Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Frederick Houston Sampson

BikerGeek BikerGeek

posted on January 18, 2012

Checking to see if anyone had any information on this person and his family, They lived in the Choctaw Nations in the early 1900’s. He was married to a Mary Hassie Gober

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on January 18, 2012

Name: Fredrick H Sampson
Age: 26
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1900: Township 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Marrilla Sampson
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Fredrick H Sampson 26
Marrilla Sampson 25
Zelma Sampson 3
Oza Sampson 8/12
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1851; Enumeration District: 89.
township 5 N range 24 E
this is the regular federal census, not the indian population census.

enumerated june 1, 1900 by john t. hackett
fredrick h. sampson, head, white male, b. apr. 1874?, age 26, married 4 years, b. AR, parents b. TN farmer, reads but doesn’t write rents a farm
marrilla, wife, white femmale, b. jan 1875, age 25, married 4 years, had 2 children and both survive, b. AR, father b. T, mother b. MO, reads and writes
zelma, daughter, white female, b. dec. 1896, age 3, single, b. IT/indian territory
Oza?, daughter, white female, b. sep. 1899, age 8 months single, b. IT

not on the dawes roll.
so the family didn’t apply for enrollment in the five major tribes. but there are 63 tribes in oklahoma.

this may be frederick:
Name: Francis H. Sampson
Age: 6
Birth Year: abt 1874
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1880: Washburn, Sebastian, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: William Sampson
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Name: Sarah F. Sampson
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: At Home
Cannot read/write:


Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
William Sampson 33
Sarah F. Sampson 29
Francis H. Sampson 6
Alford A. Sampson 3
William E. Sampson 6m
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Washburn, Sebastian, Arkansas; Roll: 57; Family History Film: 1254057; Page: 682A; Enumeration District: 184; Image: 0224.

Name: Mary H. Gober
Age: 3
Birth Year: abt 1877
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1880: District 255, Jackson, Georgia
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Wesley C. Gober
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Name: Mary J. Gober
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Neighbors: View others on page
Cannot read/write:


Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Wesley C. Gober 40
Mary J. Gober 37
Wesley H. Gober 16
Jane A. Gober 14
Craddock D. Gober 12
Jefferson B. Gober 10
Nettie D. Gober 8
John T. H. Gober 6
Mary H. Gober 3
Cornelia Gober 5m
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: District 255, Jackson, Georgia; Roll: 153; Family History Film: 1254153; Page: 523C; Enumeration District: 055; Image: 0251.

if your family was native and they made a late migration, they might not have been eligible for tribal enrollment in the choctaw tribe.

there is a marriage license:
1890 – 1907

COPYRIGHT 27 APR 1992 Mary Kinard

Printed here with the Permission of J.D. Kinard and family for your personal use


FIVE FEDERAL COURTHOUSES IN CHOCTAW NATION AT – ATOKA, ATOKA CO. OK, get copy of marriage from LDS Library BR – DURANT, BRYAN CO. OK. get copy of marriage from Durant Lf – POTEAU, LEFLORE CO. OK get copy of marriage from Poteau Mc – McALESTER, PITSBURY CO. OK get copy of marriage from Indian Archives OKC WIL – WILBURTON, LATIMER CO. OK you may be able to get copy from Muskogee Ok CODES USED un – NOT USED nr – NO RETURN er – ERROR col – COLORED

LF – Leflore County Court Clerk
P.O. Box 688
Poteau, OK 74953

indian territory became the state of oklahoma in 1907. there was a district court, and some used nearby forts for legal authority.

maybe the family moved back to AR.
Name: Oza Sampson
Age: 17
Birth Year: abt 1899
Residence: Hartford, Sebastian, Arkansas
Spouse’s Name: Marco Hendricks
Spouse’s Age: 22
Spouse’s Residence: Hartford, Sebastian, Arkansas
Marriage Date: 23 Jul 1916
Marriage License Date: 20 Jul 1916
Marriage County: Sebastian
Event Type: Marriage
FHL Film Number: 1034076

it appears they are difficult to trace. i don’t know where they lived.

but this is the strategy that i would pursue:
request a birth certificate or delayed birth certificate about one of the children from oklahoma vital records. anyone who passed away after 1/1/1937 applied for social security and had to submit a birth record to show proof of age.
the social security application can give you dates and locations, parents names.
this would give you information about where to look for documents.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common

surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to

include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth

certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your

grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on

file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might

have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are

helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or

marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start

with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful.

census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census

records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be

public information in 2012.

social security application for a deceased person:

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for

enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they

didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or

benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly,

they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see

other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are

especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other

oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available

other resources are NARA
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary

loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for

oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have

microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw

Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When

US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any

benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents

(application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they

will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can

get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find

a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births,

marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not

1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.

you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to

do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to

be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the

family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your

family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe

located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called

choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a

database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there

are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal


this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching

google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal

recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to

see the postcards that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request

the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto