Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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WAS MY GRANDMOTHER ON THE TRAIL OF TEARS

ROBIN FINSTAD ROBIN FINSTAD

posted on April 19, 2011

I WAS TOLD BY MY AUNTS ON MY FATHERS SIDE THAT HIS MOTHER WAS ON THE TRAIL OF TEARS.WELL I GUESS IM TRYING TO FIND OUT HOW MUCH INDIAN I AM SENCE SHE WAS FULL BLOOD CHACTAW,PEOPLE ASK ME ALL THE TIME ARE U INDIAN ? THEY SAY I LOOK IT.MY GRANDMOTHERS NAME WAS EURICA HANEY,IT WOULD BE NICE TO BE PART OF HER,AND I WOULD BE PROUD TO BE CHACTAW.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on April 19, 2011

the trail of tears occurred in the late 1830’s, from the reservations in the southeast to oklahoma/indian territory.

i don’t know if haney is a married name or a maiden name. no dates, no location, no children or spouse in your post.

did she live in TX?

Texas Birth Index, 1903-1997
about Walter Allen Brooks
Name: Walter Allen Brooks
Date of Birth: 27 Jan 1931
Gender: Male
Birth County: Dallas
Father’s name: Homer Gorman Brooks
Mother’s name: Eurica Palestine Haney
Roll Number: 1931_0001

this is the choctaw tribe in oklahoma. many of the natives made unofficial migrations from the southeast reservations to/through TX but the trail of tears didn’t go through texas. there are several texas tribes and mississippi choctaw tribe.

1930 United States Federal Census
about Eunice Brooks
Name: Eunice Brooks
Home in 1930: Precinct 2, Kaufman, Texas
View Map
Age: 27
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1903
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s Name: Homer G Brooks
Race: White
Occupation:

Education:

Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Homer G Brooks 29
Eunice Brooks 27
Hildred F Brooks 6
Violet M Brooks 5
Francis I Brooks 3 11/12
Hamer G Brooks 8/12
Jodie P Balding 22
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Precinct 2, Kaufman, Texas; Roll: 2366; Page: 17B; Enumeration District: 6; Image: 203.0.
eurica was b. ~1903 TX, parents b. GA.
bolding is a boarder.
all children were b. TX.
homer is a farmer, rents the farm.

maybe this is your relative:
Social Security Death Index
about Eurica H. Brooks
Name: Eurica H. Brooks
SSN: 466-14-1857
Last Residence: 76462 Lipan, Hood, Texas, United States of America
Born: 13 Sep 1904
Died: 15 Mar 1998
State (Year) SSN issued: Texas (Before 1951)

Texas Death Index, 1903-2000
about Eurica Brooks
Name: Eurica Brooks
Death Date: 16 Mar 1998
Death County: Tarrant
Gender: Female
For information on how to order a copy of a death certificate, visit the Texas Department of State Health Services website (www.tdh.state.tx.us) or write to:

Texas Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics
P. O. Box 12040
Austin, TX 78711-2040
(512) 458-7111

maybe an obituary would help you. contact your local public library about this, through the interlibrary loan program.

Texas Birth Index, 1903-1997
about Francis Irene Brooks
Name: Francis Irene Brooks
Date of Birth: 16 Apr 1926
Gender: Female
Birth County: Tarrant
Father’s name: Homer Gorman Brooks
Mother’s name: Eureka Palestine Haney
Roll Number: 1926_0001

there are a number of similar names in the 1910-1920 census, so i cannot guess which one might be your relative.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears

http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes: http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society 22
Historic Preservation and
Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center 23
Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Larry G. Brooks Larry G. Brooks

posted on April 3, 2012

Hello Robin, I am Homer G. Brooks Jr. son (Larry G. Brooks). My fathers father was Homer G. Brooks Sr. Eureka “Haney” Brooks (Dads mother) had a mother named “Susan” Farr and she married Walter Haney. Susan Farr was a cheifs daughter 100% indian. Homer G. Brooks was unclear about his indian heritage but I suspect that he was too. Long ago people hid the fact that they were indian because people treated them like dogs. Imagine that, europeans come here and steal the land then treat the indians like dogs?? what nerve.

Larry G. Brooks Larry G. Brooks

posted on April 3, 2012

Eureka Palestine Haney (could be listed as Eureka H. Haney in some places was your grandmother. Eureka (my dads mother) and dads brother was obviously your father (which one?). W.A., Hildred or Sister Frances??? I went to see Frances years ago in Texas at a rest home. MY dad “Homer jr.” said that Frances was the last one of us kids left just before he died. Susan Farr was Eureka’s mother and she took that name (it was not her real indian name) to fit in. Susan can be found on the dawes rolls somewhere but it will only say susan or susie farr. I figured that Susan farr came from Georgia. Does anyone have an indian roll number for Eureka, Walter, Homer or Susan Farr ?? If so what is it.

Larry G. Brooks Larry G. Brooks

posted on April 3, 2012

My email address is hombu1@windstream.net
575-808-9898 I live in nogal nm. My brothers names are Lonnie and Barry and my sister is Connie. My mothers name was Laura Speer. I remember Eureka and Homer Sr. very well and I used to go to their house years ago. Grandmother was very good to me.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on April 4, 2012

walter haney m. susan farr
eureka haney m. homer g. brooks sr.

there are no years or location in your post.

walter haney and susan farr or susan haney are not on the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in oklahoma/indian territory.
the applicants to the five major tribes in oklahoma are on the dawes roll. there are 63 tribes in oklahoma. and there are several tribes in other states.

i also did not find eureka haney or eureka brooks or homer brooks on the dawes roll.

i am wondering if you are confusing heritage with tribal enrollment. natives usually didn’t disclose heritage unless they applied for enrollment in a tribe.

1930 United States Federal Census about Homer G Brooks
Name: Homer G Brooks
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1901
Birthplace: Texas
Race: White
Home in 1930: Precinct 2, Kaufman, Texas
View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Eunice Brooks
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Occupation:

Education:

Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Homer G Brooks 29
Eunice Brooks 27
Hildred F Brooks 6
Violet M Brooks 5
Francis I Brooks 3
[3 11/12]
Homer G Brooks 0
[8/12]
Jodie P Bolding 22
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Precinct 2, Kaufman, Texas; Roll: 2366; Page: 17B; Enumeration District: 6; Image: 203.0; FHL microfilm: 2342100.

Social Security Death Index about Eurica H. Brooks
Name: Eurica H. Brooks
SSN: 466-14-1857
Last Residence: 76462 Lipan, Hood, Texas, United States of America
Born: 13 Sep 1904
Died: 15 Mar 1998
State (Year) SSN issued: Texas (Before 1951)

there are several tribes in texas in this post. location is an important factor in tribal affiliation.

1920 United States Federal Census about Homer G Brooks
Name: Homer G Brooks
Age: 21
Birth Year: abt 1899
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1920: Fort Amador, U S Military Forces, Panama Canal Zone
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Private
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes

Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Fort Amador, U S Military Forces, Panama Canal Zone; Roll: T625_2042; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 498; Image: 483.

World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 about Homer Granville Brooks
Name: Homer Granville Brooks
County: Hunt
State: Texas
Birth Date: 29 Aug 1898
Race: White
FHL Roll Number: 1953769
DraftBoard: 2

Texas Death Index, 1903-2000 about Homer Brooks
Name: Homer Brooks
Death Date: 12 Nov 1966
Death County: Tarrant
Gender: Male
Marital Status: Single

For information on how to order a copy of a death certificate, visit the Texas Department of State Health Services website (www.tdh.state.tx.us) or write to:

Texas Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics
P. O. Box 12040
Austin, TX 78711-2040
(512) 458-7111

1910 United States Federal Census about Willie C Haney
Name: Willie C Haney
[Walter C Nancy]
[Walter C Haney]
Age in 1910: 27
Birth Year: 1883
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1910: Justice Precinct 6, Ellis, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Sallie M Haney
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Willie C Haney 27
Sallie M Haney 28
Eron Haney 7
Mary N Haney 5
Helen L Haney 3
Luther D Haney 23
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Justice Precinct 6, Ellis, Texas; Roll: T624_1549; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 0143; Image: 1020; FHL microfilm: 1375562.

sally was b. TX, walter b. GA. the trail of tears did not go through TX in the late 1830’s but there were many unofficial migrations from the southeast reservations. many of the people who migrated late were called mississippi choctaw.

you could prove tribal affiliation (but not enrollment) if you found a land record to the head of household 1830-1880 in MS or AL called choctaw scrip. choctaw scrip land grants were given in lieu of tribal enrollment. see the links in this post about the treaty of rabbit creek and the mississippi choctaw. a database of mississippi land records and alabama land records are accessible on ancestry.com and your local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.com. you can also make corrections to their various databases so that others can find your family.

1920 United States Federal Census about W C Haney
Name: W C Haney
Age: 37
Birth Year: abt 1883
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1920: Venus, Johnson, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Sallie Haney
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Home owned: Own
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
W C Haney 37
Sallie Haney 37
Erin Haney 17
Mary Haney 15
Helen Haney 11
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Venus, Johnson, Texas; Roll: T625_1822; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 55; Image: 485.

1930 United States Federal Census about W C Haney
Name: W C Haney
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1883
Birthplace: Georgia
Race: White
Home in 1930: Venus, Johnson, Texas
View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Sallie M Haney
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Occupation:

Education:

Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
W C Haney 47
Sallie M Haney 48
Helen Haney 21
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Venus, Johnson, Texas; Roll: 2365; Page: 2A; Enumeration District: 25; Image: 4.0; FHL microfilm: 2342099.

Texas Death Index, 1903-2000 about Walter Camp Haney
Name: Walter Camp Haney
Death Date: 9 Jan 1948
Death County: Johnson
Certificate: 80356

World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 about Walter Camp Haney
Name: Walter Camp Haney
County: Ellis
State: Texas
Birth Date: 13 Aug 1882
Race: White
FHL Roll Number: 1953275
DraftBoard: 1

1900 United States Federal Census about Walter Haney
Name: Walter Haney
[Wates Haney]
Age: 18
Birth Date: Aug 1882
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 6, Ellis, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Boarder
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
R A Blair 46
Fannie B Blair 39
Violet Blair 13
Dony Blair 12
Mattie Blair 9
Stella Blair 7
Edgar Blair 4
Willie Blair 2
Walter Haney 18
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 6, Ellis, Texas; Roll: 1630; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 31; FHL microfilm: 1241630.

i am less sure of the 1900 census record for sallie/sally farr. you might have to work from her death backwards in time.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes packet is exists or is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/dawes.php?s_last=green&s_first=mart&s_middle=&s_tribe=
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.

you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto