Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Mary L Evans

JacVin JacVin

posted on March 25, 2011

My Great Grandmother Mary Louisa Evans was born April 26, 1873 and the following are the brothers and sisters: A. Andy – born Dec. 21, 1877; Katy – Aug. 24, 1879; William Thomas – born Mar. 3,1882; Rosie – 1889; Robert Calvin -May 12, 1893. My G-Grandmother married John Henry Elcain “Cain” Southern Aug. 7, 1890. It is said she was born in Hackett, Sebastian Co., AR. According to funeral home record father’s name was John, mother was unknown. Cain and Mary lived most of their marriage in Bokoshe, LeFlore Co., OK. Mary died May 31, 1971 at the Spiro Nursing Home in Spiro, OK. I think she got her Social Security card in 1966 in AR. Grandma Southern said that her mother was Choctaw Indian. We can find no records past what I have.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 25, 2011

john evans m. mary ?
a. andy evans b. 12/21/1877
katy evans b. 8/24/1879
william thomas evans b. 3/3/1882
rosie evans b. 1889
robert calvin evans b. 5/12/1893

mary louisa evans b. 4/26/1873 AR? place unknown d. 5/31/1971 OK m. john henry elcain southern 8/7/1890

she would have applied for social security 1/1/1937, submitted a birth record or delayed birth certificate to show proof of age. she would have known her parents names. (you have to ask for birth certificate or delayed birth certificate.) i would recommend that you get this document. did she have an obituary?

Arkansas Marriages, 1779-1992
about Caney M. Southern
Name: Caney M. Southern
Marriage Date: 7 Aug 1890
Spouse: Mary Evans
County: Sebastian
State: Arkansas

1900 United States Federal Census
about Caney Southern
Name: Caney Southern
Home in 1900: Township 8, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Age: 29
Birthplace: Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relationship to head-of-house: Head
Spouse’s Name: Mary E Southern
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Caney Southern 29
Mary E Southern 25
Vergeal Southern 8
Rosia Pecola Southern 6
May Etta Southern 2
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 8, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1851; Enumeration District: 86.
but there were no families named southern who applied on the dawes roll.

caney southern, head, white male, b. june 1870, age 29, married 9 years, b. AR, father b. TN, mother b. AR, farmer, reads but doesn’t write, rents a farm
mary e., wife, white femlae, b. april 1875, age 25, married 9 years, had 4 children but only 3 survive, b. indian territory (which could be AR), parents b. AR
virgil?, son, white male, b. june 1891, age 8, single, b. indian territory
rosia? perela? daughter, white female, b. march 1894, age 6, single, b. indian territory
may etta, daughter, white female, b. march 1898, age 2, single, b. indian territory

arkansas territory was also known as indian territory to some extent. see maps of the area 1850-1900.

1920 United States Federal Census
about Ceimey N Southem
Name: Ceimey N Southem
[Ceimy N Southam]
[Crim?? N Southern]
Home in 1920: Bokoshe, Le Flore, Oklahoma
Age: 49
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1871
Birthplace: Arkansas
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
[Head]
Spouse’s Name: Mary S Southem
Father’s Birth Place: Tennessee
Mother’s Birth Place: United States
[United States of America]
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Sex: Male
Home owned: Own
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Ceimey N Southem 49
Mary S Southem 47
Nellie Southern 14
Linsey Southern 12
John Southern 8
Levema Southern 5
Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Bokoshe, Le Flore, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1468; Page: 27A; Enumeration District: 97; Image: 62.
1930 United States Federal Census
about Cain N Southern
Name: Cain N Southern
Home in 1930: Lon Norris, Sebastian, Arkansas
View Map
Age: 59
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1871
Birthplace: Arkansas
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Mary Southern
Race: White
Occupation:

Education:

Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Cain N Southern 59
Mary Southern 57
Nellie Southern 25
Laverne Southern 14
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Lon Norris, Sebastian, Arkansas; Roll: 94; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 21; Image: 877.0.
he’s a farm laborer, rents a farm.

you can correct the ancestry name index so that others can find your family.
Arkansas Death Index, 1914-1950
about John Hen Southern
Name: John Hen Southern
Death Day: 20
Death:Month: Nov
Death Year: 1938
County: Sebastian
Roll Number: 19341940
Page Number: 3217
1880 United States Federal Census
about John H. E. Southern
Name: John H. E. Southern
Home in 1880: Cole, Sebastian, Arkansas
Age: 10
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1870
Birthplace: Arkansas
Relation to Head of Household: Son
Father’s Name: John Southern
Father’s birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Name: Sarah E. Southern
Mother’s birthplace: Arkansas
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: At Home
Marital Status: Single
Race: White
Gender: Male
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
John Southern 34
Sarah E. Southern 31
John H. E. Southern 10
Nancy N. Southern 8
Georgie A. Southern 6
Sarah E. Southern 5
Lillie B. Southern 3
Joseph P. Southern 1
Neomia Fry 75
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Cole, Sebastian, Arkansas; Roll: 57; Family History Film: 1254057; Page: 609C; Enumeration District: 180; Image: 0078.

i don’t know if this is your mary:
1880 United States Federal Census
about Mary E. Evans
Name: Mary E. Evans
Home in 1880: Center, Sebastian, Arkansas
Age: 4
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1876
Birthplace: Arkansas
Relation to Head of Household: Dau (Daughter)
Father’s Name: William E. Evans
Father’s birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Name: Ester L. J. Evans
Mother’s birthplace: Arkansas
Neighbors: View others on page
Marital Status: Single
Race: White
Gender: Female
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
William E. Evans 26
Ester L. J. Evans 28
William T. Evans 7
Mary E. Evans 4
Sarah Evans 2
Caroline Evans 3m
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Center, Sebastian, Arkansas; Roll: 57; Family History Film: 1254057; Page: 595C; Enumeration District: 180; Image: 0050.

1910 United States Federal Census
about Alcaund J Southern
Name: Alcaund J Southern
[Altaime J Southern]
[Alcainel J Southern]
Age in 1910: 39
Estimated Birth Year: 1871
Birthplace: Arkansas
Relation to Head of House: Head
[Self (Head)]
Father’s Birth Place: United States of America
[United States]
Mother’s Birth Place: United States of America
[United States]
Spouse’s Name: Mary L Southern
Home in 1910: Milton, Le Flore, Oklahoma
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Gender: Male
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Alcaund J Southern 39
Mary L Southern 36
May E Southern 12
Pedilie V Southern 9
Nellie E Southern 5
Linzy Southern 2
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Milton, Le Flore, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1258; Page: 6B; Enumeration District: 0155; Image: 514; FHL Number: 1375271.

all of her brothers and sisters names were fairly common.
but there is a problem with their names/birthdates.
william thomas evans should be on the world war I draft cards. so should robert calvin evans. and they are not showing up there.

so how did you get these exact birthdates for the brothers and sisters?

1900 United States Federal Census
about K T Fuzzell
Name: K T Fuzzell
Home in 1900: Township 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Age: 19
Birthplace: Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relationship to head-of-house: Wife
Spouse’s Name: N F Fuzzell
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
N F Fuzzell 27
K T Fuzzell 19
Ollie Fuzzell 1
Chas Evans 7
Rosa Evans 11
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1851; Enumeration District: 91.
could charles be robert calvin evans?

i’m guessing.
there is not enough information to figure this out.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears

http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes: http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society 22
Historic Preservation and
Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center 23
Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

JacVin JacVin

posted on March 25, 2011

Answer to questions – Robert Calvin Evans died in a mine explosion in Lutie, OK on November 29, 1930. The names and dates of births were found in the Bible of a daughter of A. Andy Evans. It also had the names of spouses.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 25, 2011

good start.
it sounds as if you should get a copy of mary evans southern’s social security application, which would list her parents. then you can ask for her birth certificate or delayed birth certificate. she would need that document to show proof of age.

her marriage document might have one of her parents’ names as witnesses or give some vital information.

that would be my suggestion. so far, i would say that she could have been born in indian territory/oklahoma or arkansas. but she could also have been born in another state.

i don’t know why i couldn’t find the brothers on the world war I draft card file. maybe there were different dates? different names? or maybe i am just looking in the wrong places.

JacVin JacVin

posted on March 26, 2011

Looking on the internet of cemetaries in Sebastian County, AR, it states there is a Indian cemetery in Bonanza, AR It is a town just north of Hackett which some state that is where my g-grandmother was born. I intend to search that out when I go down home.
I am applying for my g-grandmother’s SS application.
Thanks again