Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

GARLAND family LOTS of questions!

Shelly Shelly

posted on May 20, 2011

Ok, so I have done extensive genealogy research and I keep hitting the SAME WALL.
I have traced my roots back to a point that has woven 3 Choctaw bloodlines into my heritage. The first is Phoebe Barbera Peck, daughter of Mary Peck married Samuel Garland in Claiborne, TN on 2/24/1862.

Around the same time period, another Samuel Garland in my family history married Mary Pitchlynn and became a Chief in the Choctaw nation, most famous for being the Chief who Brokered the sale of Choctaw Land to the U.S, Goverment

And last but not least, Sarah Tye was married to Alvin Brassfield circa 1900’s I believe.

Unfortunately due to an age old family fued, the garlands divided into two sects, and many do not claim relation to the other. Because of this, I am having the most difficult time adding together the two family trees.

I am currently seeking as much information as I can on the situation in order to apply for the right to be called ‘Choctaw’ as I feel was a birth right taken away from me.
Any and all information is HIGHLY appreciated!
I have also included a portrait of phoebe and my great great grandfather, Samuel Nelson.


suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on May 21, 2011

very few dates in this post. no children, few locations. genealogists use names, locations, children and spouse to match records.

mary ? m. ? peck
phoebe barbera peck m. samuel garland 2/24/1862

samuel garland m. mary pitchlynn

sarah tye m. alvin brassfield

do you see the missing information here?

did any of these families attempt to enroll in a tribe? did they migrate to oklahoma?

you don’t explain the difficulty with this. you don’t “tie” the trees together. people do genealogy by going back one generation at a time, gathering documents. children’s documents point to the parents and fix the family to a location and date. what documents do you have on the children?
these are consecutive pages. the families lived next door to each other, samuel garland and phoebe peck.


Born in Mississippi in 1803 , grandson of Maj. James Garland, a Scottsman, and a full blood Choctaw woman; the family emigrated to Choctaw Nation. Student of Choctaw Academy. Samuel was son of John Garland who signed Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek. Samuel Garland lived, died and is buried in Janis, McCurtain County, Oklahoma. Brothers: John, Silas and James. Sister: Nancy and Lucy. Silas’ children included Israel whose daughter married Mitchel Harrison and a white man named Hall. They were parents of Chief William Harrison of Poteau. Sam Garland married Mary Pitchlynn, sister of Peter P. Pitchlynn. They had one son, Crocket Garland. Louis Ledbetter of Wewoka married a daughter of Crocket Garland. Sam Garland was member of the Net Proceeds Claim delegation. He had 600 acres of red River bottom land and a palatial Southern home near Tom. He died in 1870 while a member of the Council and the Net Proceeds Claim delegation.

i don’t know that crocket garland ever married or had children.
U.S., Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940
about Crockett Garland
Name: Crockett Garland
Date of Birth: abt 1861
Age: 24
Gender: Male
Tribe: Choctaw
Agency: Union
Last Census Number: 750
Census Date: 1885

this is a different crocket garland from the crocket who was the son of samuel garland.

there were other records about a crocket garland b. 1832 but i don’t see a wife or cihldren for him on this doesn’t mean that he didn’t marry and have children, but you should correspond with people who have this family tree.

Alvin Jones BRASSFIELD was born ABT JAN 1840 in Jellico Creek, Whitley, Kentucky, USA, and died 09 DEC 1907 in Carpenter, Kentucky. He married Sarah TYE 15 JAN 1867 in Whitley, Kentucky, USA, daughter of Nelson R. TYE and Obedience TYE. She was born 25 NOV 1836 in Carpenter, Whitley County, Kentucky, and died ABT 1879 in Whitley, Kentucky, USA.

this family tree is on rootsweb as well.

natives took surnames of favorite people, places and things. some natives married caucasian males and took their surnames. some were slaves and took their masters’ surname. i don’t know if you thought that a chief and your family name must be related because they were the same name. maybe they are, but maybe not closely or directly. in any case, i think you should contact people who have posted the family tree of the people that you know you are directly related to and exchange sources.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society 22
Historic Preservation and
Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center 23
Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Barbara Barbara

posted on January 26, 2012

I too have a Samuel Garland I’m stuck on. This one married a Catherine Buchanan. If you should have any luck, just contact me at and I’ll do the same for you. Good luck!

Alaina Garland Alaina Garland

posted on March 5

The Samuel Garland that was the chief (married to Mary Pitchlynn) is my great, great, great, great grandfather’s brother. My understanding is that the other Samuel Garland was HIS grandfather (also mine). It’s kind of drawn out and complicated but I’d be happy to email you what I know.