Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Need Help

Amber McGuire Amber McGuire

posted on February 18, 2011 and updated on February 18, 2011

Hi my name is Amber and I have been researching my family history and come across my three great grandfather Thomas Dillon. He is on the Dawes roll at age 14. How do I find out that is indeed my ancestor and if it is does that make me eligiable for anything?

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on February 19, 2011

no dates, no location, no children or spouse in your post. genealogists use this information to match records. but i can give you the link to accessgenealogy, you can search for the person and click on the # in the card column to see the people on the card.
Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Dillon John 0 M 4106 P
Choctaw Dillon Angie 7 F 1/4 4106 NR ATOKA BB
Choctaw Dillon Richard 9 M 1/4 4106 NR ATOKA BB
Choctaw Dillon Thomas 14 M 1/4 4106 NR ATOKA BB
Choctaw Dillon Susan 39 F 1/2 4106 NR ATOKA BB
Choctaw Smallwood Annie 0 F 4106 P
Choctaw Smallwood John 0 M 4106 P

p=parent, bb=by blood

1900 United States Federal Census
about Thomas E Dillon
Name: Thomas E Dillon
Home in 1900: Township 2, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Age: 15
Birthplace: Indian Territory, Oklahoma
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Male
Relationship to head-of-house: Son
Parent’s Name: Susan Dillon
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Susan Dillon 38
Thomas E Dillon 15
Patrick R Dillon 10
Angie V Dillon 8
Annie Smallwood 67
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 2, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1852; Enumeration District: 112.

1910 United States Federal Census
about Thos E Dillon
Name: Thos E Dillon
Age in 1910: 25
Estimated Birth Year: 1885
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Head
[Self (Head)]
Father’s Birth Place: England
Mother’s Birth Place: Oklahoma
Spouse’s Name: Bertha Dillon
Home in 1910: Township 12, Bryan, Oklahoma
Marital Status: Married
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Male
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Thos E Dillon 25
Bertha Dillon 24
Augie Dillon 4/12
Leddy Cook 3
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Township 12, Bryan, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1244; Page: 21A; Enumeration District: 0033; Image: 549; FHL Number: 1375257.

World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918
about Thomas Elliot Dillon
Name: Thomas Elliot Dillon
County: Bryan
State: Oklahoma
Birth Date: 21 Mar 1885
Race: Indian (Native American)
FHL Roll Number: 1851607
DraftBoard: 0

i don’t see more information, so he might have passed away or moved or something. maybe there is a misspelling of the name.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Amber McGuire Amber McGuire

posted on February 19, 2011

Thank you so much. Yes this is all information I have already researched I just didnt know if I should put all that information on her. Im just not sure what all of that information really means??

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on February 20, 2011

then you need to write for the application packet and census card and see what that says. i am confused about “her” in your post, since you asked about a male.


Amber McGuire Amber McGuire

posted on February 21, 2011

Ok thank you. Im sorry “her” was a mistake Im sorry. Thank you for your help.