Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Just a little bit Choctaw

Julie Luckart Julie Luckart

posted on July 7, 2010

Halito! I am a bit perplexed about my Choctaw family history. I know all the names of and birthplaces of my ancestors, and have pictures of my grandpa and g-grandpa. My g-grandpa was born in May 1891 in Oklahoma. He lived with his parents, James E. Arnold and Cordelia Reams in South McAlester in 1900. Manda (or Amanda) Reams was Cordelia’s mother and moved from Cass, Stone Missouri to OK. She is supposed to be (according to my mother and grandpa) full Choctaw. Cordelia is 1/2, Arthur 1/4, my grandpa 1/8, my mom 1/16, and I am 1/32 (just a little bit – but very proud of it!) I’m confused that they are all listed as “white” on various censuses, when clearly, they were Choctaw. I don’t feel the need to obtain a CDIB card or anything, but do want to complete my family history and know that it is correct. I want to learn about our heritage and teach it to my children. I’m also thinking of moving there to work as a nurse practitioner in the hospitals/clinics. If anyone knows ANYTHING that would be helpful, please let me know. Sorry this is so long! Thanks.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on July 8, 2010

amanda/manda ? m. ? reams b. MO d. OK>
james e. arnold m. cordelia reams>arthur reams b. 5/1891 OK

this might be a good resource for you, the missouri state archives.
http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/resources/birthdeath/
they also have records that are not online at this time.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather thann less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

1880 United States Federal Census
about Cordelia Reams
Name: Cordelia Reams
Home in 1880: Cass, Stone, Missouri
Age: 14
Estimated birth year: abt 1866
Birthplace: Missouri
Relation to Head of Household: Dau (Daughter)
Father’s birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Name: Manda
Mother’s birthplace: Tennessee
Neighbors: View others on page
Race: White
Gender: Female

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Manda Reams 36
William Reams 16
Cordelia Reams 14
Melvina Reams 8
Millie Reams 6
Markham Reams 1

Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Cass, Stone, Missouri; Roll 738; Family History Film: 1254738; Page: 21B; Enumeration District: 120; Image: 0156.

with these birthplaces and dates, they probably didn’t go on the trail of tears in the late 1830’s.

1870 United States Federal Census
about Cordelia Reams
Name: Cordelia Reams
Birth Year: abt 1865
Age in 1870: 5
Birthplace: Missouri
Home in 1870: Cass, Stone, Missouri
Gender: Female
Value of real estate: View image
Post Office: Galena
Household Members:
Name Age
Henry Reams 30
Amanda Reams 26
George W Reams 11
Wm H Reams 7
Cordelia Reams 5
Parthena Reams 2
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Cass, Stone, Missouri; Roll M593_823; Page: 112B; Image: 230; Family History Library Film: 552322.

both parents were b. TN.

Missouri Marriages, 1851-1900
about Mandy Woods
Name: Henry Reams
Spouse: Mandy Woods
Marriage Date: 3 Jun 1858
County: Stone
State: MO

located here:
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: South McAlester, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll T623_1851; Enumeration District: 82.

dawes card for the family:
Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Arnold Cordelia 0 F 4862 P
Choctaw Arnold James 0 M 4862 P
Choctaw Arnold Martha 0 F 4862 P
Choctaw Arnold Hazel 1 F 1/8 4862 NR SO MCALESTER BB
Choctaw Arnold Tottie 6 M 1/8 4862 NR SO MCALESTER BB
Choctaw Arnold Arthur W 10 M 1/8 4862 NR SO MCALESTER BB
Choctaw Arnold Hugh 14 M 1/8 4862 NR SO MCALESTER BB
Choctaw Arnold Lizzie 15 F 1/8 4862 NR SO MCALESTER BB
Choctaw Arnold James E 36 M 1/4 4862 NR SO MCALESTER BB

you might be able to get a copy of the census card and enrollment application from the tribe, from NARA http://www.nara.gov or from the oklahoma historical society http://www.okhistory.org/

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto