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bohannon, walden choctaw history

Sandy Witbeck Sandy Witbeck

posted on June 2, 2011

Hi, I am looking for the decendants of Ezekiel Kensworthy Walden born 5/10/1854 Howard Co. Arkansas or William Henry Bohannon born 1/21/1850 born kemper co. Mississippi
My history shows a Lewis Walden born 7/1901 Indian Territory, Choctaw Naion Oklahoma who married Indiana Clay?
Other family members moved back to the Choctaw nation
including Mary Polly Willis. Please help.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on June 3, 2011

william bohannon was born after the trail of tears in the late 1830’s.
you have listed names and dates and locations but the only spouse is for the person who was born in 1901.
not sure how mary polly willis connects with these people. not sure if willis is a maiden name or a married name.
maybe you have some different lines of ancestors and you are just listing them?

for each person, you should post name, locations, dates, spouse and children. if you have different branches, it is probably good to post a message for each one, since some relations will see one of the names they recognize but maybe bypass the message if they don’t recognize other names. this is where the title should be descriptive to one ancestor.

notice that bohannon can be spelled variously and you may have to search for each spelling.

you are absolutely right to post on messageboards. you might want to consider putting up a family tree on rootsweb or ancestry.com. rootsweb is free but ancestry requires a subscription. however, your local public library probably has a subscription so that you can search for records. genealogy.com also has a messageboard. look for the topics of surnames, locations, tribes.

1860 United States Federal Census
about Ezekiel R Walden
Name: Ezekiel R Walden
Age in 1860: 6
Birth Year: abt 1854
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1860: Mine Creek, Hempstead, Arkansas
Gender: Male
Post Office: Nashville
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Richard E Walden 41
Mary M Walden 34
George F Walden 16
Mary M Walden 14
Logan F Walden 12
Elizabeth F Walden 10
Szarah T Walden 8
Ezekiel R Walden 6
Amanda P Walden 4
John E Walden 2
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Mine Creek, Hempstead, Arkansas; Roll: M653_42; Page: 869; Image: 357; Family History Library Film: 803042.
these people also made a late migration. richard and the children were b. TN, but sarah, ezekiel, amanda and john were b. AR.

1900 United States Federal Census
about Ezekiel Walden
Name: Ezekiel Walden
Home in 1900: Mineral Springs, Howard, Arkansas
Age: 46
Birth Date: May 1854
Birthplace: Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relationship to head-of-house: Head
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Spouse’s Name: Rebecca S Walden
Marriage year: 1879
Marital Status: Married
Years married: 21
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Ezekiel Walden 46
Rebecca S Walden 40
Edward K Walden 19
Lonila B Walden 18
Ervin L Walden 17
Clarence Walden 14
Mary C Walden 13
Ida Walden 10
Lida Walden 10
Flossie I Walden 8
Coy Walden 6
Susie Walden 1
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Mineral Springs, Howard, Arkansas; Roll: T623_61; Page: 18B; Enumeration District: 65.
they were not living in oklahoma by 1900 so it is not likely that they applied for enrollment to a tribe in oklahoma/indian territory 1896-1906 to one of the five major tribes in oklahoma listed on the dawes roll.

could this be your relative? i don’t know.
Arkansas Death Index, 1914-1950
about Ezekiel K Waldon
Name: Ezekiel K Waldon
Death Day: 16
Death:Month: Jan
Death Year: 1929
County: Little River
Roll Number: 19241933

unfortunately, i couldn’t find the family in 1870 or 1880. they might have been known by another name. or maybe they moved into indian territory for a while.

this looks like his parents:
1880 United States Federal Census
about Richard E. Waldron
Name: Richard E. Waldron
Home in 1880: Mineral Springs, Howard, Arkansas
Age: 61
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1819
Birthplace: Tennessee
Relation to Head of Household: Self (Head)
Spouse’s Name: Mary M. Waldron
Father’s birthplace: Virginia
Mother’s birthplace: North Carolina
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Farmer
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Gender: Male
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Richard E. Waldron 61
Mary M. Waldron 54
Sallie Ann Waldron 16
Sherman Waldron 14
Candis M. Waldron 10
Stephen Moore 17
Lafayette Jordan 14
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Mineral Springs, Howard, Arkansas; Roll: 46; Family History Film: 1254046; Page: 74B; Enumeration District: 117; Image: 0729.

1880 United States Federal Census
about Binsworthy Waldron
Name: Binsworthy Waldron
Home in 1880: Mineral Springs, Howard, Arkansas
Age: 26
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1854
Birthplace: Arkansas
Relation to Head of Household: Self (Head)
Spouse’s Name: Rebecca Waldron
Father’s birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s birthplace: Tennessee
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Farm Laborer
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Gender: Male
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Binsworthy Waldron 26
Rebecca Waldron 20
Not Named Waldron 1m
John Waldron 22
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Mineral Springs, Howard, Arkansas; Roll: 46; Family History Film: 1254046; Page: 74A; Enumeration District: 117; Image: 0728.

1870 United States Federal Census
about Sherman Waldron
Name: Sherman Waldron
[Sherman Walden]
Birth Year: abt 1866
Age in 1870: 4
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1870: Sulphur Spring, Polk, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
John Waldron 46
Nancy Waldron 42
Jeremiah Waldron 24
James Waldron 19
George Waldron 18
Tyler Waldron 15
Elisabeth Waldron 13
Miller Waldron 10
Sarah F Waldron 8
Mary R Waldron 6
Sherman Waldron 4
Almiranda Waldron 2
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Sulphur Spring, Polk, Arkansas; Roll: M593_61; Page: 314B; Image: 86; Family History Library Film: 545560.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears

http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes: http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society 22
Historic Preservation and
Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center 23
Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto