it appears that you are having a problem because you cannot find many records of that time period. records are scarce from that time. choctaw was not a written language until the mid-1800’s. so the choctaw tribe has no records. and the united states let the war department keep records of rations, native records, up until the 1880’s or so. these records are stored at NARA, national archives and record administration, http://www.nara.gov. you might find two different offices concerned with the choctaw: fort worth and atlanta.
there may be non-published records at NARA. i have looked at other tribes’ holdings and they vary extremely in quantity and quality. i would urge you to write to the author of the article, to look at the sources cited in the article. you might continue looking for capt. james stirman standley in the hope that something will refer to a wife. the brashears might have some information also.
Dawes Card Information
tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Edwards Sarah C 0 F 2565 P
Choctaw Edwards Thomas W 0 M 2565 P
Choctaw Standley James 0 M 2565 P
Choctaw Standley John T 0 M 2565 P
Choctaw Standley Maggie 0 F 2565 P
Choctaw Standley Margaret 0 F 2565 P
Choctaw Standley Gertrude 13 F 1/16 2565 NR ATOKA BB
Choctaw Standley Nannie 15 F 1/16 2565 NR ATOKA BB
Choctaw Standley Lizzie C 54 F IW 2565 NR ATOKA BB
Choctaw Standley James S 58 M 1/8 2565 NR ATOKA BB
i see several mississippi land records that might be his, choctaw and chickasaw scrip land records.
U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865
about James S. Standley
Name: James S. Standley
Regiment State/Origin: Mississippi
Regiment Name: 11 Mississippi Infantry
Regiment Name Expanded: 11th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry
Rank In: First Lieutenant
Rank In Expanded: First Lieutenant
Rank Out: Captain
Rank Out Expanded: Captain
Film Number: M232 roll 38
National Park Service. U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.
Original data: National Park Service, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, online <http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/>, acquired 2007.
he may have been in the fort smith criminal files for a liquor violation, jacket 443.
Ancestry.com. Ft. Smith Criminal Case Files, 1866-1900 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1997.
Original data: The National Archives, Southwest Region. Defendant Jacket Files for U.S. District Court, Western, Division of Arkansas, Fort Smith Division, 1866-1900. Forth Worth, TX, USA: National Archives, Southwest Region.
Mississippi Marriages, 1826-1900
about Margaret Todlock
Name: James Jr. Standley
Spouse: Margaret Todlock
Marriage Date: 11 Jun 1840
1860 United States Federal Census
about James S Standley
Name: James S Standley
Age in 1860: 19
Birth Year: abt 1841
Home in 1860: Police District 3, Carroll, Mississippi
Post Office: Black Hawk
Value of real estate: View image
James Standley 41
Margarett Standley 39
James S Standley 19
J T Standley 17
Leeona Standley 13
Wm P Standley 11
Eva Standley 7
Olga Standley 4
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Police District 3, Carroll, Mississippi; Roll: M653_578; Page: 934; Image: 428; Family History Library Film: 803578.
they grew cotton and were listed on the slave schedule that year.
genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.
start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.
first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.
the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.
2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: email@example.com
other choctaw tribes: http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html
some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.
types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.
Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.
always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.
check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.
if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.
this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
good advice about native research:
if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.
i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, firstname.lastname@example.org and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.
i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.
suzanne hamlet shatto