Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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I am looking for the E.E. Williams and Nancy Ellen Hurt Wiliams Family, Barnes Connection

Diane Diane

posted on March 1, 2011

Please, I would be so grateful to hear if there is anyone who can provide information regarding Choctaw Mahala Barnes, not showing on Dawes but certain she is Choctaw. Mahala is mother of Nancy Ellen Hurt Williams, was married to William Hurt . Thank you.

attached:

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 1, 2011

the first thing you need to pursue is the native enrollment application, census card and testimony.
NARA has this http://www.archives.gov national archives and records administration
footnote might have this. http://www.footnote.com and if they do, it would be on the accessgenealogy website
it is a subscription website but a one month subscription is less than the price for the papers.
oklahoma historical society has dawes packets

Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Beagles Allen 0 M 3123 P
Choctaw Beagles Nellie F 6 F 1/16 3123 NR HARTSHORNE BB
Choctaw Graham Sarah 0 F 3123 P
Choctaw Graham William 0 M 3123 P
Choctaw Hurt Joseph 0 M 3123 P
Choctaw Hurt Nancy 0 F 3123 P
Choctaw Hurt William 0 M 3123 P
Choctaw Hurt Susan 1 F 1/16 3123 NR HARTSHORNE BB
Choctaw Hurt Annie 42 F 1/8 3123 NR HARTSHORNE BB
Choctaw Hurt William 57 M IW 3123 NR HARTSHORNE BB

p=parent, bb=by blood
iw=intermarried white, a general nontribal description
annie appears to be william’s wife in this family group.
she appears to have been married to someone with a last name of beagles, daughter nellie.
susan appears to be the daughter of william hurt and annie.

there are no dates in your post, which makes things difficult.

Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Anderson Roberson 0 M 3189 P
Choctaw Anderson Noel 21 M 1/2 3189 NR WILBURTON BB
Choctaw Anderson Mary 22 F IW 3189 NR WILBURTON BB
Choctaw Grayson Sina 0 F 3189 P
Choctaw Hurt Mahala 0 F 3189 P
Choctaw Hurt William 0 M 3189 P

Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Anderson Mary 22 F IW D984 D
Choctaw Hurt Mahalia 0 F D984 P
Choctaw Hurt William 0 M D984 P

d=doubtful
the tribe might have received the application and asked for more information.

you must be talking about mary hurt anderson, husband noel anderson.
but she was designated as intermarried white.

you start with the children and work backwards, collecting documentation.

1910 United States Federal Census
about Susan M Hurt
Name: Susan M Hurt
Age in 1910: 8
Estimated Birth Year: 1902
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Father’s Birth Place: Mississippi
Mother’s Name: Annie Hurt
Mother’s Birth Place: Oklahoma
Home in 1910: Kiowa, Pittsburg, Oklahoma
Marital Status: Single
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Female
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members: Name Age
Annie Hurt 54
Susan M Hurt 8

Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Kiowa, Pittsburg, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1270; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 0227; Image: 69; FHL Number: 1375283.

1910 United States Federal Census
about Noel Anderson
Name: Noel Anderson
Age in 1910: 24
Estimated Birth Year: 1886
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Head
[Self (Head)]
Father’s Birth Place: Oklahoma
Mother’s Birth Place: Oklahoma
Spouse’s Name: Mary Anderson
Home in 1910: Gowen, Latimer, Oklahoma
Marital Status: Married
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Male
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members: Name Age
Noel Anderson 24
Mary Anderson 32
Noel M Anderson 7
Lizzie Anderson 5
Penard Lee Anderson 3
Sini Anderson 5/12
0
Edward Anderson 21

1910 United States Federal Census
about Mary Anderson
Name: Mary Anderson
Age in 1910: 32
Estimated Birth Year: 1878
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Father’s Birth Place: Indiana
Mother’s Birth Place: Missouri

Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Gowen, Latimer, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1257; Page: 16A; Enumeration District: 0139; Image: 1028; FHL Number: 1375270.

1920 United States Federal Census
about Mary Anderson
Name: Mary Anderson
Home in 1920: Degnan, Latimer, Oklahoma
Age: 36
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1884
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
[Head]
Father’s Birth Place: United States
[United States of America]
Mother’s Birth Place: United States
[United States of America]
Marital Status: Widowed
[Widow]
Race: White
Sex: Female
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members: Name Age
Mary Anderson 36
Lizzie Anderson 14
Sina Anderson 9
L*Ed Anderson 11
Noel Anderson 7
Paul Stine 1
[1 8/12]
[1 7/12]

Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Degnan, Latimer, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1462; Page: 5B; Enumeration District: 94; Image: 1110.

1930 United States Federal Census
about Mary Anderson
Name: Mary Anderson
Home in 1930: Gowen, Latimer, Oklahoma
View Map
Age: 47
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1883
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Head
Race: White
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace: View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members: Name Age
Mary Anderson 47
Lior??D Anderson 20
Sin Noal Anderson 17
Gima Anderson 16
Paul Stynes 19
Paluline Sherley 9
Lazzie Anderson 24

Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Gowen, Latimer, Oklahoma; Roll: 1908; Page: 15B; Enumeration District: 7; Image: 418.0.

1900 United States Federal Census
about Mary K Hurt
Name: Mary K Hurt
Home in 1900: Township 3, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Age: 21
Birthplace: Arkansas
Race: White
Relationship to head-of-house: Cousin
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members: Name Age
Abel Barnhill 31
Osey M Barnhill 17
William B Barnhill 10/12
Mary K Hurt 21

Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 3, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1852; Enumeration District: 99.

this census says mary was b. feb. 1879 AR, father b. IN mother b. AR

1900 United States Federal Census
about William Hurt
Name: William Hurt
Home in 1900: Township 4, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Age: 45
Birthplace: Indiana
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relationship to head-of-house: Head
Spouse’s Name: Inna Hurt
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members: Name Age
William Hurt 45
Inna Hurt 45
Ida May Single 23
Nellie Begley 6
Emma Hurt 16
Arthur L Hurt 11
Benjamin Hurt 8
Elzy Hurt 4
Dora Hurt 4
Sam Grady 24

Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 4, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1852; Enumeration District: 96.

1870 United States Federal Census
about William Hurt
Name: William Hurt
Birth Year: abt 1851
Age in 1870: 19
Birthplace: Indiana
Home in 1870: Keytesville, Chariton, Missouri
Race: White
Gender: Male
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members: Name Age
Nancy Hurt 45
William Hurt 19
Zinzuitto Hurt 13
Rozina Hurt 11

Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Keytesville, Chariton, Missouri; Roll: M593_768; Page: 190A; Image: 386; Family History Library Film: 552267.

1860 United States Federal Census
about William Hurt
Name: William Hurt
Age in 1860: 10
Birth Year: abt 1850
Birthplace: Indiana
Home in 1860: Harrison, Wells, Indiana
Gender: Male
Post Office: Bluffton
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members: Name Age
Joseph Hurt 50
Nancy Hurt 35
Henry Hurt 15
David Hurt 12
William Hurt 10
Charles Hurt 5
Zengietta Hurt 3

Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Harrison, Wells, Indiana; Roll: M653_309; Page: 944; Image: 171; Family History Library Film: 803309.

Nelson, Annie , 42 , Hartshorne , C.N., I.T., to Hurt, William , 45 , Briartown , 8 Dec 1899
this is a marriage. Mc8©563 (vol 8, page 563)
MC – Oklahoma Historical Society
2100 North Lincoln Boulevard
Oklahoma City, OK 73105-4997
(405) 522-5225
Fax (405) 521-2492
http://www.okhistory.org/
I called and was told – but please double check
Search fee – state residents $5.00
out of state – $20.00
McAlester marriages are on microfilm and copy will be $1.00 plus $1.50 postage and handling.

since you have the page and volume, no search required.

william hurt and mahala might have moved onto the reservation before 1880 and this is why they don’t have a census record in 1880. you will have to look at the accessgenealogy website and click on census and look at the 1885 census records. they might be on an intruder list (most everyone was an intruder, lol)

many came to oklahoma for business opportunity, land rushes.

location is very important when it comes to native matters. always look at the area to see if natives lived there. state archives, state historical societies, state genealogical societies are helpful. you can get a lot of information (local history books, obituaries, newspaper mentions) through interlibrary loan. see your local public library for that.

you have to gather your documents. it is not enough to know names. you should have birth, death, census records for every year. marriage license is helpful.

do you have a cemetery record for mahala? that would give you a date of death, so you can look for an obituary. william hurt’s obituary might be helpful. so would mary anderson’s.

World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918
about Noel Anderson
Name: Noel Anderson
County: McCurtain
State: Oklahoma
Birth Date: 4 Jul 1894
Race: Indian (Native American)
FHL Roll Number: 1851808
DraftBoard: 0

this card is on ancestry.com and your local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.com. you can make a name correction to ancestry records so that others can find your family.

1880 United States Federal Census
about Mahaleel Barnes
Name: Mahaleel Barnes
Home in 1880: Delaware, Yell, Arkansas
Age: 6
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1874
Birthplace: Arkansas
Father’s birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s birthplace: Missouri
Neighbors: View others on page
Marital Status: Single
Race: White
Gender: Male
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane: View image
Household Members: Name Age
James L. Barnes 34
Mary Barnes 18
Perces L. Barnes 8
Mahaleel Barnes 6
Mary M. Barnes 4
Martha Graham 45

Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Delaware, Yell, Arkansas; Roll: 60; Family History Film: 1254060; Page: 340C; Enumeration District: 219; Image: 0142.

martha graham is james’ mother-in-law.

1880 United States Federal Census
about Martha Graham
Name: Martha Graham
Home in 1880: Delaware, Yell, Arkansas
Age: 45
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1835
Birthplace: Missouri
Relation to Head of Household: MotherL
Father’s birthplace: Missouri
Mother’s birthplace: Missouri

1880 United States Federal Census
about James L. Barnes
Name: James L. Barnes
Home in 1880: Delaware, Yell, Arkansas
Age: 34
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1846
Birthplace: Arkansas
Relation to Head of Household: Self (Head)
Spouse’s Name: Mary Barnes
Father’s birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s birthplace: Arkansas

1880 United States Federal Census
about Mary Barnes
Name: Mary Barnes
Home in 1880: Delaware, Yell, Arkansas
Age: 18
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1862
Birthplace: Missouri
Relation to Head of Household: Wife
Spouse’s Name: James L. Barnes
Father’s birthplace: Missouri
Mother’s birthplace: Missouri

the trail of tears occurred 1830-1840 from the southern states to oklahoma.
several of the states in this census were native areas. so maybe.
but native heritage was disclosed with tribal enrollment, so perhaps the dawes application will have more information.

1860 United States Federal Census
about Mary Barns
Name: Mary Barns
Age in 1860: 17
Birth Year: abt 1843
Birthplace: Missouri
Home in 1860: Fayetteville, Washington, Arkansas
Gender: Female
Post Office: Fayetteville
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members: Name Age
James Barns 28
Mary Barns 17
Elizabeth Barns 50

Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Fayetteville, Washington, Arkansas; Roll: M653_52; Page: 618; Image: 144; Family History Library Film: 803052.

http://www.ark-ives.com/
http://www.healthy.arkansas.gov/programsServices/certificatesVitalRecords/Pages/default.aspx

vital records.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname,
you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden
name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.
start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate,
your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone
passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government
for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate.
death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary,
newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local
public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records
and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census
records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public
information in 2012.
first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for
enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t
have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu
of tribal enrollment.
the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they
had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.
2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other
names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are
especially useful.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other
oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma
and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed
records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/
jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/
MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:
chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com
other choctaw tribes: http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html
texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm
oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will
improve some of these categories.
types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get
the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.
Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.
always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a
record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births,
marriages in particular.
check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.
if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.
this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching
google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized
tribe.
i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the
choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.
i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 1, 2011

the first thing you need to pursue is the native enrollment application, census card and testimony.
NARA has this http://www.archives.gov national archives and records administration
footnote might have this. http://www.footnote.com and if they do, it would be on the accessgenealogy website
it is a subscription website but a one month subscription is less than the price for the papers.
oklahoma historical society has dawes packets

Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Beagles Allen 0 M 3123 P
Choctaw Beagles Nellie F 6 F 1/16 3123 NR HARTSHORNE BB
Choctaw Graham Sarah 0 F 3123 P
Choctaw Graham William 0 M 3123 P
Choctaw Hurt Joseph 0 M 3123 P
Choctaw Hurt Nancy 0 F 3123 P
Choctaw Hurt William 0 M 3123 P
Choctaw Hurt Susan 1 F 1/16 3123 NR HARTSHORNE BB
Choctaw Hurt Annie 42 F 1/8 3123 NR HARTSHORNE BB
Choctaw Hurt William 57 M IW 3123 NR HARTSHORNE BB

p=parent, bb=by blood
iw=intermarried white, a general nontribal description
annie appears to be william’s wife in this family group.
she appears to have been married to someone with a last name of beagles, daughter nellie.
susan appears to be the daughter of william hurt and annie.

there are no dates in your post, which makes things difficult.

Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Anderson Roberson 0 M 3189 P
Choctaw Anderson Noel 21 M 1/2 3189 NR WILBURTON BB
Choctaw Anderson Mary 22 F IW 3189 NR WILBURTON BB
Choctaw Grayson Sina 0 F 3189 P
Choctaw Hurt Mahala 0 F 3189 P
Choctaw Hurt William 0 M 3189 P

Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Anderson Mary 22 F IW D984 D
Choctaw Hurt Mahalia 0 F D984 P
Choctaw Hurt William 0 M D984 P

d=doubtful
the tribe might have received the application and asked for more information.

you must be talking about mary hurt anderson, husband noel anderson.
but she was designated as intermarried white.

you start with the children and work backwards, collecting documentation.

1910 United States Federal Census
about Susan M Hurt
Name: Susan M Hurt
Age in 1910: 8
Estimated Birth Year: 1902
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Father’s Birth Place: Mississippi
Mother’s Name: Annie Hurt
Mother’s Birth Place: Oklahoma
Home in 1910: Kiowa, Pittsburg, Oklahoma
Marital Status: Single
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Female
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members: Name Age
Annie Hurt 54
Susan M Hurt 8

Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Kiowa, Pittsburg, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1270; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 0227; Image: 69; FHL Number: 1375283.

1910 United States Federal Census
about Noel Anderson
Name: Noel Anderson
Age in 1910: 24
Estimated Birth Year: 1886
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Head
[Self (Head)]
Father’s Birth Place: Oklahoma
Mother’s Birth Place: Oklahoma
Spouse’s Name: Mary Anderson
Home in 1910: Gowen, Latimer, Oklahoma
Marital Status: Married
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Male
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members: Name Age
Noel Anderson 24
Mary Anderson 32
Noel M Anderson 7
Lizzie Anderson 5
Penard Lee Anderson 3
Sini Anderson 5/12
0
Edward Anderson 21

1910 United States Federal Census
about Mary Anderson
Name: Mary Anderson
Age in 1910: 32
Estimated Birth Year: 1878
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Father’s Birth Place: Indiana
Mother’s Birth Place: Missouri

Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Gowen, Latimer, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1257; Page: 16A; Enumeration District: 0139; Image: 1028; FHL Number: 1375270.

1920 United States Federal Census
about Mary Anderson
Name: Mary Anderson
Home in 1920: Degnan, Latimer, Oklahoma
Age: 36
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1884
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
[Head]
Father’s Birth Place: United States
[United States of America]
Mother’s Birth Place: United States
[United States of America]
Marital Status: Widowed
[Widow]
Race: White
Sex: Female
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members: Name Age
Mary Anderson 36
Lizzie Anderson 14
Sina Anderson 9
L*Ed Anderson 11
Noel Anderson 7
Paul Stine 1
[1 8/12]
[1 7/12]

Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Degnan, Latimer, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1462; Page: 5B; Enumeration District: 94; Image: 1110.

1930 United States Federal Census
about Mary Anderson
Name: Mary Anderson
Home in 1930: Gowen, Latimer, Oklahoma
View Map
Age: 47
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1883
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Head
Race: White
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace: View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members: Name Age
Mary Anderson 47
Lior??D Anderson 20
Sin Noal Anderson 17
Gima Anderson 16
Paul Stynes 19
Paluline Sherley 9
Lazzie Anderson 24

Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Gowen, Latimer, Oklahoma; Roll: 1908; Page: 15B; Enumeration District: 7; Image: 418.0.

1900 United States Federal Census
about Mary K Hurt
Name: Mary K Hurt
Home in 1900: Township 3, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Age: 21
Birthplace: Arkansas
Race: White
Relationship to head-of-house: Cousin
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members: Name Age
Abel Barnhill 31
Osey M Barnhill 17
William B Barnhill 10/12
Mary K Hurt 21

Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 3, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1852; Enumeration District: 99.

this census says mary was b. feb. 1879 AR, father b. IN mother b. AR

1900 United States Federal Census
about William Hurt
Name: William Hurt
Home in 1900: Township 4, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Age: 45
Birthplace: Indiana
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relationship to head-of-house: Head
Spouse’s Name: Inna Hurt
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members: Name Age
William Hurt 45
Inna Hurt 45
Ida May Single 23
Nellie Begley 6
Emma Hurt 16
Arthur L Hurt 11
Benjamin Hurt 8
Elzy Hurt 4
Dora Hurt 4
Sam Grady 24

Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 4, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1852; Enumeration District: 96.

1870 United States Federal Census
about William Hurt
Name: William Hurt
Birth Year: abt 1851
Age in 1870: 19
Birthplace: Indiana
Home in 1870: Keytesville, Chariton, Missouri
Race: White
Gender: Male
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members: Name Age
Nancy Hurt 45
William Hurt 19
Zinzuitto Hurt 13
Rozina Hurt 11

Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Keytesville, Chariton, Missouri; Roll: M593_768; Page: 190A; Image: 386; Family History Library Film: 552267.

1860 United States Federal Census
about William Hurt
Name: William Hurt
Age in 1860: 10
Birth Year: abt 1850
Birthplace: Indiana
Home in 1860: Harrison, Wells, Indiana
Gender: Male
Post Office: Bluffton
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members: Name Age
Joseph Hurt 50
Nancy Hurt 35
Henry Hurt 15
David Hurt 12
William Hurt 10
Charles Hurt 5
Zengietta Hurt 3

Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Harrison, Wells, Indiana; Roll: M653_309; Page: 944; Image: 171; Family History Library Film: 803309.

Nelson, Annie , 42 , Hartshorne , C.N., I.T., to Hurt, William , 45 , Briartown , 8 Dec 1899
this is a marriage. Mc8©563 (vol 8, page 563)
MC – Oklahoma Historical Society
2100 North Lincoln Boulevard
Oklahoma City, OK 73105-4997
(405) 522-5225
Fax (405) 521-2492
http://www.okhistory.org/
I called and was told – but please double check
Search fee – state residents $5.00
out of state – $20.00
McAlester marriages are on microfilm and copy will be $1.00 plus $1.50 postage and handling.

since you have the page and volume, no search required.

william hurt and mahala might have moved onto the reservation before 1880 and this is why they don’t have a census record in 1880. you will have to look at the accessgenealogy website and click on census and look at the 1885 census records. they might be on an intruder list (most everyone was an intruder, lol)

many came to oklahoma for business opportunity, land rushes.

location is very important when it comes to native matters. always look at the area to see if natives lived there. state archives, state historical societies, state genealogical societies are helpful. you can get a lot of information (local history books, obituaries, newspaper mentions) through interlibrary loan. see your local public library for that.

you have to gather your documents. it is not enough to know names. you should have birth, death, census records for every year. marriage license is helpful.

do you have a cemetery record for mahala? that would give you a date of death, so you can look for an obituary. william hurt’s obituary might be helpful. so would mary anderson’s.

World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918
about Noel Anderson
Name: Noel Anderson
County: McCurtain
State: Oklahoma
Birth Date: 4 Jul 1894
Race: Indian (Native American)
FHL Roll Number: 1851808
DraftBoard: 0

this card is on ancestry.com and your local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.com. you can make a name correction to ancestry records so that others can find your family.

1880 United States Federal Census
about Mahaleel Barnes
Name: Mahaleel Barnes
Home in 1880: Delaware, Yell, Arkansas
Age: 6
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1874
Birthplace: Arkansas
Father’s birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s birthplace: Missouri
Neighbors: View others on page
Marital Status: Single
Race: White
Gender: Male
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane: View image
Household Members: Name Age
James L. Barnes 34
Mary Barnes 18
Perces L. Barnes 8
Mahaleel Barnes 6
Mary M. Barnes 4
Martha Graham 45

Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Delaware, Yell, Arkansas; Roll: 60; Family History Film: 1254060; Page: 340C; Enumeration District: 219; Image: 0142.

martha graham is james’ mother-in-law.

1880 United States Federal Census
about Martha Graham
Name: Martha Graham
Home in 1880: Delaware, Yell, Arkansas
Age: 45
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1835
Birthplace: Missouri
Relation to Head of Household: MotherL
Father’s birthplace: Missouri
Mother’s birthplace: Missouri

1880 United States Federal Census
about James L. Barnes
Name: James L. Barnes
Home in 1880: Delaware, Yell, Arkansas
Age: 34
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1846
Birthplace: Arkansas
Relation to Head of Household: Self (Head)
Spouse’s Name: Mary Barnes
Father’s birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s birthplace: Arkansas

1880 United States Federal Census
about Mary Barnes
Name: Mary Barnes
Home in 1880: Delaware, Yell, Arkansas
Age: 18
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1862
Birthplace: Missouri
Relation to Head of Household: Wife
Spouse’s Name: James L. Barnes
Father’s birthplace: Missouri
Mother’s birthplace: Missouri

the trail of tears occurred 1830-1840 from the southern states to oklahoma.
several of the states in this census were native areas. so maybe.
but native heritage was disclosed with tribal enrollment, so perhaps the dawes application will have more information.

1860 United States Federal Census
about Mary Barns
Name: Mary Barns
Age in 1860: 17
Birth Year: abt 1843
Birthplace: Missouri
Home in 1860: Fayetteville, Washington, Arkansas
Gender: Female
Post Office: Fayetteville
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members: Name Age
James Barns 28
Mary Barns 17
Elizabeth Barns 50

Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Fayetteville, Washington, Arkansas; Roll: M653_52; Page: 618; Image: 144; Family History Library Film: 803052.

http://www.ark-ives.com/
http://www.healthy.arkansas.gov/programsServices/certificatesVitalRecords/Pages/default.aspx

vital records.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname,
you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden
name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.
start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate,
your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone
passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government
for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate.
death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary,
newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local
public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records
and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census
records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public
information in 2012.
first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for
enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t
have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu
of tribal enrollment.
the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they
had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.
2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other
names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are
especially useful.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other
oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma
and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed
records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/
jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/
MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:
chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com
other choctaw tribes: http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html
texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm
oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will
improve some of these categories.
types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get
the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.
Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.
always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a
record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births,
marriages in particular.
check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.
if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.
this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching
google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized
tribe.
i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the
choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.
i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto