Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Grandmother living on Choctaw Indian Reservation

EMC EMC

posted on August 11, 2011 and updated on May 8, 2012

Hello

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on August 11, 2011

i have no idea. you can look on the dawes roll and see if they applied.
was she on the indian population schedule?

many people lived in oklahoma at that time. over a million people. but much less than that applied for enrollment.

there were oklahoma land rushes, business opportunities.

many natives came there from the southeastern reservation on the trail of tears in the late 1830’s. some natives chose to accept land scrip in lieu of tribal enrollment. and some natives wanted to live with their band but didn’t qualify for enrollment. some natives came later. enrollment was controversial and some candidates ran on platforms against enrollment.

there were 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at the geographic location and see if there was a tribe.
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/
http://www.ok.gov/oiac/

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears

http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes: http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society 22
Historic Preservation and
Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center 23
Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

EMC EMC

posted on August 22, 2011 and updated on May 8, 2012

Hello

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on August 23, 2011

there is one leftwich record on the dawes roll, a john e. leftwich.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php

but he was denied as a cherokee. he doesn’t appear to be a match, since there was no wife listed, no child.

Name: John O Leptwich
[Leftwich]
Home in 1900: Durrant, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Age: 44
Birthplace: Virginia
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relationship to head-of-house: Head
Spouse’s Name: Armintie Leptwich
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
John O Leftwich 44
Armintie Leftwich 42
Grover Leftwich 16
Roy Leftwich 10
Allie Leptwich 8
Vivian Leftwich 2
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Durrant, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1853; Enumeration District: 184.

john didn’t go on the trail of tears in the late 1830’s, as he was born in virginia. there were natives in virginia in the early 1800’s, but i have no idea if he was native.

Name: Armintie Leptwich
[Leftwich]
Home in 1900: Durrant, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Age: 42
Birthplace: Virginia
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relationship to head-of-house: Wife

sometimes tribal enrollment and heritage are two different topics.

you are right to look to see if they owned a farm. natives who were enrolled received tribal land grants.

john is a teamster. they were first married at age 26, which means that if this is armintie’s first marriage, then it occurred around 1882 in virginia. both john and armintie’s parents were also b. VA.

this appears to be the census page of the john e. leftwich who had applied for cherokee enrollment.
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Vian, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1846; Enumeration District: 47.
you might find they are related, as names sometimes run in families.

i couldn’t find the family nor the children in 1910. you might know where they moved. you might know the spouses’ names.

you should look for census records 1910-1930. this will give you a more complete idea about the details of their lives.

looking at the 1900 census, grover was b. TN, roy was b. AR, allie was b. TX and vivian was b. IT/indian territory/oklahoma. oklahoma became a state in 1907.

take care in gathering documents. i see that others have been looking at this family but they are looking at unalike people with similar names.

if you get stumped about a deceased relative who passed away after 1/1/1937, then you might want to ask for a copy of their social security application. this could tell you locations, dates, parents names. i usually start with the death and work backwards to the birth. so a cemetery record might help, like at findagrave.com or interment.com. or a death certificate, from the state vital records office. or an obituary through interlibrary loan – your local public library might be able to help with this.

Name: John O Leftwich
[John D Leftwich]
Home in 1920: Manhattan Assembly District 22, New York, New York
Age: 63
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1857
Birthplace: Virginia
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
[Head]
Spouse’s Name: Armintie Leftwich
Father’s Birth Place: Virginia
Mother’s Birth Place: Virginia
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Sex: Male
Home owned: Rent
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
John O Leftwich 63
Armintie Leftwich 62
Bess Leftwich 39
Aline White 23
Vivian Leftwich 20
Turner 18
Martin J Wara 26
Colter
Colter
Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Manhattan Assembly District 22, New York, New York; Roll: T625_1225; Page: 17A; Enumeration District: 1471; Image: 903

this is the family.
turner was b.~1902 OK

aline and vivian are actresses, john is a retired farmer.
they rent a house, have roomers.

Name: John O Leftwich
Age in 1910: 54
Estimated Birth Year: 1856
Birthplace: Virginia
Relation to Head of House: Head
Father’s Birth Place: Virginia
Mother’s Birth Place: Virginia
Spouse’s Name: Armetta Leftwich
Home in 1910: West Stockbridge, Berkshire, Massachusetts
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Gender: Male
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
John O Leftwich 54
Armetta Leftwich 51
Vivian Leftwich 12
Ethyl Luecken 18
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: West Stockbridge, Berkshire, Massachusetts; Roll: T624_573; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 0092; Image: 854; FHL Number: 1374586
ethyl is a schoolteacher.
they rent a farm and john is listed as a retired farmer.

i don’t know where the children are.

Name: Aileen H Leftwich
Age in 1910: 16
Estimated Birth Year: 1894
Birthplace: Texas
Relation to Head of House: Sister-in-Law
Father’s Birth Place: Virginia
Mother’s Birth Place: Virginia
Home in 1910: Manhattan Ward 12, New York, New York
Marital Status: Single
Race: White
Gender: Female
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Clarence D Studebaker 22
Ethelyman A Studebaker 22
Aileen H Leftwich 16
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Manhattan Ward 12, New York, New York; Roll: T624_1024; Page: 1B; Enumeration District: 0614; Image: 444; FHL Number: 1375037

turner might be a nickname.

gl.

EMC EMC

posted on September 13, 2011

Hello,

Yes Aileen H. Leftwich was my grandmother, She was in Zeigfield follies, and her stage name was Aline White.
So Armintie would be my great grandmother. Was she Choctaw?

EMC EMC

posted on September 13, 2011

Also, I cannot find out Armintie maiden name.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on September 13, 2011

i see no tribal enrollment from this family.
heritage and tribal enrollment are two different questions.

i have no idea if either parent were native. i do not see any records to indicate they were native. i don’t see that the tribe would have any records, if they didn’t apply for enrollment.

you might look for a death certificate for the parents in county records where they passed away. for an obituary, see your local public library interlibrary loan program.

but you can try local historical newspapers, local history books, local documents in VA. try the virginia state archives or virginia historical society or virginia genealogical society. you might discover native affiliation through these resources.

your grandmother’s social security application might list your greatgrandmother’s maiden name.

EMC EMC

posted on September 28, 2011

Hello, Thank you so much. I found my great grandmother. Her full name was Aramintie Josephine Wilkes. For some reason I thought my great grandfather got married twice, but Josephine and Aramintie are the same person. Both lived in VA and got married there.

EMC EMC

posted on September 28, 2011

Aline White (stage Name),
Allie,
Aileen
all three of these are the same person, my grandmother.
Aramintie Josephine Leftwich would then be my greatgrandmother.
My grandmother Allie Leftwich was 2 when she was on the Choctaw Indian Reservation. But she was born in TX.
Seems Like my GF traveled alot, They are both buried in Flushing Cemetery , in NY. They had quite a few children.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on September 29, 2011

it does appear that they moved around a lot.
if you still think your family might have been choctaw, try looking at the places wehre the father and mother were born or the state of texas, when your relative was born. location is a very good indication of tribal affiliation. however, tribal affiliation may not mean tribal enrollment.

if your family came from a southeastern reservation and went to oklhaoma, stopped in texas, and the family didn’t apply for enrollment, they might not have qualified for oklahoma choctaw enrollment. if you think they might have been native, look at the mississippi choctaw tribe and the tribes near where they lived. the state of virginia archives might have records.
http://indians.vipnet.org/tribes.cfm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_tribes_in_Virginia
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/virginia/index.htm
http://www.native-languages.org/virginia.htm

records and libraries in virginia
http://www.statearchives.us/virginia.htm
general virginia resources: http://www.usgwarchives.org/va/vafiles.htm

http://www.kindredtrails.com/virginia.html
lists state archives and other resources.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto