Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Looking for genealogy of grand mother

Larry Bailey Larry Bailey

posted on December 27, 2011

My grand mother was 1/2 choctaw. Her maiden name “Everlean starks” Father “Hunt Starks” and mother’s name was “Amanda (Thompson) Starks”. My grand mother had a sister “Mollie Starks”, brothers “John Starks, George Starks, Mack Starks, Swan Starks and Stanford Starks”.

Everlean married “M. Douglas Bailey”. My grand-father, father was born in Mississippi but do not have a name or year of birth.

My father taught his children that his mother was Choctaw. Trying to find my genealogy. Any help was be appreciated.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on December 28, 2011

they might be mississippi choctaw. see the links in this email. the trail of tears did not go through texas but many unofficial migrations did go to/through texas. also, look for texas tribes based on location of your family.

Texas Marriage Collection, 1814-1909 and 1966-2002 about Hunt Starks
Name: Hunt Starks
Gender: Male
Marriage Date: 6 Jan 1881

Spouse: Amanda Thompson

Marriage City: Smith
Marriage State: Texas

Source: Texas Marriages, 1851-1900

could his formal first name be hudson?
1880 United States Federal Census about Hudson Starks
Name: Hudson Starks
Age: 19
Birth Year: abt 1861
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1880: Precinct 6, Smith, Texas
Race: Black
Gender: Male
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Works On Farm
Cannot read/write:


Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Virgil Smith 32
Tempie Smith 27
May Smith 8
Maud Smith 4
Hudson Starks 19
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Precinct 6, Smith, Texas; Roll: 1326; Family History Film: 1255326; Page: 250A; Enumeration District: 100; .

1900 United States Federal Census about Hudson Starks
Name: Hudson Starks
Age: 37
Birth Date: Sep 1862
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1900: Hopewell, Smith, Texas
[Smith, Texas]
Race: Black
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Lizzie Starks
Marriage Year: 1898
Years Married: 2
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Hudson Starks 37
Lizzie Starks 23
George Starks 16
Mollie Starks 15
Mack Starks 10
Lena Starks 7
John Starks 5
Sanford Starks 2
Swan Starks 2
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Hopewell, Smith, Texas; Roll: T623_1670; Page: 5B; Enumeration District: 110.

Texas Marriage Collection, 1814-1909 and 1966-2002 about Hut Starks
Name: Hut Starks
Gender: Male
Marriage Date: 12 Nov 1899

Spouse: Lizzie Pounds

Marriage City: Smith
Marriage State: Texas

Source: Texas Marriages, 1851-1900

1910 United States Federal Census about Eva L Bailey
Name: Eva L Bailey
Age in 1910: 18
Birth Year: 1892
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1910: Justice Precinct 5, Smith, Texas
Race: Black
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Monduglas Bailey
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Monduglas Bailey 21
Eva L Bailey 18
Jensie Bailey 6/12
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Justice Precinct 5, Smith, Texas; Roll: T624_1589; Page: 14B; Enumeration District: 0083; Image: 699; FHL Number: 1375602.

Texas Death Index, 1903-2000 about Everlean Bailey
Name: Everlean Bailey
Death Date: 23 Feb 1983
Death County: Tarrant
Gender: Female

Social Security Death Index about Eva Bailey
Name: Eva Bailey
SSN: 465-23-1014
Last Residence: 75051 Grand Prairie, Dallas, Texas, United States of America
Born: 8 Jan 1892
Died: Feb 1983
State (Year) SSN issued: Texas (1973)

1930 United States Federal Census about Evalena Bailey
Name: Evalena Bailey
Birth Year: abt 1895
Home in 1930: Precinct 5, Smith, Texas
View Map
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s Name: Mack D Bailey


Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Mack D Bailey 40
Evalena Bailey 35
Jencie Bailey 19
Gussie Bailey 17
Grace Bailey 16
Tasco Bailey 5
Curtis Bailey 3
Jerome Bailey 11
Eddie Bailey 9
Pinkie Bailey 8
Luther Bailey 4
David Bailey 2
M D Bailey 11/12
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Precinct 5, Smith, Texas; Roll: 2391; Page: 4B; Enumeration District: 36; Image: 397.0.

there are a few names with these people in their family tree on you may want to correspond with the people who have posted family trees. someone even has a photo. if you don’t have a subscription to, check with your public library.

Hut or Hunt Starks
Birth Sep 1862 in Louisana, USA
Death 1947 in Texas, USA

World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 about Mon Duglos Bailey
Name: Mon Duglos Bailey
County: Smith
State: Texas
Birthplace: Texas
Birth Date: 8 Feb 1888
Race: Black
FHL Roll Number: 1983668
DraftBoard: 0

1920 United States Federal Census about Het Starks
Name: Het Starks
[Hert S Starks]
[Hest S Starks]
Age: 60
Birth Year: abt 1860
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1920: Tyler Ward 4, Smith, Texas
Race: Black
[Colored (Black)]
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Lizzie Starks
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Home Owned: Own
Able to Read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Het Starks 60
Lizzie Starks 42
Della Starks 19
Jesse Starks 18
Tantie Starks 16
Hugar Starks 14
Carrie Starks 12
Ozie Starks 9
Walter Starks 7
Bertha S Starks 2
[2 3/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Tyler Ward 4, Smith, Texas; Roll: T625_1845; Page: 14A; Enumeration District: 84; Image: 509.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

social security application for a deceased person:

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.

you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Larry Bailey Larry Bailey

posted on December 30, 2011

Thank you Suzanne,

I have a lot of information to digest. Yes, Hudson was one of the names my great grandfather had and Lizzie was his third wife. Lizzie was my grand mother step mother. His second wife was Amanda Thompson and I do not know who his first wife was if he married her at all. He had about 21 children through three different wives.

I keep running into dead ends. I hope I can find information from the websites/articles, etc. you have provided.

Thank you again.

Larry Bailey