Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Malcolm Wade and James L. Wade

Lois Evans Lois Evans

posted on August 9, 2011

I found a newspaper article dated 1986 on the Wade family. I am working on the Abel Wade family. His father was a brother to Alfred Wade. I cannot find how Malcolm and James L. Wade that are in this article connect with the line I’m working on. Malcolm was a colonel in the Army and also worked at Tinker Air Force Base. James L. Wade was an Air force general and retired to Talihina where he was president of the First State Bank. If any one knows if they are related and how I would appreciate hearing from you.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on August 9, 2011

you have names but no dates, no spouses, children in this article. people usually need this information to match records.

you might try some of the other messageboards, such as at rootsweb and genealogy.com.

you could also look for an obituary of these people. see your local public library interlibrary loan program.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears

http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes: http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society 22
Historic Preservation and
Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center 23
Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Lois Evans Lois Evans

posted on August 10, 2011

Thank you so much for the email. There is so much to learn and so much more information is on the internet now. I appreciate you taking time to reply.

Carol Wade Miernyk Carol Wade Miernyk

posted on December 24, 2011

My name is Carol Wade Miernyk, I am the Great Great Granddaughter of Alfred Wade. Malcolm (Junior) and James (Jim) are the sons of Delos Wade. Delos is the son of Cyrus Byington Wade (son of Alfred). They are my cousins. Jim still lives in the Oklahoma City area. Junior in the Talihina area. My father is Gilbert Wade the youngest child of Cyrus Byington. All of Cyrus’ children are deceased but there are many of us of the next generation. We would love to be in contact with any other Wade relatives.

Doris Jean Raymond Doris Jean Raymond

posted on September 3, 2013

Researching Wade family for a cousin. I show Alfred as a Granduncle, wife, Amanda. Flora as his Gmother and James as GGfather. Ring a bell?l If so, I’ll dig out whatever else I have.

Doris Jean Raymond Doris Jean Raymond

posted on September 3, 2013

Researching Wade family for a cousin. I show Alfred as a Granduncle, wife, Amanda. Flora as his Gmother and James as GGfather. Ring a bell?l If so, I’ll dig out whatever else I have.

Robin Robin

posted on March 23 and updated on March 23

My name is Robin I am related to the Wade family, Cyrus Byington Wade is my 3rd great grandfather. I am researching and trying to figure things out..I have Cyrus Byington Wade married to first wife Mary Ellen Dehart and they had a child who is Ida Nancy Wade and she would be my great great grandma and I am trying to make sure that I have the info correct and would like to know all about the wade ancestry. My great grandma is Lena Irene Moon and her mom and dad were Samuel Henderson and Ida Nancy Wade. Cyrus married Martha Florence Maxey and they had children..I can’t find a census or anything to make sure that Ida Nancy or Nancy Ida Wade is the daughter of Cyrus Byington Wade and trying to figure out his first wife Mary Ellen Dehart if this is how you spell her name correctly and if I have everything correct on this. Thank you Robin. AlSO I have Alfred Wade (would be my 4th great grandpa) he was married to Nancy Dukes..It seems like I may have something wrong..someone in the wrong spot on my ancestry.com

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 24

there are no years or locations in your post. there is more than one person with this name.

cyrus byington wade m1. mary ellen dehart, m2. martha florence maxey
ida nancy wade

not sure if you skipped some generations with the name of lena irene moon or if moon is her maiden name or married name.

on ancestry.com family trees, nancy ida wade married samuel manuel henderson 1899 indian territory.
Nancy Ida Wade
Birth 23 Apr 1876 in Daisy, Atoka, Oklahoma, United States Indian Territory Choctaw Nation
Death 25 Apr 1936 in Oklahoma, USA

this family applied for enrollment in the choctaw tribe. there are a few dawes packets for the family.

Native American Data for Ida Henderson

Name: Henderson, Ida
Tribe: Choctaw
Record Type: enrollment
Sex: F
Enrollment Type: P (Parent)
Card No.: NB449

Credit belongs to the staff of SW National Archives, Fort Worth, Texas, who compiled the names from the Dawes Enrollment Cards for its National Archives
Others with this Family:
Surname First Name Type Sex Age Blood %
Henderson Ida P (Parent) F
Henderson Sanuel N P (Parent) M
Henderson Lilly B NB (Newborn) F 2 1/4
p-parent
nb-newborn

Native American Data for Ida Henderson

Name: Henderson, Ida
Tribe: Choctaw
Record Type: enrollment
Sex: F
Enrollment Type: P (Parent)
Card No.: M538

Credit belongs to the staff of SW National Archives, Fort Worth, Texas, who compiled the names from the Dawes Enrollment Cards for its National Archives
Others with this Family:
Surname First Name Type Sex Age Blood %
Henderson Ida P (Parent) F
Henderson Samuel N P (Parent) M
Henderson Buster P M (Minor) M 1 1/4

Native American Data for Ida Henderson

Name: Henderson, Ida
Tribe: Choctaw
Record Type: enrollment
Age: 23
Sex: F
Enrollment Type: BB (By Blood)
Blood %: 1/2
Card No.: 1988
Roll No.: 5694

Credit belongs to the staff of SW National Archives, Fort Worth, Texas, who compiled the names from the Dawes Enrollment Cards for its National Archives
Others with this Family:
Surname First Name Type Sex Age Blood %
Henderson B P P (Parent) M
Henderson Nancy P (Parent) F
Henderson Sam P (Parent) M
Wade C B P (Parent) M
Wade Ellen P (Parent) F
Henderson Samuel N BB (By Blood) M 33 IW
Henderson Ida BB (By Blood) F 23 1/2
Henderson Stanford M BB (By Blood) M 1 5/16

bb-by blood
iw=intermarried white, a general nontribal description

card# 1988 is a family group and would contain more information than the childrens’ card#.

http://www.ancestrypaths.com/five-civilized-tribes/

Reel 0010 Choctaw by Blood 1902-2155
the family group 1988 begins on page 548 of this microfilm.
the first page says see card 4745
card#1988 is about the enrollment of samuel henderson

nancy ida wade was first married to jefferson bacon.
nancy ida wade is the native in this marriage.

Reel 0028 Choctaw by Blood 4635-4760
but case 4745 is empty and was probably transferred to card#1988

Native American Data for Cyrus B Wade

Name: Wade, Cyrus B
Tribe: Choctaw
Record Type: enrollment
Age: 46
Sex: M
Enrollment Type: BB (By Blood)
Blood %: FULL
Card No.: 2070
Roll No.: 5953

Credit belongs to the staff of SW National Archives, Fort Worth, Texas, who compiled the names from the Dawes Enrollment Cards for its National Archives
Others with this Family:
Surname First Name Type Sex Age Blood %
Wade Cyrus B BB (By Blood) M 46 FULL
Wade Martha F BB (By Blood) F 30 IW
Wade Ira R BB (By Blood) M 11 1/2
Wade Ivan S BB (By Blood) M 9 1/2
Wade Nathaniel D BB (By Blood) M 5 1/2
Wade Malcolm D BB (By Blood) M 3 1/2
Wade Della E BB (By Blood) F 1 1/2
Wade Nellie May BB (By Blood) F 1 1/2
this appears to be the father’s family group.

page 1291
Reel 0028 Choctaw by Blood 4635-4760

martha wade, 2nd wife of cyrus, says that ellen’s name was ellen d. hart and that ellen passed away before martha’s marriage to cyrus.

while you can view the dawes packet online at the link, if you want paper copies, you can:
1) contact the tribe
2) contact oklahoma historical society
3) contact NARA
4) view, maybe download or print from a subscription website fold3.com

1900 United States Federal Census about Ida Henderson
Name: Ida Henderson
Age: 24
Birth Date: Apr 1876
[abt 1876]
Birthplace: Indian Territory, Oklahoma
Home in 1900: Township 3, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s Name: Sam M Henderson
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Sam M Henderson 30
Ida Henderson 24
Stanford Henderson 1/12
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 3, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: 1851; Enumeration District: 0095; FHL microfilm: 1241851.

findagrave.com memorial for ida henderson
Birth: Apr. 23, 1876
Death: Apr. 26, 1936
Oklahoma, USA

Family links:
Spouse:
Sam M. Henderson (1869 – 1956)

Children: Ada Henderson Pearson (1908 – 1995)* Lena Henderson Moon (1913 – 1996)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Laura Cemetery
Latimer County
Oklahoma, USA

Created by: Iza
Record added: Mar 19, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 67143938

cyrus b. wade memorial on findagrave.
Birth: Mar. 17, 1853
Death: Mar. 20, 1920

Family links:
Spouse:
Martha F. Wade (1868 – 1929)*

Children: Ira R. Wade (1887 – 1919)* Ivan Sylvester Wade (1889 – 1939)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Old Talihina Cemetery
Talihina
Le Flore County
Oklahoma, USA

Created by: Beanie Ragan Adams
Record added: Aug 11, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 95195436

the tribe might be able to tell you more about cyrus and nancy, since the card# information concentrates on the spouse’s application.

you should look at the native census records in indian territory. 1885 and 1860 come to mind.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw-indian-research.htm
accessgenealogy indexed these census records by name. the records are at NARA, so if you find your family, note the page# and census/census location, if you want a copy of the page from NARA.

genealogists use names, dates, locations,

children and spouses to match records. if

you have a common surname, you need to give

more information rather than less. if you

post about women, it is helpful to include

the maiden name and the married name and

designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather

documentation, then you can go backward in

time. so get your birth certificate, your

parents’ birth certificates and marriage

license and then you can start on your

grandparents. if someone passed away after

1/1/1937, they probably have a social

security application on file. if you ask a

government agency for a birth certificate,

and they were born before 1929, they might

have submitted a delayed birth certificate.

death certificates, cemetery information and

obituaries are helpful. you can usually get

a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions

such as birth of a child or marriage,

through the interlibrary loan program – see

your local public library for this. i

usually start with the death and work toward

the person’s birth. military records and

pension records can be helpful. census

records can tell you where they were at

particular times, names of family members.

the census records up to 1940 are available,

although the 1890 census was largely

destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members

were 1830-1940 or so, where they were

located. a good way to do this is by census

records.
the first time period to concentrate on is

1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled

during this period.
federal census records can help you here.

you can get access through your local public

library – two databases: 1) heritage quest,

2) ancestry.com.

there is a difference between tribal

heritage and tribal enrollment.

find your relative in the 1900-1940 census.

this will give you locations, family

members, dates that you will need for

looking on the dawes roll, taken 1896-1906

in the state of oklahoma/indian territory.

the dawes roll lists applicants to the five

major tribes of oklahoma.
use the accessgenealogy website to do this

or ancestrypaths:
http://userdb.rootsweb.ancestry.com/nativeam

erican/
get family group/card#, members of the

family:

more info gives you the family group on the

card#
partial surnames ok. just enter the surname.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/final-

rolls.htm
partial names might not be found on this

website.

find a possible name, click on the # in the

card# column and this will show you the

family group as of application. use the 1900

and 1910 census to match the names. write

down the names, card#.

if you don’t find your family, then look at

the 1900-1940 census locations for your

family, look for nearby tribes. contact the

nearby tribes to see if your family had

enrolled. find out membership criteria for

that tribe. there are tribes in other

locations and other choctaw tribes. location

is an important factor over whether a native

enrolled in a tribe. you won’t find that an

original enrollee enrolled in the choctaw

tribe in oklahoma if they were living in

another state, for instance. if your family

was renting in 1910, for instance, they had

not received a land grant from one of the

five major tribes in oklahoma and were

probably not enrolled. there are 63 tribes

in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes are

on the dawes roll.

many natives did not want to live under

tribal authority or didn’t qualify for

enrollment or could not submit satisfactory

evidence to a tribe. this is very common. it

means that your family is not enrolled in a

tribe.

there were a few natives that were enrolled

by tribal council approval or lawsuit. i

don’t have any way to tell you whether

someone was enrolled because of this. you

would have to contact the tribe for this

information. however, some people have

posted this answer and you might be able to

use google on your family names and see

this.

supposing you find your family in the dawes

roll, then look at the oklahoma historical

society dawes website and put in the name of

someone in that family group that you found

on accessgenealogy. this will give you the

enrollment # if the enrollment was

successful. write down the enrollment #s for

your family.

if you found your family on the dawes roll,

you might want a copy of the dawes packet.

four sources for this:
you can try to find information about the

family in the dawes packet.

1) once you have the card#, search here for

documents. the website is free at this time:
http://www.ancestrypaths.com/five-

civilized-tribes/
arranged by card#.
use the slider bar at the bottom to

approximate your card#. the packets are

arranged in order of card#. usually the

beginning document references the card#.

there may be more than one card# for a

particular person, depending on whether they

were a parent at the time of enrollment.

sometimes a family’s consideration also

depends on an earlier decision in their

family. so you may have more than one card#

to look up.

2) fold3.com is an online subscription

resource and one month’s subscription is

less than the price of a dawes packet at

NARA or oklahoma historical society.
3) NARA http://www.archives.gov fort worth,

TX office
4) oklahoma historical society

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

a dawes packet contains census card,

enrollment application, supporting documents

and maybe testimony. even if your family was

not enrolled, the genealogical information

might be of interest to you.

the enrolled members are referred to as

original enrollees. if your family had

enrolled by blood then you are eligible to

enroll in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. all

tribes have membership criteria. if your

family had been enrolled as freedman, then

they were enrolled as former slaves and

their descendants were not eligible to

enroll in the tribe.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the

five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian

territory/oklahoma. if your family applied

for this, there would be a census card,

dawes application, other supporting

documents and testimony. these are located

at NARA
http://www.archives.gov
try the fort worth, TX office.

requirements for enrollment for several

oklahoma tribes:
http://thorpe.ou.edu/OILS/blood.html
What are tribal membership requirements?

Tribal enrollment criteria are set forth in

tribal constitutions, articles of

incorporation or ordinances. The criterion

varies from tribe to tribe, so uniform

membership requirements do not exist.

Two common requirements for membership are

lineal decendency from someone named on the

tribe’s base roll or relationship to a

tribal member who descended from someone

named on the base roll. (A “base roll” is

the original list of members as designated

in a tribal constitution or other document

specifying enrollment criteria.) Other

conditions such as tribal blood quantum,

tribal residency, or continued contact with

the tribe are common.

http://www.narf.org/nill/resources/enrollmen

t.htm

enrollment is a two step process. first you

have to get your CDIB card from the BIA to

show your degree of blood/eligibility to

enroll in a particular tribe, and then you

have to apply to the tribe for acceptance,

if you meet their membership requirements.

Tribal Government personnel, usually an

Enrollment Clerk, located at a regional or

agency office processes applications for

Certificates of Degree of Indian Blood

(CDIB) and Indian Preference in Employment,

BIA Form 4432, to anyone who can provide

documentation that he or she descends from

an American Indian tribe.
http://www.bia.gov/WhatWeDo/ServiceOverview/

TribalGov/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American

_recognition_in_the_United_States
this article has many resources.
however i find the paragraph on “Recognition

for individuals” to be somewhat insensitive.

i think someone should rewrite that

paragraph.

What are the most typical requirements for

membership?
Each tribe has a base roll which was

established, usually, in the early 20th

century, listing the members of the tribe
at that time. Your first challenge will be

to prove direct lineal descent from someone

listed on that base roll. Then
you must prove that you have the required

level of blood quantum – the percentage of

your genetic make-up that
is native by bloodline. Most tribes require

a 1/4 blood quantum – that is, you must be

at least one-fourth Native
American – but note that the Eastern Band of

the Cherokees requires that you be only 1/16

or higher to join, and the Cherokee Nation

has no minimum quantum restriction, so long

as you can prove descent. There may be other

conditions for membership as well:

requirements for tribal residency or

continued contact with the tribe are common.
http://freedomcenter.org/_media/pdf/genealog

y/16.%20Native%20American%20-%20Tribal

%20Membership.pdf

choctaw enrollment, forms, FAQs
http://www.choctawnation.com/services/depart

ments/enrollment-cdib-and-tribal-membership/

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw

tribe is through the history link for the

tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased

person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a

subscription to heritage quest and

ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful

database for native records and military

records, but they are a subscription.

however, many times, their month’s

subscription price is less than the price of

a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and

your ancestor’s name to see if your

relative’s dawes packet is available at

fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/final-

rolls.htm

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/chocta

w-indian-research.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indian

-census-records.htm
ancestry.com also has the 1885 census

records under US, indian census rolls 1885-

1940.

access genealogy’s collection of information
if you are from another tribe, use the links

at the right.
if you are from an associated tribe, see the

several possible links on the webpage.

bear in mind that many records are not

online. always collect documents, as just

the reference to a relative in an index

informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if

very old, state archives. ask for the

person’s name at the time of death. you can

look at death indices, such as the social

security death index 1964-present for a date

of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library,

interlibrary loan program. ask for the

person’s name at the time of death.

approximate date of death is helpful. if

old, state historical society or state

archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or

interment.net. ask for the person’s name at

the time of death. if you find a relative,

you can click on the county or cemetery to

see if others with the same surname are

buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or

if old, state archives or state historical

society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state

archives or state historical society. if the

birth was before 1940, ask for a birth

certificate or a delayed birth certificate.

many people had to get delayed birth

certificates when social security came into

effect because they had to show proof of

age. this will be under the name used at the

time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records

1940 on down to the birth of your relative.

the federal census was taken every 10 years,

however the 1890 census was largely

destroyed by fire. there are also some state

census records and native census records and

native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage

quest are two databases that include many

census records. many native census records

kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are

transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment

are two different things. many times natives

didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they

didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically

opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have

documentation, or 4) they were mississippi

choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land

or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

some mississippi choctaw were accepted by

adoption or lawsuit.

for those people who do not yet have a card,

you should research the 1900-1940 census to

know approximate dates of birth,

birthplaces, family members. this will also

tell you if someone is more likely to be on

the freedman roll or as applicants to the

dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian

territory/oklahoma for the five major

tribes.

applicants on the dawes roll can be found

here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalr

oll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link

for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on

the card# in the card column to see the

family group. if it is your family group,

and they were likely enrolled, then you can

search the oklahoma historical society’s

dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s

for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council

action early in the process or was enrolled

by lawsuit, they might not appear on the

oklahoma historical society website. you

would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the

dawes process, you may want the testimony,

census card, application information for

your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide

which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you

should trace your ancestors down to that

time period. mostly, they had to be living

in oklahoma by that time and agree to live

there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commissio

n
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated;

entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/Tr

ibalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry

.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclope

dia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-

chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalr

oll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get

card#. click on the card# in the card column

and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the

bottom of this webpage. native census

records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/inde

x.php
this will give you card# (family group) and

enrollment #. they have some native marriage

records too. other oklahoma records listed

at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court

action, their name might not be on this

list.
if the name is common, you may find too many

possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the

oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes

roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and

could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawe

s-packets/
other resources are NARA

http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by

the department of the interior has

testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civ

ilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?

id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth

TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-

aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your

relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for

these and other records listed on this

webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE

FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector

for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner

to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-

records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://gateway.okhistory.org/
this has a search but you may have to read

the whole edition of a newspaper to find

your search match.
the search term will be highlighted.
the newspapers (location and years) are

limited, so you might want to search for the

location and look at years available.

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some

of these resources may be available through

interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma

state archives, the oklahoma historical

society and NARA.
http://www.odl.state.ok.us/oar/
http://www.okhistory.org/
these two resources might have historical

newspapers and local history books. your

public library/interlibrary loan program

might also have access to newspapers and

local history books.

http://www.archives.gov

as for stories, you can see if any of the

relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma

pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.

http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the

host of these interviews.

http://www.okhistory.org/publications/chroni

cles

as for location for your family, you should

look on the federal census 1900-1940 for

your family and this will give you

locations, family members. your local public

library probably has a subscription to

ancestry.com and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to

help you. it is found under genealogy

advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/department

s/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituar

ies/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal

records repository. the fort worth, TX

office has archives for oklahoma and texas

tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives

for the southeast tribes. many offices have

microfilmed records for several tribes. note

that this web address has changed recently

from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation

Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB

card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a

direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY

BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood.

When US Congress closed the Final Dawes

Commission Rolls, there were no provisions

granting Freedmen any benefits after the

Dawes Commission closed. The tribe

Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the

documents (application, census card and

testimony) may help you find out more about

your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_l

aws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/M

enominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe

explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_o

f_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Articl

e.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/los

ttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-

Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080

Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251)

829-5500. E-Mail:

chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-

indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation

Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK

74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal

Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/ma

rriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/cho

cmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-

NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-

genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla

.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/

index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklaho

ma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

tribes in other locations:
http://www.ncsl.org/issues-

research/tribal/list-of-federal-and-state-

recognized-tribes.aspx

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes

/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need

a lot of work. i have no information about

whether or when they will improve some of

these categories.

types of records available for native

americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the

entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for

Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from

your local public library. if they don’t

have the book, you can get the pages through

the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in

pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized

Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the

interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records

are online, some records are not. but many

times you can find a record not found in

other places. you want to see also about

newspaper mentions for obituaries, births,

marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal

cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation,

they might not appear on a federal census

because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/186

0index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes

roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of

the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your

relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilized

tr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment

application, census card and testimony. this

post will tell you how to do that. these

documents will tell you more about your

heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal

is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of

oklahoma. some people were classed as

mississippi choctaw if the family had a

native heritage but didn’t qualify for

enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the

five major tribes are on the dawes roll.

look at your family’s location around 1900-

1930 time period (census will help you

there) and see if there was a tribe located

nearby. it is possible that your relatives

were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is

probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of

household called choctaw scrip land. this

was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830

-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a

database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land

records, called mississippi or alabama land

records. there are other land records in

those databases too,, so you have to look at

the authority/source cited. NARA

http://www.archives.gov has those land

record packages.

the mississippi choctaw were not removed

from oklahoma. but they were largely

rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search.

some people are trying to transcribe

applications.
http://www.us-

census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to

transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-

census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/chocta

w/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the

Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalr

olls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and

Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in

Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications

to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2

.html

if your relatives came from a different

geographic location or belonged to a

different tribe, try searching google for

the state and tribes. you might find a

contact for a state-recognized tribe or a

federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted

google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/sea

rcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that

features pictures that were on postcards.

click on the state to see the postcards that

they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppc

s.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click

on submissions to add your penny postcard to

the collection.

these searches will combine several possible

search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the

years. if you want to write to me,

shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw

resource list, i will be glad to send it to

you.

you may want to make a heritage book.
http://www.photobookgirl.com/blog/make-

your-own-family-heritage-and-genealogy-

photo-book/

good family tree software:
http://www.techshout.com/features/2013/22/be

st-free-genealogy-software/
i use legacy. the free basic edition is

great for the beginning and helps you

organize.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower

people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto