birth 19 Nov 1883 in , , Mississippi, United States
Death 11 May 1946 in , Wayne, Mississippi, United States


JAMES SANDY “JIM” MCLAIN 1845 – 1934 Jane CARLISLE 1846 – 1890

Spouse & Children

Lillie Mae Rich 1914 – 1994

Spouse & Children

Emily Elizabeth Pearson 1885 – 1920 Velma V MCLAIN 1908 – 1983

Birth 28 Mar 1845 in , Greene, Mississippi, United States
Death 2 Nov 1934 in , Wayne, Mississippi, United States
there is a picture of this person.



he first married jane carlisle:



Show siblings
Spouse & Children


Spouse & Children

Jane CARLISLE 1846 – 1890 Louisa MCLAIN 1869 – Kenneth MCLAIN 1870 – 1958 Alfred D MCLAIN 1873 – 1945 Mary MCLAIN 1876 – 1964 Angeline MCLAIN 1878 – 1880 Hillard C “Hill” MCLAIN 1883 – 1946 Randle MCLAIN 1885 – 1972

her parents:

Alfred D CARLISLE 1809 – 1891 Ann STRICKLAND 1816 – 1899

Emily Elizabeth Pearson
Birth 3 Jul 1885 in , , Alabama, United States
Death 12 Mar 1920
buried wayne county, MS, boyles chapel

however, when i look for a 1900 census records, i cannot find it.

maybe this will help you collect records. i often start with the death, work backwards.
genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

social security application for a deceased person:
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes packet is exists or is available at fold3.
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on or
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try or ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA ( are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
some obituaries:

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
marriage records

other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.

you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Debbie Lapeyrouse Debbie Lapeyrouse

posted on May 4, 2012

I just now discovered I’d gotten a response to this! Thank you SO much!

1. No, Sarah Ann’s maiden name was Pearson, Wenlock Christopher Pearson’s daughter. His wife was named Eliabeth but we don’t know her maiden name. Sarah Ann “Annie” married John Carney. I have this note about John Carney:
2. Emily Elizabeth was Sarah Ann Pearson’s daughter. She is shown to have gone by both last name Carney and Pearson. Some think she was Annie’s daughter out of wedlock and raised by John Carney. Some think maybe she was John Carney’s child whether he married her mother before she was born or not.

I apologize that my inquiry didn’t have all the information in it. It was just a place to start. I wouldn’t have known for sure what other family trees you would care to know about related to them and my information is sketchy anyway.

Thank you so much for all the information. I’m sure it will be helpful.

Best regards,

Debbie Lapeyrouse

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on May 5, 2012

where were your relatives in 1900-1930? this is when a lot of enrollments occurred.

there are few locations, no years to research.

from what i see, the people you are researching is long before enrollment. maybe even into the 1700’s. i don’t have resources for that.

earliest resources are:
trading post logs – try state historical society and state archives.
historical newspapers and local history books – try state historical society and state archives. you might be able to access books through interlibrary loan/your public library.

NARA has the war department records 1800-1900 or so.
some of these records were transcribed on accessgenealogy.
see the menu on left, databases and census records.

the tribe doesn’t have records in the 1800’s, other than maybe some NARA records that you can access through the previous link.

native languages were oral traditions. they only became written languages after 1850. so the tribes have no written records before that time.


Debbie Lapeyrouse Debbie Lapeyrouse

posted on May 9, 2012

Some were in Alabama and some in Wayne and Greene Counties in Mississippi. Annie was on a roll when she was young and it listed her as Native but not living on the reservation.

Sarah Ann “Annie” Pearson Carney was born 1860 in Alabama and died 1951 in Mississippi.

Emily Eliabeth Pearton-Carney McLain was born in Gilbert Town, Choctaw County, AL in 1885 and she died in Wayne County MS in 1920.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on May 9, 2012

you need to check on the tribes in MS and AL for tribal enrollment. many enrollments were done 1900-1930. some tribes are still enrolling.

that land record to winlock c. pearson indicates that there may be information about heritage associated with it. the land record is at NARA national archives and records administration you should order the land package for that land.

you are trying to do multiple generations at once, probably because you mourn the loss of information that you once had. however, you have to start again: do one generation at a time. i start with the death, gather documents, then go backward in time to the birth. after i have many documents, then i proceed to the earlier generation.

it is possible that others in your family were collecting documents. you might look for rootsweb worldconnect records or ancestry family records and contact those relatives, exchange information and sources.

my first answer to you has resources.

i don’t have any particular information about your family.