Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Working on getting CDIB cards and Membershp Cards

L. Bohanan L. Bohanan

posted on March 9

I am assisting a family to obtain their CDIB cards as well as their Choctaw Tribal Membership Cards. I have checked with the Genealogy Department and the names are not on the Dawes. The family states their father, maternal grandparents and great-grandparents are Choctaw. Please find the names listed and research for any information you may find. Father-Thomas Ray Williams DOB: 05-01-35, grandmother – Emma Lee Jewell DOB: 09/15/07 DOD: 06/10/37, great-grandfather – William Jewell DOB: 12/24/1875 DOD: 06/17/38,great-grandmother Rosie Wooten now Jewell DOB: 02/22/1871 DOD: 01/31/1965, great-great grandfather William Jewell DOB: 1852 DOD: unknown, great-great grandmother Elizabeth Harp now Jewell DOB and DOB are unknown. Any information you may find will be greatly appreciated.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 10

this is the generation that was alive at the time that the dawes roll was taken:
great-grandfather – William Jewell DOB: 12/24/1875 DOD: 06/17/38,great-grandmother Rosie Wooten now Jewell DOB: 02/22/1871 DOD: 01/31/1965,

tribal heritage and tribal enrollment are two different topics. some people were not enrolled. maybe they lived off-reservation. maybe they were opposed to enrollment. maybe they did not have the evidence to show that they were choctaw. i don’t know.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma and contains the names of applicants to the five major tribes in oklahoma. there are 63 tribes in oklahoma.

there were requirements for membership in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma.

1910 United States Federal Census about Emma Jewell
Name: Emma Jewell
Age in 1910: 2
Birth Year: abt 1908
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1910: Canadian, Pittsburg, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: William Jewell
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s name: Kasar Jewell
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Jewell 33
Kasar Jewell 35
Huse Jewell 12
Bengerman Jewell 10
Edward Jewell 6
Nassie Jewell 4
Emma Jewell 2
Jasper Jewell 0
[7/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Canadian, Pittsburg, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1269; Page: 15B; Enumeration District: 0215; FHL microfilm: 1375282.

william jewell is renting a farm. this indicates that he did not receive an allotment upon successful enrollment in a tribe. the wife’s name does appear to be rosie. this census index is from ancestry.com; you should correct the ancestry.com index so that others can find your family.

william was b. TX and his parents were b. MO. rosie was b. AR and parents b. AR.

texas was not on the trail of tears in the late 1830s.

the handwriting of the census enumerator is an issue on this page.

1920 United States Federal Census about Emma Jewel
Name: Emma Jewel
Age: 12
Birth Year: abt 1908
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1920: Blocker, Pittsburg, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Willie S Jewel
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s name: Rosa A Jewel
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Able to Read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Willie S Jewel 50
Rosa A Jewel 46
Horiston Jewel 23
Edd Jewel 16
Nora Jewel 15
Emma Jewel 12
Joe Jewel 10
John Jewel 7
Jack Jewel 4
[4 2/12]

Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Blocker, Pittsburg, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1484; Page: 2A; Enumeration District: 185; Image: 87.

1930 United States Federal Census about Emma Williams
Name: Emma Williams
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1908
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Race: White
Home in 1930: Smithville, Mccurtain, Oklahoma
Map of Home: View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s Name: Tom Williams
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Tom Williams 28
Emma Williams 22
Bertha Williams 3
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Smithville, Mccurtain, Oklahoma; Roll: 1913; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 0025; FHL microfilm: 2341647.

U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 about Huston Jewell
Name: Huston Jewell
County: Pittsburg
State: Oklahoma
Birthplace: Oklahoma,United States of America
Birth Date: 27 Dec 1896
Draft Board: 2
Source Citation: Registration State: Oklahoma; Registration County: Pittsburg; Roll: 1852071; Draft Board: 2.

there is a family tree on ancestry.com that shows this family. you should contact them and trade information and sources.

William Franklin Jewell
Birth 24 Dec 1875 in Red River Co, TX
Death 17 Jun 1938 in Broken Bow, McCurtain, OK, USA

Rosie Lee Wooten
Birth 22 Feb 1871 in Mountain Home, Baxter, AR, USA
Death 31 Jan 1965 in Broken Bow, McCurtain, OK, USA

U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 about Ben Franklin Jewell
Name: Ben Franklin Jewell
County: Pittsburg
State: Oklahoma
Birth Date: 2 Nov 1899
Race: White
Draft Board: 1

i am not able to find them in the 1900 census. maybe there is a mistake in the name. i don’t know. the 1900 census is very important because natives had to be living in indian territory by 1900. there is a federal population census and an indian population schedule in the 1900 census.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1940 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2) ancestry.com.

there is a difference between tribal heritage and tribal enrollment.

find your relative in the 1900-1940 census. this will give you locations, family members, dates that you will need for looking on the dawes roll, taken 1896-1906 in the state of oklahoma/indian territory. the dawes roll lists applicants to the five major tribes of oklahoma.
use the accessgenealogy website to do this or ancestrypaths:
http://userdb.rootsweb.ancestry.com/nativeamerican/
get family group/card#, members of the family:

more info gives you the family group on the card#
partial surnames ok. just enter the surname.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/final-rolls.htm
partial names might not be found on this website.

find a possible name, click on the # in the card# column and this will show you the family group as of application. use the 1900 and 1910 census to match the names. write down the names, card#.

if you don’t find your family, then look at the 1900-1940 census locations for your family, look for nearby tribes. contact the nearby tribes to see if your family had enrolled. find out membership criteria for that tribe. there are tribes in other locations and other choctaw tribes. location is an important factor over whether a native enrolled in a tribe. you won’t find that an original enrollee enrolled in the choctaw tribe in oklahoma if they were living in another state, for instance. if your family was renting in 1910, for instance, they had not received a land grant from one of the five major tribes in oklahoma and were probably not enrolled. there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes are on the dawes roll.

many natives did not want to live under tribal authority or didn’t qualify for enrollment or could not submit satisfactory evidence to a tribe. this is very common. it means that your family is not enrolled in a tribe.

there were a few natives that were enrolled by tribal council approval or lawsuit. i don’t have any way to tell you whether someone was enrolled because of this. you would have to contact the tribe for this information. however, some people have posted this answer and you might be able to use google on your family names and see this.

supposing you find your family in the dawes roll, then look at the oklahoma historical society dawes website and put in the name of someone in that family group that you found on accessgenealogy. this will give you the enrollment # if the enrollment was successful. write down the enrollment #s for your family.

if you found your family on the dawes roll, you might want a copy of the dawes packet. four sources for this:
you can try to find information about the family in the dawes packet.

this william jewell was not your relative because he was the wrong age at the time of enrollment.
Native American Data for William Jewell

Name: Jewell, William
Tribe: Choctaw
Record Type: enrollment
Age: 13
Sex: M
Enrollment Type: MCR (Minor)
Blood %: 1/32
Card No.: MCR869

Credit belongs to the staff of SW National Archives, Fort Worth, Texas, who compiled the names from the Dawes Enrollment Cards for its National Archives
Others with this Family:
Surname First Name Type Sex Age Blood %
Jewell George P (Parent) M
Tice David P (Parent) M
Tice Martha P (Parent) F
Jewell Laura MCR (Minor) F 30 1/16
Jewell William MCR (Minor) M 13 1/32

p=parent

these are all the jewel/jewell surnames on the dawes roll and they do not match the names in your family.
Name Age Tribe Record Type Card # More Info
JEWEL, John G Choctaw enrollment D256 More Info
JEWEL, Morenda Choctaw enrollment D256 More Info
JEWELL, George Choctaw enrollment MCR869 More Info
JEWELL, John Choctaw enrollment 1724 More Info
JEWELL, Laura 30 Choctaw enrollment MCR869 More Info
JEWELL, Lillie 10 Choctaw enrollment MCR869 More Info
JEWELL, Lottie 9 Choctaw enrollment MCR869 More Info
JEWELL, Suky Choctaw enrollment 1724 More Info
JEWELL, Willard 2 Choctaw enrollment MCR869 More Info
JEWELL, William 13 Choctaw enrollment MCR869 More Info

the card# is the family group. i don’t see a record for rosie, william or benjamin/edward or huston/houston.

in order for the family to get enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma, they must be directly descended from an original enrollee who was enrolled by blood in the choctaw tribe. this original enrollee would be found on the dawes roll taken in 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma.

oklahoma became a state in 1907 and was referred to as indian territory before that time. there were over 1 million people in oklahoma at the time of the 1900 us census. some people came for business opportunities, some for oklahoma land rushes.

the choctaw nation referred to in the 1900 census was a label for the area, not a designation that everyone living there were natives. only about 150,000 names are on the dawes roll. many less were considered original enrollees in one of the five major tribes.

while you might be able to show tribal affiliation by trying to find previous generations that might be native, tribes were not enrolling during that period. some natives were living on-reservation and receiving rations. the war department kept a record of the rations and this often forms the basis of the native records at NARA http://www.archives.gov

other natives were living off-reservation and there tends to be no records of tribal affiliation in that case.

the choctaw tribe was located in the southeastern united states, with a reservation in MS and AL. the trail of tears occurred in the late 1830s and natives moved from MS/AL to indian territory/OK. those natives that didn’t move at the time, and may have moved later, were called mississippi choctaw.

i do not know if this is the case for the family, as i don’t see an indication of tribal affiliation with the records that i found.

the tribe does keep a list of enrolled members and they are in a good position to confirm membership in the tribe.

you should look up this marriage record:

CHOCTAW NATION MARRIAGES
GROOM INDEX
1890 – 1907

Transcribed by MARY TURNER KINARD
COPYRIGHT 27 APR 1992 Mary Kinard

Printed here with the Permission of J.D. Kinard and family for your personal use
NOT TO BE COPIES FOR USE IN ANY COLLECTION FOR PROFIT OR DISPLAY

I – J SURNAMES

FIVE FEDERAL COURTHOUSES IN CHOCTAW NATION

AT – ATOKA, ATOKA CO. OK, get copy of marriage from LDS Library

BR – DURANT, BRYAN CO. OK. get copy of marriage from Durant

Lf – POTEAU, LEFLORE CO. OK get copy of marriage from Poteau

Mc – McALESTER, PITSBURY CO. OK get copy of marriage from Indian Archives OKC

WIL – WILBURTON, LATIMER CO. OK you may be able to get copy from Muskogee Ok

CODES USED

un – NOT USED
nr – NO RETURN
er – ERROR
col – COLORED

GROOM AGE BRIDE AGE DATE RESIDENCE BOOK©PAGE

JEWELL, WILLIAM F 21 WOOTEN, ROSIE 21 9 MAR 1896 RED OAK MC6©407

MC – Oklahoma Historical Society
2100 North Lincoln Boulevard
Oklahoma City, OK 73105-4997
(405) 522-5225
Fax (405) 521-2492

forts administered government services in indian territory.

1) once you have the card#, search here for documents. the website is free at this time:
http://www.ancestrypaths.com/five-civilized-tribes/
arranged by card#.
use the slider bar at the bottom to approximate your card#. the packets are arranged in order of card#. usually the beginning document references the card#.

there may be more than one card# for a particular person, depending on whether they were a parent at the time of enrollment.

sometimes a family’s consideration also depends on an earlier decision in their family. so you may have more than one card# to look up.

2) fold3.com is an online subscription resource and one month’s subscription is less than the price of a dawes packet at NARA or oklahoma historical society.
3) NARA http://www.archives.gov fort worth, TX office
4) oklahoma historical society http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

a dawes packet contains census card, enrollment application, supporting documents and maybe testimony. even if your family was not enrolled, the genealogical information might be of interest to you.

the enrolled members are referred to as original enrollees. if your family had enrolled by blood then you are eligible to enroll in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. all tribes have membership criteria. if your family had been enrolled as freedman, then they were enrolled as former slaves and their descendants were not eligible to enroll in the tribe.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
http://www.archives.gov
try the fort worth, TX office.

requirements for enrollment for several oklahoma tribes:
http://thorpe.ou.edu/OILS/blood.html
What are tribal membership requirements?

Tribal enrollment criteria are set forth in tribal constitutions, articles of incorporation or ordinances. The criterion varies from tribe to tribe, so uniform membership requirements do not exist.

Two common requirements for membership are lineal decendency from someone named on the tribe’s base roll or relationship to a tribal member who descended from someone named on the base roll. (A “base roll” is the original list of members as designated in a tribal constitution or other document specifying enrollment criteria.) Other conditions such as tribal blood quantum, tribal residency, or continued contact with the tribe are common.

http://www.narf.org/nill/resources/enrollment.htm

enrollment is a two step process. first you have to get your CDIB card from the BIA to show your degree of blood/eligibility to enroll in a particular tribe, and then you have to apply to the tribe for acceptance, if you meet their membership requirements.

Tribal Government personnel, usually an Enrollment Clerk, located at a regional or agency office processes applications for Certificates of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) and Indian Preference in Employment, BIA Form 4432, to anyone who can provide documentation that he or she descends from an American Indian tribe.
http://www.bia.gov/WhatWeDo/ServiceOverview/TribalGov/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_recognition_in_the_United_States
this article has many resources.
however i find the paragraph on “Recognition for individuals” to be somewhat insensitive.

i think someone should rewrite that paragraph.

What are the most typical requirements for membership?
Each tribe has a base roll which was established, usually, in the early 20th century, listing the members of the tribe
at that time. Your first challenge will be to prove direct lineal descent from someone listed on that base roll. Then
you must prove that you have the required level of blood quantum – the percentage of your genetic make-up that
is native by bloodline. Most tribes require a 1/4 blood quantum – that is, you must be at least one-fourth Native
American – but note that the Eastern Band of the Cherokees requires that you be only 1/16 or higher to join, and the Cherokee Nation has no minimum quantum restriction, so long as you can prove descent. There may be other conditions for membership as well: requirements for tribal residency or continued contact with the tribe are common.
http://freedomcenter.org/_media/pdf/genealogy/16.%20Native%20American%20-%20Tribal%20Membership.pdf

choctaw enrollment, forms, FAQs
http://www.choctawnation.com/services/departments/enrollment-cdib-and-tribal-membership/

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/final-rolls.htm

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw-indian-research.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indian-census-records.htm
ancestry.com also has the 1885 census records under US, indian census rolls 1885-1940.

access genealogy’s collection of information
if you are from another tribe, use the links at the right.
if you are from an associated tribe, see the several possible links on the webpage.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment. some mississippi choctaw were accepted by adoption or lawsuit.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants on the dawes roll can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
http://www.odl.state.ok.us/oar/
http://www.okhistory.org/
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public library/interlibrary loan program might also have access to newspapers and local history books.

http://www.archives.gov

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.

http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

http://www.okhistory.org/publications/chronicles

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this will give you locations, family members. your local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.com and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

tribes in other locations:
http://www.ncsl.org/issues-research/tribal/list-of-federal-and-state-recognized-tribes.aspx

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw were not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

you may want to make a heritage book.
http://www.photobookgirl.com/blog/make-your-own-family-heritage-and-genealogy-photo-book/

good family tree software:
http://www.techshout.com/features/2013/22/best-free-genealogy-software/
i use legacy. the free basic edition is great for the beginning and helps you organize.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

L. Bohanan L. Bohanan

posted on March 10

The family had reported another name of John Jewell and numbers. The numbers are 708308
and 1724. The 1724 does match a John Jewell.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 10

i do not know about the # 708308. there might be a typo or something. the enrollment #s began at 1 for a tribe and went up. since fewer than 150,000 people applied for enrollment in all five major tribes, i think that # may be incorrect.

Native American Data for John Jewell

Name: Jewell, John
Tribe: Choctaw
Record Type: enrollment
Sex: M
Enrollment Type: P (Parent)
Card No.: 1724

Credit belongs to the staff of SW National Archives, Fort Worth, Texas, who compiled the names from the Dawes Enrollment Cards for its National Archives
Others with this Family:
Surname First Name Type Sex Age Blood %
Jewell John P (Parent) M
Jewell Suky P (Parent) F
Underwood Can P (Parent) M
Underwood Maria P (Parent) F
Nelson Rhoda BB (By Blood) F 68 FULL
Joel Solomon BB (By Blood) M 30 FULL

p=parent
bb-by blood

this john jewell was a parent of one of the other people on the card#/family group. so this john jewell may have been born in the early 1800s and probably was not alive at the time of the dawes roll 1896-1906.

i do not see this john jewell name on the first post. is this a direct ancestor? was he alive 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma? who was his spouse? locations where he lived? some of these names are fairly common. there were over a million people living in oklahoma/indian territory in 1900. there were land rushes and business opportunities that drew people to the area.

Reel 0009 Choctaw by Blood 1686-1901
http://www.ancestrypaths.com/five-civilized-tribes/

family group 1724, rhoda nelson, the microfilm appears “empty”. you would have to contact NARA and see if they have any information.
http://www.archives.gov fort worth, TX office.
the tribe might have additional information on this rhoda nelson and anyone else in the family group.
services tab/departments/enrollment department

suzanne hamlet shatto

L. Bohanan L. Bohanan

posted on March 11

On the first post, you had listed these names and the John Jewell #1724 was listed.

these are all the jewel/jewell surnames on the dawes roll and they do not match the names in your family.
Name Age Tribe Record Type Card # More Info
JEWEL, John G Choctaw enrollment D256 More Info
JEWEL, Morenda Choctaw enrollment D256 More Info
JEWELL, George Choctaw enrollment MCR869 More Info
JEWELL, John Choctaw enrollment 1724 More Info
JEWELL, Laura 30 Choctaw enrollment MCR869 More Info
JEWELL, Lillie 10 Choctaw enrollment MCR869 More Info
JEWELL, Lottie 9 Choctaw enrollment MCR869 More Info
JEWELL, Suky Choctaw enrollment 1724 More Info
JEWELL, Willard 2 Choctaw enrollment MCR869 More Info
JEWELL, William 13 Choctaw enrollment MCR869 More Info

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 11

yes, i had them listed. but they are not all in one family group. that list contains a family group D256, MCR869 and 1724. i had put in the jewel/jewell surname to get that list. i do not know that your family is related to any of the names in the list. william jewell and rosie wooten were not on the dawes roll.

none of these people were on the dawes roll:
William Jewell 33
Kasar Jewell 35
Huse Jewell 12
Bengerman Jewell 10
Edward Jewell 6
Nassie Jewell 4
Emma Jewell 2
Jasper Jewell 0
[7/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Canadian, Pittsburg, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1269; Page: 15B; Enumeration District: 0215; FHL microfilm: 1375282.

if the family had applied for enrollment in one of the five major tribes of oklahoma, their names would appear on the dawes roll. since the family was renting a farm in 1910, they had not received an allotment.

that is why i posted the family group that contains the john jewell family group #1724. you didn’t give any other information than the name john jewell, such as spouse, children, dates, locations.

you stated:
The family had reported another name of John Jewell and numbers. The numbers are 708308
and 1724. The 1724 does match a John Jewell.

and i posted the family group 1724:
Name: Jewell, John
Tribe: Choctaw
Record Type: enrollment
Sex: M
Enrollment Type: P (Parent)
Card No.: 1724

Credit belongs to the staff of SW National Archives, Fort Worth, Texas, who compiled the names from the Dawes Enrollment Cards for its National Archives
Others with this Family:
Surname First Name Type Sex Age Blood %
Jewell John P (Parent) M
Jewell Suky P (Parent) F
Underwood Can P (Parent) M
Underwood Maria P (Parent) F
Nelson Rhoda BB (By Blood) F 68 FULL
Joel Solomon BB (By Blood) M 30 FULL

in this family group, the john jewell was a parent, may have been married to suky and both are a parent to at least one of the other people who had applied for membership in a tribe. since i cannot see the documents for this family group, you would have to contact the tribe and/or NARA to get documents to this family group. i do not know if these people in family group 1724 were enrolled.

i don’t know what this # is: 708308. it is not recognizable to me as an enrollment #.

i looked up the family group on NARA’s microfilm and the case was described as empty. the case is described as rhoda nelson’s case. if this name is not familiar to the family, then it is even more unlikely to help the family get enrolled, because they would have to prove that they are directly descended from rhoda nelson or solomon joel/jewell. those were the two people who applied for enrollment in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma in this family group. john jewell may have passed away by this time or did not apply for enrollment in the tribe. the family groups do list parents of the person who applied for enrollment.

there were over a million people living in oklahoma by the time of the 1900 census. only about 150,000 people applied to one of the five major tribes in oklahoma. there were land rushes and business opportunities drawing people to oklahoma/indian territory.

the choctaw tribe will enroll someone who is directly related by blood to the original enrollee who was enrolled by blood. there is a very small # of people who were not on the dawes roll at the time that it closed but were later confirmed as members of the tribe 1907-1914. if the family cannot show that it is directly related to an original enrollee of the tribe, then it is doubtful that the choctaw tribe will extend membership. if you have any questions about that, you should contact the tribe directly. i am not a member of the tribe nor associated with the tribe. i just hope to teach people how to do genealogy and tell people about resources that they can use to find documents and information.

suzanne hamlet shatto

L. Bohanan L. Bohanan

posted on March 30

Hi, the family has asked to check on their paternal grandparents side. Please check to see if they enrolled as Choctaws. Any information you find will be greatly appreciated. The father is Thomas Ray Williams, DOB is 05-01-35. The grandfather is William Thomas Williams born 08-02-1902 and the date of death is 11-11-1969. The great-grandfather is William Fletcher Williams born 1860 in Missouri and the DOD is 04-08-1919 in OK. The great-grandmother is Mary Sidie West born in 1863 in Arkansas. The date of death is 11-26-1941 in OK. The paternal great-great-grandfather is John S Williams and great-great grandmother is Caroline I. There is not much information on the great-great grandparents. Thank you, Lisa

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 30

the people who were alive at the time of enrollment in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma were:
william fletcher williams b. 1860 MO d. 1919 OK m. mary sidie west b. 1863 AR d. 1941 OK
william thomas williams b. 1902 d. 1969

from the information given, this does not appear to be your family:
Native American Data for William T Williams

Name: Williams, William T
Tribe: Choctaw
Record Type: enrollment
Age: 1
Sex: M
Enrollment Type: M (Minor)
Blood %: 1/4
Card No.: M473
Roll No.: 387

Credit belongs to the staff of SW National Archives, Fort Worth, Texas, who compiled the names from the Dawes Enrollment Cards for its National Archives
Others with this Family:
Surname First Name Type Sex Age Blood %
Williams John P (Parent) M
Williams Minnie P (Parent) F
Williams William T M (Minor) M 1 1/4

p=parent
however, if you think it is your family, then you should read the supporting information in the card#.

Native American Data for William Williams

Name: Williams, William
Tribe: Choctaw
Record Type: enrollment
Age: 9
Sex: M
Enrollment Type: MCR (Minor)
Blood %: 1/2
Card No.: MCR2191

Credit belongs to the staff of SW National Archives, Fort Worth, Texas, who compiled the names from the Dawes Enrollment Cards for its National Archives
Others with this Family:
Surname First Name Type Sex Age Blood %
Sallie P (Parent) F
Williams P (Parent) M
Williams Georgiana P (Parent) F
Williams William MCR (Minor) M 64 FULL
Williams William MCR (Minor) M 9 1/2
Williams Colbert MCR (Minor) M 7 1/2

MCR-mississippi choctaw
the family members do not appear to match in this family group.

Native American Data for William F Williams

Name: Williams, William F
Tribe: Choctaw
Record Type: enrollment
Age: 54
Sex: M
Enrollment Type: BB (By Blood)
Blood %: IW
Card No.: 4355
Roll No.: NR

Credit belongs to the staff of SW National Archives, Fort Worth, Texas, who compiled the names from the Dawes Enrollment Cards for its National Archives
Others with this Family:
Surname First Name Type Sex Age Blood %
Watson Isaac P (Parent) M
Watson Louvina P (Parent) F
Williams Frank P (Parent) M
Williams William F BB (By Blood) M 54 IW
Williams Sophia BB (By Blood) F 38 1/2
Williams Mack BB (By Blood) M 8 1/4
bb-by blood
the family group does not appear to match these relatives.

this family group also does not appear to match.

Native American Data for William Franklin Williams

Name: Williams, William Franklin
Tribe: Choctaw
Record Type: enrollment
Age: 44
Sex: M
Enrollment Type: BB (By Blood)
Blood %: IW
Card No.: 5721
Roll No.: NR

Credit belongs to the staff of SW National Archives, Fort Worth, Texas, who compiled the names from the Dawes Enrollment Cards for its National Archives
Others with this Family:
Surname First Name Type Sex Age Blood %
Foster Amanda P (Parent) F
Foster Ephraim P (Parent) M
William Dorcas P (Parent) F
Williams W T P (Parent) M
Williams William Franklin BB (By Blood) M 44 IW
Williams Mollie E BB (By Blood) F 36 1/8
Williams Lulu BB (By Blood) F 18 1/16
Williams Ollie BB (By Blood) F 16 1/16
Williams Athel BB (By Blood) M 14 1/16
Williams Lottie BB (By Blood) F 8 1/16

this also does not appear to be the relatives of that family group:
Native American Data for William Williams

Name: Williams, William
Tribe: Choctaw
Record Type: enrollment
Sex: M
Enrollment Type: P (Parent)
Card No.: 1679

Credit belongs to the staff of SW National Archives, Fort Worth, Texas, who compiled the names from the Dawes Enrollment Cards for its National Archives
Others with this Family:
Surname First Name Type Sex Age Blood %
Williams Emily P (Parent) F
Williams William P (Parent) M
Williams Henry BB (By Blood) M 32 1/4

although these names are very common, i don’t see a match on the information: spouse, child, father.

now, looking at ancestry.com family trees:
William Thomas Williams
Birth 2 Aug 1902 in Little Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas, United States
Death 11 Nov 1969 in Rockwall, Rockwall, Texas, United States

Family Members
Parents
William Fletcher “Billy” Williams
1859 – 1913

Mary Sidney West
1862 – 1941

Spouse & Children

Emma Lee Jewell
1906 – 1937

Bertha Williams
1926 –

Jewel Dean Williams
1928 – 1930

Vercie Mae Williams
1932 – 2002

no doubt they would be glad to hear from this family, since there is no mention made of thomas ray williams. the family should contact anyone who posts a family tree with the relatives, trade information and sources.

Timeline
3 Sources
Birth
1902
2 Aug
Little Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas, United States
Marriage to Emma Lee Jewell
1925
15 Nov
Age: 23
Proctor, Adair, Oklahoma, United States
1 Source
Residence
1930
Age: 28
Smithville, Mccurtain, Oklahoma
1 Source
Residence
1940
1 Apr
Age: 37
Octavia, Le Flore, Oklahoma, United States
1 Source
Death
1969
11 Nov
Age: 67
Rockwall, Rockwall, Texas, United States

since the family lived in arkansas at the time of tribal enrollment in the five major tribes, they probably did not apply to a tribe in another state.

1930 United States Federal Census about Tom Williams
Name: Tom Williams
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1902
Birthplace: Missouri
Race: White
Home in 1930: Smithville, Mccurtain, Oklahoma
Map of Home: View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Emma Williams
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Tom Williams 28
Emma Williams 22
Bertha Williams 3
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Smithville, Mccurtain, Oklahoma; Roll: 1913; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 0025; FHL microfilm: 2341647.

1920 United States Federal Census about Emma Jewel
Name: Emma Jewel
Age: 12
Birth Year: abt 1908
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1920: Blocker, Pittsburg, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Willie S Jewel
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s name: Rosa A Jewel
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Able to Read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Willie S Jewel 50
Rosa A Jewel 46
Horiston Jewel 23
Edd Jewel 16
Nora Jewel 15
Emma Jewel 12
Joe Jewel 10
John Jewel 7
Jack Jewel 4
[4 2/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Blocker, Pittsburg, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1484; Page: 2A; Enumeration District: 185; Image: 87.

1910 United States Federal Census about Emma Jewell
Name: Emma Jewell
Age in 1910: 2
Birth Year: abt 1908
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1910: Canadian, Pittsburg, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: William Jewell
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s name: Kasar Jewell
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Jewell 33
Kasar Jewell 35
Huse Jewell 12
Bengerman Jewell 10
Edward Jewell 6
Nassie Jewell 4
Emma Jewell 2
Jasper Jewell 0
[7/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Canadian, Pittsburg, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1269; Page: 15B; Enumeration District: 0215; FHL microfilm: 1375282.

while there is a william jewell on the dawes roll, that william jewell was age 13 at the time of enrollments. so that william jewell could not be the william jewell on the dawes roll. this william jewell, father of emma, would have been around 23 years old at the time of enrollment.

kasar in the 1910 census record was actually rosie/rosa. the enumerator made an error in reading the census page.

there is no ben/benjamin jewell on the dawes roll, so the family did not apply for enrollment.

looking at texas death certificate 95240, william thomas williams birthplace was little rock, AR and his place of death was rockwall county, TX.

his mother was stated as sidney west.

maybe this census record is your family:
1900 United States Federal Census about Wm Williams
Name: Wm Williams
Age: 40
Birth Date: Dec 1859
Birthplace: Missouri
Home in 1900: Shoal Creek, Newton, Missouri
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Mary Williams
Marriage Year: 1880
Years Married: 20
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Wm Williams 40
Mary Williams 37
Alva S Williams 9
Robert C Williams 7
James R Williams 4
Charles C Williams 2
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Shoal Creek, Newton, Missouri; Roll: 878; Page: 14A; Enumeration District: 0112; FHL microfilm: 1240878.

1910 United States Federal Census about William Williams
Name: William Williams
Age in 1910: 56
50
Birth Year: abt 1854
[abt 1860]
Birthplace: Missouri
Home in 1910: Westville, Adair, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Sidney Williams
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Virginia
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Williams 56
50
Sidney Williams 47
Aloha Williams 19
James Williams 14
Charlie Williams 11
Thomas Williams 7
Lee Williams 3
Lizzie Carter 70
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Westville, Adair, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1242; Page: 16A; Enumeration District: 0010; FHL microfilm: 1375255.

one of the requirements of the choctaw tribe of oklahoma was that the native be resident in oklahoma by 1900 and agree to live permanently under tribal authority.

the names you give are very common.

http://userdb.rootsweb.ancestry.com/nativeamerican/
partial names are ok.
click on “more info” to see the family group.
this is the card#.

use the card# to see the enrollment documents.

if you found your family on the dawes roll, you might want a copy of the dawes packet. four

sources for this:

1) once you have the card#, search here for documents. the website is free at this time:
http://www.ancestrypaths.com/five-civilized-tribes/
arranged by card#. use the slider bar at the bottom to approximate your card#. the packets
are arranged in order of card#. usually the beginning document references the card#.

there may be more than one card# for a particular person, depending on whether they were a

parent at the time of enrollment.

sometimes a family’s consideration also depends on an earlier decision in their family. so

you may have more than one card# to look up.

2) fold3.com is an online subscription resource and one month’s subscription is less than the

price of a dawes packet at NARA or oklahoma historical society.

3) NARA http://www.archives.gov fort worth, TX office
4) oklahoma historical society http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

a dawes packet contains census card, enrollment application, supporting documents and maybe testimony. even if your family was not enrolled, the genealogical information might be of interest to you.

many natives did not enroll in a tribe because they were 1) philosophically opposed to enrollment or 2) could not submit evidence of tribal heritage. if the family was not living on-reservation in the 1830-1880 time period (MS or AL), then they probably didn’t have the evidence to show that they were affiliated with the tribe.

i see some TN and VA birthplaces in these records. this would indicate that they might have been another tribe, possibly cherokee or another tribe, if they were native.

the requirements for membership in any tribe is very important. natives had to live close by, if they were original enrollees.

there are many tribes in different states. when i search about tribes, i google these keywords: virginia tribes, and then look for a map to compare to the location of the relatives. i then look for nearby tribes.

while many tribes enrolled in the 1900-1940 time period, some tribes are still accepting members and going through a recognition process.

this is why knowing where the family was living, documented by the us census, can help a great deal. vital records are very important also.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 30

the significance of the 1910 census record for williams is that the family rents a farm. this indicates that they did not enroll in a tribe and were given an allotment upon successful enrollment.