Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

BRYANT family history?

Debbie Debbie

posted on December 6, 2013

My friend Joe Bryant, is a descendant of temp chief Josiah Bryant. If anyone could help me with any additional information it would be soo great! Thank you for your help!

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on December 8, 2013

no dates, location, children or spouse of josiah bryant.

this was posted on an email list. i don’t know if there are other postings about the family.
From: “Tammy Jones” <>
Subject: [CHOCTAW-SE] Bryant
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 13:55:07 -0500
References: <>

Some time ago someone posted the below information on the Bryant family. I
think I may have a connection.
“Leaders and Leading Men of the Indian Territory”, Vol. I, Choctaws and
Chickasaws By H. F. O’Beirne
published 1891.

BRYANT, Josiah H., Choctaw, b. 1854, Durant
father: Jesse Bryant of Blue county
wife: “A daughter of John Lawson”

I have a J.H. Bryant who was married to a Susan Jones. Susan was full blood
Choctaw. She was the daughter of Robin Jones. This man had been married
before to a woman named Lucinda, and they had a son name Alfred Bryant who
was born around 1879. This J.H. Bryant and Susan Jones Bryant had five
known children. One son was named Jesse and one was named Joe. The age
for J.H. Bryant and Josiah H. Bryant are est. to be 1854. Julia Bryant was
adopted along with her brother Calvin Bryant, and one other sibling, by Mr.
and Mrs. Atwood Risner. His first wife was a fullblood Choctaw amd Mr.
Risner spoke Choctaw. Atwood Risner may have been a brother to Martha
Risner who “married” Chief Wilson N. Jones, Principal Chief of the Choctaw
Nation from 1887 to 1892.

Would love to have more information on the Choctaw family
Tammy Dice Jones
The Jones Family of The Choctaw Nation
there is a picture on this book, referred to in the post.
see page 185
pdf or read online format

there might be more information in the dawes packet for this family. card#=family group
Dawes Card Information
Tribe Last First Middle Age Sex Blood Card Roll Misc Type
Choctaw Bryant Alfred 20 M FULL 3459 NR DURANT BB

Choctaw Bryant Calvin 10 M 3/4 3459 NR DURANT BB

Choctaw Bryant Florence 11 F 3/4 3459 NR DURANT BB

Choctaw Bryant J H 0 M 3459 P

Choctaw Bryant Julia 13 F 3/4 3459 NR DURANT BB

Choctaw Bryant Lucinda 0 F 3459 P

Choctaw Bryant Susan 0 F 3459 P

Choctaw Perkins Eddie 0 F 3459 P

Choctaw Perkins George 0 M 3459 P

Choctaw Risener Atwood C 41 M IW 3459 NR DURANT BB

Choctaw Risener Elmira 0 F 3459 P

Choctaw Risener Emery 17 M 1/2 3459 NR DURANT BB

Choctaw Risener George 0 M 3459 P

Choctaw Risener Lillian 19 F 1/2 3459 NR DURANT BB

Choctaw Risener Rebecca 0 F 3459 P

Choctaw Risener Vinnie 10 F 1/2 3459 NR DURANT BB

bb-by blood

Dawes Card Information
Tribe Last First Middle Age Sex Blood Card Roll Misc Type
Choctaw Bryant J R 0 M 3873 P

Choctaw Bryant James R 0 M 3873 P

Choctaw Bryant Mary R 1 F 1/16 3873 NR CADDO BB

Choctaw Bryant Mattie E 25 F 1/8 3873 NR CADDO BB

Choctaw Bryant Miriam L 1 F 1/16 3873 NR CADDO BB

Choctaw Loving Mary A 0 F 3873 P

Choctaw Smith W H P 0 M 3873 P is a subscription website but one month’s subscription cost is less than the price for a dawes packet from oklahoma historical society or NARA.

other possible sources might be the oklahoma chronicles or oklahoma pioneer papers.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2)

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
try the fort worth, TX office.
there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes list applicants on the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma.

requirements for enrollment for several oklahoma tribes:
What are tribal membership requirements?

Tribal enrollment criteria are set forth in tribal constitutions, articles of incorporation or ordinances. The criterion varies from tribe to tribe, so uniform membership requirements do not exist.

Two common requirements for membership are lineal decendency from someone named on the tribe’s base roll or relationship to a tribal member who descended from someone named on the base roll. (A “base roll” is the original list of members as designated in a tribal constitution or other document specifying enrollment criteria.) Other conditions such as tribal blood quantum, tribal residency, or continued contact with the tribe are common.

enrollment is a two step process. first you have to get your CDIB card from the BIA to show your degree of blood/eligibility to enroll in a particular tribe, and then you have to apply to the tribe for acceptance, if you meet their membership requirements.

Tribal Government personnel, usually an Enrollment Clerk, located at a regional or agency office processes applications for Certificates of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) and Indian Preference in Employment, BIA Form 4432, to anyone who can provide documentation that he or she descends from an American Indian tribe.
this article has many resources.
however i find the paragraph on “Recognition for individuals” to be somewhat insensitive.

i think someone should rewrite that paragraph.

What are the most typical requirements for membership?
Each tribe has a base roll which was established, usually, in the early 20th century, listing the members of the tribe
at that time. Your first challenge will be to prove direct lineal descent from someone listed on that base roll. Then
you must prove that you have the required level of blood quantum – the percentage of your genetic make-up that
is native by bloodline. Most tribes require a 1/4 blood quantum – that is, you must be at least one-fourth Native
American – but note that the Eastern Band of the Cherokees requires that you be only 1/16 or higher to join, and the Cherokee Nation has no minimum quantum restriction, so long as you can prove descent. There may be other conditions for membership as well: requirements for tribal residency or continued contact with the tribe are common.

choctaw enrollment, forms, FAQs

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:

social security application for a deceased person:
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
access genealogy’s collection of information
if you are from another tribe, use the links at the right.
if you are from an associated tribe, see the several possible links on the webpage.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on or
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try or ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA ( are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment. some mississippi choctaw were accepted by adoption or lawsuit.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants on the dawes roll can be found here:
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

freedmen information:

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
(Record Group 75)
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public library/interlibrary loan program might also have access to newspapers and local history books.

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this will give you locations, family members. your local public library probably has a subscription to and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
some obituaries:

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
calculations about blood quantum:

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
marriage records

other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

tribes in other locations:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw were not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

rayson allen rayson allen

posted on December 11, 2013 and updated on December 11, 2013

APPROPRIATION for Josiah Bryant:

WHEREAS Josiah Bryant, regularly commissioned sheriff of Blue County,Choctaw
Nation, while in the legal discharge of his
official duties, did summon to his aid Ahotubbee, Joseph McClure, Levi Garland and
Norman Kaplin, in guarding and safely keeping
Benjamin Stidham and Harvey Stidham, citizens
and residents of the said County and Nation aforesaid, and held as prisoners under an
indictment found against them by the grand jury of the circuit court of Blue County,
Choctaw Nation, at the current term for the murder of one Ephraim Willis, a Choctaw
citizen of the same County and Nation
aforesaid; And whereas, on the 16th day
of September, A.D.1877, the said prisoners,
Benjamin Stidham and Harvey Stidham made
an attempt to escape, in which attempt the
said prisoners were killed; And whereas,proceedings are about to be commenced
against them in the United States Court for
the Western District of Arkansas for the killing of the said Benjamin Stidham and Harvey Stidham, aforesaid. And whereas, it is the duty of the Choctaw Nation to protect and
aid her officers in the discharge of their
legal duties,therefore:
Be it enacted by the General Council of the Choctaw Nation, assembled, that the sum of $500.00 be and is hereby appropriated out of any money in the National Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to enable the said Josiah Bryant to employ counsel for their defense. Be it further enacted that the National Auditor be and he is hereby instructed to issue his warrant on the National Treasurer for the above sum, in favor of Josiah Bryant. Be it further enacted, that this Act take effect and be in force from and after its passage. Proposed by B J Pickens and C E Harkins, representatives of Blue County. Approved October 20, 1877.
Signed, Coleman Cole, Principal Chief,C N,I T

rayson allen rayson allen

posted on December 11, 2013



Mr. Bryant was born near Durant in 1854, and is the son of Jesse Bryant, of Blue county.
He went to school at Bonham, Texas, until 1873, during which time he worked to pay his own tuition. His labors were, however, rewarded in after years by the national government, for he has never been out of office since his education was completed,
being appointed a deputy sheriff after his return from Bonham. In 1874 he was elected sheriff, which position he held six years.
He was representative under Jack McCurtain’s administration in 1880, but retired from the
house when the ‘Frisco Railroad Charter bill became a subject of unpleasant discussion in the legislature. In 1881 he was re- elected to the shrievalty, which he held one term, till elected district trustee by the council in 1884. In 1886, during Smallwood’s administration, Mr. Bryant again entered the House, where he was elected speaker of
the representative body, an office never before bestowed upon so young a man. In this capacity he surprised the expectations of
his warmest friends. In 1889, on the death of Levi Garland, he was appointed by Gov. Small-
wood to fill the unexpired term of the late sheriff of Blue county. He is now a candidate for the Senate, against W. W. Hampton,
a man of great popularity.

Mr. Bryant married a daughter of John Lawson in 1874. He is comfortably situated, having
four hundred acres of farm land and eight hundred of pasture.

rayson allen rayson allen

posted on December 11, 2013 and updated on December 11, 2013


IW 333- Risener, Atwood C. age 41, male, Identified White. Father is George Risener, non citizen (dead) Mother is Rebecca Risener, non citizen (dead)

Roll# 9854- Risener, Lillian, daughter, age 19, female, 1/2 blood, Blue County. Mother is Elmira Risener, Choctaw

Roll# 9855- Risener, Emery, son, age 17, male, 1/2 blood, Blue County. Same Mother.

Roll# 9856- Risener, Vinnie, ward, age 10, female, 1/2 blood, Blue County. Father was George Perkins, non citizen (dead) Mother was Edie Perkins, Choctaw (dead)

Roll# 9857- Bryant, Alfred, adopted, age 20, male, 3/4 blood, Blue County. Father was J. H. Bryant (dead) Mother was Lucinda Bryant (dead) Both were Choctaws.

Roll# 9858- Bryant, Julia, adopted, age 13, female, 3/4 blood, Blue County. Same Parents.

Roll# 9859- Bryant, Florence, adopted, age 11,
female, 3/4 blood, Blue County. Same Parents.

Roll # 9860- Bryant, Calvin, adopted, age 10, male, 3/4 blood, Blue County. Same Parents.

Date of Application: August 20, 1899
Enrolled September 12, 1903


First wife of Atwood C. Risener (born 1854) was Elmira Peters, Choctaw, (died 1883) whom he married at Bennington, Blue County, Choctaw Nation in 1874. The marriage license cost him $25.00

The second wife of Atwood C. Risener was a white woman named Minnie Strickler, whom he married in Blue County,Choctaw Nation, in 1887