Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Help with registration

Christina Christina

posted on February 4, 2012

I found my great-grandmother’s name on the rolls, but her “type” is MCR, which I read means “Mississipi Choctaw Rejected” or something like that. What does this mean and how will it affect my ability to become a member?

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on February 5, 2012

since you don’t give her name, i can only give you general information.

MCR code was not likely accepted for membership in the choctaw tribe in oklahoma. only a few early applicants were accepted by the choctaw council.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/
this is a search for original enrollees. so search for her name here.

in order to successfully enroll in the choctaw tribe in oklahoma you must be directly related to an original enrollee.

i am sorry that the news about that is not better. however, now you know you are choctaw. you might be able to prove tribal affiliation if you find a scrip land grant in MS or AL which reads choctaw scrip, given 1830-1880. however, the land grant won’t entitle you to enroll in the tribe. heritage and tribal enrollment are two different topics. the application, census card and testimony might be of interest to you for genealogical purposes.

i don’t know the membership requirements of the mississippi choctaw tribe. link to that tribe is in this post. each tribe had membership requirements and these were independent of any other tribe.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.

you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

rayson allen rayson allen

posted on February 5, 2012

Christina, MCR means an application by your ancestors, declaring themselves to be Mississippi Choctaws was rejected by the Dawes
Commission. It does not mean they did not have Indian blood, but that they could not prove their ancestry to the satisfaction of the Commission. Many of those MCR applications were approved by
the Secretary of the Interior after further review and additional
testimony was received. The full “Dawes Packet” containing all
testimonies in the case can be found at the National Archives in Fort Worth, Texas or online at Fold3.com, formerly Footnote.com
(browse>all titles>dawes packets>choctaw>mississippi choctaw)
Also try accessgenealogy.com to search the final rolls by name
which will give you the MCR number and the names of the family members and blood content as well as where they lived. Send me an e-mail if more ??? xcorniceman@aol.com

Christina Christina

posted on February 8, 2012 and updated on February 8, 2012

Suzanne, my great-grandmother’s name was Malissa Davis (MCR3002 roll #802) and she was a full-blood Choctaw. I have been gathering documents for several years now, including birth and death certificates, and I submitted my CDIB application a few days ago. I don’t know what the outcome will be, and I’m almost afraid to get my hopes up! Any additional information you may have specific to her case would be greatly appreciated.

Rayson, I e-mailed you directly.

Thank you both for your replies!

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on February 8, 2012

you might get a copy of the application, census card and testimony. try NARA/ http://www.archives.gov or oklahoma historical society or fold3.com for those.

it does appear she had an enrollment number on the index but i don’t know.

i don’t have any more information about her. i just try to help people do genealogy and point them to resources. you might consider connecting with others listing your relatives in family trees. google her with her spouse, birthdate or location; rootsweb.com has worldconnect records. ancestry.com has family trees – subscription service – but your local public library probably has a subscription. rootsweb and genealogy.com have messageboards for tribes, locations, surnames.

gl. i know lots of hard work went into this project.

Christina Christina

posted on February 8, 2012

Yes, it’s been a lot of emotionally-draining work. Thanks for the links – some I knew about and some are new that I will definitely check out! Your input has been greatly appreciated!

rayson allen rayson allen

posted on February 19, 2012

Christina, Sorry but I did not receive your e-mail. Looked for it but no luck. According to my family tree, your Malissa Davis was
married to one James (Jimmie) Davis on MCR 3002. Her maiden
name was Malissa Jackson, daughter of Solomon Jackson MCR
2987. Her mother was Nancy (1829-1885) This same Solomon
Jackson later married one of my ancestors, Nancy Fillihemah, MCR 4008 in 1897, separated in 1901. Malissa Jackson and
Jimmie Davis were married at a Choctaw Church outside of
Newton Station, Newton County, Mississippi in 1890, at a Choctaw settlement there. Their children were Nowill Davis (b.1893) Alice Davis (b.1897) Susanna Davis (b. 7/30/1899) Sallie Davis (b. 4/5/1901) Willie Davis (b. 2/25/1903) These
children were born in Post Oak, Newton, Mississippi
The family was later placed on an Indian Reservation in
Philadelphia, Neshoba, Mississippi where the records show
the following children: Bessie Davis (b. 1909) Sina Davis
(b. 1912) Mary Ellen Davis (b. 1915) Ada Francis Davis
(b. 1920) Records show that Jimmie Davis died 8/2/1928 of
kidney failure. Malissa (Malissie) Davis was present on the
1937 Reservation Census, age 71. Alice Davis on 1937 Census
as unmarried, age 40. Bessie Davis got married before April,
1934. Mary Ellen Davis married a JOHNSON before April 1933
and died 10/15/1933. Sina Davis married Coyt Charlie in 1936.
Ada Frances Davis died, age 14, after April, 1934 Your family has an interesting history. Jimmie and Malissa and 4 kids were
identified as Mississippi Choctaws on 2/14/1903 by the Dawes
Commission and given until 8/14/1903 to remove to the Indian
Territory, now Oklahoma. Their names are on a list called the
McKennon Rolls( 3/10/1899) which were sent to the Secretary of the Interior, describing Miss. Choc. Indians who were too
poor or infirm to remove to the Territory without government
assistance. This Roll was ignored by the Congress. At the same
time a class action lawsuit was making its way through the court
system, filed by one Jack Amos, on which the names of Jim Davis and Malissa Davis appear. This lawsuit claimed that
Miss. Choc. claimants who were owed land in the Territory
should be compensated with land in the State of Mississippi
instead. Unfortunately, Jack Amos and many other claimants
were dead by the time this lawsuit reached the Supreme
Court , and it was summarily dismissed. The outcome was that
all Miss. Choctaws living in Mississippi had to remove to a reservation at Philadelphia, Neshoba County, Mississippi before
1910. This is where the lives of this family played out. There is
no doubt they (Jim and Malissa and family) were Mississippi
Choctaw full bloods, but having been unable to reach the
Indian Territory by 1903, they were labeled MCR (Mississippi
Choctaw Refused) by the Dawes Commission. Many of the Jacksons reached the Indian Territory, including Solomon
Jackson, and of course my ancestors. By the way, The
siblings of Malissa Jackson were Willie Solomon (MCR3965)
Mary Jane Jackson (MCR 4041) Betsie Jackson (MCR4156)
Their stories are in Dawes Packets on website Fold3.com
I would be happy to send you copies of same if you contact
me at e-mail or (408) 923-3243 Rayson

Sonya Deaton - (Pistubbee) Sonya Deaton - (Pistubbee)

posted on July 13, 2013

Christina did you get enrolled with our tribe.
I was inquiring cause it is very important as a member of Choctaw Nation that all entitled to enrollment by the blood line to be recognized.
You are apart of our tribe threw your grandmother’s enrollment MCR
MY great Grandfather is MCR Identified
as your grandmother would be as I have come to understand matters. therfore belonging as a member of The Five Civilized Tribes. under Federal Law

Sonya Deaton - (Pistubbee) Sonya Deaton - (Pistubbee)

posted on July 13, 2013

Christina did you get enrolled with our tribe.
I was inquiring cause it is very important as a member of Choctaw Nation that all entitled to enrollment by the blood line to be recognized.
You are apart of our tribe threw your grandmother’s enrollment MCR
MY great Grandfather is MCR Identified
as your grandmother would be as I have come to understand matters. therfore belonging as a member of The Five Civilized Tribes. under Federal Law

Sonya Deaton - (Pistubbee) Sonya Deaton - (Pistubbee)

posted on July 13, 2013

Christina did you get enrolled with our tribe.
I was inquiring cause it is very important as a member of Choctaw Nation that all entitled to enrollment by the blood line to be recognized.
You are apart of our tribe threw your grandmother’s enrollment MCR
MY great Grandfather is MCR Identified
as your grandmother would be as I have come to understand matters. therfore belonging as a member of The Five Civilized Tribes. under Federal Law

Sonya Deaton - (Pistubbee) Sonya Deaton - (Pistubbee)

posted on July 13, 2013

Christina did you get enrolled with our tribe.
I was inquiring cause it is very important as a member of Choctaw Nation that all entitled to enrollment by the blood line to be recognized.
You are apart of our tribe threw your grandmother’s enrollment MCR
MY great Grandfather is MCR Identified
as your grandmother would be as I have come to understand matters. therfore belonging as a member of The Five Civilized Tribes. under Federal Law

Sonya Deaton - (Pistubbee) Sonya Deaton - (Pistubbee)

posted on January 8

posted for CHRISTINA – JIMMIE DAVIS Enrollment Card – MCR 3002

CHRISTINA; CHIEF LEO PERGSON provided this info to me so I may contact and send the info to you, to assist in getting enrolled, as you are entitled to that right by blood in being that said direct descendent.

Christina had once posted regarding to this matter of the subject.

let me know how it goes and if you have any questions post reply. or you can contact me through
my e-mail:deatonsonya@yahoo.com
from enrolled member,
SONYA DEATON – Mississippi Choctaw
MCR – “PISTUBBEE” – DIRECT DESCENDENT

Leo Pergson Leo Pergson

posted on February 12 and updated on February 12

Leo Pergson Su-Quah-Natch-Ah Band Choctaw Mississippi-

MCR- Mississippi Choctaw 14th Article Enrollment Records Researcher, Searching for an Ancestor who is an MC-R 14th Article Claimant-

As an MCR-14th Article Genealogist-Researcher- My deepest respect for Sonya Deaton- an Enrolled member of Oklahoma/Mississippi
Choctaw Nation/Oklahoma/ We need more Dedicated MCR-14th Article Genealogist-Researcher- Like Sonya Deaton-

First, Search-

http://userdb.rootsweb.ancestry.com/nativeamerican/

Search By, “First and Last Name” or just “Last Name”

Second, Once you have found your direct MCR- 14th Article Ancestor by [Vial Records] Federal Census Records- who was an MC-R 14th Article Claimant-

Thirdly, Search, NARA- Ancestrypaths.Com, Find the MCR- Criteria Range that your MCR-Dawes Enrollment Case files falls within- It’s not as fast as Fold3 Records- But gives same MC- Mississippi Choctaw Enrollment Packet Records- Enrollment Cards- and some MC-Mississippi Choctaw Per Capita Payment Records- etc., that Fold3 Does-not- And Most of all’ there’s no subscription Fee-

http://www.ancestrypaths.com/five-civilized-tribes/

MC"R" Mississippi Choctaw “Rejected” Does not necessarilary mean that an MCR Mississippi Choctaw Claimant was not’ enrolled into the Choctaw Nation Tribe" Irrespective of MCR- 14th Article Removal or Non Removal to the Indian Territories- "By Jurisdiction
as an 1830 Treaty Signed 14th Article Mississippi Choctaw- Whether your MCR-14th Article Signed under the 14th Article in Mississippi or signed under 14th Article in the Indian Territories [Oklahoma]

For all those who are an Ancestor of an MCR- Enrollment card who has never known if your MCR-14th Article Claimant ancestor was ever enrolled or not enrolled- on the Final Rolls-

First-

Dawes Com., Application" for Indian Territory Lands in Indian Territory-now Oklahoma and June 10,1896 Dawes Enrollment by "Affidavit- Deposition Enrollment Signed by Stenorgapher- are Completly “Two” Separate MCR-14th Article Federal/National 14th Article 1830 Treaty issues-

In order for a Choctaw to make Dawes Commission “Application” for his/ her “Application” for their I.T.D. Indian Territory Division Lands, the applicant" had to First’ be “Enrolled” into the Choctaw
Nation" Tribe by Dawes Commission Affidavit’ MC-R- [Enrollment Card-Signed by Stenographer]’

These Enrollment Cards have no “MCR attached to a Roll Number” Then the Final Dawes Commission “Application” for I.T.D. Indian
Territory Land Decision Depending on the “Final” Removal and Proven Residence within the I.T.D. Indian Territory Land Decision- within time provided by the Dawes Commission. Many MCR-Refused 14th Article Claimants never removed, but was still enrolled into the Choctaw Nation Tribe by the Commission in Mississippi but was Rejected Indian Territory Lands for Non-Removal. However, was still enrolled into the Choctaw Nation Tribe’ by simply researching
by Enrollment Card Signed by tenographer, “For The Identification As
Mississippi Choctaw”

These MCR-14th Article Enrollment cards are also “Universal” with the Mississippi Band Choctaw MS-also "Universal’ with 1889 McKennon
Rolls-Recognized-1945

Research>

>Records of the testimonial case files-
MCR-[case number]

Then Research Final Rolls of the Dawes Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes for a MC-R- “Enrollment Card” [Mississippi Choctaw Enrollment Card- Signed by Stenographer]

RETRIEVE from,

> national archives
> genealogy office
> ancestry.com is a good source to info.
a Copy of Records
> vital records,
birth & death (obituary) records
marriage & divorce records
your I.D.
social security card(s)
> enrollment card approved by the secretary of Interior D.O.I. card info will be in the records of the case file
{mcr testimonial cases file]
the FinalRolls of the Dawes Rolls
“commission to the Five Ciilized Tribes”

TRACE YOUR BLOOD LINE TO THE NEAREST ANCESTOR ENROLLED.

Last, First, and Middle Names.
•Type. The type of card. This is either a “By Blood (BB)”, “Doubtful (D)”, "Minor (M), “Newborn (NB)”, “Rejected” cards.
et.,al., “MCR” only’ refers to Dawes Commission by “Application” Rejected For I.T.D. Indian Territory Division Lands- Completely separate from Mississippi Choctaw Enrollment cards signed by “Stenographer”. “P” means the person is listed as a parent on the Dawes cards.
•Age and Sex.

•Card. There are “Two” Enrollment Cards Numbers- Those 1,540 Special MCR- Card Numbers and 14,000 Final Dawes Roll Cards.

•Roll. This is the Dawes Final roll number.
The Mississippi Choctaw Are enrolled on June 10, 1896 Special Roll Cards- Out of over 25,000, Mississippi Choctaw Applications- There were only’ 1,540 “Special MCR- Mississippi Choctaw Roll” Cards-By Blood, Not’ to be misconstrued as to the over 14,000, Choctaw By Blood Enrolled onto the Feb 8, 1887 Dawes Final Rolls

Final Determination for CDIB Application Dependent on Choctaw Nation[S] Enrollment Criteria- Enrollment Determination.

Sincerely; Leo Pergson Su-Quah-Natch-Ah Band Choctaw- MSGenweb.Org USGenweb.Org- TheMSGenweb.Org