Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Stewart - Andrews family

Laura Catherine Turner Laura Catherine Turner

posted on January 19, 2011

I am searcihng for info on Edward Alex Stewart born in 1876 and his wife Bettie Andrews or Bettie McCann or Cann. They were my greatgrandparents. I am told that they lived in the Caldonia, Mississippi area and that 1 or both were from the Choctaw nation. Any info would be greatly appreciated.


suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on January 20, 2011

i can’t see your attachment. it’s in an unfamiliar format.

no children are listed. no dates or places of death.

if they were choctaw, you might want to contact the mississippi choctaw tribe, links in this email. this is the choctaw tribe of OK.

edward alexander stewart b. 1876 MS? m. bettie andrews or bettie mccann b. MS?

these are rather common names, so you should have more information rather than less information.

1920 United States Federal Census
about Bettie Stewart
Name: Bettie Stewart
Home in 1920: Birmingham, Jefferson, Alabama
Age: 41
Estimated birth year: abt 1879
Birthplace: Mississippi
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s name: Ed Stewart
Father’s Birth Place: Mississippi
Mother’s Birth Place: Mississippi
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Sex: Female
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Ed Stewart 42
Bettie Stewart 41
Beulah Stewart 21
Bert Stewart 16
Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Birmingham, Jefferson, Alabama; Roll: T625_22; Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 18; Image: 639.

1920 United States Federal Census
about Ed Stewart
Name: Ed Stewart
Home in 1920: Birmingham, Jefferson, Alabama
Age: 42
Estimated birth year: abt 1878
Birthplace: Mississippi
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
Spouse’s name: Bettie Stewart
Father’s Birth Place: United States of America
Mother’s Birth Place: Alabama
they rent a house. he’s a waterman for a furnace.
bert does deliveries for a grocery store.

i am not seeing 1930, 1910 or 1920 census records, so something might be up with that. and i don’t know if this is your relative because the names are very common.

i think you need more information, such as children, birthdates and birthplaces. a death certificate might help. an obituary might help – see your local public library for that, through the interlibrary loan program.

if they were alive 1/1/1937, they probably applied for social security and they would have submitted a delayed birth certificate for that, if they didn’t have a birth certificate. their application would also help you.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname,

you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden

name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate,

your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone

passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government

for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate.

death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary,

newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local

public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records

and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census

records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public

information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for

enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t

have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu

of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they

had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other

names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are

especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other

oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will

improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get

the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a

record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births,

marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching

google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized


i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the

choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto