Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation
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Carolyn Jones

Carolyn Hooker-Jones Carolyn Hooker-Jones

posted on April 28, 2011 and updated on April 28, 2011

I have just recently discovered that my grandfather, Thomas Albert Lovelace was on the Choctaw Indian Rolls. This pleases me very much as I have always felt a closeness with the indian nations as a whole. I remember even as a small child asking my mother is we had any indian blood only to be told by her that we didn’t. Why she denied it confuses and saddens me today. I would like to substantiate this information but I don’t really know how to go about it. If anyone can help me I would appreciate it so much.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on April 28, 2011

there were many people in oklahoma/indian territory around 1900. about a million people living there were counted in the 1900 census. at one time, i think i counted about 160,000 applicants on the dawes roll.

no dates, no location, no children or spouse in your post. genealogists use this information to match records.

maybe this is your relative:
1930 United States Federal Census
about Thomas A Lovelace
Name: Thomas A Lovelace
Home in 1930: Frederick, Tillman, Oklahoma
View Map
Age: 58
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1872
Birthplace: Tennessee
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Geneve Lovelace
Race: White
Occupation:

Education:

Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Thomas A Lovelace 58
Geneve Lovelace 53
Albert L Lovelace 14
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Frederick, Tillman, Oklahoma; Roll: 1932; Page: 2A; Enumeration District: 8; Image: 705.0.
he’s a clerk in the county assessor office, owns a house and a radio, first married at age 28. geneva? was first married at age 23.
thomas was b. TN and his parents were b. TN. geneva? was b. MO, parents b. MO. albert was b. OK.

this is a doubtful application listed on the dawes roll. in other words, the tribe asked for information. but the application might give you more information, if this is your family.

Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Endman Della 16 F NR D757 D
Choctaw Lovelace Thomas 0 M D757 P
Choctaw Lovelace Enoc 1 M NR D757 D
Choctaw Lovelace Lee 4 M NR D757 D
Choctaw Lovelace Frank 6 M NR D757 D
Choctaw Lovelace Marian 8 F NR D757 D
Choctaw Lovelace Perkins 10 M NR D757 D
Choctaw Lovelace Ella 12 F NR D757 D
Choctaw Lovelace Jink 14 M NR D757 D
Choctaw Lovelace Charley 18 M NR D757 D
Choctaw Lovelace Albert 20 M NR D757 D
Choctaw Lovelace George 22 M NR D757 D
Choctaw Lovelace Susan 40 F NR D757 D
Choctaw Pitchlynn Emma 0 F D757 P
Choctaw Weaver Charley 0 M D757 P

p=parent

1920 United States Federal Census
about T A Lovelace
Name: T A Lovelace
[T A Lovelass]
Home in 1920: Frederick, Tillman, Oklahoma
Age: 48
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1872
Birthplace: Tennessee
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
[Head]
Spouse’s Name: Genevive Lovelace
Father’s Birth Place: Tennessee
Mother’s Birth Place: Tennessee
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Sex: Male
Home owned: Own
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
T A Lovelace 48
Genevive Lovelace 40
Thos Lovelace 15
Genevieve Lovelace 13
Maurine Lovelace 6
[6 5/12]
Albert Lovelace 4
[4 6/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Frederick, Tillman, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1488; Page: 7B; Enumeration District: 168; Image: 1042.
son thomas and daughter genevieve were b. TX but maurine was b. OK, so this is the migration of the family.

the trail of tears in the late 1830’s didn’t go through texas, but several natives made unofficial migrations to/through texas. this might mean that there might be a texas tribe, mississippi choctaw tribe.

1900 United States Federal Census
about Tom A Lovelace
Name: Tom A Lovelace
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 1, Fannin, Texas
[Bonham, Fannin, Texas]
Age: 28
Birth Date: Jul 1871
Birthplace: Tennessee
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relationship to head-of-house: Son
Father’s name: Burrill S Lovelace
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s name: Eliza P Lovelace
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Spouse’s Name: Genevieve Lovelace
Marriage year: 1900
Marital Status: Married
Years married: 0
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Burrill S Lovelace 60
Eliza P Lovelace 59
Robert O Lovelace 26
Chas Lovelace 21
Tom A Lovelace 28
Genevieve Lovelace 24
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 1, Fannin, Texas; Roll: T623_1633; Page: 18A; Enumeration District: 63.
1900 United States Federal Census
about Genevieve Lovelace
Name: Genevieve Lovelace
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 1, Fannin, Texas
[Bonham, Fannin, Texas]
Age: 24
Birth Date: Apr 1876
Birthplace: Texas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relationship to head-of-house: Daughter-in-Law
Father’s Birthplace: Missouri
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee

if genevieve is native, her family would have also made a late migration.

1900 United States Federal Census
about Burrill S Lovelace
Name: Burrill S Lovelace
[Burnett Lovelace]
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 1, Fannin, Texas
[Bonham, Fannin, Texas]
Age: 60
Birth Date: Jul 1839
Birthplace: Tennessee
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relationship to head-of-house: Head
Father’s Birthplace: Virginia
Mother’s Birthplace: Virginia
Spouse’s Name: Eliza P Lovelace
Marriage year: 1861
Marital Status: Married
Years married: 39
1900 United States Federal Census
about Eliza P Lovelace
Name: Eliza P Lovelace
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 1, Fannin, Texas
[Bonham, Fannin, Texas]
Age: 59
Birth Date: Sep 1840
Birthplace: Tennessee
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relationship to head-of-house: Wife
Father’s Birthplace: North Carolina
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother: number of living children: 5

while the family might have been native, they were probably not living on reservation in the early 1800’s. but they might have been living in a community of natives. chickasaw tribe and cherokee tribe should also be considered.

1870 United States Federal Census
about Eliza Lovelace
Name: Eliza Lovelace
Birth Year: abt 1841
Age in 1870: 29
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1870: District 3, Henderson, Tennessee
Race: White
Gender: Female
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
B Sidney Lovelace 31
Eliza Lovelace 29
Clarence Lovelace 5
Mary P Lovelace 2
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: District 3, Henderson, Tennessee; Roll: M593_1537; Page: 23B; Image: 49; Family History Library Film: 553036.

ok, here’s a location where you should look for native bands.

1880 United States Federal Census
about Eliza P. Lovelace
Name: Eliza P. Lovelace
Home in 1880: Henderson, Madison, Tennessee
Age: 39
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1841
Birthplace: Tennessee
Relation to Head of Household: Wife
Spouse’s Name: B. Sidney Lovelace
Father’s birthplace: Virginia
Mother’s birthplace: Alabama
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Keeping House
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Gender: Female
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
B. Sidney Lovelace 41
Eliza P. Lovelace 39
Clarence Lovelace 15
Thomas A. Lovelace 9
Robt. O. Lovelace 6
Nathaniel Lovelace 4
Charles Lovelace 2
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Henderson, Madison, Tennessee; Roll: 1270; Family History Film: 1255270; Page: 103D; Enumeration District: 87; .
1880 United States Federal Census
about B. Sidney Lovelace
Name: B. Sidney Lovelace
Home in 1880: Henderson, Madison, Tennessee
Age: 41
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1839
Birthplace: Tennessee
Relation to Head of Household: Self (Head)
Spouse’s Name: Eliza P. Lovelace
Father’s birthplace: Virginia
Mother’s birthplace: Virginia
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Post Master

1860 United States Federal Census
about S Lovelace
Name: S Lovelace
Age in 1860: 20
Birth Year: abt 1840
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1860: District 3, Henderson, Tennessee
Gender: Male
Post Office: Mifflin
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Wm C Mchaney 43
Louisa Mchaney 39
Caroline Mchaney 17
Amanda Mchaney 15
Wm Mchaney 12
Mary Mchaney 10
Jno Mchaney 7
Elizabeth Mchaney 4
Nancy Mchaney 2
S Lovelace 20
Felix Mchaney 19
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: District 3, Henderson, Tennessee; Roll: M653_1256; Page: 200; Image: 42; Family History Library Film: 805256.

1850 United States Federal Census
about Barnell S Lovelace
Name: Barnell S Lovelace
Age: 11
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1839
Birth Place: Tennessee
Gender: Male
Home in 1850 (City,County,State): District 2, Henderson, Tennessee
Family Number: 76
Household Members:
Name Age
Thomas Lovelace 73
Nancy Lovelace 50
Barnell S Lovelace 11
Peter L Lovelace 9
William Glenn 23
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: District 2, Henderson, Tennessee; Roll: M432_883; Page: 125A; Image: 253.

1850 United States Federal Census
about Thomas Lovelace
Name: Thomas Lovelace
Age: 73
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1777
Birth Place: Virginia
Gender: Male
1850 United States Federal Census
about Nancy Lovelace
Name: Nancy Lovelace
Age: 50
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1800
Birth Place: Virginia
Gender: Female

Texas Death Index, 1903-2000
about Burrell Sidney Lovelace
Name: Burrell Sidney Lovelace
Death Date: 1 Jan 1911
Death County: Fannin
Certificate: 934b

1880 United States Federal Census
about Eliza P. Lovelace
Name: Eliza P. Lovelace
Home in 1880: Henderson, Madison, Tennessee
Age: 39
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1841
Birthplace: Tennessee
Relation to Head of Household: Wife
Spouse’s Name: B. Sidney Lovelace
Father’s birthplace: Virginia
Mother’s birthplace: Alabama
alabama might mean the MOWA tribe should be considered.

so affiliation might be proven but not enrollment. you will have to look at records.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears

http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes: http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society 22
Historic Preservation and
Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center 23
Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Jonathan S. Chilton Jonathan S. Chilton

posted on May 2, 2011

To search the Dawes Final Rolls:

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php

Oklahoma Historical Society Research Center:

http://www.okhistory.org/research/index.html

Copy and paste the appropriate URL into your web browser and it will take you to the Website.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on May 2, 2011

the accessgenealogy website shows applicants.
the oklahoma historical society shows enrolled members and enrollment #. this is the difference between them.
also, it is easy to see the families of the people who applied by clicking on the card #.
this is why i recommend searching both websites.

there are misspellings in both indexes.