Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation


Emilyg Emilyg

posted on July 12, 2011

I am trying to find anyone that can help me on trying to find out about some of my ancesters. My great grandmother was Sarah Jane McClard of Leflore county, oklahoma. Some of my cousins have recieved Roll numbers but we are being refused. If there is anyone that can help me please let me know.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on July 12, 2011

i don’t know if mcclard is a married name or a maiden name.

maybe this is your ancestor:

Family links:
Caleb Carmen McClard (1848 – 1923)*
Mary Francis McClard (1850 – 1906)*
Hannah E. McClard Walker (1856 – 1939)*
Charles S. McClard (1864 – 1931)*

*Point here for explanation

Note: Son, Stephen Seth McClard – FAG memorial 13251525

Greenwood Cemetery
Hot Springs
Garland County
Arkansas, USA
Plot: Garden 16, Lot 7, SW

which child was your direct ancestor? you have to be directly descended from an original enrollee in order to enroll in the choctaw tribe.

supposing that one of the sons was your direct descendant, there is only one family that had the mcclard surname:
Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw McClard Caleb 0 M 3688 P
Choctaw McClard Tabitha 0 F 3688 P
Choctaw McClard Myrtle 2 F 3/8 3688 NR BENNINGTON BB
Choctaw McClard Louisa 18 F 3/4 3688 NR BENNINGTON BB
Choctaw McClard William C 21 M IW 3688 NR BENNINGTON BB
Choctaw McCurtain Edmond 0 M 3688 P
Choctaw Risener Lucy 0 F 3688 P
bb=by blood
iw=intermarried white, a general nontribal description.
this record seems to indicate that william mcclard was married to a native but didn’t qualify for enrollment himself.

this is a census record:
Name: Sarah J Mc Clard
[Sarah J Mcclard]
Home in 1900: Hot Springs, Garland, Arkansas
Age: 75
Birth Date: Sep 1824
Birthplace: Tennessee
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relationship to head-of-house: Mother
Mother’s Birthplace: N Carolina
Mother: number of living children: 7
Mother: How many children: 8
Marital Status: Widowed
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Chs S Mc Card 36
Victory Mc Card 39
Cecil V Mc Card 3
Wm D Row 21
Christien Row 20
Sarah J Mc Clard 75
Mary F Mc Clard 50
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Hot Springs, Garland, Arkansas; Roll: T623_59; Page: 4B; Enumeration District: 24.

i didn’t find a sarah jane mcclard record in leflore county, OK.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society 22
Historic Preservation and
Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center 23
Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto