Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Matte Williams

Julie Polk Julie Polk

posted on December 28, 2013

Looking for any information on Matte Williams, she was born October 11, 1867 and died July 15, 1948.
She married Alfred McQuiller in 1884 and later married Joe Barton in 1891.
Her death place was Antioch, Mississippi.

She and Alfred had four children:
Lewis (1885-1967)
William (1886-?)
Minnie Elizabeth (1887-1981)
Nora (1890-1980)

Story goes that Matte was Choctaw, not sure if both her parents were or just one. Any information is greatly appreciated!

I’ve attached a copy of a picture of her…


suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on December 28, 2013

this is the website of the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. it appears your ancestors may have lived in an area that had other tribes, such as the mississippi choctaw. i have no way of determining whether your relative was a member of their tribe.

from some family trees:

Alfred McQuiller McQuilla McQuillan *
Birth abt 1863 in Mississippi
Death abt 1890

Mattie Williams
Birth May 1868 in Mississippi

Family Members
unknown Williams
1835 –

1850 –

1880 United States Federal Census about Martha Williams
Name: Martha Williams
Age: 12
Birth Year: abt 1868
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1880: Sumner, Mississippi
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Birthplace: Alabama
Mother’s Name: Sarah Williams
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: At Home
Cannot read/write:


Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
Sarah Williams 30
Elvira P. Williams 19
Martha Williams 12
Pleasant Williams 10
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: , Sumner, Mississippi; Roll: 664; Family History Film: 1254664; Page: 444C; Enumeration District: 180.

i don’t know the relation of elvira and sarah.

you may have to look also at AL tribes, such as the MOWA.

Mississippi Marriages, 1776-1935 about Mattie Williams
Name: Mattie Williams
Spouse: Alfred McQuilla
Marriage Date: 16 Apr 1884
County: Clay

1900 United States Federal Census about Mat Barton
Name: Mat Barton
Age: 32
Birth Date: May 1868
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1900: Pheba, Clay, Mississippi
Race: Black
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Joe Barton
Marriage Year: 1892
Years Married: 8
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother: number of living children: 8
Mother: How many children: 9
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Joe Barton 36
Mat Barton 32
Martha J Elmore 54
Sarah E Elmore 52
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Pheba, Clay, Mississippi; Roll: 805; Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 0033; FHL microfilm: 1240805.

all family members are listed as black and the family rents a farm.

1910 United States Federal Census about Mattie Barton
Name: Mattie Barton
Age in 1910: 38
Birth Year: abt 1872
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1910: Beat 5, Clay, Mississippi
Race: Mulatto
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Joe Barton
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Joe Barton 40
Mattie Barton 38
Naggie Barton 14
Ora Barton 17
Olla Barton 17
Mary Barton 12
Olee Barton 5
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Beat 5, Clay, Mississippi; Roll: T624_736; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 0072; FHL microfilm: 1374749.

1920 United States Federal Census about Mattie Barton
Name: Mattie Barton
[Matteo Berton]
Age: 53
Birth Year: abt 1867
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1920: Beat 5, Clay, Mississippi
Race: Black
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Joe Barton
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Able to Read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Joe Barton 57
Mattie Barton 53
Olie Barton 15
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Beat 5, Clay, Mississippi; Roll: T625_873; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 75; Image: 347.

1930 United States Federal Census about Mattie Baston
Name: Mattie Baston
[Mattie Barton]
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1867
Birthplace: Mississippi
Race: Negro (Black)
Home in 1930: Beat 5, Clay, Mississippi
Map of Home: View map
Marital Status: Widowed
Relation to Head of House: Head
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi


Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Mattie Baston 63
Mary Baston 32
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Beat 5, Clay, Mississippi; Roll: 1142; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 0015; Image: 636.0; FHL microfilm: 2340877.

1940 United States Federal Census about Mattie Barton
Name: Mattie Barton
Respondent: Yes
Age: 72
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1868
Gender: Female
Race: Negro (Black)
Birthplace: Alabama
Marital Status: Widowed
Relation to Head of House: Head
Home in 1940: Clay, Mississippi
Map of Home in 1940: View map
Farm: Yes
Inferred Residence in 1935: Clay, Mississippi
Residence in 1935: Same Place
Resident on farm in 1935: Yes
Sheet Number: 7B
Number of Household in Order of Visitation: 119
House Owned or Rented: Owned
Value of Home or Monthly Rental if Rented: 100
Attended School or College: No
Highest Grade Completed: Elementary school, 4th grade
Income Other Sources: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Mattie Barton 72
Mary Gates 42
Mazareth Gates 2
Joseph Spann 15
Source Citation: Year: 1940; Census Place: , Clay, Mississippi; Roll: T627_2016; Page: 7B; Enumeration District: 13-16.

have any of her siblings attempted to enroll in a tribe?

Spouse & Children
Alfred McQuiller McQuilla McQuillan *
1863 – 1890

Lewis McQuiller
1885 – 1967

Minnie Elizabeth McQuiller Barton *
1887 – 1981

Willie Will William Mc Quiller
1888 – 1977

Nora McQuiller Barton
1890 – 1980

Spouse & Children
Joe Barton
1864 – 1930

Ora M Barton
1892 – 1970

Olie Olee Barton
1893 – 1946

Naggie Nazareth Nazzie Barton
1896 – 1973

Mary Barton
1897 –

if no one in the family attempted to enroll in a tribe, then you might not discover the tribal affiliation. location may give you some clues. but the 1880 census record indicates that if they were native, they were not living on-reservation.

location is an important factor in tribal affiliation.

mixed race people did have a more difficult time proving tribal affiliation, particularly slaves. worse, many census records didn’t record slaves’ names. often slaves took the name of their master, favorite people, places and things. this was also true of natives.

sarah williams is a very common name. you may have to look in the 1870 census and see if you can find the family. and the first names of the family are also common.

i cannot find the family in the 1870 census. you may have to review all williams surnames in clay county.

so i don’t know if you will find a tribal affiliation or not.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information

rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and

marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application

on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth

certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such

as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and

work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times,

names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2)

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be

a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
try the fort worth, TX office.
there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes list applicants on the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma.

requirements for enrollment for several oklahoma tribes:
What are tribal membership requirements?

Tribal enrollment criteria are set forth in tribal constitutions, articles of incorporation or ordinances. The criterion varies from tribe to tribe,

so uniform membership requirements do not exist.

Two common requirements for membership are lineal decendency from someone named on the tribe’s base roll or relationship to a tribal member who

descended from someone named on the base roll. (A “base roll” is the original list of members as designated in a tribal constitution or other

document specifying enrollment criteria.) Other conditions such as tribal blood quantum, tribal residency, or continued contact with the tribe are


enrollment is a two step process. first you have to get your CDIB card from the BIA to show your degree of blood/eligibility to enroll in a

particular tribe, and then you have to apply to the tribe for acceptance, if you meet their membership requirements.

Tribal Government personnel, usually an Enrollment Clerk, located at a regional or agency office processes applications for Certificates of Degree of

Indian Blood (CDIB) and Indian Preference in Employment, BIA Form 4432, to anyone who can provide documentation that he or she descends from an

American Indian tribe.
this article has many resources.
however i find the paragraph on “Recognition for individuals” to be somewhat insensitive.

i think someone should rewrite that paragraph.

What are the most typical requirements for membership?
Each tribe has a base roll which was established, usually, in the early 20th century, listing the members of the tribe
at that time. Your first challenge will be to prove direct lineal descent from someone listed on that base roll. Then
you must prove that you have the required level of blood quantum – the percentage of your genetic make-up that
is native by bloodline. Most tribes require a 1/4 blood quantum – that is, you must be at least one-fourth Native
American – but note that the Eastern Band of the Cherokees requires that you be only 1/16 or higher to join, and the Cherokee Nation has no minimum

quantum restriction, so long as you can prove descent. There may be other conditions for membership as well: requirements for tribal residency or

continued contact with the tribe are common.

choctaw enrollment, forms, FAQs

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:

social security application for a deceased person:
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and is another useful database for native records and

military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you

can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
access genealogy’s collection of information
if you are from another tribe, use the links at the right.
if you are from an associated tribe, see the several possible links on the webpage.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document

is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices,

such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on or
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is

helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try or ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the

county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a

delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of

age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890

census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. and heritage

quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA ( are transcribed at


first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify,

2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had

accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment. some mississippi choctaw were accepted by adoption or lawsuit.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family

members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian

territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants on the dawes roll can be found here:
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely

enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical

society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical


the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that

time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

freedmen information:

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
(Record Group 75)
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public library/interlibrary loan program might also have access

to newspapers and local history books.

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this will give you locations, family members.

your local public library probably has a subscription to and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
some obituaries:

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office

has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who

actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions

granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census

card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
calculations about blood quantum:

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
marriage records

other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

tribes in other locations:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary

loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you

want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more

about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi

choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period

(census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of

tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land

records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has

those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw were not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you

might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad

to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Julie Polk Julie Polk

posted on January 2, 2014

Great information! Thanks Suzanne! I’m still researching and hope to have more information soon and will check back in soon!