Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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My link to Pushmataha & the Andersons

Jessie Turtle Woman Jessie Turtle Woman

posted on June 15, 2011 and updated on June 15, 2011

I am a professional genealogist. I have been researching my families and am now ready to seek more of my Momma’s clan from Lamar County, Miss. They were from the Rabbit Creek area. Choctaw descendants from the Pushamataha through the Andersons. My g-g-grandma was Nancy Jane Anderson, a Choctaw woman. Anyone out there related to me? Names: Anderson, Byrd, Sumrall, Lott, Herron, Fillingame, Burkhalter, Menasco. Please let me know. We can parle! :)

Dedra Dedra

posted on August 11, 2011

Hello. I am researching my Anderson line. I am the daughter of Houston Anderson, son of Earl Richard Anderson, son of Victor Virlin Anderson, son of George Wesley Anderson, son of John Harris Anderson, son of John “Jack” Anderson, son of Joseph/James Anderson and Running Deer, daughter of Chief Pushmataha. My grandmother was Helen Byrd, daughter of Wilkin Ira Byrd, son of William Harvey Byrd, son of Samuel Ephraim Frierson Byrd, son of Donnon Snow Byrd, son of George Byrd, son of George Byrd, son of William Byrd. I am very interested in substantiating the lineage connection to Pushamataha. As you can see, we share many of the same surnames from Mississippi. Do you have documentation for the Anderson who married Running Deer? I have found a James Anderson with a “free colored” female age 24-35 residing in Perry County, Mississippi, in 1840. Also listed is John Anderson with a male aged 50-59 that could be an older relative.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on August 12, 2011

you might try historical books and newspapers. some of these can be accessed through your local public library. some might be available online. and some might be located at state historical societies or state genealogical societies or state archives.

i notice jennifer was recently posting on here. she is on facebook and this post will give you her homepage for native genealogy. she may have some information on this.

Jennifer Mieirs

i often state with the death and work backwards in time. so maybe you can find a death certificate (state archives or state vital records or county vital records office), cemetery record – findagrave.com or interment.com, obituary in a historical newspaper.

you should look at county records also (court, land, marriage, tax).

and there’s NARA/national archives and records administration http://www.archives.gov try the morrow, GA office first.

she might have received a land grant in lieu of tribal enrollment. you could try the database mississippi land records on ancestry.com for her name and her husband’s name. often these will list the english name. the bureau of land records are also at NARA. they have a website too. http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/

look for birth records of children also. census records of the family.
see native census and databases on accessgenealogy.com
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
the menu on the left of that page.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears

http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes: http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society 22
Historic Preservation and
Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center 23
Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Jennifer Mieirs Jennifer Mieirs

posted on August 14, 2011

The Anderson connection to Pushmataha is dubious at best. Jack Anderson whom most of the claims I have seen was in the War of 1812. He was born in North Carolina. His age would make Pushmataha have been a father very young. Additionally, Jack Lanman published, after I think Thompson McKinney (indian agent, not Choctaw) that Pushmataha had 5 children. This was published in the 1850’s. We know the name of four of Pushmataha’s children. His three listed on the deed from the land of TDRC, Martha and Betsy Moore and Harshichutubbee (sp?), who was Johnson Pushmataha, and lived in Blue. The fourth is in a congressional act for relief and was named James Madison. There are some serious issues with this Jack Anderson’s family and connections to Pushmataha, I have some notes I compiled somewhere about this. Although I have seen a plethera of claims to Pushmataha, the Favre claim (I have document showing he was married to daughter of Franchimastubbee), the George Redmon and Jack Anderson.
While the family may have been choctaw, the data we have on Pushmataha really does not support him having a daughter who was old enough to be married before 1820. Both of his daughter’s whose name we know attended the missionary school at Juzan’s.

Jennifer Mieirs Jennifer Mieirs

posted on August 14, 2011 and updated on August 14, 2011

Here are the notes

If Joseph Jack Anderson was born in 1797 how is he the grandson of Pushmataha born about 1765?

Letter from Anderson Researcher..

(THIS LETTER FROM MR. ROBERT M. ANDERSON, DATED MAY 10, 1999 OUTLINES THE PROBLEMS WITH THIS GENEALOGY.)

Robert M. Anderson, in a letter to Ms. Nina Jones, states that family traditon indicates that they carry Indian blood, presumably Choctaw, since this was the dominant tribe found in that area of Mississippi. "A tombstone said to have been located in the Granny Bounds Cemetery in Forrest County purportedly bears the following inscribtion:

Joseph Anderson
184-
(Husband of Choctaw Indian, ‘Running Dear’, Father of John, who was the son of Daniel-served with Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans)"

Mr. Anderson states that this was recorded in 1983 and published by the South Mississippi Genealogical Society in 1986 in their book FORREST COUNTY, MISSISSIPPI TOMBSTONE INSCRIPTIONS. He goes on to add that stones for John “Jack” Anderson and Sarah (Davis) Anderson were also reported as being located in the Granny Bounds Cem. He visited the cemetery on July 7, 1989 and failed to find the tombstones. He contacted the SMGS and was informed by the individual that conducted the original inventory of the Granny Bounds Cem. that the stones in question had NOT been present in the said cemetery at the time the inventory was conducted in 1983 and that the published information had been inserted into the book by persons or person unknown. Mr. Anderson states that he has determined that the fictitious headstone inscriptions were inserted into the book by Mr. John Anderson, who edited the book and was responsible for inserting this information (by her own admission) Anderson believes that these individuals are, indeed, buried in the Granny Bounds cememtery-but she is unable to
provide any proof to substanciate that belief. He also states that he cannot “condone the
fabrication of genealogical information merely in an attempt to validate one’s own belief.”
This is the reason for his caution in this letter regarding a history of the Anderson family
published by Mrs. John Anderson.

Mr. Anderson continues his letter with statements as to records for Major Daniel (Austin?) Anderson, John E. Anderson, and Joseph Anderson. Apparently, Joseph Anderson settled in the Mississippi Territory in an area that would be present day Washington Co., Alabama. This was on the Tombigbee River February, 1798. This is evidenced by a deed. He had a wife and a family at that time. He cautions that it is only speculation that John E. Anderson is the son of this Joseph Anderson. Mr. Anderson states that "we also know that a Daniel Anderson migrated to the Mississippi Territory, married a Choctaw woman, and subsequently lived among the members of the Choctaw Tribe in the Mississippi Territory as evidenced by the information contained in the ARMSTRONG ROLL OF 1830-which listed Daniel A., Joseph, John, and Daniel A. Anderson, Jr. as residing in the LeFlores District of those lands ceded to the United States by the Choctaw by the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek. Mr. Anderson believes that this is the same Daniel Anderson identified by the deed that he referenced before concerning Joseph Anderson on the Tombigbee River. He goes on to state that he is unable to
establish a connection between this Anderson family and the Perry County Andersons.

He goes on to state that he has had correspondence with Tom Goldman, an attorney in
Meridian, who published an article in MISSISSIPPI RECORDS, " Choctaw Connection".
Mr. Goldman maintains that he is descended from a union between Daniel Anderson and the Choctaw maiden named Lilliketchie, who was supposed to be the granddaughter of Pushmatah. Mr. Anderson states that it is his understanding that Mr. Golman has proven his relationship to Daniel Anderson and has been enrolled in the Mississippi Band of the
Choctaw Nation. He apparently descended from Daniel through Solomon Anderson, a fairly prominent citizen of Washington Co., Alabama. Mr. Anderson states that it is interesting that the name Solomon nor the name Joseph turns up in the Perry County Mississippi Andersons. He believes that Solomon and possibly Joseph may not be in the direct line of the Perry County Andersons.

Mr. Anderson states that there is no proof that Daniel Austin Anderson served under Andrew Jackson in the War of 1812. If he served under Jackson in the group that volunteered with Pushmatah in defense of New Orleans in 1814, there may be no formal documentation. He states that a biography of Elizha Alexander “Zan” Anderson, the son of Daniel Austin “Bunk” Anderson, published in the OFFICIAL AND STATISTICAL REGISTER OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI, 1917, indicates that Elisha’s great-grandfather was Daniel Austin Anderson of Perry County, who was a Major under Andrew Jackson in the War of 1812. The biography goes on to state that his paternal grandfather, who would be John E. “Jack” Anderson, also served in the War of 1812. Mr. Anderson states that this is in direct conflict with the theory of Mrs. John Anderson that Joseph Anderson was the father of John E. “Jack” Anderson.

Mr. Anderson states that there is oral family history seems to indicate that the father of
John E. Anderson was Joseph. The published biography states that the father of John E.
Anderson was Major Daniel Austin Anderson. Mr. Anderson thinks that this makes more
sense age-wise. He gives credence to the written biography because there were living
descendants who were only one or two generations removed from Daniel and who should
have had a clear knowledge of their ancestors and of any historical anecdotes pertaining
to them. And Daniel Austin is a name that recurrs in the family in following generations and Joseph does not.

Mr. Anderson continues with more information on a John Anderson that does appear to have served in the Battle of New Orleans, but that he has been unable to locate the service records at the National Archives. He goes on to state that a John Anderson received five patents for lands in the Choctaw Land District on September 6, 1827. He does not know if the William or John Anderson who signed a petition that was attached to a letter to Congress Dec. 26, 1815 by the inhabitants of the Mississippi Territory connect to the Perry County Mississippi Anderson. He states that Joseph did not sign the petition, which would indicate that he was absent at the time. Mr. Anderson also states that he has not followed up the land patents to see where they are and does not know if this John Anderson is connected to the Perry County Andersons.

Notes dated 1/26/1981 I received from Bill Bounds (he says they came from “Slick” Bounds):
John’s father was Daniel Auston Anderson, Major under Gen. Jackson, and Daniel’s wife was Running Deer

Dedra Dedra

posted on August 16, 2011

I want to thank all of you for your valuable input. I agree with many of the conflicts mentioned here, which is why I came to seek what, if any, documentation was known. There are many connections to Native Americans in my lineage: Seminole (maternal grandfather’s mother), Iroquois and Cherokee (maternal grandmother’s lineage-not substantiated), Choctaw (paternal grandfather’s great-great-great-great-great grandmother). Again, thank you for your wise instruction.

Bill Anderson, Judge Bill Anderson, Judge

posted on February 28, 2013

PERRY COUNTY MISSISSIPPI ANDERSONS.
Daniel Anderson was the father of John(Jack,Blackjack) Anderson born 1797 in the Carolina’s. It is not known who Daniel’s wife was or even her name but one can readily assume that she was probably a full blood indian. Could be Cherokee or Creek or any of the smaller tribes from Georgia to the Carolina’s. Daniel’s son John (Jack, Black Jack) married Sarah Davis and removed to Perry County Mississippi by early 1820’s. So, the generations of Andersons in south Ms began.
There is a story of a Joseph Anderson who married Running Deere the daughter of the famed indian chief Pushmataha. Well that may be, I will not argue that at all but they would not be kin to any of the Perry County Ms. Andersons.
All the Perry County Andersons are the desendants of Daniel Austin Anderson.The historical record bears that out. The name Daniel Austin appears more then once in every Anderson generation. The name Joseph does not appear at all.
I well know the Pushmataha story. It started in 1965 and was told in this wise: Two Anderson brothers in east Tennessee joined Andrew Jackson’s army and came with him to the battle of New Orleans. Their names were John and Jack. After the battle the two brothers started back north when Jack met Chief Pushmataha’s daughter and were married in an indian wedding ritual that lasted three days. This was around Brooklyn Ms. The other brother (John) went on a little further north to around Laurel Ms. Then about 1980 or so, some one came up with “Joseph” and “Running Deere” as their names. Even if this could be true, it still would not fit in the family line of Daniel Austin Anderson.

Jason Slade Jason Slade

posted on January 14 and updated on June 23

.

Red Quil Red Quil

posted on April 9

Can anyone tell me or guide me on the line from Anglin,Hartfield,Fillingame,Slade,Anderson,Musselwhite????

Thank you,
Red Quil

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on April 9

red quil:
please start a new message thread so that others can see your post about your relatives.

dates, years, children and spouse would be much appreciated, so that others can check their records. i don’t know which relative married which relative, so surname information is almost useless to view records. i don’t even know if these are surnames that are just in your family and not related to each other.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1940 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records. the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period. federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2) ancestry.com.

there is a difference between tribal heritage and tribal enrollment.

find your relative in the 1900-1940 census. this will give you locations, family members, dates that you will need for looking on the dawes roll, taken 1896-1906 in the state of oklahoma/indian territory. the dawes roll lists applicants to the five major tribes of oklahoma. use the accessgenealogy website to do this or ancestrypaths:
http://userdb.rootsweb.ancestry.com/nativeamerican/
get family group/card#, members of the family:
partial surnames ok. just enter the surname.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/final-rolls.htm
partial names might not be found on this website.

find a possible name, click on the # in the card# column and this will show you the family group as of application. use the 1900 and 1910 census to match the names. write down the names, card#.

if you don’t find your family, then look at the 1900-1940 census locations for your family, look for nearby tribes. contact the nearby tribes to see if your family had enrolled. find out membership criteria for that tribe. there are tribes in other locations and other choctaw tribes. location is an important factor over whether a native enrolled in a tribe. you won’t find that an original enrollee enrolled in the choctaw tribe in oklahoma if they were living in another state, for instance. if your family was renting in 1910, for instance, they had not received a land grant from one of the five major tribes in oklahoma and were probably not enrolled. there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes are on the dawes roll.

many natives did not want to live under tribal authority or didn’t qualify for enrollment or could not submit satisfactory evidence to a tribe. this is very common. it means that your family is not enrolled in a tribe.

there were a few natives that were enrolled by tribal council approval or lawsuit. i don’t have any way to tell you whether someone was enrolled because of this. you would have to contact the tribe for this information. however, some people have posted this answer and you might be able to use google on your family names and see this.

supposing you find your family in the dawes roll, then look at the oklahoma historical society dawes website and put in the name of someone in that family group that you found on accessgenealogy. this will give you the enrollment # if the enrollment was successful. write down the enrollment #s for your family.

if you found your family on the dawes roll, you might want a copy of the dawes packet. four sources for this:

1) once you have the card#, search here for documents. the website is free at this time:
http://www.ancestrypaths.com/five-civilized-tribes/
arranged by card#. use the slider bar at the bottom to approximate your card#. the packets are arranged in order of card#. usually the beginning document references the card#.

there may be more than one card# for a particular person, depending on whether they were a parent at the time of enrollment.

sometimes a family’s consideration also depends on an earlier decision in their family. so you may have more than one card# to look up.

2) fold3.com is an online subscription resource and one month’s subscription is less than the price of a dawes packet at NARA or oklahoma historical society.

3) NARA http://www.archives.gov fort worth, TX office
4) oklahoma historical society http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

a dawes packet contains census card, enrollment application, supporting documents and maybe testimony. even if your family was not enrolled, the genealogical information might be of interest to you.

the enrolled members are referred to as original enrollees. if your family had enrolled by blood then you are eligible to enroll in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. all tribes have membership criteria. if your family had been enrolled as freedman, then they were enrolled as former slaves and their descendants were not eligible to enroll in the tribe.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA http://www.archives.gov try the fort worth, TX office.

requirements for enrollment for several oklahoma tribes:
http://thorpe.ou.edu/OILS/blood.html
What are tribal membership requirements?

Tribal enrollment criteria are set forth in tribal constitutions, articles of incorporation or ordinances. The criterion varies from tribe to tribe, so uniform membership requirements do not exist.

Two common requirements for membership are lineal decendency from someone named on the tribe’s base roll or relationship to a tribal member who descended from someone named on the base roll. (A “base roll” is the original list of members as designated in a tribal constitution or other document specifying enrollment criteria.) Other conditions such as tribal blood quantum, tribal residency, or continued contact with the tribe are common.

http://www.narf.org/nill/resources/enrollment.htm

enrollment is a two step process. first you have to get your CDIB card from the BIA to show your degree of blood/eligibility to enroll in a particular tribe, and then you have to apply to the tribe for acceptance, if you meet their membership requirements.

Tribal Government personnel, usually an Enrollment Clerk, located at a regional or agency office processes applications for Certificates of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) and Indian Preference in Employment, BIA Form 4432, to anyone who can provide documentation that he or she descends from an American Indian tribe.
http://www.bia.gov/WhatWeDo/ServiceOverview/TribalGov/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_recognition_in_the_United_States
this article has many resources.
however i find the paragraph on “Recognition for individuals” to be somewhat insensitive.

i think someone should rewrite that paragraph.

What are the most typical requirements for membership?
Each tribe has a base roll which was established, usually, in the early 20th century, listing the members of the tribe at that time. Your first challenge will be to prove direct lineal descent from someone listed on that base roll. Then
you must prove that you have the required level of blood quantum – the percentage of your genetic make-up that is native by bloodline. Most tribes require a 1/4 blood quantum – that is, you must be at least one-fourth Native
American – but note that the Eastern Band of the Cherokees requires that you be only 1/16 or higher to join, and the Cherokee Nation and Choctaw tribe have no minimum quantum restriction, so long as you can prove descent. There may be other conditions for membership as well: requirements for tribal residency or continued contact with the tribe are common.
http://freedomcenter.org/_media/pdf/genealogy/16.%20Native%20American%20-%20Tribal%20Membership.pdf

choctaw enrollment, forms, FAQs
http://www.choctawnation.com/services/departments/enrollment-cdib-and-tribal-membership/

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/final-rolls.htm

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw-indian-research.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indian-census-records.htm
there is an 1860 and 1885 census in the indian territory

accessgenealogy’s collection of information: if you are from another tribe, use the links at the right.
if you are from an associated tribe, see the several possible links on the webpage.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment. some mississippi choctaw were accepted by adoption or lawsuit.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants on the dawes roll can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family. other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://gateway.okhistory.org/
this has a search but you may have to read the whole edition of a newspaper to find your search match.
the search term will be highlighted. the newspapers (location and years) are limited, so you might want to search for the location and look at years available.

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
http://www.odl.state.ok.us/oar/
http://www.okhistory.org/
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public library/interlibrary loan program might also have access to newspapers and local history books.

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.

http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

http://www.okhistory.org/publications/chronicles

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this will give you locations, family members. your local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.com and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.mowa-choctaw.com/

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

tribes in other locations:
http://www.ncsl.org/issues-research/tribal/list-of-federal-and-state-recognized-tribes.aspx

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it. you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw were not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

you may want to make a heritage book.
http://www.photobookgirl.com/blog/make-your-own-family-heritage-and-genealogy-photo-book/

good family tree software:
http://www.techshout.com/features/2013/22/best-free-genealogy-software/
i use legacy. the free basic edition is great for the beginning and helps you organize.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Jason Slade Jason Slade

posted on August 27

Red quil…Email me jayson197400@yahoo.com

Shirlene James Shirlene James

posted on December 2

My research of my mother’s Anderson line is as follows:
Joseph “Jack” Anderson b. 1771 married Running Deer b. 1775 d, 1810. Their son John E. “Jack” Anderson b.1797 d. 1865 married Sarah Davis b. 1803 d.1979. Their son Daniel Austin “Bunk” Anderson b. 1839 d 1913 married Henrietta Rebecca Stafford b. 1842 d. 1917. Their son John Prentiss “Print” Anderson b.1866 d.1950 married Kizarah “Kizzie” Rayburn b. 1868 d. 1954. Their daughter Emma Anderson is my grandmother.

Shirlene James Shirlene James

posted on December 2

This Anderson clan came to Texas in a covered wagon via New Orleans and settled in Hardin County, TX.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on December 2 and updated on December 2

shirlene, this whole thread concerns the lack of documents about your alleged ancestors. you should jennifer’s and bill anderson’s replies.

it is important to collect documents on your family tree. some people who have posted family trees do not collect documents. sometimes people accept very thin evidence on their family tree.

however, even in my own family tree, i have added people on very little evidence because i am researching that branch. it is easier to try to accumulate evidence on someone when they are a named person. i usually note that i have not yet acquired evidence for a date, location or name.

unfortunately, some people copy other peoples’ family trees, don’t correspond with the owner to trade information and sources. and sometimes they don’t try to acquire evidence, thinking that everyone else must have acquired sufficient documents.

jack/joseph anderson’s wife named as “running deer” seemed to originate in the 1980s. i am quite sure that many of the people who have been interested in this line would appreciate any evidence that you may have acquired.

usual evidence might be:
census records
native census records
cemetery records
birth/death/marriage records
newspaper mentions (usually around family events)
journal mentions
local history book mentions
land records
tax records
criminal/civil records
wills, probate, guardianship
military records, including military pension records
misc. records in the state archives, state historical society, county clerk

suzanne hamlet shatto