Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Turnbull line from Kemp, Oklahoma

Traci Barger Traci Barger

posted on November 17, 2010

I’m researching my family line and am most interested in the Turnbull’s of Kemp, Oklahoma. What I know from my grandfather is that my great great Grandmother Mary Turnbull Caraway registered as only 1/4 Chickasaw which she did have as her mother was 1/2 Chickasaw, but her father (Sam Turnbull) was apparently full blooded Choctaw. From what I understand, she didn’t like being Native American and when she registered she only registered for the Chickasaw part. Thus my great grandmother is registered as 1/8 Chickasaw and my grandfather says he is registered as 1/32 Chickasaw. What I want to know is how can I trace my lineage back and prove the Choctaw part and fix the registration. I want to register, but I want to register correctly. Is this possible?

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on November 17, 2010

i don’t know anything about whether you can enroll in two tribes.

as far as your great grandmother, her family might have made the decision for her.

i am assuming that her maiden name was mary turnbull and her married name was mary caraway. no dates, no children listed, no spouse. father named sam turnbull.


1895 – 1907

COPYRIGHT 27 APR 1992 Mary Kinard


BOOKS ROLL # A APR 1895©MAR 1896 # 469 B MAR 1896©MAR 1897 # 469 & 470 C MAR 1897©DEC 1898 # 470 D DEC 1898©JUN 1900 # 471 E JUN 1900©SEP 1901 # 471 F SEP 1901©NOV 1902 # 472 G NOV 1902©DEC 1903 # 472 & 473 H DEC 1903©JAN 1905 # 473 I NOV 1905©DEC 1905 # 474 J DEC 1905©DEC 1906 # 474 K 1907



To order copy of license send to:

Carter County Court Clerk
P.O. Box 37
Ardmore, OK 73402
phone 580-223-5253

page 191 of this book, under the section chickasaws by blood:

The final rolls of citizens and freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in …
By United States. Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes

1900 United States Federal Census
about Mary Turnbull
Name: Mary Turnbull
Home in 1900: Township 8, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory
Age: 15
Birthplace: Indian Territory, Oklahoma
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Female
Relationship to Head of House: Sister
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Delbert Turnbull 28
Ida M Turnbull 26
Albert Turnbull 7
Ora M Turnbull 4
Cecil R Turnbull 2
Dally M Turnbull 8/12
Mary Turnbull 15
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 8, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1847; Enumeration District: 129.

the location was township 8 south, range 9 east
mary was at school, sister to delbert.
mary and delbert were b. IT (indian territory) and their parents were also b. IT.
delbert b. dec. 1872
mary b. april 1885
i am not sure where you got your information that “sam was apparently a full blooded choctaw”.

delbert and mary say they were 1/2 chickasaw from both sides of their family.
however, the dawes entry indicates that they were only registered as 1/8 chickasaw. this indicates that there might have been a problem proving some of the lineage.

1910 United States Federal Census
about Mary Carraway
Name: Mary Carraway
Age in 1910: 24
Estimated birth year: abt 1886
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Father’s Birth Place: Oklahoma
Mother’s Birth Place: Oklahoma
Spouse’s name: Edward J Carraway
Home in 1910: Township 6, Bryan, Oklahoma
Marital Status: Married
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Female
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Edward J Carraway 36
Mary Carraway 24
Alorza C Carraway 8
Ida B Carraway 5
Coy E Carraway 2
Jewel Carraway 3/12
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Township 6, Bryan, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1244; Page: 17B; Enumeration District: 24; Image: 228.

you can correct the ancestry name index so that others can find your family.

1920 United States Federal Census
about Mary Caraway
Name: Mary Caraway
[Mary Conway]
Home in 1920: Kemp, Bryan, Oklahoma
Age: 35
Estimated birth year: abt 1885
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s name: Edward J Caraway
Father’s Birth Place: Oklahoma
Mother’s Birth Place: Oklahoma
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Sex: Female
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Edward J Caraway 46
Mary Caraway 35
Earl E Caraway 17
Ida R Caraway 15
Coy E Caraway 12
Jewel Caraway 9
Ruel B Caraway 6
Burnie R Caraway 4
[4 9/12]
Lillian Y Caraway 2
[2 4/12]
John B Caraway 74
Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Kemp, Bryan, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1454; Page: 2A; Enumeration District: 25; Image: 433.

john is listed as a widowed father of edward.

1930 United States Federal Census
about Coy Caraway
Name: Coy Caraway
Home in 1930: Claudell, Roosevelt, New Mexico
View Map
Age: 22
Estimated birth year: abt 1908
Relation to Head of House: Son
Father’s name: Edward J Caraway
Mother’s name: Mary Caraway
Race: White


Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Edward J Caraway 57
Mary Caraway 48
Earl Caraway 28
Coy Caraway 22
Bernard Caraway 17
Reginald Caraway 15
Wenona Caraway 12
Thomas Caraway 9
Wayne Caraway 5
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Claudell, Roosevelt, New Mexico; Roll: 1397; Page: 1B; Enumeration District: 24; Image: 471.0.

edward is a farmer,, rents the farm. he’s born in TN, parents b. MS. so he might be a mississippi choctaw, just looking at the locations. but mississippi choctaw were usually not enrolled in the choctaw tribe.

all children b. OK.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto