Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Spradling line

Debra Burleson Debra Burleson

posted on June 14, 2011

I have found the Spradling family on the Choctaw rolls. My G.father W.W. McCracken would take me to the Indian church at Little Axe in Ok. His mother was Emma Spradling. I cannot express the enjoyment I had sitting under the brush arbor and listening to the elders! I have papers proving back to Il., Tn., Ar. Ok. and Texas. I am unsure how to connect the dots. Any information of the Spradling line would be appreciated.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on June 14, 2011

you start with what you know, gather documents, then go backward in time.
i often start with the death and work backwards.

emma spradling m. ? mccracken
w. w. mccracken

you have given a location but no dates. no spouse names. no names in w. w. mccracken – spouse or children. this is a common name but the only information is initials of w. w. mccracken.

when social security came into effect, 1/1/1937, people filled out a social security application and submitted a birth record. if they didn’t have a birth certificate, they often submitted delayed birth certificates. so if you ask for a copy of the birth record, also ask for a copy of the delayed birth certificate.

helpful: death certificate, cemetery record, obituary. the death certificate would be from the state vital records office. the cemetery record might be found online, such as at or and you might be able to get the obituary from your local public library interlibrary loan program or state historical society or state archives.

also helpful: census records which show the family’s location every ten years, family members, approximate dates and locations.

marriage record. usually you can get this from the vital records office or state historical society or state archives. sometimes the genealogical societies nearby have records. there might be a newspaper mention of events in your family.

birth record: state vital records or state archives often have these records, if they exist.

is this your emma?
Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Murphy Isaac E 0 M MCR7114 P
Choctaw Murphy Mary J 0 F MCR7114 P
Choctaw Spradling Grant 0 M MCR7114 P
Choctaw Spradling Wilbur R 5 M 1/32 MCR7114 MUSKOGEE MCR
Choctaw Spradling Sarah E 7 F 1/32 MCR7114 MUSKOGEE MCR
Choctaw Spradling Grace J 9 F 1/32 MCR7114 MUSKOGEE MCR
Choctaw Spradling Emma F 12 F 1/32 MCR7114 MUSKOGEE MCR
Choctaw Spradling Martha E 33 F 1/16 MCR7114 MUSKOGEE MCR
MCR-mississippi choctaw refused. sometimes the family was not able to give the proof of heritage that the tribe requested. maybe the family had accepted scrip land grant in AL/MS in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880.


is this your w. w. mccracken?
Name: William W Mccracken
Home in 1930: Norman, Cleveland, Oklahoma
View Map
Age: 30
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1900
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Vera Mccracken
Race: White


Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William W Mccracken 30
Vera Mccracken 26
Roy Mccracken 4
Ralph Mccracken 2
Zella Mccracken 5/12
Thomas Mccracken 21
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Norman, Cleveland, Oklahoma; Roll: 1898; Page: 13B; Enumeration District: 22; Image: 486.0.

if this is your william, then the emma on the dawes roll is probably not your relation. william was born around 1900.

maybe this is your emma?
Name: William Mccracken
Home in 1920: Madill, Marshall, Oklahoma
Age: 46
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1874
Birthplace: Texas
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
Spouse’s Name: Emma Mccracken
Father’s Birth Place: United States
[United States of America]
Mother’s Birth Place: United States
[United States of America]
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Sex: Male
Home owned: Rent
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Mccracken 46
Emma Mccracken 40
Maggie Moore 20
Pat Moore 20
Horace Mc Cracken 21
Ruth Mc Cracken 14
Otha Mc Cracken 9
Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Madill, Marshall, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1472; Page: 25A; Enumeration District: 163; Image: 696.

Name: William Mccracken
Home in 1900: Township 5, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory
Age: 26
Birthplace: Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relationship to head-of-house: Head
Spouse’s Name: Emma Mccracken
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Mccracken 26
Emma Mccracken 24
Cordia Mccracken 7
Jewell Mccracken 5
Harry Mccracken 3
Harris Mccracken 11/12
Felix A B Charles 53
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 5, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1847; Enumeration District: 127.

this appears to be the emma spradling on the dawes roll:
Name: Emma F Spradling
Age in 1910: 19
Estimated Birth Year: 1891
Birthplace: Kentucky
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Father’s name: Grant Spradling
Father’s Birth Place: Kentucky
Mother’s name: Martha Spradling
Mother’s Birth Place: Kentucky
Home in 1910: Muskogee Ward 3, Muskogee, Oklahoma
Marital Status: Single
Race: White
Gender: Female
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Grant Spradling 40
Martha Spradling 40
Emma F Spradling 19
Grace Spradling 16
Edyth Spradling 14
Wilbur Spradling 12
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Muskogee Ward 3, Muskogee, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1264; Page: 17B; Enumeration District: 0116; Image: 199; FHL Number: 1375277.

do you see how lost i am, in trying to find matching records. this is because your post leaves out information. if you don’t have enough information about the parent, then try to look at the documents you have for the children. childrens’ documents point to the parents and fix the family to a location and date.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses

to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to

give more information rather than less. if you post about

women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married

name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go

backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’

birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start

on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937,

they probably have a social security application on file. if

you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born

before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth

certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and

obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an

obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or

marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local

public library for this. i usually start with the death and

work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension

records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they

were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are

available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the

1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different

things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because

1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to

enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were

mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or

benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your

ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be

living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there


2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on

the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that

other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage.

native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they

have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records

listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is

found under genealogy advocacy.


NARA federal records repository. the

fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas

tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest

tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several

tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount

Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:


chickasaw historical society 22
Historic Preservation and
Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center 23
Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i

have no information about whether or when they will improve some

of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american

chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public

library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages

through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern

Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program


always find the state archives. some records are online, some

records are not. but many times you can find a record not found

in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions

for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage


if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear

on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they

implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized

Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or

belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the

state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-

recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to

write to me, and request the choctaw

resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Patricia V. Hazeltine Patricia V. Hazeltine

posted on June 23, 2011

I am also a descendant of the Spradling family, my GG Granny was a Spradling, Her daughters Virginia Mae (my Grandmother), Audie, and E(?). My Father was Floyd Eugene (Bob) Hazeltine, and my son is Alexander John Hazeltine. How are we connected?? They were all in the Oklahoma City area, to my knowledge. My son and I were born in California.