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English Lafayette Yates born 1827

Bonnie Greco Bonnie Greco

posted on March 10

Searching for information on English Lafayette Yates born 1827 in Tenn. but was farming in Kiamichi County around 1868.
Bonnie

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 10

1870 United States Federal Census about English L Gates
Name: English L Gates
[English L Yates]
[English Lafayette Yates]
Age in 1870: 44
Birth Year: abt 1826
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1870: Horsehead, Johnson, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Post Office: Clarksville
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
English L Gates 44
Sarah J Gates 38
William N Gates 18
Wesley H Gates 15
Thomas L Gates 9
Henry R G Gates 7
English W Gates 3
Sarah E J Gates 1
Eliza A Morris 16
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Horsehead, Johnson, Arkansas; Roll: M593_57; Page: 31A; Image: 67; Family History Library Film: 545556.

this is a federal census record indicating that he is not living on a reservation at this time. natives living on reservations are in native census records and not enumerated on federal census records.

findagrave.com memorial page
English Lafayette Yates
Birth: Jan. 26, 1827
Warren County
Tennessee, USA
Death: Jun. 26, 1887
Hunt (Johnson County)
Johnson County
Arkansas, USA

English Lafayette Yates was born January 26, 1827 in Warren Co., TN, and died June 26, 1887 in Hunt, Johnson, AR. He married Sarah Jane Morris November 11, 1847 in Hunt, Johnson, AR, daughter of James Morris and Unknown.
English Yates was a full blood Choctaw Indian or 1/2 Chickamaugan Cherokee.

Private Yates fought in the Mexican American War, June 30, 1846 til June 20, 1847. He is listed on the Muster Roll of Capt. George Washington Patrick’s Company C. Yells’ Regiment, Enrolled at Washington, AR, June 30, 1846. This company mustered at San Antonio, TX. on Aug. 31, 1846; Patos, Mexico on Dec. 31, 1846; at Aqua Nueva, Mexico on Feb. 28, 1847; at Camargo, Mexico on June 20, 1847. The Sergeant was John D. Adams and the Corporal was William Adams. Capt. Patrick’s company was Mounted reg’t., Arkansas Infantry.

English and Sarah had the following children:
JAMES JASPER YATES, b. August 16, 1849, Hunt, Johnson, AR; d. November 22, 1898, Snow, Pushmataha, Indian Territory, OK.
WILLIAM NEWTON YATES, b. January 31, 1852, Hunt, Johnson, AR; d. July 13, 1939, Lone Star, Johnson, AR.
WESLEY HARTSELL YATES, b. January 19, 1855, Johnson Co., AR; d. December 20, 1917, Oark, Johnson, AR.
WALTER RILEY YATES, b. Abt. 1858; d. Bet. 1868 – 1870.
THOMAS L YATES, b. November 17, 1860, Hopkins Co, TX; d. May 01, 1931, O’Brien, Haskell, TX.
HENRY RUSSELL GREEN YATES, b. April 05, 1863, AR; d. November 27, 1889, Johnson Co., AR (may have died: 9/11/1889).
ENGLISH WALKER YATES, b. September 14, 1866, Franklin Co., AR; d. October 26, 1937, Comanche, Stephens, OK.
SARAH ELIZABETH JANE YATES, b. 1869, Johnson Co., AR; d. March 04, 1891, Johnson Co., AR.
MARTHA A JANE YATES, b. September 18, 1871, Hunt, Johnson, AR; d. February 06, 1907, Haskell Co., TX.
MARY YATES, b. January 1874, Hunt, Johnson, AR.

Burial:
Liberty Hill Cemetery
Hunt (Johnson County)
Johnson County
Arkansas, USA

Created by: Rachael Provost
Record added: May 26, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 37543515

Family links:
Spouse:
Sarah Jane Morris Yates (1832 – 1891)*

Children: James Jasper Yates (1849 – 1898)* William Newton Yates (1852 – 1939)* Wesley Hartsell Yates (1855 – 1917)* Henry Russell Green Yates (1863 – 1889)* Mary Marh Yates Jones (1873 – 1936)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Liberty Hill Cemetery
Hunt (Johnson County)
Johnson County
Arkansas, USA

Created by: Michael Kruse
Record added: Jun 09, 2006
Find A Grave Memorial# 14548252

i would say he is more likely to be cherokee or another tribe because this is fairly far away from the choctaw reservations in MS and AL.

his location 1830-1880 might help you figure out whether he was living near other natives.

1860 United States Federal Census about E L Yates
Name: E L Yates
Age in 1860: 34
Birth Year: abt 1826
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1860: Tumlinson, Scott, Arkansas
Gender: Male
Post Office: Tumlinsonville
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
E L Yates 34
Sarah Yates 25
I L Yates 10
W W Yates 8
W H Yates 6
R W Yates 2
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Tumlinson, Scott, Arkansas; Roll: M653_50; Page: 790; Image: 240; Family History Library Film: 803050.

U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 about Lafayette Yates
Name: Lafayette Yates
Side: Confederate
Regiment State/Origin: Arkansas
Regiment Name: 18 Arkansas Infantry
Regiment Name Expanded: 18th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry
Company: B
Rank In: Private
Rank In Expanded: Private
Rank Out: Corporal
Rank Out Expanded: Corporal
Film Number: M376 roll 26
this is a record at NARA http://www.archives.gov
http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm
this is useful because sometimes the unit history is available.

1880 United States Federal Census about la Fayette Yates
Name: la Fayette Yates
Age: 50
Birth Year: abt 1830
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1880: Grant, Johnson, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Sarah Jane Yates
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Farmer
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and Dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
la Fayette Yates 50
Sarah Jane Yates 49
Thomas L. Yates 17
Walker Yates 13
Sarah E. Yates 11
Martha Yates 9
Mary Yates 6

Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Grant, Johnson, Arkansas; Roll: 48; Family History Film: 1254048; Page: 337A; Enumeration District: 093; Image: 0677.

since he had passed away before the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. however, maybe one of his children had applied and he might be listed as a parent.

U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 about English Lafayette Yates
Name: English Lafayette Yates
Gender: Male
Birth Place: TN
Birth Year: 1827
Spouse Name: Sarah Jane Morris
Spouse
Birth Place: AR
Spouse Birth Year: 1832
Marriage
Year: 1847
Marriage State: AR
Number Pages: 1

so you should look to see if one of his children applied for enrollment in a tribe in oklahoma, where his children lived 1900-1940. since natives had to agree to live under the authority of the tribe, they might be living near a tribe in that time period. tribes were enrolling 1896-1940 time period.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/applications1896
the index of 1896 applications. these are at NARA.

since english lafayette yates was not alive at this time, he wouldn’t have applied himself. so this 1896 record might be of a different person.

1900 United States Federal Census about Thomas L Yates
Name: Thomas L Yates
Age: 34
Birth Date: Sep 1860
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1900: Stonewall, Johnson, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Polly A Yates
Marriage Year: 1885
Years Married: 15
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Thomas L Yates 34
Polly A Yates 36
Orville Yates 13
Ardena Yates 11
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Stonewall, Johnson, Arkansas; Roll: 64; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 0041; FHL microfilm: 1240064.

Arkansas, County Marriages Index, 1837-1957 about T ? Yates
Name: T ? Yates
Gender: Male
Age: 25
Birth Year: abt 1860
Residence: Hunt, Johnson, Arkansas
Spouse’s Name: P A Qualls
Spouse’s Gender: Female
Spouse’s Age: 22
Spouse’s Residence: Hunt, Johnson, Arkansas
Marriage Date: 12 Nov 1885
Marriage License Date: 12 Nov 1885
Marriage County: Johnson
Event Type: Marriage
FHL Film Number: 1027106

1910 United States Federal Census about Thomas L Yates
Name: Thomas L Yates
Age in 1910: 49
Birth Year: abt 1861
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1910: Justice Precinct 5, Haskell, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Polly Yates
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Thomas L Yates 49
Polly Yates 47
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Justice Precinct 5, Haskell, Texas; Roll: T624_1562; Page: 14A; Enumeration District: 0116; FHL microfilm: 1375575.

this person would probably not have applied to a tribe in oklahoma since he didn’t seem to live there.

i don’t know which of his children were your direct ancestor.

1900 United States Federal Census about English W Yates
Name: English W Yates
Age: 33
Birth Date: Sep 1866
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1900: Coal Hill, Johnson, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Mary Yates
Marriage Year: 1891
Years Married: 9
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
English W Yates 33
Mary Yates 23
Lilly Yates 12
Pearl Yates 11
Myrtle Yates 6
Apner Yates 2
Cela Yates 1
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Coal Hill, Johnson, Arkansas; Roll: 64; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 0034; FHL microfilm: 1240064.

natives that lived off-reservation would have had difficulty submitting proof of tribal lineage when they applied for enrollment. this was commonly known at the time.

.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 about Sarah E Yates
Name: Sarah E Yates
Gender: Female
Birth Place: AR
Birth Year: 1869
Spouse Name: W R Hunt
Marriage
Year: 1886
Marriage State: AR
Number Pages: 1

1920 United States Federal Census about Sarah Hunt
Name: Sarah Hunt
Age: 48
Birth Year: abt 1872
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1920: Hunt, Scott, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Wiseman Hunt
Father’s Birthplace: Alabama
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Able to Read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Wiseman Hunt 50
Sarah Hunt 48
Willie Hunt 19
Wamlee Hunt 16
Pat Hunt 13
Alva Hunt 7
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Hunt, Scott, Arkansas; Roll: T625_81; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 120; Image: 181.

Arkansas, County Marriages Index, 1837-1957 about Martha A Yates
Name: Martha A Yates
Gender: Female
Age: 17
Birth Year: abt 1872
Residence: Hunt, Johnson, Arkansas
Spouse’s Name: W N Qualls
Spouse’s Gender: Male
Spouse’s Age: 20
Spouse’s Residence: Coal Hill, H, Arkansas
Marriage Date: 22 Aug 1889
Marriage License Date: 22 Aug 1889
Marriage County: Arkansas
Event Type: Marriage
FHL Film Number: 1027106

no martha qualls on the dawes roll either.

findagrave about mary yates:
Mary Marh Yates Jones
Birth: 1873
Death: 1936

Wife of Charles Edward Jones. Daughter of English Lafayette and Sarah Jane (Morris) Yates.

Family links:
Parents:
English Lafayette Yates (1827 – 1887)
Sarah Jane Morris Yates (1832 – 1891)

Spouse: Charles Edward Jones (1860 – 1944)

Burial:
Liberty Hill Cemetery
Hunt (Johnson County)
Johnson County
Arkansas, USA

Created by: Michael Kruse
Record added: Jun 08, 2006
Find A Grave Memorial# 14544465

i’m sorry that there is this mystery for you. my advice would be to trace english lafayette yates back to the TN area and then look to see if there were nearby tribes.

http://500nations.com/Tennessee_Tribes.asp
http://www.native-languages.org/tennessee.htm

map here

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1940 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2) ancestry.com.

there is a difference between tribal heritage and tribal enrollment.

find your relative in the 1900-1940 census. this will give you locations, family members, dates that you will need for looking on the dawes roll, taken 1896-1906 in the state of oklahoma/indian territory. the dawes roll lists applicants to the five major tribes of oklahoma.
use the accessgenealogy website to do this or ancestrypaths:
http://userdb.rootsweb.ancestry.com/nativeamerican/
get family group/card#, members of the family:

more info gives you the family group on the card#
partial surnames ok. just enter the surname.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/final-rolls.htm
partial names might not be found on this website.

find a possible name, click on the # in the card# column and this will show you the family group as of application. use the 1900 and 1910 census to match the names. write down the names, card#.

if you don’t find your family, then look at the 1900-1940 census locations for your family, look for nearby tribes. contact the nearby tribes to see if your family had enrolled. find out membership criteria for that tribe. there are tribes in other locations and other choctaw tribes. location is an important factor over whether a native enrolled in a tribe. you won’t find that an original enrollee enrolled in the choctaw tribe in oklahoma if they were living in another state, for instance. if your family was renting in 1910, for instance, they had not received a land grant from one of the five major tribes in oklahoma and were probably not enrolled. there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes are on the dawes roll.

many natives did not want to live under tribal authority or didn’t qualify for enrollment or could not submit satisfactory evidence to a tribe. this is very common. it means that your family is not enrolled in a tribe.

there were a few natives that were enrolled by tribal council approval or lawsuit. i don’t have any way to tell you whether someone was enrolled because of this. you would have to contact the tribe for this information. however, some people have posted this answer and you might be able to use google on your family names and see this.

supposing you find your family in the dawes roll, then look at the oklahoma historical society dawes website and put in the name of someone in that family group that you found on accessgenealogy. this will give you the enrollment # if the enrollment was successful. write down the enrollment #s for your family.

if you found your family on the dawes roll, you might want a copy of the dawes packet. four sources for this:
you can try to find information about the family in the dawes packet.

1) once you have the card#, search here for documents. the website is free at this time:
http://www.ancestrypaths.com/five-civilized-tribes/
arranged by card#.
use the slider bar at the bottom to approximate your card#. the packets are arranged in order of card#. usually the beginning document references the card#.

there may be more than one card# for a particular person, depending on whether they were a parent at the time of enrollment.

sometimes a family’s consideration also depends on an earlier decision in their family. so you may have more than one card# to look up.

2) fold3.com is an online subscription resource and one month’s subscription is less than the price of a dawes packet at NARA or oklahoma historical society.
3) NARA http://www.archives.gov fort worth, TX office
4) oklahoma historical society http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

a dawes packet contains census card, enrollment application, supporting documents and maybe testimony. even if your family was not enrolled, the genealogical information might be of interest to you.

the enrolled members are referred to as original enrollees. if your family had enrolled by blood then you are eligible to enroll in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. all tribes have membership criteria. if your family had been enrolled as freedman, then they were enrolled as former slaves and their descendants were not eligible to enroll in the tribe.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
http://www.archives.gov
try the fort worth, TX office.

requirements for enrollment for several oklahoma tribes:
http://thorpe.ou.edu/OILS/blood.html
What are tribal membership requirements?

Tribal enrollment criteria are set forth in tribal constitutions, articles of incorporation or ordinances. The criterion varies from tribe to tribe, so uniform membership requirements do not exist.

Two common requirements for membership are lineal decendency from someone named on the tribe’s base roll or relationship to a tribal member who descended from someone named on the base roll. (A “base roll” is the original list of members as designated in a tribal constitution or other document specifying enrollment criteria.) Other conditions such as tribal blood quantum, tribal residency, or continued contact with the tribe are common.

http://www.narf.org/nill/resources/enrollment.htm

enrollment is a two step process. first you have to get your CDIB card from the BIA to show your degree of blood/eligibility to enroll in a particular tribe, and then you have to apply to the tribe for acceptance, if you meet their membership requirements.

Tribal Government personnel, usually an Enrollment Clerk, located at a regional or agency office processes applications for Certificates of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) and Indian Preference in Employment, BIA Form 4432, to anyone who can provide documentation that he or she descends from an American Indian tribe.
http://www.bia.gov/WhatWeDo/ServiceOverview/TribalGov/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_recognition_in_the_United_States
this article has many resources.
however i find the paragraph on “Recognition for individuals” to be somewhat insensitive.

i think someone should rewrite that paragraph.

What are the most typical requirements for membership?
Each tribe has a base roll which was established, usually, in the early 20th century, listing the members of the tribe
at that time. Your first challenge will be to prove direct lineal descent from someone listed on that base roll. Then
you must prove that you have the required level of blood quantum – the percentage of your genetic make-up that
is native by bloodline. Most tribes require a 1/4 blood quantum – that is, you must be at least one-fourth Native
American – but note that the Eastern Band of the Cherokees requires that you be only 1/16 or higher to join, and the Cherokee Nation has no minimum quantum restriction, so long as you can prove descent. There may be other conditions for membership as well: requirements for tribal residency or continued contact with the tribe are common.
http://freedomcenter.org/_media/pdf/genealogy/16.%20Native%20American%20-%20Tribal%20Membership.pdf

choctaw enrollment, forms, FAQs
http://www.choctawnation.com/services/departments/enrollment-cdib-and-tribal-membership/

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/final-rolls.htm

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw-indian-research.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indian-census-records.htm
ancestry.com also has the 1885 census records under US, indian census rolls 1885-1940.

access genealogy’s collection of information
if you are from another tribe, use the links at the right.
if you are from an associated tribe, see the several possible links on the webpage.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment. some mississippi choctaw were accepted by adoption or lawsuit.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants on the dawes roll can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
http://www.odl.state.ok.us/oar/
http://www.okhistory.org/
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public library/interlibrary loan program might also have access to newspapers and local history books.

http://www.archives.gov

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.

http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

http://www.okhistory.org/publications/chronicles

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this will give you locations, family members. your local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.com and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

tribes in other locations:
http://www.ncsl.org/issues-research/tribal/list-of-federal-and-state-recognized-tribes.aspx

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw were not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

you may want to make a heritage book.
http://www.photobookgirl.com/blog/make-your-own-family-heritage-and-genealogy-photo-book/

good family tree software:
http://www.techshout.com/features/2013/22/best-free-genealogy-software/
i use legacy. the free basic edition is great for the beginning and helps you organize.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Bonnie Greco Bonnie Greco

posted on May 30

Thank You so much for all the information. I appreciate your help. Bonnie