Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Heritage?

Russell Searcy Russell Searcy

posted on January 9, 2012

I live in California. A little far from Oklahoma where my parents were born. They spoke of being Choctaw. My grandparents are Lizzie Sutton married Albert Winter. Ona Millwee married Clay Searcy.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on January 9, 2012

no years or location in your post.
i do not know the relation of all four names either.

California Death Index, 1940-1997 about Ona Elizabeth Searcy
Name: Ona Elizabeth Searcy
[Ona Elizabeth Millwee]
Social Security #: 445389713
Sex: Female
Birth Date: 7 May 1903
Birthplace: Arkansas
Death Date: 21 Dec 1984
Death Place: Kern
Mother’s Maiden Name: Dees
Father’s Surname: Millwee

Name: Owa Millwee
Age in 1910: 7
Birth Year: 1903
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1910: Lathram, Caddo, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Walter Millwee
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s name: Margarett Millwee
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Walter Millwee 30
35
Margarett Millwee 34
Alvah L Millwee 11
Tylie Millwee 9
Cloe Millwee 8
Owa Millwee 7
Amanda Millwee 5
Herman Millwee 3
Battie Millwee 2
Nolla Millwee 1
Raymond Millwee 12
0
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Lathram, Caddo, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1245; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 0068; Image: 498; FHL Number: 1375258.

Arkansas, County Marriages Index, 1837-1957 about Walter Millwee
Name: Walter Millwee
Age: 22
Birth Year: abt 1875
Residence: Chapelhill, Sevier, Arkansas
Spouse’s Name: Maggie Dees
Spouse’s Age: 21
Spouse’s Residence: Horatio, Sevier, Arkansas
Marriage Date: 13 Jan 1897
Marriage License Date: 9 Jan 1897
Marriage County: Sevier
Event Type: Marriage
FHL Film Number: 1007943

no millwee surnames on the dawes roll.
there are dees surnames on the dawes roll but they were mostly mississippi choctaw refused.
it appears that the family was not living in OK by 1900, but they may not have qualified for enrollment in the choctaw tribe.

1900 United States Federal Census about Alva Milwee
Name: Alva Milwee
Age: 1
Birth Date: Dec 1898
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 7, Red River, Texas
[Red River, Texas]
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Walter E Milwee
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s name: Maggie Milwee
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Walter E Milwee 25
Maggie Milwee 24
Alva Milwee 1
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 7, Red River, Texas; Roll: T623_1665; Page: 7B; Enumeration District: 113.

1900 United States Federal Census about Clay Searcy
Name: Clay Searcy
Age: 2
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1900: Township 4, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Father’s Name: James Searcy
Mother’s name: Maud Searcy
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
James Searcy 32
Maud Searcy 20
Clay Searcy 2
Robert Searcy 2/12
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 4, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1847; Enumeration District: 126.

born in TX means a recent move. but the trail of tears didn’t go through texas in the late 1830’s. there were many unofficial migrations from the southeast to texas.

james and maud were both b. TX.

i don’t see them on the dawes roll either. and the searcy surnames were classified as mississippi choctaw refused.

see the links in this post about the mississippi choctaw for more information.

albert winter is a common name and i don’t see a wife lizzie in the 1930 census. i don’t see a lizzie associated anywhere with this name either.
i don’t see either of these names on the dawes roll either.

since your post gives no dates or location clues, i have to stop searching.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.

you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Russell Searcy Russell Searcy

posted on January 11, 2012

Thank you for your research. My Mother is Ruth Searcy daughter to Lizzie Sutton and Albert Winter. I found that Lizzie and Albert were married July 20, 1913 in Caddo OK. My Mother was intentionally vague(I suspect not proud) of Lizzie’s humble beginings. She had said that Lizzie was raised by sibblings and suffered as a child. My mother had two sibblings Gladys and Norville. My mother suffered a stroke and is paralyzed in a nursing home. My Father is Vernon son of Ona Millwee and Clay Searcy, he is struggling. This conversation is not possible with either one. He had said that Lizzie was half Choctaw. Family pictures indicate a resemblence to that statement. I never knew any other names of family. I appreciate what you have done. THANK YOU.

susan marie Long Sloan susan marie Long Sloan

posted on May 16, 2012

Hey Russell,
I can’t believe that we are both on here looking for the same information.How are you so sorry to here about your Mom. Please keep in touch and let me know what you find out
Susan

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on May 16, 2012

clay searcy and ona millwee don’t appear to have applied for enrollment.

ruth’s maiden name was winter, it appears.

let the documents tell the story of your heritage.

heritage and tribal enrollment are two different topics.

there were qualifications for tribal enrollment in all tribes.
see the bottom paragraph on this page:
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

some people did not apply because they were not eligible for membership, were not living in indian territory/oklahoma, were philosophically opposed to enrollment. some candidates for office even ran against the dawes commission procedures, against enrollment.

i start with the death of someone, start gathering documents, then go backward in time.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes packet is exists or is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/dawes.php?s_last=green&s_first=mart&s_middle=&s_tribe=
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.