Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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America Jane Pittman Forbes

Donelle Braud Donelle Braud

posted on February 3

Trying to find out if she was on the reservation there. It would have been back in 1800’s she was Choctaw and we were told got run off their land in Mississippi. She had told my grandmother this information. Any help would be appreciated

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on February 4

not sure which is her maiden name or married name. no location, no dates, no spouse in your post.

first you should establish if she was in the federal census records in the 1800s. only head of household is enumerated before 1850, so spouse would be very helpful here.

if natives are in the federal census in the 1800s, they are living off reservation. that means that it begins to get difficult to gather the evidence to present for enrollment in the 1900-1940 time period.

did any of her descendants apply to a tribe in the 1900-1940 time period?

this is why it is important to give the names of the children, their birthdates and spouses also. childrens’ records point to the parents and fix the family to a date and location.

from an ancestry.com family tree:

America Jane Pittman
Birth 20 Oct 1862 in Marion County, MS, USA
Death 13 Mar 1953 in Kentwood, Tangipahoa Parish, LA, USA

she would have been born in MS after the trail of tears occurred in the late 1830s. maybe her family accepted choctaw scrip land in lieu of tribal enrollment. the trail of tears did not go through LA but there were many unofficial migrations west from MS/AL to LA.

since she passed away in LA, you should check with the jena choctaw tribe, link in this post.

Family Members
Parents
Calvin Pittman
1836 – 1904

Caroline Rowley
1831 – 1919

Show siblings
Spouse & Children
Matthew Rushing Forbes
1855 – 1929

Timeline
Birth
1862
20 Oct
Marion County, MS, USA
5 Sources
Residence
1870
Age: 8
Marion, Mississippi, United States
1 Source
Marriage
1880
2 Sep
Age: 17
Marion, Mississippi
1 Source
Residence
1880
Age: 18
Red Creek and Wolf River, Marion, Mississippi, United States
1 Source
Residence
1900
Age: 38
Ward 2, Tangipahoa, Louisiana
1 Source
Residence
1910
Age: 48
Police Jury Ward 2, Tangipahoa, Louisiana
1 Source
Residence
1930
Age: 68
Beat 3, Marion, Mississippi
1 Source
Death
1953
13 Mar
Age: 90
Kentwood, Tangipahoa Parish, LA, USA

1870 United States Federal Census about America Pittman
Name: America Pittman
Age in 1870: 8
Birth Year: abt 1862
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1870: Marion, Mississippi
Race: White
Gender: Female
Post Office: Columbia
Value of real estate: View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
Calvin Pittman 35
Caroline Pittman 33
Washington Pittman 10
America Pittman 8
Joanna Pittman 6
Hardy Pittman 1
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: , Marion, Mississippi; Roll: M593_739; Page: 321A; Image: 646; Family History Library Film: 552238.

Mississippi Marriages, 1776-1935 about America J. Pittman
Name: America J. Pittman
Spouse: M. R. Forbes
Marriage Date: 2 Sep 1880
County: Marion

findagrave.com memorial page.
Calvin Pittman
Birth: Jan., 1835
Marion County
Mississippi, USA
Death: Oct. 18, 1904, USA

Calvin Pittman is not to be confused with Charles Calvin Pittman. Both were from Marion County and about the same age, but came from a different set of parents.

Burial:
Holly Springs Baptist Church Cemetery
Morgantown (Marion County)
Marion County
Mississippi, USA

carolina pittman
Birth: May 4, 1831
Marion County
Mississippi, USA
Death: Apr. 10, 1919
Marion County
Mississippi, USA

Inscription:
date of birth: May 4, 1831

Burial:
Holly Springs Baptist Church Cemetery
Morgantown (Marion County)
Marion County
Mississippi, USA

U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 about Calvin Pittman
Name: Calvin Pittman
Side: Confederate
Regiment State/Origin: Mississippi
Regiment Name: 38 Mississippi Cavalry.
Regiment Name Expanded: 38th Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry
Company: I
Rank In: Private
Rank In Expanded: Private
Rank Out: Private
Rank Out Expanded: Private
Film Number: M232 roll 32

you should see if there is a pension record/military. those are at NARA and they often contain genealogical information.

1850 United States Federal Census about Calvin Pitman
Name: Calvin Pitman
Age: 12
Birth Year: abt 1838
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1850: Washington, Louisiana
Gender: Male
Family Number: 299
Household Members:
Name Age
Nancy Pitman 42
Calvin Pitman 12
Alfred Pitman 10
A Pitman 8
Hardy Pitman 6
Hiram Pitman 4
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: , Washington, Louisiana; Roll: M432_241; Page: 458B; Image: 427.

all of the children were b. MS, as was the mother.

1860 United States Federal Census about Caroline Rowly
Name: Caroline Rowly
[Caroline Rowley]
Age in 1860: 26
Birth Year: abt 1834
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1860: Marion, Mississippi
Gender: Female
Post Office: Columbia
Value of real estate: View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
Wealthy Rowly 70
Caroline Rowly 26
Hansford Rowly 24
Washington Rowly 1
James Johnston 20
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: , Marion, Mississippi; Roll: M653_586; Page: 976; Image: 534; Family History Library Film: 803586.

this is an indication that there was some relationship with tribes. the relationship might also be through his wife. you would have to see the supporting documents for the choctaw scrip land grant(s).
there are other land records in the mississippi land records on ancestry.com. if you don’t have a subscription to ancestry.com, you can often get access through your local public library.

brother of caroline.
Rowley
Name: Hansford Rowley
Land Office: Washington
Document Number: 13921
Total Acres: 240
Signature: Yes
Canceled Document: No
Issue Date: 30 Nov 1859
Mineral Rights Reserved: No
Metes and Bounds: No
Statutory Reference: 3 Stat. 566
Multiple Warantee Names: No
Act or Treaty: April 24, 1820
Multiple Patentee Names: No
Entry Classification: Sale-Cash Entries
Land Description: 1 NW WASHINGTON No 3N 12E 9; 2 ENE WASHINGTON No 3N 12E 9

Source Information:
United States, Bureau of Land Management. Mississippi, Homestead and Cash Entry Patents, Pre-1908 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1997.
Original data: United States, Bureau of Land Management. Mississippi Pre-1908 Patents: Homesteads, Cash Entry, Choctaw Indian Scrip and Chickasaw Cession Lands. General Land Office Automated Records Project, 1997.

this is an example of choctaw scrip land. the records are at NARA, http://www.archives.gov

see the links to the mississippi choctaw in this post.

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907 about Hansford Rowley
Name: Hansford Rowley
Issue Date: 30 Nov 1859
Acres: 240
Meridian: Washington
State: Mississippi
County: Marion
Township: 3-N
Range: 12-E
Section: 9
Accession Number: MS0600__.265
Metes and Bounds: No
Land Office: Washington
Canceled: No
US Reservations: No
Mineral Reservations: No
Authority: April 24, 1820: Sale-Cash Entry (3 Stat. 566)
Document Number: 13921

Source Information:
Ancestry.com. U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008.
Original data: United States. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records. Automated Records Project; Federal Land Patents, State Volumes. http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/. Springfield, Virginia: Bureau of Land Management, Eastern States, 2007

this may be a homestead record, i don’t know.

you may be able to see the deeds through the glorecords link, but the supporting documents are at NARA.

Hansford Fleet “Hance” Rowley

Birth: Sep. 28, 1834
Death: Dec. 10, 1905

Burial:
China Grove Cemetery
Tylertown
Walthall County
Mississippi, USA

Created by: M. Sanford
Record added: Aug 27, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 21187313

picture of hansford on findagrave.com

1850 United States Federal Census about W Rowley
Name: W Rowley
Age: 55
Birth Year: abt 1795
Birthplace: North Carolina
Home in 1850: Marion, Mississippi
Gender: Female
Family Number: 84
Household Members:
Name Age
Job Rowley 33
W Rowley 55
M R Rowley 20
B Rowley 19
C Rowley 15
H Rowley 16
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: , Marion, Mississippi; Roll: M432_376; Page: 187B; Image: 377.

findagrave.com for job rowley:
Birth: 1815
South Carolina, USA
Death: unknown

Job died before 1885

Family links:
Spouse:
Mary Ann Pittman Rowley (1830 – ____)

Burial:
Rowley Cemetery
Hamage
Marion County
Mississippi, USA

Created by: Glen Dale Tynes
Record added: Aug 05, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 94856052

his wife, mary ann pittman rowley
Birth: 1830
Death: unknown

Mary Ann died after 1885

Family links:
Spouse:
Job Rowley (1815 – ____)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Rowley Cemetery
Hamage
Marion County
Mississippi, USA

Created by: Glen Dale Tynes
Record added: Aug 05, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 94856574

america’s husband:

Matthew Rushing Forbes
Birth 1855 in Marion County, Mississippi
Death 12 FEB 1929 in Louisiana, United States

Birth
1855
Marion County, Mississippi
3 Sources
Residence
1860
Age: 5
Marion, Mississippi, United States
1 Source
Residence
1900
Age: 45
Ward 2, Tangipahoa, Louisiana
1 Source
Residence
1910
Age: 55
Police Jury Ward 2, Tangipahoa, Louisiana
1 Source
Death
1929
12 Feb
Age: 74

1860 United States Federal Census about Matthew R Forbs
Name: Matthew R Forbs
[Matthew R Forbes]
Age in 1860: 5
Birth Year: abt 1855
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1860: Marion, Mississippi
Gender: Male
Post Office: Columbia
Value of real estate: View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
Wm Forbs 24
Rebecca Forbs 35
Elmina Forbs 28
Jeptha Forbs 18
Ellanson Forbs 16
Francis M Forbs 14
George Forbs 12
Martha Forbs 10
Alfred Forbs 9
Elis Forbs 6
Matthew R Forbs 5
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: , Marion, Mississippi; Roll: M653_586; Page: 919; Image: 477; Family History Library Film: 803586.

1880 United States Federal Census about Rushen Forbs
Name: Rushen Forbs
Age: 25
Birth Year: abt 1855
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1880: Red Creek and Wolf River, Marion, Mississippi
Race: White
Gender: Male
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Works On Farm
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and Dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
Rushen Forbs 25
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Red Creek and Wolf River, Marion, Mississippi; Roll: 657; Family History Film: 1254657; Page: 342B; Enumeration District: 157; Image: 0025.

1900 United States Federal Census about Rushin Forbes
Name: Rushin Forbes
[Rucker Farber]
Age: 45
Birth Date: Aug 1854
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1900: Police Jury Ward 2, Tangipahoa, Louisiana
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital status: Married
Spouse’s Name: America Forbes
Marriage Year: 1880
Years Married: 20
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Rushin Forbes 45
America Forbes 40
Harvey Forbes 13
Josephine A Forbes 11
Jessey J Forbes 9
Hardy Forbes 7
Ophelia Forbes 2
Brock Forbes 1
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Police Jury Ward 2, Tangipahoa, Louisiana; Roll: 583; Page: 14A; Enumeration District: 0088; FHL microfilm: 1240583.

the older 3 children were b. indian territory, probably referring to mississippi. the younger 3 children were b. LA.

they rent a farm.

1910 United States Federal Census about America J Forbes
Name: America J Forbes
Age in 1910: 48
Birth Year: abt 1862
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1910: Police Jury Ward 2, Tangipahoa, Louisiana
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Matcheea R Forbes
Father’s Birthplace: Louisiana
Mother’s Birthplace: Louisiana
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Matcheea R Forbes 55
America J Forbes 48
Hardy Forbes 18
Brock Forbes 11
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Police Jury Ward 2, Tangipahoa, Louisiana; Roll: T624_532; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 0109; FHL microfilm: 1374545.

1920 United States Federal Census about Jane A Forbes
Name: Jane A Forbes
Age: 58
Birth Year: abt 1862
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1920: Police Jury Ward 2, Tangipahoa, Louisiana
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Rueben M Forbes
Father’s Birthplace: Louisiana
Mother’s Birthplace: Louisiana
Able to Read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Rueben M Forbes 65
Jane A Forbes 58
Brook D Forbes 21
Alza Forbes 6
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Police Jury Ward 2, Tangipahoa, Louisiana; Roll: T625_631; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 116; Image: 583.

findagrave for america jane pittman forbes
Birth: Oct. 20, 1862
Death: Mar. 13, 1953

Family links:
Spouse:
Matthew Rushing (1854 – 1929)*

Children: Jappie F Forbes (1883 – 1961)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Spring Creek Baptist Church Cemetery
Kentwood
Tangipahoa Parish
Louisiana, USA

Maintained by: Shirley Fortenberry Rams…
Originally Created by: Jerry Biggs
Record added: Feb 05, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 65209979

maybe she moved back to MS for a time.
1930 United States Federal Census about America J Forbes
Name: America J Forbes
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1863
Birthplace: Mississippi
[West Virginia]
Race: White
Home in 1930: Beat 3, Marion, Mississippi
Map of Home: View Map
Marital status: Widowed
Relation to Head of House: Head
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Occupation:

Education:

Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
America J Forbes 67
Aluen Forbes 16
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Beat 3, Marion, Mississippi; Roll: 1155; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 0006; Image: 305.0; FHL microfilm: 2340890.

i can’t seem to find her in the 1940 census.

ok, this is the significance of finding her and her family in the federal census. natives that lived on-reservation were getting rations and records of this made up the native census records. natives that lived off-reservation would have had difficulty submitting evidence of tribal heritage. however, america jane’s siblings may have applied for choctaw scrip land grants and her parents might have also applied. you would have to check on that.

given that, you should contact the mississippi choctaw and any other mississippi tribes near marion county, MS and see if she was enrolled. likewise, you should contact the jena choctaw and any other louisiana tribe near their location and see if she was enrolled.

since she did not migrate to oklahoma by 1900, she probably didn’t apply for enrollment in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1940 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2) ancestry.com.

there is a difference between tribal heritage and tribal enrollment.

find your relative in the 1900-1940 census. this will give you locations, family members, dates that you will need for looking on the dawes roll, taken 1896-1906 in the state of oklahoma/indian territory. the dawes roll lists applicants to the five major tribes of oklahoma.
use the accessgenealogy website to do this.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/final-rolls.htm
find a possible name, click on the # in the card# column and this will show you the family group as of application. use the 1900 and 1910 census to match the names. write down the names, card#.

if you don’t find your family, then look at the 1900-1940 census locations for your family, look for nearby tribes. contact the nearby tribes to see if your family had enrolled. find out membership criteria for that tribe. there are tribes in other locations and other choctaw tribes. location is an important factor over whether a native enrolled in a tribe. you won’t find that an original enrollee enrolled in the choctaw tribe in oklahoma if they were living in another state, for instance. if your family was renting in 1910, for instance, they had not received a land grant from one of the five major tribes in oklahoma and were probably not enrolled. there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes are on the dawes roll.

many natives did not want to live under tribal authority or didn’t qualify for enrollment or could not submit satisfactory evidence to a tribe. this is very common. it means that your family is not enrolled in a tribe.

there were a few natives that were enrolled by tribal council approval or lawsuit. i don’t have any way to tell you whether someone was enrolled because of this. you would have to contact the tribe for this information. however, some people have posted this answer and you might be able to use google on your family names and see this.

supposing you find your family in the dawes roll, then look at the oklahoma historical society dawes website and put in the name of someone in that family group that you found on accessgenealogy. this will give you the enrollment # if the enrollment was successful. write down the enrollment #s for your family.

if you found your family on the dawes roll, you might want a copy of the dawes packet. three sources for this:
fold3.com is an online subscription resource and one month’s subscription is less than the price of a dawes packet at NARA or oklahoma historical society.
NARA http://www.archives.gov fort worth, TX office
oklahoma historical society http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes
a dawes packet contains census card, enrollment application, supporting documents and maybe testimony. even if your family was not enrolled, the genealogical information might be of interest to you.

the enrolled members are referred to as original enrollees. if your family had enrolled by blood then you are eligible to enroll in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. all tribes have membership criteria. if your family had been enrolled as freedman, then they were enrolled as former slaves and their descendants were not eligible to enroll in the tribe.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
http://www.archives.gov
try the fort worth, TX office.

requirements for enrollment for several oklahoma tribes:
http://thorpe.ou.edu/OILS/blood.html
What are tribal membership requirements?

Tribal enrollment criteria are set forth in tribal constitutions, articles of incorporation or ordinances. The criterion varies from tribe to tribe, so uniform membership requirements do not exist.

Two common requirements for membership are lineal decendency from someone named on the tribe’s base roll or relationship to a tribal member who descended from someone named on the base roll. (A “base roll” is the original list of members as designated in a tribal constitution or other document specifying enrollment criteria.) Other conditions such as tribal blood quantum, tribal residency, or continued contact with the tribe are common.

http://www.narf.org/nill/resources/enrollment.htm

enrollment is a two step process. first you have to get your CDIB card from the BIA to show your degree of blood/eligibility to enroll in a particular tribe, and then you have to apply to the tribe for acceptance, if you meet their membership requirements.

Tribal Government personnel, usually an Enrollment Clerk, located at a regional or agency office processes applications for Certificates of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) and Indian Preference in Employment, BIA Form 4432, to anyone who can provide documentation that he or she descends from an American Indian tribe.
http://www.bia.gov/WhatWeDo/ServiceOverview/TribalGov/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_recognition_in_the_United_States
this article has many resources.
however i find the paragraph on “Recognition for individuals” to be somewhat insensitive.

i think someone should rewrite that paragraph.

What are the most typical requirements for membership?
Each tribe has a base roll which was established, usually, in the early 20th century, listing the members of the tribe
at that time. Your first challenge will be to prove direct lineal descent from someone listed on that base roll. Then
you must prove that you have the required level of blood quantum – the percentage of your genetic make-up that
is native by bloodline. Most tribes require a 1/4 blood quantum – that is, you must be at least one-fourth Native
American – but note that the Eastern Band of the Cherokees requires that you be only 1/16 or higher to join, and the Cherokee Nation has no minimum quantum restriction, so long as you can prove descent. There may be other conditions for membership as well: requirements for tribal residency or continued contact with the tribe are common.
http://freedomcenter.org/_media/pdf/genealogy/16.%20Native%20American%20-%20Tribal%20Membership.pdf

choctaw enrollment, forms, FAQs
http://www.choctawnation.com/services/departments/enrollment-cdib-and-tribal-membership/

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/final-rolls.htm

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw-indian-research.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indian-census-records.htm
ancestry.com also has the 1885 census records under US, indian census rolls 1885-1940.

access genealogy’s collection of information
if you are from another tribe, use the links at the right.
if you are from an associated tribe, see the several possible links on the webpage.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment. some mississippi choctaw were accepted by adoption or lawsuit.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants on the dawes roll can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
http://www.odl.state.ok.us/oar/
http://www.okhistory.org/
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public library/interlibrary loan program might also have access to newspapers and local history books.

http://www.archives.gov

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.

http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

http://www.okhistory.org/publications/chronicles

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this will give you locations, family members. your local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.com and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

tribes in other locations:
http://www.ncsl.org/issues-research/tribal/list-of-federal-and-state-recognized-tribes.aspx

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw were not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

you may want to make a heritage book.
http://www.photobookgirl.com/blog/make-your-own-family-heritage-and-genealogy-photo-book/

good family tree software:
http://www.techshout.com/features/2013/22/best-free-genealogy-software/
i use legacy. the free basic edition is great for the beginning and helps you organize.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Sonya Deaton - (Pistubbee) Sonya Deaton - (Pistubbee)

posted on February 4

I would attempt to check the choctaw census records if applicable for the named ancestor, at and around that time frame.

I came across in my searches census of the choctaw indians in the 1795.

source of this info is located within the Louisisana Collection of the Bancroft Libray at the University of California in Berkeley.

Donelle Braud Donelle Braud

posted on February 4

Thank yall so much, I have alot of researching to do. My grandmother had started this back in 1995 and she died some years later and didnt get to finish that I know of. I know she talked to tribal leader in Phildelphia, Ms. that was trying to help her as well. Thank you again for your help