Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Canada (a..k.a. Canady), Woodson Choctaw search

Ashley Motes Garmon Ashley Motes Garmon

posted on November 7, 2010

I’m trying to trace my Choctaw history and keep hitting a few dead ends. My great-grandmother Berlie Mae Fields came from Kentucky to Texas with her parents in 1895. Her mother Mary Bell Canady ( or Canada, she went by both) was full blood Choctaw. Mary Bell Canady was born Dec 11 1866 in Manitou Kentucky. Mary’s parents were Ben F. Canadyy born 1833 in Indiana and her mother was Sarah Ellen Woodson born 1830 in Virginia. I only know what states their parents came from no names or dates. I would really appreciate any help on this matter. I’ve found a few familliar names on the Dawes website but not totally sure if they are the ones I’m searching for. At least a heads up in the right direction would be great! Thank you so much, Ashley.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on November 8, 2010

ben f. canady b. 1833 IN
m. sarah ellen woodson b. 1830 VA
mary bell canady b. 12/11/1866 KY
m. ? fields
berlie mae fields b. 1895 KY

first of all, there is no spouse for mary bell canady.
berlie is likely a nickname.
i don’t know what you see re: familiar names.
try using this procedure, when you see a familiar name, click on the # in the card column and see the family group. if you see a strong possibility, then use the oklahoma history link to request the application and census card.

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

migration to/through texas usually means that the native did not go on the trail of tears and was probably not eligible for membership in the choctaw tribe in oklahoma. however, there were tribes in texas. see the links in this post.

you start on the generation closest to you in time, gather documents, and then go backward in time to the parents.

berlie mae fields b. 1895 KY
i am not finding a match for her given your information. since she was only using the fields surname in 1900 and 1910, those are the onlly census records i can search. you have not listed a married name nor her spouse.

mary bell canady b. 12/11/1866 KY
m. ? fields
parents ben and sarah in the 1870 and 1880 census records.
1880 United States Federal Census
about Mary B. Canada
Name: Mary B. Canada
Home in 1880: Nebo, Hopkins, Kentucky
Age: 12
Estimated birth year: abt 1868
Birthplace: Kentucky
Relation to head-of-household: Dau (Daughter)
Father’s name: Benj. F. Canada
Father’s birthplace: Indiana
Mother’s name: Sarah E. Canada
Mother’s birthplace: Virginia
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: At Home
Marital Status: Single
Race: White
Gender: Female
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Benj. F. Canada 47
Sarah E. Canada 50
Minnie M. Canada 14
Mary B. Canada 12
Frances L. Canada 9
Josephine Bottom 21
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Nebo, Hopkins, Kentucky; Roll: 420; Family History Film: 1254420; Page: 352C; Enumeration District: 194; Image: 0708.
josephine is a stepdaughter, so there is a previous marriage for sarah. likely also, this might be her name on the marriage license. ben is a blacksmith and doesn’t read or write. the children are all born in KY. you can look at the census record for ben’s and sarah’s parents location.

Kentucky Marriages, 1851-1900
about Ellen Woodson
Name: Benjamin F. Canada
Spouse: Ellen Woodson
Marriage Date: 3 Feb 1861
County: Hopkins
State: KY

sarah ellen woodson would likely be in hopkins county, KY in 1860 and so would benjamin canada.

is woodson a married name?
1860 United States Federal Census
about Ellen Woodson
Name: Ellen Woodson
Age in 1860: 28
Birth Year: abt 1832
Birthplace: Virginia
Home in 1860: Hopkins, Kentucky
Gender: Female
Post Office: Madisonville
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Thos Malone 32
Malisa Malone 32
Thos H Malone 4
Massey G Malone 1
Sarah M Woodson 66
Ellen Woodson 28
Lutetia Woodson 11
Nepoleon Woodson 7
Josephine Woodson 3
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: , Hopkins, Kentucky; Roll: M653_374; Page: 610; Image: 170; Family History Library Film: 803374.
1860 United States Federal Census
about B F Cannady
Name: B F Cannady
Age in 1860: 27
Birth Year: abt 1833
Birthplace: Kentucky
Home in 1860: Hopkins, Kentucky
Gender: Male
Post Office: Madisonville
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Washington Chandler 56
Leatitia Chandler 53
Stephen Chandley 21
Queen Chandler 23
B F Cannady 27
Andrew Reynolds 19
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: , Hopkins, Kentucky; Roll: M653_374; Page: 605; Image: 165; Family History Library Film: 803374.
benjamin is a blacksmith, b. KY here.

1870 United States Federal Census
about Sarah Canida
Name: Sarah Canida
Birth Year: abt 1832
Age in 1870: 38
Birthplace: Virginia
Home in 1870: Precinct 3, Hopkins, Kentucky
Race: White
Gender: Female
Value of real estate: View image
Post Office: Hansons Station
Household Members:
Name Age
Frank Canida 38
Sarah Canida 38
Teressa Canida 8
Miretta Canida 6
Mary B Canida 3
Napoleon Woodson 16
Josephine Woodson 13
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Precinct 3, Hopkins, Kentucky; Roll: M593_471; Page: 54B; Image: 112; Family History Library Film: 545970.

you can make a name correction on the ancestry name index so that others can find your family.

1900 United States Federal Census
about Benj F Canada
Name: Benj F Canada
Home in 1900: Kitchen, Hopkins, Kentucky
Age: 70
Birth Date: Apr 1830
Birthplace: Indiana
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relationship to Head of House: Head
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Kentucky
Spouse’s name: Sarah Canada
Marriage Year: 1866
Marital Status: Married
Years Married: 34
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Benj F Canada 70
Sarah Canada 66
Napoleon Woodson 42
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Kitchen, Hopkins, Kentucky; Roll: T623_528; Page: 16A; Enumeration District: 73.

there might have been a migration, but she might have traveled with siblings.

1900 United States Federal Census
about Mary B Feald
Name: Mary B Feald
[Mary B Fields]
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 7, Wood, Texas
Age: 33
Birth Date: Dec 1866
Birthplace: Kentucky
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relationship to Head of House: Wife
Father’s Birthplace: Kentucky
Mother’s Birthplace: Virginia
Mother: number of living children: 6
Mother: How many children: 6
Spouse’s name: Nuergil Feald
Marriage Year: 1884
Marital Status: Married
Years Married: 16
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Nuergil Feald 45
Mary B Feald 33
Bertie M Feald 14
Mislesia B Feald 11
Nellie B Feald 8
Ben H Feald 6
Virgil J Feald 4
John B Feald 1
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 7, Wood, Texas; Roll: T623_1681; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 148.
all were born in KY except john who was b. TX

so the migration occurred after her marriage. it is not likely she applied for enrollment since she was living in TX in 1900.

Kentucky Marriages, 1851-1900
about Mary B. Canaday
Name: Virgil G. Fields
Spouse: Mary B. Canaday
Marriage Date: 15 Nov 1883
County: Hopkins
State: KY

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on November 8, 2010

oh, forgot this stuff.
genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears

http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Ashley Motes Garmon Ashley Motes Garmon

posted on November 8, 2010

Mary Bell Canady married Virgil Gersham Fields B 1855 Ky
Berlie isn’t a nickname full name is Berlie Mae Fields. Barney Fields and Ed Fields were two of her brothers. She had 3 other brothers and 2 sisters I’m not sure of their names they preceded her in death.
Berlie Mae Fields married Benjamin F Terry (B 1880 D 1934) when she was around 18 years old and they had nine children.
Mary B Feald should be Fields and her spouse is Virgil. Can I access the site you pulled this info from so I may make the correction or is it one you have to be a member for?

Thank you so much for all your help and info, I really appreciate it. I’m now pretty sure they weren’t on the Dawes register and probally no other tribal affiliations for that matter but am glad to have learned what I have and will continue to search and for more information. Thanks again!

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on November 8, 2010

i don’t know if you can make a correction on ancestry.com without being a member. but you might be able to make the correction if your local public library has a subscription to ancestry, as many do.

yes, you should look at KY location and TX location to see if there were any tribes in those two places.

i think heritage is a very good reason to research your genealogy.

you can put your family tree on http://www.rootsweb.com, as this site is free. and you should check the messageboards and web projects for surname, location, tribe. putting up information on rootsweb will help others in your family to find information and contact you. if you do this consider getting an email address that you can always keep, such as at hotmail, yahoo, or gmail, so that the contact information will remain the same, in spite of you switching internet service providers.

you can learn about genealogy free through the personal enrichment courses at BYU.
http://ce.byu.edu/is/site/courses/personalenrichment.cfm
they are online and free.
there is a writing family history class that might be a nominal fee but it will help you create a heritage book for your family.

gl.

Nancy Wessels Nancy Wessels

posted on February 5, 2011

I don’t know how I can help but Berlie Fields Terry was my grandmother. If I can answer any questions, I would be happy to help.

Ashley Motes Garmon Ashley Motes Garmon

posted on April 24, 2012

Nancy, I would love to chat with you. How can I reach you? It’s been awhile since I’ve checked this page, I apologize!

leegreen leegreen

posted on December 2, 2012

Hello Ashley, My research connects to the Woodson family. I have Sarah Ellen Woodson’s parents as Hughes Woodson & Sarah Moseby Winfroe. His parents are Hughes & Elizabeth Strange. His g-parents Sanbourne & Elizabeth Hughes. His gg-parents Joseph & Mary Sanborne. His ggg-parents John Woodson III & Mary Tucker. His gggg John & Mary Pleasants. That should be enough to tie you into the research thats out there. I could use any info you find on any mahon/mahan mcmahon/mcmahan connections you might find. My line consistantly carries the name Mary Bell. I noticed your line picked up the name Barney which is my ggggg Barnabus Mahon. happy searching! leegreen