Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Searching for Information on Anson Whitney late 1700's to early 1800's

Peggy Estes Peggy Estes

posted on July 28, 2011

I have been told by my mother that there was Indian on her father’s side of the family by the name of Whitney. I read a newspaper artical about her brother and he refered to his Indian heritiage. I have a name of who the Indian might have been from a genealogy someone did. He is Anson Whitney native of North Carolina. He was married to Mary Huffon. I have no other information on them. They had a daughter Sarah Elizabeth Whitney born Sept 22, 1837 -died Nov 21, 1869. Married Aug 17, 1856 to Asa Putnam Betts. They had a son Sherman Grant Betts born Nov 2, 1864 Died Mar 1, 1940. Sherman married feb 28th, 1890 to Martha Berg born Oct 28th, died Oct. 12, 1955. They had my grandfather Putnam Berg Betts Aug 1891. This is the line I need help with to see if there are any records that will prove this line has Indian blood and possibly a role number so I could get a CDIB card.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on July 28, 2011

you should have collected documents at least down to sherman grant betts. you don’t have any locations in this post. no year for his marriage to martha berg. you will need birth certificate and marriage license information. death certificates are helpful but they are not primary information for birth. however they usually have names of parents and spouses and exact dates. the obituary might be helpful – see your local public library for that.

social security applications can be helpful because they also give dates, locations and parents. anyone who passed away after 1/1/1937 has a social security application on file. in addition, they had to file a birth record. if they didn’t have a birth certificate, they often submitted a delayed birth certificate. you have to ask for both documents from the vital records office of the state where they were born.
i don’t find that this family applied for enrollment with the choctaw tribe in oklahoma.

1910 United States Federal Census
about Patamon B Betts
Name: Patamon B Betts
[Putnam Betts]
[Putman B Betts]
Age in 1910: 18
Estimated Birth Year: 1892
Birthplace: Kansas
Relation to Head of House: Son
Father’s name: Grant Betts
Father’s Birth Place: Iowa
Mother’s name: Martha Betts
Mother’s Birth Place: Illinois
Home in 1910: Buffalo, Jewell, Kansas
Marital Status: Single
Race: White
Gender: Male
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Grant Betts 47
Martha Betts 41
Patamon B Betts 18
Embesia Betts 16
Arthur W Betts 6
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Buffalo, Jewell, Kansas; Roll: T624_442; Page: 14A; Enumeration District: 0058; Image: 1014; FHL Number: 1374455.

maybe they applied to one of the kansas tribes.
very few choctaws went north, to iowa and illinois, like the parents of putnam betts did.

World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918
about Putnam Berg Betts
Name: Putnam Berg Betts
County: Jewell
State: Kansas
Birthplace: Kansas;United States of America
Birth Date: 26 Aug 1891
Race: Caucasian (White)
FHL Roll Number: 1643522
DraftBoard: 0
he was born in jewell, KS. this was signed 6/5/1917. he has a wife and child.

Kansas State Census Collection, 1855-1925
about Berg Betts
Name: Berg Betts
Census Date: 1925
Residence County: Jewell
Residence state: Kansas
Locality: Buffalo
Birth Location: Kansas
Family Number: 19
Marital Status: Married
Gender: Male
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1892
Race: White
Relation: Head
Line: 27
Roll: KS1925_66
Spouse’s Name: Amy Betts
Household Member(s):
Name Age
Berg Betts 33
Amy Betts 32
James Betts 9
Agnes Betts 5
1925 Kansas State Census. Microfilm reels K-1 – K-177. Kansas State Historical Society.

1900 United States Federal Census
about P Perry Betts
Name: P Perry Ruth
Home in 1900: Buffalo, Jewell, Kansas
[Jewell, Jewell, Kansas]
Age: 8
Birth Date: Aug 1891
Birthplace: Kansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relationship to head-of-house: Son
Father’s name: S Grant Betts
Father’s Birthplace: Iowa
Mother’s name: Martha Betts
Mother’s Birthplace: Illinois
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
S Grant Betts 35
Martha Betts 31
P Perry Betts 8
Ambrosia Betts 6
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Buffalo, Jewell, Kansas; Roll: T623_483; Page: 4A; Enumeration District: 45.
look at the kansas state archives as well.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society 22
Historic Preservation and
Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center 23
Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Dave McDonald Dave McDonald

posted on November 20, 2011

Peggy, I’ll be no help on the Native American information, but I am interested on the Betts family, if you’d like to correspond.