Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation
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Moncus/Monkus also Parker/Jones

Ann Jones Ann Jones

posted on August 4 and updated on August 4

searching for information on my Indian heritage: Benjamin Moncus (1784 – 1840) who was married to Native American. He was born in Georgia but lived in Clay County, Alabama.
4th great grandfather
Joseph L Moncus (1820 – 1920)
3rd great grandfather
Winchester M. MONCUS (1847 – 1912)
2nd Great grandfather
Martha Rebecca Moncus (1885 – 1964)
my great grandmother (this line is from my mother’s side of the family & her mother was Hattie Evie Duke Dunaway daughter of Martha Rebecca Moncus who married a Duke)
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
my husband Indian heritage is on his mother’s side of family she was Mavis Frankie Yarbrough daughter of Erlunion B. Parker who married a Yarbrough:
George W. (WILLIAM??) Jones (1811 – 1855)
is husbands 3rd great grandfather
Martha C Jones (1835 – 1923)(CHEROKEE INDIAN)
is husbands 2nd great grandmother
we have pictures of her
2nd great grandmother
Susan A Thompson (1859 – )
husbands great grandmother
Erlunion Parker (1889 – 1949)
husbands grandmother.
ALSO in husband’s lineage as I have been able to determine is the line of Martha C Jones marrying Absalom Thompson that Chief Chief Diwal’li John Bowles is in his ancestry. I have diligently went over and over the things I have found…I really appreciate any documentation of any kind that will help me with this..

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on August 4

there are two different lines in this post. you might want to break them into two different posts because you might want to hear from relatives of each line.

tribal enrollments in the five major tribes of oklahoma occurred in the 1896-1906 time period in oklahoma/indian territory. location is an important factor in tribal enrollment.

martha rebecca moncus b. 1885 no location m. unknown male duke
hattie evie duke b. unknown male dunaway

1900 United States Federal Census about Martha Moncus
Name: Martha Moncus
Age: 15
Birth Date: Mar 1885
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1900: Flat Rock, Randolph, Alabama
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Winchester Moncus
Father’s Birthplace: Alabama
Mother’s name: Joeann Moncus
Mother’s Birthplace: Alabama
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Winchester Moncus 52
Joeann Moncus 47
Emlyjain Moncus 22
Martha Moncus 15
William Moncus 11
Hermon Moncus 6
Preston Moncus 3
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Flat Rock, Randolph, Alabama; Roll: 37; Page: 2A; Enumeration District: 0058; FHL microfilm: 1240037.

you should contact an alabama tribe to see if the family applied for enrollment.
http://www.aiac.state.al.us/tribes.aspx

location is very important when considering whether your relatives applied for enrollment.

Georgia Deaths, 1919-98 about Martha R M Duke
Name: Martha R M Duke
Death Date: 7 Sep 1964
County of Death: Bibb
Gender: F (Female)
Race: White
Age: 79 Years
County of Residence: Bibb
Certificate: 022625

Martha Rebecca Moncus Duke
Birth: Mar. 24, 1885
Randolph County
Alabama, USA
Death: Sep. 7, 1964
Macon
Bibb County
Georgia, USA

Daughter of Winchester Moncus & Rebecca Joann Canady

Family links:
Parents:
Winchester Moncus (1847 – 1912)
Rebecca Joanna Canada Moncus (1853 – 1944)

Spouse: Fredrick Collins Duke (1879 – 1960) Children: Jim Perry Duke (1904 – 1970)* Hattie Evie Duke Dunaway (1908 – 1992)* Beulah Mae Duke McDougal (1911 – 2011)* Siblings: Infant 2 Moncus* Infant Moncus* Joseph Mitchell Moncus (1873 – 1961)* Emily Jane Moncus McConnell (1877 – 1945)* John T Moncus (1878 – 1956)* James W Moncus (1884 – 1932)* Martha Rebecca Moncus Duke (1885 – 1964) William Riley Moncus (1889 – 1965)* Herman Albert Moncus (1894 – 1971)* Preston Lee Moncus (1898 – 1976)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Mount Paran Primitive Baptist Church Cemetery
Roberta
Crawford County
Georgia, USA

Created by: The Duke/ Rauls/ Manuwal…
Record added: Sep 18, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 42119520
findagrave.com

natives had an oral tradition and no written language until the middle of the 1800s. the tribes have no records separate from the records created on-reservation by the war department – kept at NARA. therefore, you will have to see if your family lived on-reservation in the 1800s and are on NARA records. if your family lived off-reservation and were on federal census records, they would not be on the native records.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw-indian-research.htm

each tribe established membership criteria and have an original list of enrollees. if they are still seeking recognition, you need to ask about membership criteria. the BIA recently relaxed tribal recognition criteria and some tribes that have not yet been recognized might be planning to re-apply.

1900 United States Federal Census about Winchester Moncus
Name: Winchester Moncus
Age: 52
Birth Date: Jun 1847
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1900: Flat Rock, Randolph, Alabama
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Joeann Moncus
Marriage Year: 1873
Years Married: 27
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Birthplace: South Carolina

1900 United States Federal Census about Joeann Moncus
Name: Joeann Moncus
Age: 47
Birth Date: Feb 1853
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1900: Flat Rock, Randolph, Alabama
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Winchester Moncus
Marriage Year: 1873
Years Married: 27
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother: number of living children: 8
Mother: How many children: 10

and the birthplaces appear to indicate that the family might have come from GA.

http://500nations.com/Georgia_Tribes.asp
http://www.aaanativearts.com/native-american-tribes-by-state/880-georgia-indian-tribes.html#axzz39SqjBq3O

https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Indians_of_Georgia

1880 United States Federal Census about Joannah Munkus
Name: Joannah Munkus
Age: 27
Birth Year: abt 1853
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1880: Flat Rock, Randolph, Alabama
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Winchester Munkus
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Keeps House
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and Dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Winchester Munkus 33
Joannah Munkus 27
Joseph M. Munkus 4
Emily Jane Munkus 2
John T. Munkus 11m
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Flat Rock, Randolph, Alabama; Roll: 30; Family History Film: 1254030; Page: 319D; Enumeration District: 111; Image: 0040.

this means they were not living on a reservation in 1880.

1880 United States Federal Census about Winchester Munkus
Name: Winchester Munkus
Age: 33
Birth Year: abt 1847
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1880: Flat Rock, Randolph, Alabama
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Joannah Munkus
Father’s Birthplace: South Carolina
Mother’s Birthplace: South Carolina
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Farmer

http://500nations.com/South_Carolina_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/south-carolina-indian-tribes.htm
https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Indians_of_South_Carolina

1870 United States Federal Census about Winchester Muncus
Name: Winchester Muncus
Age in 1870: 21
Birth Year: abt 1849
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1870: Hackneyville, Tallapoosa, Alabama
Race: White
Gender: Male
Post Office: Hackneyville
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Winchester Muncus 21
Rebecca Muncus 43
Jones Muncus 15
Joseph Muncus 9
Elizabeth Muncus 6
Willard Muncus 3
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Hackneyville, Tallapoosa, Alabama; Roll: M593_42; Page: 42B; Image: 87; Family History Library Film: 545541.

1860 United States Federal Census about Winchester Mancus
Name: Winchester Mancus
[Winchester Moncus]
Age in 1860: 13
Birth Year: abt 1847
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1860: Southern Division, Randolph, Alabama
Gender: Male
Post Office: Almond
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Joseph Mancus 44
Rebecca Mancus 35
Devona Mancus 19
Holdridge Mancus 16
Louiza Mancus 14
Winchester Mancus 13
Gideon Mancus 12
Mary Mancus 10
Catharine O Mancus 8
James Mancus 5
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Southern Division, Randolph, Alabama; Roll: M653_22; Page: 836; Image: 442; Family History Library Film: 803022.

1850 United States Federal Census about Muchester Mankus
Name: Muchester Mankus
[Muchester Moncus]
[Winchester Moncus]
Age: 4
Birth Year: abt 1846
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1850: Beat 14, Randolph, Alabama
Gender: Male
Family Number: 172
Household Members:
Name Age
Joseph Mankus 30
Rebecca Mankus 24
John Mankus 11
Holdridge Mankus 8
Louss Mankus 6
Muchester Mankus 4
Gedeon Mankus 1
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: Beat 14, Randolph, Alabama; Roll: M432_14; Page: 386A; Image: 212.

1860 United States Federal Census about Joseph Mancus
Name: Joseph Mancus
[Joseph Moncus]
Age in 1860: 44
Birth Year: abt 1816
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1860: Southern Division, Randolph, Alabama
Gender: Male
Post Office: Almond

1860 United States Federal Census about Rebecca Mancus
Name: Rebecca Mancus
[Rebecca Moncus]
Age in 1860: 35
Birth Year: abt 1825
Birthplace: South Carolina
Home in 1860: Southern Division, Randolph, Alabama

the census records before 1850 only list a head of household.
nonetheless, it appears your family did not live on a reservation.

now about the more common names of your husband:
again, no locations, no spouse in your post. this is a big handicap because there are several females in your line of descent. you indicate that you have some records but the character of these records is unknown because you don’t give a citation or description.

erlunion parker b. 1889 place unknown m. male yarbrough

Erlunion Parker
Birth 4 April 1889 in Clay County Alabama
Death 15 January 1949 in Tallapoosa Co AL USA

William Radford Yarbrough
Birth 27 Feb 1888 in Tallapoosa Co AL USA
Death 4 May 1942 in Tallapoosa Co AL USA

1900 United States Federal Census about Lunion Parker
Name: Lunion Parker
[Lumon Parker]
Age: 12
Birth Date: Apr 1888
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1900: New Site, Tallapoosa, Alabama
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Joseph Parker
Father’s Birthplace: Alabama
Mother’s name: Susan Parker
Mother’s Birthplace: Alabama
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Joseph Parker 48
Susan Parker 41
Bernard Parker 13
Lunion Parker 12
Zada Parker 11
Very Parker 6
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: New Site, Tallapoosa, Alabama; Roll: 41; Page: 14A; Enumeration District: 0070; FHL microfilm: 1240041.

1900 United States Federal Census about Susan Parker
Name: Susan Parker
Age: 41
Birth Date: May 1859
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1900: New Site, Tallapoosa, Alabama
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Joseph Parker
Marriage Year: 1882
Years Married: 18
Father’s Birthplace: Alabama
Mother’s Birthplace: Alabama
Mother: number of living children: 4
Mother: How many children: 7

Alabama, Select Marriages, 1816-1957 about Susan A. Thompson
Name: Susan A. Thompson
Gender: Female
Marriage Date: 10 Aug 1882
Marriage Place: Clay, Alabama
Spouse: Joseph T. Parker
FHL Film Number: 1853684
Reference ID: p 29

look at the 1880 census and 1882 marriage. you need to see that this is your relative because these are all common names.

from what i can see, people have linked records for two different people on ancestry.com. you will have to review your documents.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common

surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to

include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth

certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your

grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on

file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have

submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful.

you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through

the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and

work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell

you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are

available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1940 or so, where they were located. a good way to do

this is by census records. the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled

during this period. federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public

library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2) ancestry.com.

there is a difference between tribal heritage and tribal enrollment.

http://www.choctawnation.com/services/departments/
click on enrollment department. read the FAQs and download forms.

every tribe has a membership list of original enrollees. every tribe has requirements for membership. the

choctaw tribe of oklahoma requires that new members be directly related to an original enrollee of the tribe

who was enrolled by blood. freedmen were enrolled by congressional action, not blood, so there is no

provision for enrolling a member who is directly related to a freedman because they were not enrolled through

tribal blood quantum.

i do not know of a tribe that enrolls on the basis of DNA testing. this is because DNA testing does not

identify particular strains for each tribe. DNA testing might be helpful to you, though, because it will

give you names of people who match your DNA and you might be able to find a common ancestor. there are a few

vendors for DNA tests such as FTDNA, ancestry.com and 23andme.com. i took the 23andme saliva test. once you

have DNA results, you can upload those results to gedmatch.com, a free website that has excellent tools to

match others who might have taken a DNA test elsewhere. upload DNA result directions are on the right side

of the main menu, program choices are in the center, DNA information on how to use the website and understand

DNA are on the left side.

do you have your relative’s birth certificate, death certificate. state vital records for that. if the

birth was before 1940, also ask for a delayed birth certificate at the same time as you request a birth

certificate. older vital records might be at the state historical society or state archives.
do you have their obituary? sometimes it will list parents and siblings. see your local public

library/interlibrary loan program for that.
do you have a cemetery record? try findagrave.com or interment.net and then contact the cemetery to see if

there is more information.
i start from the death and work backwards in time.

for tribal information, you want to get down to the 1900-1940 time period so that you know family members,

locations, dates, and names. this will help you when you try to find the tribe.
there is more than one choctaw tribe. CA, OK, LA, MS all have choctaw tribes.
there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes were on the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in

indian territory/oklahoma. location is important with tribal affiliation because the original enrollees had

to agree to live under the authority of the tribe.
many states have reservations and tribes. state historical society, state archives may have more information

on this.

some tribes are still enrolling. the BIA recently relaxed their requirements and there will probably be

several tribes that apply under the new guidelines. this means that some tribes may be in the process of

applying and enrolling members. you should pursue your heritage in a timely manner because of the

possibility that a tribe is trying to construct a list of original enrollees.

find your relative in the 1900-1940 census. this will give you locations, family members, dates that you will

need for looking on the dawes roll, taken 1896-1906 in the state of oklahoma/indian territory. the dawes roll

lists applicants to the five major tribes of oklahoma. use the accessgenealogy website to do this or

ancestrypaths:
http://userdb.rootsweb.ancestry.com/nativeamerican/
get family group/card#, members of the family:
partial surnames ok. just enter the surname.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/final-rolls.htm
partial names might not be found on this website.

find a possible name, click on the # in the card# column and this will show you the family group as of

application. use the 1900 and 1910 census to match the names. write down the names, card#.

if you don’t find your family, then look at the 1900-1940 census locations for your family, look for nearby

tribes. contact the nearby tribes to see if your family had enrolled. find out membership criteria for that

tribe. there are tribes in other locations and other choctaw tribes. location is an important factor over

whether a native enrolled in a tribe. you won’t find that an original enrollee enrolled in the choctaw tribe

in oklahoma if they were living in another state, for instance. if your family was renting in 1910, for

instance, they had not received a land grant from one of the five major tribes in oklahoma and were probably

not enrolled. there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes are on the dawes roll.

many natives did not want to live under tribal authority or didn’t qualify for enrollment or could not submit

satisfactory evidence to a tribe. this is very common. it means that your family is not enrolled in a tribe.

there were a few natives that were enrolled by tribal council approval or lawsuit. i don’t have any way to

tell you whether someone was enrolled because of this. you would have to contact the tribe for this

information. however, some people have posted this answer and you might be able to use google on your family

names and see this.

supposing you find your family in the dawes roll, then look at the oklahoma historical society dawes website

and put in the name of someone in that family group that you found on accessgenealogy. this will give you the

enrollment # if the enrollment was successful. write down the enrollment #s for your family.

if you found your family on the dawes roll, you might want a copy of the dawes packet. four sources for this:

1) once you have the card#, search here for documents. the website is free at this time:
http://www.ancestrypaths.com/five-civilized-tribes/
arranged by card#. use the slider bar at the bottom to approximate your card#. the packets are arranged in

order of card#. usually the beginning document references the card#.

there may be more than one card# for a particular person, depending on whether they were a parent at the time

of enrollment.

sometimes a family’s consideration also depends on an earlier decision in their family. so you may have more

than one card# to look up.

2) fold3.com is an online subscription resource and one month’s subscription is less than the price of a

dawes packet at NARA or oklahoma historical society.

3) NARA http://www.archives.gov fort worth, TX office
4) oklahoma historical society http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

a dawes packet contains census card, enrollment application, supporting documents and maybe testimony. even

if your family was not enrolled, the genealogical information might be of interest to you.

the enrolled members are referred to as original enrollees. if your family had enrolled by blood then you are

eligible to enroll in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. all tribes have membership criteria. if your family had

been enrolled as freedman, then they were enrolled as former slaves and their descendants were not eligible

to enroll in the tribe.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your

family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and

testimony. these are located at NARA http://www.archives.gov try the fort worth, TX office.

requirements for enrollment for several oklahoma tribes:
http://thorpe.ou.edu/OILS/blood.html
What are tribal membership requirements?

Tribal enrollment criteria are set forth in tribal constitutions, articles of incorporation or ordinances.

The criterion varies from tribe to tribe, so uniform membership requirements do not exist.

Two common requirements for membership are lineal decendency from someone named on the tribe’s base roll or

relationship to a tribal member who descended from someone named on the base roll. (A “base roll” is the

original list of members as designated in a tribal constitution or other document specifying enrollment

criteria.) Other conditions such as tribal blood quantum, tribal residency, or continued contact with the

tribe are common.

http://www.narf.org/nill/resources/enrollment.htm

enrollment is a two step process. first you have to get your CDIB card from the BIA to show your degree of

blood/eligibility to enroll in a particular tribe, and then you have to apply to the tribe for acceptance, if

you meet their membership requirements.

Tribal Government personnel, usually an Enrollment Clerk, located at a regional or agency office processes

applications for Certificates of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) and Indian Preference in Employment, BIA Form

4432, to anyone who can provide documentation that he or she descends from an American Indian tribe.
http://www.bia.gov/WhatWeDo/ServiceOverview/TribalGov/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_recognition_in_the_United_States
this article has many resources.
however i find the paragraph on “Recognition for individuals” to be somewhat insensitive.

i think someone should rewrite that paragraph.

What are the most typical requirements for membership?
Each tribe has a base roll which was established, usually, in the early 20th century, listing the members of

the tribe at that time. Your first challenge will be to prove direct lineal descent from someone listed on

that base roll. Then
you must prove that you have the required level of blood quantum – the percentage of your genetic make-up

that is native by bloodline. Most tribes require a 1/4 blood quantum – that is, you must be at least one-

fourth Native
American – but note that the Eastern Band of the Cherokees requires that you be only 1/16 or higher to join,

and the Cherokee Nation and Choctaw tribe have no minimum quantum restriction, so long as you can prove

descent. There may be other conditions for membership as well: requirements for tribal residency or continued

contact with the tribe are common.
http://freedomcenter.org/_media/pdf/genealogy/16.%20Native%20American%20-%20Tribal%20Membership.pdf

choctaw enrollment, forms, FAQs
http://www.choctawnation.com/services/departments/enrollment-cdib-and-tribal-membership/

trail of tears map and MS/AL reservations:
http://www.oursharedfamilyhistory.com/resources/maps/mappg.html

indian territory maps:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~itgenweb/itprojects/census.htm
they need volunteers to help them. contact the webpage owner.
http://www.okgenweb.org/okprojects/xref/help/str-regions.htm

some land records, including freedmen.
http://www.oursharedfamilyhistory.com/resources/helppg.html#hast
as i look at this, i view it as a work in progress, rather than a final index. it is helpful because of the

alphabetical listings. includes index to indian pioneer paper interviews. this is a volunteer opportunity

also, if you want to help this webpage become complete. contact the owner of the webpage to help them.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another

useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times,

their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your

ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/final-rolls.htm

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw-indian-research.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indian-census-records.htm
there is an 1860 and 1885 census in the indian territory

accessgenealogy’s collection of information: if you are from another tribe, use the links at the right.
if you are from an associated tribe, see the several possible links on the webpage.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative

in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time

of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of

death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of

death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have

historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you

find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried

there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before

1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth

certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under

the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was

taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census

records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that

include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are

transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for

enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t

have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in

lieu of tribal enrollment. some mississippi choctaw were accepted by adoption or lawsuit.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate

dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the

freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five

major tribes.

applicants on the dawes roll can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is

your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes

roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not

appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application

information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they

had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see

other names in that family. other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census

records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other

oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available

online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://gateway.okhistory.org/
this has a search but you may have to read the whole edition of a newspaper to find your search match.
the search term will be highlighted. the newspapers (location and years) are limited, so you might want to

search for the location and look at years available.

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary

loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
http://www.odl.state.ok.us/oar/
http://www.okhistory.org/
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public

library/interlibrary loan program might also have access to newspapers and local history books.

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma

chronicles.

http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

http://www.okhistory.org/publications/chronicles

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this

will give you locations, family members. your local public library probably has a subscription to

ancestry.com and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma

and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed

records for several tribes.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw

Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US

Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits

after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents

(application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.mowa-choctaw.com/

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

tribes in other locations:
http://www.ncsl.org/issues-research/tribal/list-of-federal-and-state-recognized-tribes.aspx

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they

will improve some of these categories.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw-tribe.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw-indian-research.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indian-census-records.htm

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can

get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a

record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births,

marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not

taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it. you should look at the enrollment application, census card and

testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage,

but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were

classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the

tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s

location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located

nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

http://www.burlesonstar.net/nationalnews/ci_25815930
changing tribal recognition rules

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called

choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a

database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are

other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA

http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw were not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching

google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal

recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see

the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request

the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

you may want to make a heritage book.
http://www.photobookgirl.com/blog/make-your-own-family-heritage-and-genealogy-photo-book/

good family tree software:
http://www.techshout.com/features/2013/22/best-free-genealogy-software/
i use legacy. the free basic edition is great for the beginning and helps you organize.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto