Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Samuel Owen "Mocassin Owen" Standridge

Denise Hill Denise Hill

posted on March 4, 2011

I’m researching my ancestors on my Grandmothers side and was told that Samuel Owen “Mocassin Owen” Standridge was on the Trail of Tears. How do I find out more and or validate this information?

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 4, 2011

it is helpful to include dates of birth, death, place of birth, death, spouse’s name, childrens’ names.
you might find such a thing in the testimony in support of the enrollment application on a grandchild or child’s record.

there were depots set up so that native could register to go on the trail of tears. you should look at the native census and database links on, to the left of the webpage.
based on this family genealogy, i would say that they might have arrived before the trail of tears began.

strangely, the genealogical message does not say that this census says that he was b. IL and she was b. MO.

1880 United States Federal Census
about S. O. Standrige
Name: S. O. Standrige
[Samuel Owen Standridge]
Home in 1880: Allen, Pope, Arkansas
Age: 49
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1831
Birthplace: Illinois
Relation to Head of Household: Self (Head)
Spouse’s Name: Caroline Standrige
Father’s birthplace: Illinois
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Farmer
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Gender: Male
Cannot read/write:


Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
S. O. Standrige 49
Caroline Standrige 47
Matilda C. Standrige 15
Nancy A. Standrige 12
William Standrige 9
James M. Standrige 4
he’s a farmer.
children b. AR
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Allen, Pope, Arkansas; Roll: 54; Family History Film: 1254054; Page: 4D; Enumeration District: 132; Image: 0127.

1870 United States Federal Census
about Owen Standrage
Name: Owen Standrage
[Owen Standridge]
Birth Year: abt 1830
Age in 1870: 40
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1870: Liberty, Pope, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Owen Standrage 40
Caroline Standrage 35
Jane Standrage 19
Elizabeth Standrage 17
Margaret Standrage 15
Caroline Standrage 13
Matilda C Standrage 7
Nancy Standrage 5
Not Named Standrage 1/12

Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Liberty, Pope, Arkansas; Roll: M593_61; Page: 409B; Image: 274; Family History Library Film: 545560.

1850 United States Federal Census
about Samuel O Standridge
Name: Samuel O Standridge
Age: 20
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1830
Birth Place: Tennessee
Gender: Male
Home in 1850 (City,County,State): White, Newton, Arkansas
Family Number: 67
Household Members:
Name Age
Samuel O Standridge 20
Caroline Standridge 20
Martha Standridge 3
Mary J Standridge 1
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: White, Newton, Arkansas; Roll: M432_28; Page: 5B; Image: 208.

lol, he was born everywhere.
U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865
about Samuel Standrige
Name: Samuel Standrige
Side: Union
Regiment State/Origin: Arkansas
Regiment Name: 1 Ark. Inf.
Regiment Name Expanded: 1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry
Company: C
Rank In: Private
Rank In Expanded: Private
Rank Out: Private
Rank Out Expanded: Private
Alternate Name: Samuel/Standridge
Film Number: M383 roll 3

there are land records.
you want to search land patents

several family members here:
S O Standrige 29
Caroline Standrige 28
Martin Standrige 12
M J Standrige 10
Elizabeth Standrige 4
Doll Standrige 2
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Richland, Newton, Arkansas; Roll: M653_46; Page: 1020; Image: 488; Family History Library Film: 803046.

Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Richland, Newton, Arkansas; Roll: M653_46; Page: 1018; Image: 486; Family History Library Film: 803046.
he’s a blacksmith.
i reported both pages as unreadable but it usually takes some time to refilm the census page.

Arkansas Marriages, 1851-1900
about Nancy Jane Wair
Name: Martin Standridge
Spouse: Nancy Jane Wair
Marriage Date: 7 Aug 1867
County: Pope
State: AR

this might be your ancestor:
Arkansas Death Index, 1914-1950
about Owen M Standridge
Name: Owen M Standridge
Death Day: 28
Death:Month: Jan
Death Year: 1929
County: Pope
Roll Number: 19241933

U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865
about Martin Standridge Sr.
Name: Martin Standridge Sr.
Side: Union
Regiment State/Origin: Arkansas
Regiment Name: 1 Arkansas Infantry.
Regiment Name Expanded: 1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry
Company: C
Rank In: Private
Rank In Expanded: Private
Rank Out: Private
Rank Out Expanded: Private
Film Number: M383 roll 3

1910 United States Federal Census
about Caroline Standridge
Name: Caroline Standridge
Age in 1910: 85
Estimated Birth Year: 1825
Birthplace: Arkansas
Relation to Head of House: Mother-in-Law
Father’s Birth Place: Missouri
Mother’s Birth Place: Missouri
Home in 1910: Allen, Pope, Arkansas
Marital Status: Widowed
Race: White
Gender: Female
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
George W Howard 51
Matilda Howard 45
Annie Howard 22
Caroline Howard 21
George W Howard Jr 18
Francis Howard 16
Nora Howard 14
Martin Howard 12
Jasper Howard 10
John Howard 7
Caroline Standridge 85
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Allen, Pope, Arkansas; Roll: T624_61; Page: 4A; Enumeration District: 0076; Image: 995; FHL Number: 1374074.

i’m not finding the family on the dawes roll so they probably didn’t apply. and they weren’t living in oklahoma by 1900.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto