Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Great Grandfather

David Brazell David Brazell

posted on January 14, 2011

I am checking on my Great Grandfather Calvin G Gibson
Born 4-8-1857 and died 8-16-1927 in Valera Texas.
I was told that he was a Choctaw Indian and i want to find out all the information that I can on him.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on January 14, 2011

look at the links on texas natives. also see the mississippi choctaw link.
1920 United States Federal Census
about Calvin G Gibson
Name: Calvin G Gibson
Home in 1920: Valera, Coleman, Texas
Age: 63
Estimated birth year: abt 1857
Birthplace: Tennessee
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
Spouse’s name: Nancy E Gibson
Father’s Birth Place: Tennessee
Mother’s Birth Place: Tennessee
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Sex: Male
Home owned: Rent
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Calvin G Gibson 63
Nancy E Gibson 55
Kate D Gibson 22
Laura E Gibson 17
Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Valera, Coleman, Texas; Roll: T625_1788; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 59; Image: 285.
good information. i found him right away.
his family and he made a late migration, after the trail of tears in the late 1830’s.

his wife is from TN also, and her parents from TN. he is a railroad section worker.

Household Members:
Name Age
Cal G Gibson 53
Nannie Gibson 47
John Gibson 20
Tillie Gibson 24
Will Gibson 22
Mary Gibson 18
Kate Gibson 11
Laura Gibson 7
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Valera, Coleman, Texas; Roll: T624_1539; Page: 21A; Enumeration District: 131; Image: 297.
there is at least one other person looking at this family on if you don’t have a subscription, your local public library probably does have one.

he’s a farmer on a general farm, rents the farm. he and his wife have been married 30 years.

Household Members:
Name Age
Calvin Gibson 43
Nancy L Gibson 38
John Gibson 17
Lillie Gibson 15
William Gibson 13
Sarah Gibson 11
Mary Gibson 9
Jesse Gibson 5
Kate Gibson 2
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 5, Dallas, Texas; Roll: T623_1626; Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 141.
he was b. april 1857 and she was b. nov. 1861. his father was b. VA.
john was b. june 1882 TN and lillie was b. jan. 1883 TN.
william was b. aug. 1886 TX, so now you know when the migration happened.

Household Members:
Name Age
C.G. Gibson 23
Nancy Gibson 18
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: District 4, Cumberland, Tennessee; Roll: 1249; Family History Film: 1255249; Page: 324A; Enumeration District: 24; .
look at the natives particularly around cumberland county.

location is going to be very important to finding your heritage.

1870 United States Federal Census
about Calvin Gibson
Name: Calvin Gibson
Birth Year: abt 1857
Age in 1870: 13
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1870: Ringgold, Catoosa, Georgia
Race: White
Gender: Male
Value of real estate: View image
Post Office: Ringgold
Household Members:
Name Age
Joseph Brown 64
Nancy Brown 63
Nancy E Brown 33
Sarah E Brown 26
Charles J Brown 34
Mary L Brown 12
Nancy E Brown 10
Eliza A Dearing 28
Elvira J Brown 8
Famie J Brown 6
Caroline A Brown 3
Wm F Roberson 19
Calvin Gibson 13
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Ringgold, Catoosa, Georgia; Roll: M593_140; Page: 266B; Image: 6; Family History Library Film: 545639.
he is a hireling here.

i don’t know if this is him:
Household Members:
Name Age
George Gibson 47
Mahala Gibson 44
Mary C Gibson 21
Virgina Gibson 19
Fountain P Gibson 17
Melinda Gibson 15
Raphael P Gibson 12
Nancey J Gibson 10
George F Gibson 5
Alvin C Gibson 2
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: District 11, Campbell, Tennessee; Roll: M653_1240; Page: 489; Image: 427; Family History Library Film: 805240.

you should probably try looking for an obituary. see your local public library for that, interlibrary loan program. or write to:

Texas Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics
P. O. Box 12040
Austin, TX 78711-2040
(512) 458-7111
see them for a death certificate. i couldn’t find it in the death index under his name.

i’m suspecting an error in the date or transcription.
G. G. Gibson 30 Dec 1927 Coleman

start here for tennessee records:

TN archives:

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto