Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Discovering My History

Areal Areal

posted on January 7, 2011

I just discovered through a geneology search that my GGGrandmother and her earlier family were all Choctaw. I would love to know more about my Choctaw heritage and discover and meet new family members.


suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on January 8, 2011

you may want to post on several messageboards, giving the name of an ancestor (maiden name if female), their spouse, birthdate, place of birth, date of death, place of death, children and birthdates/birthplaces. that way people will know to try to locate someone in their family tree.

this post has many possible messageboard websites. you might also wish to search for your ancestor’s name and spouse name and see if anyone has a webpage with that information.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Areal Areal

posted on January 8, 2011

Thank you so much for your help. I found out from family that my ggrandmother (Marge Charleton) was given up at birth by Ada Mae Freeman, born 9/12/1902 Choctaw Nation, OK. and died 10/1989 Tulsa, OK.
Ada’s parents were Mariah Jane McCasson and Jasper Freeman. Mariah was born abt1870 Choctaw, Ok. and died 12/22/1909 Choctaw Nation, LeFlore, OK. Jasper was born 3/1871 in Mississippi and died 1942 in Tishmingo, Johnston, OK. Mariah’s dad was Samuel McCasson born 10/8/1835 in Mississippi and died 1/27/1910 Howe, OK.
Samuel McCasson’s parents were father-PeSaTeCubbee born 1800, died ? and mother-HeYaHena HoNoHena born 1804, died ?.
I’m so excited to learn more about my Choctaw family. Thank you so much again for your help in my discoveries. I am very proud of my heritage and can’t wait to learn more.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on January 8, 2011

Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Freeman Daniel 0 M 4651 P
Choctaw Freeman E L 0 F 4651 P
Choctaw Freeman Jasper N 0 M 4651 P
Choctaw Freeman Ada M 1 F 3/8 4651 NR HARTSHORNE BB
Choctaw Freeman Alexander J 1 M 3/8 4651 NR HARTSHORNE BB
Choctaw Freeman Maria J 28 F 3/4 4651 NR HARTSHORNE BB
Choctaw Freeman Jasper N 30 M IW 4651 NR HARTSHORNE BB
Choctaw McCasson Eliza 0 F 4651 P
Choctaw McCasson Samuel H 0 M 4651 P
Choctaw Turner George 0 M 4651 P
Choctaw Turner Jackson 4 M 3/8 4651 NR HARTSHORNE BB

bb=by blood, p-parent

there are several trees on rootsweb worldconnect records:
Entries: 124419 Updated: 2009-10-03 19:07:34 UTC (Sat) Contact: Cal Ingram Home Page: Ingram and Related Families
Ingram and Warren Genealogy (Various Green, Taylor, and Larue County Kentucky Families – Maternal family) (Wisconsin, New York, Michigan, Utah, Arizona, California – Paternal family)
Index | Descendancy | Register | Pedigree | Ahnentafel | Download GEDCOM | Add Post-em

  1. ID: I065889
  2. Name: Jasper N. Freeman
  3. Sex: M
  4. Birth: BET 1871 AND MAR 1872 in Mississippi
  5. Census: 1880 Ocoha, Covington County, Mississippi
  6. Census: 1900 Township 4 North Range 26 East, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory (Now Le Flore County, Oklahoma)
  7. Census: 1910 Houston Township, Le Flore County, Oklahoma
  8. Note:
Listed as I. J. Freeman in 1870 Federal Census in Covington County, Missis sippi, age 1, born Mississippi. Listed as Jasper N. Freeman in 1880 Federal Census in Covington County, Mi ssissippi, age 9, born Mississippi.

HintsAncestry Hints for Jasper N. Freeman

2 possible matches found on

Father: Daniel M. Freeman b: BET 1830 AND 1835 in Mississippi or Alabama
Mother: Louisa ??? b: 1842 in Mississippi

Marriage 1 Maria Jane McCasson b: MAR 1870 in Indian Territory (Now Oklahoma)

  • Married: 19 SEP 1898 in Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory (Now Le Flore County, Oklahoma)


1. Has No Children Ada M. Freeman b: MAY 1899 in Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory (Now Le Flore County, Oklahoma) 2. Has No Children Elick Freeman b: 1903 in Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory (Now Le Flore County, Oklahoma) 3. Has No Children Maud Freeman b: 1904 in Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory (Now Le Flore County, Oklahoma) 4. Has No Children Living Freeman 5. Has No Children Living Freeman
put jasper freeman in the front page and click on worldconnect and put mccasson as the spouse name and there are three people who are researching your family line.
rootsweb has tribe, location and surname messageboards. and rootsweb has webprojects used for location and tribe that might also have records.

Areal Areal

posted on January 8, 2011

Thank you so much Suzanne, I really appreciate all your help. Hopefully someday I can meet some of my Choctaw family and learn more of my history. You are a very special person to volunteer your time to helping people locate their family. Thank you again.

Caleb Ewing Caleb Ewing

posted on August 10, 2011 and updated on August 24, 2011

Ada Mae Freeman was my Grandmothers oldest sister. Mariah Jane McCasson is my GGrandmother. I know a lot about our family. I knew my fathers aunt Ada Mae and her sisters as a young boy. I know a lot about the Freemans thanks to our cousin Linda Freeman. I have some pictures ( Thanks to our cousin Rebecca Freeman Hickman ) of Ada Mae, Pearly Maude,Lizzy, Myrtle Jane Freeman Ewing.(my grandmother) Their father and mother,Jasper and Mariah Freeman. Mariah Father Samual. also Jaspers second Wife and their two children Jasper Freeman Jr and Rachel Freeman. My father was Myrtle’s second son David Clark Ewing. I am a Choctaw Tribal member of Durant Ok.Samuel Hickman could very well be your Great Great grandfather He and Ada Mae Freeman divorced in Ardmord Ok on grounds of his abandoment of her and their three small children He was also Native American his picture is at attach
Caleb Ewing


Rebecca Rebecca

posted on August 22, 2011

Areal, Was your GGrandmother’s last name Charleton her adopted name or a married name and do you have any other information about her that you would want to share. Cousins Linda Freeman,Caleb Ewing and I are all working on this family tree. Ada Mae Freeman is a distant cousin of mine. It is very nice to find more cousins!
Rebecca Freeman

arcouch arcouch

posted on October 6, 2011

I feel sure I could help with any questions about Ada and her children. She is my great grandmother and her daughter is my grandmother, Elizabeth. Any more questions…just let me know…

arcouch arcouch

posted on October 6, 2011 and updated on October 6, 2011


arcouch arcouch

posted on October 6, 2011

I am not sure that the ages/timeline are correct for your great great grandmother to be Ada….?