Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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granfather

melissa melissa

posted on November 22, 2011 and updated on November 22, 2011

my granfather was Estel Garton born 1-27-1919. I have been told that he was half choctaw. I have been trying to confirm would like more information about his family

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on November 22, 2011

1920 United States Federal Census about Eslel Garton
Name: Eslel Garton
[Estel Garton]
Age: 0
[4/12]
Birth Year: abt 1920
[abt 1919]
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1920: Rainey, Washita, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: L A Garton
Father’s Birthplace: Louisiana
Mother’s Name: Jane Garton
Mother’s Birthplace: Missouri
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
L A Garton 36
Jane Garton 30
Clay Garton 10
Marion Garton 6
Eslel Garton 0
[4/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Rainey, Washita, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1489; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 195; Image: 640.
Name: L A Garton
Age: 36
Birth Year: abt 1884
Birthplace: Louisiana
Home in 1920: Rainey, Washita, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
[Head]
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Jane Garton
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Home Owned: Rent
Name: Jane Garton
Age: 30
Birth Year: abt 1890
Birthplace: Missouri
Home in 1920: Rainey, Washita, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: L A Garton
Father’s Birthplace: Illinois
Mother’s Birthplace: Missouri

texas and louisiana, in the father’s information on the 1920 census, indicates that the family were more likely mississippi choctaw, jena choctaw. texas and louisiana were not on the trail of tears in the late 1830’s, but there were many unofficial migrations from the reservations in the southeast. this may mean that there is a script land record, given in lieu of tribal enrollment. this land record would show affiliation, but would probably not indicate that you can be enrolled in a tribe.

you should check about tribes near where the family lived 1830-1930 or so. i often search using keywords such as “native tribe texas” to find links to other tribes. location is a primary factor in tribal affiliation.
there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes were published on the dawes roll 1896-1906.

the fact that his father is renting indicates that he is probably not enrolled with a tribe, as he would have received a land grant as a member of a tribe.

you might want to get a copy of the obituary for your relative. see the local public library/interlibrary loan program for that.

natives usually didn’t reveal their tribal blood quantum in public records unless they applied for enrollment. and even if someone was not enrolled, the enrollment application, census card and testimony would give you some information about their heritage.

Name: Louis Attfield Garton
Social Security #: 0
Sex: Male
Birth Date: 16 Sep 1883
Birthplace: Louisiana
Death Date: 27 Jan 1958
Death Place: Stanislaus

Name: L A Garton
Age in 1910: 27
Birth Year: 1883
Birthplace: Louisiana
Home in 1910: Rainy, Washita, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
[Self (Head)]
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Jane Garton
Father’s Birthplace: United States of America
[United States]
Mother’s Birthplace: Louisiana
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
L A Garton 27
Jane Garton 20
H C Garton 7/12
0
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Rainy, Washita, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1277; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 0265; Image: 933; FHL Number: 1375290.

Name: Annie J Garton
Birth Year: abt 1890
Home in 1930: Rainey, Washita, Oklahoma
View Map
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s Name: Louis A Garton
Occupation:

Education:

Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Louis A Garton 46
Annie J Garton 40
Marion D Garton 17
Estil L Garton 11
Ivan N Garton 3 11/12
Mary E Dailey 78
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Rainey, Washita, Oklahoma; Roll: 1938; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 20; Image: 969.0.

Name: Mary E Dailey
Birth Year: abt 1852
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1930: Rainey, Washita, Oklahoma
View Map
Relation to Head of House: Mother

mary’s surname might be garton, but dailey might be her maiden name. louis garton’s birthplace was louisiana, father b. MO, mother b. AR.

the trail of tears did go through missouri and arkansas. so all options will have to be explored.

World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 about Louis Attfield Garton
Name: Louis Attfield Garton
County: Washita
State: Oklahoma
Birth Date: 16 Sep 1883
Race: White
FHL Roll Number: 1852243
DraftBoard: 0

annie jane garton is listed as his closest relative. year 1918

i didn’t find any garton surnames on the dawes roll 1896-1906.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto