Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Genealogy

James H. Highley James H. Highley

posted on April 25, 2011

My grandfather Abner Cantrell Titsworth lived in/or by the Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory in 1900. According to the Federal Census of 1900, he stated that was his home. I am trying to find out if he was ever placed on the Choctaw rolls. I was always told he was almost a full blood and that he taught school on the Tribal grounds/reservation. His father’s name might also appear on the rolls as well. His name was James Sanders Titsworth or it could be his mother’s name Mary Elizabeth Helms. I’m not familiar with the Choctaws and don’t know if your roll members are even public. I would appreciate and help that you can extend to me.

Thank you,
James Highley

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on April 25, 2011

the only titsworth records on the dawes roll were cherokee. but neither of the names that you posted are on the dawes roll.

there were oklahoma land rushes in the late 1890-1900 time period. further, many people came into the indian territory because of business opportunities.

some people who were native didn’t qualify for enrollment. candidates even ran on platforms against the dawes enrollment. the dawes roll was a public list of applicants to the five major tribes, but there are 63 tribes in oklahoma. look closely at the geographic location 1830-1900. natives that chose to terminate their affiliation with the tribe and not go on the trail of tears in the late 1830’s were given land grants in the southeastern reservations. i found that some states did not give land grants, but mississippi and alabama did. this was became several people were living off-reservation at the time.

1900 United States Federal Census
about Abner C Titsworth
Name: Abner C Titsworth
Home in 1900: Township 2, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Age: 45
Birthplace: Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relationship to head-of-house: Head
Spouse’s Name: Elizabeth Titsworth
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Abner C Titsworth 45
Elizabeth Titsworth 39
Iva Belle Titsworth 12
Sanders P Titsworth 10
Benjamin C Titsworth 7
William L Titsworth 5
James Titsworth 3/12
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 2, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1853; Enumeration District: 182.
this census page is on the regular federal census, not on the indian population pages.
he rents the farm. this is another clue that he had not received an allotment of land from the tribe.

1910 United States Federal Census
about Abner C Titsworth
Name: Abner C Titsworth
Age in 1910: 55
Estimated Birth Year: 1855
Birthplace: Arkansas
Relation to Head of House: Head
[Self (Head)]
Father’s Birth Place: Arkansas
Mother’s Birth Place: Tennessee
Spouse’s Name: Eliza Titsworth
Home in 1910: Streeter, Roger Mills, Oklahoma
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Gender: Male
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Abner C Titsworth 55
Eliza Titsworth 50
Sanders Titsworth 20
Benjiman Titsworth 17
William Titsworth 15
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Streeter, Roger Mills, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1272; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 0244; Image: 258; FHL Number: 1375285.
abner is renting a farm.

1920 United States Federal Census
about Abney C Titsworth
Name: Abney C Titsworth
Home in 1920: Delhi, Beckham, Oklahoma
Age: 64
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1856
Birthplace: Arkansas
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
[Head]
Spouse’s Name: Lucinda A E Titsworth
Father’s Birth Place: Arkansas
Mother’s Birth Place: Arkansas
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Sex: Male
Home owned: Own
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Abney C Titsworth 64
Lucinda A E Titsworth 63
53
Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Delhi, Beckham, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1451; Page: 4A; Enumeration District: 4; Image: 361.
this census says he owns the farm with a mortgage. it appears that this is true of many the people on this page.

1930 United States Federal Census
about A C Titsworth
Name: A C Titsworth
Home in 1930: Sayre, Beckham, Oklahoma
View Map
Age: 75
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1855
Relation to Head of House: Father
Spouse’s Name: Elizabeth Titsworth
Race: White
Occupation:

Education:

Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Ben Titsworth 37
Iva Titsworth 28
Jaunita Titsworth 10
Bessie L Titsworth 7
Stella Mae Titsworth 3
Bobby Joe Titsworth
A C Titsworth 75
Elizabeth Titsworth 65
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Sayre, Beckham, Oklahoma; Roll: 1893; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 23; Image: 1157.0.

1860 United States Federal Census
about Abner C Titsworth
Name: Abner C Titsworth
Age in 1860: 5
Birth Year: abt 1855
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1860: Sugarloaf, Marion, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Post Office: Dubuque
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Sugarloaf, Marion, Arkansas; Roll: M653_46; Page: 666; Image: 141; Family History Library Film: 803046.
his mother is from AL, so you might look at the mississippi choctaw tribe or the MOWA tribe.

marion county is on the eastern border of arkansas.

i am not seeing the family on census records 1870-1880, so they may have moved onto indian territory during that time period. there are census records on the reservation at that time. there were other records of “invaders” on indian territory. all choctaw were at one time on this invader list. this list, and other government records, are at NARA, fort worth office. NARA http://www.archives.gov

in order to enroll in a tribe, you have to show that you are directly related to an original enrollee of the tribe.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you

need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name

and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate,

your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed

away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth

certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate. death

certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper

mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library

for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records

can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are

available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for

enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have

documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal

enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to

be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other

names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially

useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other

oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and

texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records

for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears

http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes: http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society 22
Historic Preservation and
Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center 23
Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will

improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the

pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record

not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in

particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google

for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the

choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto