Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation
RSS

Mary Susan Lowe Doshier

Rhonda Bordine Rhonda Bordine

posted on May 6

She was my great great grandmother and I am trying to find out any information about her parents or ancestors. She had a daughter names Molly Doshier and Molly had a daughter named Cecil Mary Doshier Colvin. Cecil was my grandmother. I have no information other than that and would love some help with additional information! Anyone have any?

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on May 6

there are no dates or locations or spouses in your post. doshier is probably the married name. married names are not clearly identified. when you are talking about females, they have maiden names for about the first 20 years and then married names after that.

often, you can begin with the death and work backwards in time.

United States Obituary Collection about Cecil Mary Colvin
Name of Deceased: Cecil Mary Colvin
Gender: F (Female)
Age at Death: 90
Death Date: 23 Feb 2011
Obituary Date: 1 Mar 2011
Newspaper Title: Canon City Daily Record
Newspaper Location: Canon City, CO, USA
Birth Date: 30 Jul 1920
Birth Place: USA
Spouse’s Name: A. L. Colvin (Bus) Colvin
Parents’ Names: John McCasland and Molly Doshier McCasland
Childrens’ Names: Judy Mount Russell
Siblings’ Names: Jerry McCasland (Caon City); Will McCasland
Number of Grandchildren: 16
Number of Great-grandchildren: 23

Cecil Mary Colvin Cecil Mary Colvin passed from this world on Feb. 23, 2011, at 92 years of age. She was born on July 30, 1920, to John McCasland and Molly Doshier McCasland at Hartshorne, Okla., in the Choctaw Nation. Her family later moved to Artesia, N.M., where she grew up on a dryland, cotton farm during the Great Depression. Along with six other siblings, she learned a strong work ethic and the meaning of personal sacrifice.
In 1938 she married A. L. Colvin (Bus) Colvin in Las Animas. They lived in New Mexico for 12 years, but moved to Caon City in 1950 where their three boys grew up and graduated from Caon City High School.

In Caon City, Cecil worked for Oxfords Grocery Market, Fremont County Bank and as a dental assistant for Dr. Howe. She was passionately devoted to her family and to the concept of helping others. She also was an avid gardener.

She is survived by her sons Gary Colvin (Caon City), Dan Colvin (Aurora), her daughter, Judy Mount Russell (Phoenix, Ariz.), one brother, Will McCasland (Eunice, N.M.), one sister-in-law, Jerry McCasland (Caon City), 16 grandchildren, 23 great-grandchildren, and two great-great-grandchildren. A third son, Billy Colvin, is deceased.

Cecil was an active Christian and attended the Franklin Avenue Church of Christ for 60 years.

Memorial services will be held at 11 a.m., Wednesday, March 2, 2011, at the Church of Christ, 1718 Franklin Avenue, Caon City. In lieu of flowers, contributions may be made to the Franklin Avenue Church of Christ or to Fremont County Hospice.

We believe that Jesus died and rose again and so we believe that God will bring with Jesus those who have fallen asleep in him (1 Thessalonians 4:14).

1930 United States Federal Census about Cecil Mccasland
Name: Cecil Mccasland
[Cecil McCarland]
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1920
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Race: White
Home in 1930: Artesia, Eddy, New Mexico
Map of Home: View Map
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Father’s Name: John M Mccasland
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s name: Mollie Mccasland
Mother’s Birthplace: Oklahoma
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
John M Mccasland 40
Mollie Mccasland 36
Vernace Mccasland 12
Vernice Mccasland 12
Cecil Mccasland 10
William Mccasland 9
Dellas Mccasland 6
John Mccasland 4
[4 7/12]
Burton Mccasland 2
[2 6/12]

Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Artesia, Eddy, New Mexico; Roll: 1395; Page: 18A; Enumeration District: 0009; Image: 233.0; FHL microfilm: 2341130.

1920 United States Federal Census about Cecil Mccasland
Name: Cecil Mccasland
[User-submitted-comment]
Age: 0
Birth Year: abt 1920
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1920: Stonewall, Pontotoc, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: John M Mccasland
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s name: Mollie Mccasland
Mother’s Birthplace: Oklahoma
Able to Read: No
Able to Write: No
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
John M Mccasland 29
Mollie Mccasland 25
Vernace Mccasland 2
[2 0/12]
Verneice Mccasland 2
[2 6/12]
Cecil Mccasland 0
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Stonewall, Pontotoc, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1480; Page: 6A; Enumeration District: 191; Image: 360.

1920 United States Federal Census about Mollie Mccasland
Name: Mollie Mccasland
[Mallie Mccasland]
[User-submitted-comment]
Age: 25
Birth Year: abt 1895
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1920: Stonewall, Pontotoc, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: John M Mccasland
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Able to Read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes

1910 United States Federal Census about Molley Dashier
Name: Molley Dashier
[Malley Doshier]
Age in 1910: 16
Birth Year: abt 1894
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1910: Higgins, Latimer, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: William Doshier
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s name: Susian Dashier
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Doshier 54
64
Susian Dashier 48
John Dashier 27
Ritchard Dashier 24
Jess Dashier 22
Martha Dashier 20
Charley Dashier 18
Molley Dashier 16
Dona Dashier 14
Elmer Dashier 9
Harvey Dashier 7
Ritchard Dashier 102
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Higgins, Latimer, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1257; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 0135; FHL microfilm: 1375270.

they rent a farm so they didn’t receive an allotment upon successful enrollment in one of the five major tribes.

i don’t see that they applied for enrollment in one of the five major tribes. there are 63 tribes in oklahoma and location is an important factor in tribal enrollment because natives had to agree to live under the authority of the tribe.

susan says her parents were b. MS. she might be mississippi choctaw, a separate tribe.

1910 United States Federal Census about Susian Dashier
Name: Susian Dashier
[Susian Doshier]
Age in 1910: 48
Birth Year: abt 1862
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1910: Higgins, Latimer, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: William Doshier
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi

her family may have made a late migration, after the trail of tears in the late 1830s. or her family may have been philosophically opposed to enrollment in a tribe. some candidates for office ran on platforms opposing the enrollment process. it is also possible that they could not have submitted appropriate evidence because they lived off-reservation for many years.

1900 United States Federal Census about Susie Doshier
Name: Susie Doshier
Age: 30
Birth Date: abt 1870
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1900: Township 5 and 6, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s Name: Billie Doshier
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Billie Doshier 43
Susie Doshier 30
Johnie Doshier 16
Richard Doshier 13
Jessie Doshier 11
Jennie Doshier 9
Charley Doshier 8
Mollie Doshier 6
Donie Doshier 4
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 5 and 6, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: 1851; Enumeration District: 0090; FHL microfilm: 1241851.

findagrave.com memorial for Mary Susan Lowe Doshier
Birth: May 15, 1860
Death: Oct. 1, 1940

Funeral records show she was widowed and died at home in Reyole of acute myocardial deletation. Her father is listed as Green Lowe.
_____________

She married William Doshier and some of their children were John, Richard, Jessie Lee, Charley, Elmer, and Harvey.

Family links:
Spouse:
William M Doshier (1857 – 1926)*

Children: John Doshier (1883 – 1945)* Jessie Lee Doshier (1888 – 1941)* Dona M Doshier Durbin (1896 – 1982)* William Elmer Doshier (1900 – 1976)* Harvey Doshier (1903 – 1978)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Damon Cemetery
Wilburton
Latimer County
Oklahoma, USA

Created by: MillieBelle
Record added: Jun 20, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 20001201

she would have submitted an application to social security 1/1/1937 and would have had to give a birth document to show proof of age. often this was a delayed birth certificate from state vital records.

1880 United States Federal Census about Green Low
Name: Green Low
[Green Lowe]
Age: 45
Birth Year: abt 1835
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1880: Tomlinson, Scott, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Mary Low
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Farmer
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and Dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Green Low 45
Mary Low 33
Laura Low 11
Sintha Low 10
Robert Low 8
Isac Low 2m
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Tomlinson, Scott, Arkansas; Roll: 56; Family History Film: 1254056; Page: 339C; Enumeration District: 168; Image: 0362.

Fort Smith, Arkansas, Criminal Case Files, 1866-1900 about Green Lowe
Name: Green Lowe
[George Lowe]
Court Date: 1 Oct 1877
Charge: Larceny
Jacket Number: 120
Record Type: Defendant Jacket
Defendant Jacket Files for U.S. District Court Western Division of Arkansas, Fort Smith Division, 1866 – 1900. Records of District Courts of the United States, 1685 – 2004, ARC ID: 201532. Record Group Number 21. The National Archives at Fort Worth. Fort Worth, Texas, U.S.A.

green’s first name might be jeptha.

1880 United States Federal Census about Mary Low
Name: Mary Low
[Mary Lowe]
Age: 33
Birth Year: abt 1847
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1880: Tomlinson, Scott, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Green Low
Father’s Birthplace: Alabama
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Keeping House

the parents’ birthplaces may indicate a different tribe, if mary was native. maybe the MOWA, creek or another tribe. location is an important factor in tribal affiliation, so you would have to trace the family back to the early 1800s to find where the family lived, the family members, location.

Arkansas, County Marriages Index, 1837-1957 about Jeptha G Low
Name: Jeptha G Low
Gender: Male
Age: 33
Birth Year: abt 1835
Spouse’s Name: Mary Or Nancy E Harris
Spouse’s Gender: Female
Spouse’s Age: 21
Marriage Date: 21 Jan 1868
Marriage County: Yell
Event Type: Marriage
FHL Film Number: 1026492

1870 United States Federal Census about Green Lowe
Name: Green Lowe
Age in 1870: 24
Birth Year: abt 1846
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1870: Tumbleston, Scott, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Post Office: Black Jack
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Green Lowe 24
Cintha Lowe 20
Hannah Lowe 1
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Tumbleston, Scott, Arkansas; Roll: M593_63; Page: 646B; Image: 458; Family History Library Film: 545562.

1900 United States Federal Census about Jeptha G Low
Name: Jeptha G Low
Age: 65
Birth Date: Oct 1834
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1900: Barber, Scott, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Mary E Low
Marriage Year: 1865
Years Married: 35
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Jeptha G Low 65
Mary E Low 54
Alexander French 15
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Barber, Scott, Arkansas; Roll: 75; Page: 17B; Enumeration District: 0106; FHL microfilm: 1240075.

this household was not living in oklahoma by 1900, so they probably did not apply for enrollment in a tribe in oklahoma.

http://userdb.rootsweb.ancestry.com/nativeamerican/
and i don’t see the family names.

1860 United States Federal Census about Green Low
Name: Green Low
Age in 1860: 26
Birth Year: abt 1834
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1860: Tumlinson, Scott, Arkansas
Gender: Male
Post Office: Tumlinsonville
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Green Low 26
Louise Low 27
Sarah Low 6
I M Low 4
M V Low 2
I M Low 3/12
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Tumlinson, Scott, Arkansas; Roll: M653_50; Page: 790; Image: 240; Family History Library Film: 803050.

you should start with the death and try to go backward in time. i don’t know whether these records pertain to your family.

1860 United States Federal Census about Martha A Cross
Name: Martha A Cross
Age in 1860: 35
Birth Year: abt 1825
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1860: Missouri, Ouachita, Arkansas
Gender: Female
Post Office: Lone Grove
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Harry C Cross 40
Martha A Cross 35
Mary Cross 13
Martha P Cross 11
Lucretia M Cross 9
Zerelda E Cross 5
Benj C Cross 2
L Howard 23
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Missouri, Ouachita, Arkansas; Roll: M653_47; Page: 31; Image: 33; Family History Library Film: 803047.

you have to resolve the records. i see that there is a marriage record with a nancy e. harris. is this the same person as mary cross? i don’t know. you would have to collect records.

findagrave.com and interment.net have some cemetery information. if you find a memorial page, contact the cemetery to see if there is more information.

obituaries through interlibrary loan/your public library. state historical societies and state archives often have historical newspapers.

state vital records, state archives, and county clerks can often find a vital record.

i notice that the head of the cross family had a military pension record. these applications were often prepared by attorneys and contain much genealogical information.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1940 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records. the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period. federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2) ancestry.com.

there is a difference between tribal heritage and tribal enrollment.

find your relative in the 1900-1940 census. this will give you locations, family members, dates that you will need for looking on the dawes roll, taken 1896-1906 in the state of oklahoma/indian territory. the dawes roll lists applicants to the five major tribes of oklahoma. use the accessgenealogy website to do this or ancestrypaths:
http://userdb.rootsweb.ancestry.com/nativeamerican/
get family group/card#, members of the family:
partial surnames ok. just enter the surname.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/final-rolls.htm
partial names might not be found on this website.

find a possible name, click on the # in the card# column and this will show you the family group as of application. use the 1900 and 1910 census to match the names. write down the names, card#.

if you don’t find your family, then look at the 1900-1940 census locations for your family, look for nearby tribes. contact the nearby tribes to see if your family had enrolled. find out membership criteria for that tribe. there are tribes in other locations and other choctaw tribes. location is an important factor over whether a native enrolled in a tribe. you won’t find that an original enrollee enrolled in the choctaw tribe in oklahoma if they were living in another state, for instance. if your family was renting in 1910, for instance, they had not received a land grant from one of the five major tribes in oklahoma and were probably not enrolled. there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes are on the dawes roll.

many natives did not want to live under tribal authority or didn’t qualify for enrollment or could not submit satisfactory evidence to a tribe. this is very common. it means that your family is not enrolled in a tribe.

there were a few natives that were enrolled by tribal council approval or lawsuit. i don’t have any way to tell you whether someone was enrolled because of this. you would have to contact the tribe for this information. however, some people have posted this answer and you might be able to use google on your family names and see this.

supposing you find your family in the dawes roll, then look at the oklahoma historical society dawes website and put in the name of someone in that family group that you found on accessgenealogy. this will give you the enrollment # if the enrollment was successful. write down the enrollment #s for your family.

if you found your family on the dawes roll, you might want a copy of the dawes packet. four sources for this:

1) once you have the card#, search here for documents. the website is free at this time:
http://www.ancestrypaths.com/five-civilized-tribes/
arranged by card#. use the slider bar at the bottom to approximate your card#. the packets are arranged in order of card#. usually the beginning document references the card#.

there may be more than one card# for a particular person, depending on whether they were a parent at the time of enrollment.

sometimes a family’s consideration also depends on an earlier decision in their family. so you may have more than one card# to look up.

2) fold3.com is an online subscription resource and one month’s subscription is less than the price of a dawes packet at NARA or oklahoma historical society.

3) NARA http://www.archives.gov fort worth, TX office
4) oklahoma historical society http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

a dawes packet contains census card, enrollment application, supporting documents and maybe testimony. even if your family was not enrolled, the genealogical information might be of interest to you.

the enrolled members are referred to as original enrollees. if your family had enrolled by blood then you are eligible to enroll in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. all tribes have membership criteria. if your family had been enrolled as freedman, then they were enrolled as former slaves and their descendants were not eligible to enroll in the tribe.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA http://www.archives.gov try the fort worth, TX office.

requirements for enrollment for several oklahoma tribes:
http://thorpe.ou.edu/OILS/blood.html
What are tribal membership requirements?

Tribal enrollment criteria are set forth in tribal constitutions, articles of incorporation or ordinances. The criterion varies from tribe to tribe, so uniform membership requirements do not exist.

Two common requirements for membership are lineal decendency from someone named on the tribe’s base roll or relationship to a tribal member who descended from someone named on the base roll. (A “base roll” is the original list of members as designated in a tribal constitution or other document specifying enrollment criteria.) Other conditions such as tribal blood quantum, tribal residency, or continued contact with the tribe are common.

http://www.narf.org/nill/resources/enrollment.htm

enrollment is a two step process. first you have to get your CDIB card from the BIA to show your degree of blood/eligibility to enroll in a particular tribe, and then you have to apply to the tribe for acceptance, if you meet their membership requirements.

Tribal Government personnel, usually an Enrollment Clerk, located at a regional or agency office processes applications for Certificates of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) and Indian Preference in Employment, BIA Form 4432, to anyone who can provide documentation that he or she descends from an American Indian tribe.
http://www.bia.gov/WhatWeDo/ServiceOverview/TribalGov/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_recognition_in_the_United_States
this article has many resources.
however i find the paragraph on “Recognition for individuals” to be somewhat insensitive.

i think someone should rewrite that paragraph.

What are the most typical requirements for membership?
Each tribe has a base roll which was established, usually, in the early 20th century, listing the members of the tribe at that time. Your first challenge will be to prove direct lineal descent from someone listed on that base roll. Then
you must prove that you have the required level of blood quantum – the percentage of your genetic make-up that is native by bloodline. Most tribes require a 1/4 blood quantum – that is, you must be at least one-fourth Native
American – but note that the Eastern Band of the Cherokees requires that you be only 1/16 or higher to join, and the Cherokee Nation and Choctaw tribe have no minimum quantum restriction, so long as you can prove descent. There may be other conditions for membership as well: requirements for tribal residency or continued contact with the tribe are common.
http://freedomcenter.org/_media/pdf/genealogy/16.%20Native%20American%20-%20Tribal%20Membership.pdf

choctaw enrollment, forms, FAQs
http://www.choctawnation.com/services/departments/enrollment-cdib-and-tribal-membership/

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/final-rolls.htm

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw-indian-research.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indian-census-records.htm
there is an 1860 and 1885 census in the indian territory

accessgenealogy’s collection of information: if you are from another tribe, use the links at the right.
if you are from an associated tribe, see the several possible links on the webpage.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment. some mississippi choctaw were accepted by adoption or lawsuit.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants on the dawes roll can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family. other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://gateway.okhistory.org/
this has a search but you may have to read the whole edition of a newspaper to find your search match.
the search term will be highlighted. the newspapers (location and years) are limited, so you might want to search for the location and look at years available.

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
http://www.odl.state.ok.us/oar/
http://www.okhistory.org/
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public library/interlibrary loan program might also have access to newspapers and local history books.

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.

http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

http://www.okhistory.org/publications/chronicles

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this will give you locations, family members. your local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.com and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.mowa-choctaw.com/

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

tribes in other locations:
http://www.ncsl.org/issues-research/tribal/list-of-federal-and-state-recognized-tribes.aspx

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it. you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw were not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

you may want to make a heritage book.
http://www.photobookgirl.com/blog/make-your-own-family-heritage-and-genealogy-photo-book/

good family tree software:
http://www.techshout.com/features/2013/22/best-free-genealogy-software/
i use legacy. the free basic edition is great for the beginning and helps you organize.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Rhonda Bordine Rhonda Bordine

posted on May 6

Thank you so much! I don’t really know how to do this. As I only have my my grandmother’s name, her parents names and her grandparent’s names. It stops after that! My grandmother was so ashamed of being a native that she did not admit to it until she was near death. I wish I could have gotten more info from her but she was unwilling to share about her heritage. Makes me so sad. I want my children to know where they came from and to know what their ancestors went through to get where we are today. I am just starting on this but am excited to move forward! Thanks so much again for your help!

Rhonda Bordine