Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Beatrice "Long" Sutton

William Forrest Sutton William Forrest Sutton

posted on August 4, 2011 and updated on August 4, 2011

Halito! My name is William and I’m searching for information on my grandmother, Beatrice “Long” Sutton. She was born 2/28/1894 in Stigler Oklahoma. She died 3/4/1925 in Fort Smith, Arkansas. Her father was Sam Long born in Oklahoma, and her mother was Emma Cader Owens born in Mississippi She was married to General Forrest Sutton. Her siblings were sister Rowena and brother Jacob. You can also contact me at Thank you!

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on August 5, 2011

sam long b. OK m. emma cader owens b. MS
beatrice long b. 2/28/1894 OK d. 3/4/1925 AR m. general forrest sutton
1900 United States Federal Census
about Beatrice Long
Name: Beatrice Long
Home in 1900: Township 9, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Age: 6
Birthplace: Indian Territory, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relationship to head-of-house: Daughter
Parent’s Name: Emma Long
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Emma Long 29
Raiena B Long 8
Beatrice Long 6
Jacob S Long 2
Minerva Caden 58
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 9, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1850; Enumeration District: 75.
emma was b. 3/1871 MS, widow
raina? was b. 9/1891 MS
the rest of the children were b. indian territory
minerva, mother, was b. oct. 1841 MS

1910 United States Federal Census
about Beatrice Long
Name: Beatrice Long
[Beatrice Owens]
Age in 1910: 16
Estimated Birth Year: 1894
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Father’s Birth Place: Mississippi
Mother’s name: Erma Owens
Mother’s Birth Place: Mississippi
Home in 1910: Center, Haskell, Oklahoma
Marital Status: Single
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Female
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Mrs. Erma Owens 39
Harry Owens 7
Eugere Owens 3
Beatrice Long 16
James Cador 42
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Center, Haskell, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1254; Page: 30B; Enumeration District: 0086; Image: 155; FHL Number: 1375267.

Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Leader Bill 0 M 2647 P
Choctaw Leader Ellen 0 F 2647 P
Choctaw Long Sam 0 M 2647 P
Choctaw Long Jacob S 2 M 1/16 2647 NR STIGLER BB
Choctaw Long Beatrice 5 F 1/16 2647 NR STIGLER BB
Choctaw Long Rowena 7 F 1/16 2647 NR STIGLER BB
Choctaw Owens Emma 29 F IW 2647 NR STIGLER BB
bb=by blood
IW=intermarried white, a general nontribal description

you should try state archives, state historical societies and state genealogy societies.

you might be able to find an obituary through interlibrary loan, see your local public library for that. you might find newspapers that report events such as death, birth, marriage.

emma might have married in mississippi.
sam long may have passed away 1898-1900.

you should get a copy of the dawes application, census card and testimony. contact the oklahoma historical society or NARA/national archives and records administration fort worth, TX office. links are in this post.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society 22
Historic Preservation and
Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center 23
Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto