Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Lillie Mae Mitchell

txerica txerica

posted on May 6, 2011

Trying to find information about my husband’s great-grandmother – Lillie Mae Mitchell. The info we have is that she was born in Saltillo, TX in 1875 and died in Durant, OK in 1953. We believe she was 100% Choctaw and her parents were from Mississippi. She married Dill Darling sometime in the early 1890s (possibly 12 Mar 1893, although I have no records to provide this). She lived throughout north TX and lived with her daughter on the Choctaw reservation at the time of her death. We have no other information and would like to get her parents’ names so we can continue our research.

(Please do not reply with a page full of links that are posted on every post in this forum.)

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on May 6, 2011

she might be mississippi choctaw or maybe affiliated with a texas tribe. the trail of tears didn’t go through texas, but there were many unofficial migrations west from the southeastern reservations.

no children in your post.

lillie mae mitchell b. 1875 TX d. 1953 OK m. dill darling

1900 United States Federal Census
about Tillie M Darling
Name: Tillie M Darling
[Lillie M Darling]
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 6, Fannin, Texas
[Fannin, Texas]
Age: 25
Birth Date: Mar 1875
Birthplace: Texas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relationship to head-of-house: Wife
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother: number of living children: 1
Mother: How many children: 3
Spouse’s Name: Dill M Darling
Marriage year: 1893
Marital Status: Married
Years married: 7
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Dill M Darling 28
Tillie M Darling 25
Ellen S Darling 4
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 6, Fannin, Texas; Roll: T623_1634; Page: 4B; Enumeration District: 77.
natives were required to be permanently living in indian territory/oklahoma by 1900.

1920 United States Federal Census
about Lillie M Darling
Name: Lillie M Darling
Home in 1920: Justice Precinct 6, Wilbarger, Texas
Age: 44
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1876
Birthplace: Texas
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s Name: Dill M Darling
Father’s Birth Place: Mississippi
Mother’s Birth Place: Mississippi
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Sex: Female
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Dill M Darling 48
Lillie M Darling 44
Willie O Darling 16
Dulcie M Darling 14
Ludie L Darling 13
Ealy J Darling 10
Sylvia E Darling 5
Francis M Darling 3
[3 10/12]
Hulette M Allen 26
Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Justice Precinct 6, Wilbarger, Texas; Roll: T625_1855; Page: 4A; Enumeration District: 141; Image: 487.

1930 United States Federal Census
about Lilla M Darling
Name: Lilla M Darling
Home in 1930: Vernon, Wilbarger, Texas
View Map
Age: 55
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1875
Birthplace: Texas
Relation to Head of House: Head
Race: White


Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Lilla M Darling 55
Mildred O Darling 27
Sylvia Darling 16
June O Tally 8
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Vernon, Wilbarger, Texas; Roll: 2410; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 4; Image: 718.0.

this might be willie darling?
Texas Birth Index, 1903-1997
about Dil Darling
Date of Birth: 19 Mar 1903
Birth County: Fannin
Mother’s name: Dil Darling
Certificate Number: 61013
Roll Number: 1903_0032

i can’t find her in 1910 census.

1880 United States Federal Census
about Lillie Mitchell
Name: Lillie Mitchell
Home in 1880: Tarrant, Texas
Age: 4
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1876
Birthplace: Texas
Relation to Head of Household: Dau (Daughter)
Father’s name: A. W. Mitchell
Mother’s name: Eliza A. Mitchell
Neighbors: View others on page
Marital Status: Single
Race: White
Gender: Female
Cannot read/write:


Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
A. W. Mitchell 52
Eliza A. Mitchell 44
Annie Mitchell 16
Elizabeth Mitchell 14
William Mitchell 12
Lutie Mitchell 9
Katie Mitchell 6
Lillie Mitchell 4
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: , Tarrant, Texas; Roll: 1328; Family History Film: 1255328; Page: 92A; Enumeration District: 92; .

A. W. was b. 1828 KY and eliza was b. 1836 MO.

you should get a copy of lillie’s social security application if she was alive after 1/1/1937. this would have her parents’ names. and she might have filed a delayed birth certificate to show proof of age.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

txerica txerica

posted on May 17, 2011

Thanks Suzanne. I already had all the Census info and I don’t think the Eliza and AW are her parents, based on what I could find about them in later Census records (her Lillie was married to someone else and became a teacher, which I know this ancestor did not).

I’m going to search the TX birth records as I hadn’t seen that one previously.

Any tips on how to get Lillie’s Social Security record as you suggest?
Thanks again!

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on May 17, 2011

if lillie was alive after 1/1/1937, she would have a social security application. and she would have submitted a birth certificate or delayed birth certificate to show proof of age.

if she passed away after 1963, she would be on the public social security death that is on rootsweb.

if you don’t have an exact date of death, you can go to the public library and see if they have and maybe find her on some of the death indexes online. or you can use the public library’s interlibrary loan program to find her obituary.

you could ask for her death certificate, as these often have the social security #’s on them, along with other information. the county where she passed away or the state archives or state vital records office might have this.