Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Seeking info for Bradley/Wood/Lewis/Richardson

Vicki Russell Vicki Russell

posted on February 9, 2011

I am seeking information about my grandmothers family. Mary R. (Molly) Bradley, and her daughter Jessie Elizabeth (Wood) BD26Mar1881.
They are listed on the Rolls as MCR4431, Roll #NR along with Ivy Olah Wood, also daughter of Mary Bradley.
Mary’s father – Grandpa (I have no first name) Bradley was purportedley full blood Indian, however we are not sure what tribe he was from. Though Mary is listed as 1/16 on the roll, we do think she was 1/2. No info known about her father as he left the family. We do know that Jesse was born in Grayson Co. TX.
Jesse married Joseph Sidney Lewis and resided in Garvin Co, OK, Her daughter Tressie Maurine Lewis (Richardson) is my grandmother. My father, Harvey Richardson was her only child.
If you have any information you would like to share about members of this family or tribal affiliation or meaning of designation on rolls, I would appreciate hearing from you. Thanks,

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on February 9, 2011

you should get a copy of the dawes application, census card and the testimony. NARA fort worth office and the oklahoma historical society.
apparently has that information too. it is a subscription website, but you can choose monthly and get the packet for less.

it sounds as if they were designated mississippi choctaw, at the time considered a separate tribe.

Total Records: 6 Tribe Last First Middle Age Sex Blood Card Roll Misc Type
Choctaw Fix Cyrus H 0 M MCR4431 P
Choctaw Fix Mary A 0 F MCR4431 P
Choctaw Wood Ivy Olah 11 F 1/32 MCR4431 NR MCR
Choctaw Wood Jessie E 10 F 1/32 MCR4431 NR MCR
Choctaw Wood John E 0 M MCR4431 P
Choctaw Wood Mary J 31 F 1/16 MCR4431 NR MCR


mary r./molly bradley m. cyrus? fix
mary fix m. john wood
jessie elizabeth wood b. 3/26/1881 TX m. joseph sidney lewis

there are links to the mississippi choctaw in this post.

these names are quite common.

i am having a difficult time finding these people in the census.

1920 United States Federal Census
about Jessie E Lewis
Name: Jessie E Lewis
Home in 1920: Whitebead, Garvin, Oklahoma
Age: 39
Estimated birth year: abt 1881
Birthplace: Texas
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s name: Joseph S Lewis
Father’s Birth Place: Georgia
Mother’s Birth Place: Texas
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Sex: Female
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Joseph S Lewis 38
Jessie E Lewis 39
Mary E Lewis 12
Laura V Lewis 10
Tressie M Lewis 7
Lora F Lewis 6
Newton L Lewis 1
[1 11/12]
Wm B Lewis 19
Katy Lewis 18
Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Whitebead, Garvin, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1464; Page: 14A; Enumeration District: 30; Image: 284.

1910 United States Federal Census
about Joseph S Lewis
Name: Joseph S Lewis
Age in 1910: 27
Estimated birth year: abt 1883
Birthplace: Texas
Relation to Head of House: Head
Father’s Birth Place: Illinois
Mother’s Birth Place: Georgia
Spouse’s name: Jessie E Lewis
Home in 1910: Eason, Pottawatomie, Oklahoma
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Gender: Male
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Joseph S Lewis 27
Jessie E Lewis 29
William J Lewis 9
Mary C Lewis 2
Laura V Lewis 0/12
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Eason, Pottawatomie, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1271; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 0213; Image: 609; FHL Number: 1375284.

1910 United States Federal Census
about Jessie E Lewis
Name: Jessie E Lewis
Age in 1910: 29
Estimated birth year: abt 1881
Birthplace: Texas
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Father’s Birth Place: Georgia
Mother’s Birth Place: Texas
Spouse’s name: Joseph S Lewis
Home in 1910: Eason, Pottawatomie, Oklahoma
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Gender: Female

this might be the wood family:
1900 United States Federal Census
about Jessie Wood
Name: Jessie Wood
[Jessie Wand]
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 4, Bastrop, Texas
[Bastrop, Texas]
Age: 16
Birth Date: Mar 1884
Birthplace: Texas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relationship to head-of-house: Daughter
Father’s name: Wash Wood
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s name: Mollie Wood
Mother’s Birthplace: Missouri
Marital Status: Single
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Wash Wood 44
Mollie Wood 36
Earnest Wood 18
Jessie Wood 16
Flay Wood 13
Vera Wood 11
Cecil Wood 9
Eulalia Wood 6
Dot Wood 4
Neugent Wood 2
Mckinley Wood 3/12
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 4, Bastrop, Texas; Roll: T623_1609; Page: 18A; Enumeration District: 9.

World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918
about Joseph Sidney Lewis
Name: Joseph Sidney Lewis
County: Garvin
State: Oklahoma
Birth Date: 8 Oct 1882
Race: White
FHL Roll Number: 1851776
DraftBoard: 0

if natives were living on the reservation, they were not on the federal census done every 10 years. there are native census records.

mississippi choctaw usually were given land grants in lieu of tribal enrollment.

in determining blood quantum, they consider the evidence presented by the applicant. sometimes they cannot establish that a parent has choctaw tribe blood.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto