Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Nancy Easter Looper

Susan Shaw Susan Shaw

posted on January 21, 2011

Trying to trace Nancy Easter Looper, who married Christopher Hornbuckle (Johnson) and was my great great grandmother.

She is either Choctaw or Cherokee. Father was Joseph Looper.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on January 21, 2011

joseph looper m. ?
nancy easter looper m. christopher hornbuckle
what is the johnson for? no dates, no location, no children in this post.

there are no looper records on the dawes roll. but the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906. and there are many other tribes that were in oklahoma, if this is where your relatives lived.

1920 United States Federal Census
about Charles C Johnson
Name: Charles C Johnson
[Christopher C Johnson]
[Christopher C Hornbuckle]
Home in 1920: Council Grove, Oklahoma, Oklahoma
Age: 80
Estimated birth year: abt 1840
Birthplace: Alabama
Relation to Head of House: Father
Father’s Birth Place: South Carolina
Mother’s Birth Place: Georgia
Marital Status: Widowed
Race: White
Sex: Male
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Avia Strong 34
Armilda Strong 4
[4 1/12]
Charles C Johnson 80

Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Council Grove, Oklahoma, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1473; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 100; Image: 249.
since he was from alabama, you might also look at the mississippi choctaw and the MOWA tribes.

charles johnson’s father was b. SC, mother b. GA. those were also cherokee and chickasaw areas.
armilda said her mother was b. TX. there were unofficial migrations from the reservations in the southeast through texas, but the trail of tears in the late 1830’s didn’t go through texas.

1910 United States Federal Census
about Chris C Johnson
Name: Chris C Johnson
Age in 1910: 70
Estimated birth year: abt 1840
Birthplace: Alabama
Relation to Head of House: Head
Father’s Birth Place: South Carolina
Mother’s Birth Place: South Carolina
Spouse’s name: Nancy Johnson
Home in 1910: Oklahoma, Oklahoma, Oklahoma
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Gender: Male
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Chris C Johnson 70
Nancy Johnson 49
Ariline Johnson 24
Tilliman Johnson 20
Willie G Johnson 18
Sallie Johnson 16
Owen Johnson 14
Alice Johnson 11
D G Johnson 9
Preston Johnson 5
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Oklahoma, Oklahoma, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1265; Page: 1B; Enumeration District: 199; Image: 1107.

U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900
about Christopher Colu Johnson
Name: Christopher Colu Johnson
Gender: Male
Spouse Name: Nancy Easter Looper
Birth Place: AR
Spouse Birth Year: 1861
Year: 1879
Marriage State: AR
Number Pages: 1

people following him on saved this record.
American Civil War Regiments
Regiment: 15th Infantry Regiment Alabama
Date of Organization: 3 Jul 1861
Muster Date: 9 Apr 1865
Regiment State: Alabama
Regiment Type: Infantry
Regiment Number: 15th
Regimental Soldiers and History: List of Soldiers

Regimental History
you will have to see if he is on this.
click on his name to get his record and click on the unit to get info about his unit.

15th Regiment, Alabama Infantry

15th Infantry Regiment was organized in August, 1861, at Fort Mitchell, Alabama, with eleven companies. The men were recruited in Barbour, Russell, Dale, Henry, Macon, and Pike counties. Wiht more than 900 effectives, it moved to East Tennessee, then Virginia. Here the unit was assigned to Trimble’s Brigade which saw action in Jackson’s Valley Campaign. Later it served under Generals Law and W.F. Perry, Army of Northern Virginia. The 15th participated in many conflicts from the Seven Days’ Battles to Cold Harbor, except when it was with Longstreet at Suffolk, Chickamauga, and Knoxville. It was involved in the battles and hardships of the Petersburg siege and ended the war at Appomattox. This regiment lost 51 men at Cross Keys and Port Republic, 152 during the Seven Days’ Battles, 112 at Second Manassas, and 84 at Sharpsburg. More than thirty percent of the 499 engaged at Gettysburg were disabled, and it reported 142 casualties at Chickamauga and 91 during The Wilderness Campaign. The unit surrendered with 15 officers and 204 men. Its commanders were Colonels James Cantey, Alexander A. Lowther, William C. Oates, and John F. Treutlen; Lieutenant Colonel Isaac B. Feagin; and Major John W.L. Daniel.

and a record from NARA
Charles C. Johnson (First_Last)
Regiment Name 15 Ala. Inf.
Side Confederate
Company I
Soldier’s Rank_In Pvt.
Soldier’s Rank_Out Pvt.
Alternate Name C.C./Johnson
Film Number M374 roll 23

1900 United States Federal Census
about Chris C Johnsen
Name: Chris C Johnsen
[Chris C Johnson]
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 4, Menard, Texas
[Menard, Texas]
Age: 59
Birth Date: Mar 1841
Birthplace: Alabama
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relationship to head-of-house: Head
Father’s Birthplace: Alabama
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Spouse’s name: Nancy Johnsen
Marriage Year: 1880
Marital Status: Married
Years Married: 20
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Chris C Johnsen 59
Nancy Johnsen 40
George Johnsen 19
Mary J Johnsen 17
Eva Johnsen 15
Annie Johnsen 13
Tillman Johnsen 11
William Johnsen 9
Sarah Johnsen 7
Owen Johnsen 5
Alice Johnsen 1
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 4, Menard, Texas; Roll: T623_1657; Page: 4A; Enumeration District: 63.
Name: Nancy Johnsen
[Nancy Johnson]
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 4, Menard, Texas
[Menard, Texas]
Age: 40
Birth Date: Apr 1866
Birthplace: Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relationship to head-of-house: Wife
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee

you can correct the name index on so that others can find your family. the local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.

1870 United States Federal Census
about Nancy Looper
Name: Nancy Looper
Birth Year: abt 1863
Age in 1870: 7
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1870: Pilot Rock, Johnson, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Value of real estate: View image
Post Office: Clarksville
Household Members:
Name Age
J M Looper 28
Jane Looper 22
Isabella Looper 2
Louise Looper 4/12
Lodusky Looper 14
George Looper 12
Tennie Looper 11
Joseph Looper 9
Nancy Looper 7
Columbus Looper 21
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Pilot Rock, Johnson, Arkansas; Roll: M593_57; Page: 62B; Image: 128; Family History Library Film: 545556.
j. m. looper was a farmer, rented a farm, b. TN
jane b. AR
i wonder if this columbus looper, a hired hand, was your christopher columbus johnson/hornbuckle.
all children b. AR

in the 1800’s it was not particularly uncommon for a native to change their anglicized name because they tended to name themselves after favorite people, places and things. they didn’t really understand the idea of surnames at the time.

but maybe not:
1870 United States Federal Census
about Columbus Hornbuckle
Name: Columbus Hornbuckle
Birth Year: abt 1839
Age in 1870: 31
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1870: Precinct 3, Denton, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Value of real estate: View image
Post Office: Louisville
Household Members:
Name Age
Columbus Hornbuckle 31
Sarah E Hornbuckle 21
Rebecca Hornbuckle 2
Richard Hornbuckle 6/12
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Precinct 3, Denton, Texas; Roll: M593_1582; Page: 180A; Image: 363; Family History Library Film: 553081.

christopher johnson says he was b. march 1841 on 1900 census, married 20 years.
nancy b. april 1860. so much for memories, lol. i believe the 1870 census as it is closer to the birthdate.

1880 United States Federal Census
about Nancy J. Looper
Name: Nancy J. Looper
Home in 1880: Pilot Rock, Johnson, Arkansas
Age: 12
Estimated birth year: abt 1868
Birthplace: Missouri
Relation to Head of Household: Dau (Daughter)
Father’s name: Andrew J. Looper
Father’s birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s name: Martha J. Looper
Mother’s birthplace: Tennessee
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: At Home
Marital Status: Single
Race: White
Gender: Female
Cannot read/write:


Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Andrew J. Looper 42
Martha J. Looper 25
Samuel H. Looper 16
Nancy J. Looper 12
Monroe Looper 9
John W. Looper 5
Eldora Looper 2
Josephine Harris 4
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Pilot Rock, Johnson, Arkansas; Roll: 48; Family History Film: 1254048; Page: 260A; Enumeration District: 88; Image: 0523.

i don’t see a native land grant for these names, though.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto