Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Blalock and Underwood Family Trees

TiffanyRBH TiffanyRBH

posted on October 22, 2013

Hi,

I’m just trying to discover any family connections I may have with the tribe since I have been conducting some genealogy research and I have found both surnames on the Dawes rolls. I know we are native, but I don’t know which tribe we are from and there are large gaps missing in the lineage. So if any of the names/dates look familiar to anyone let me know. I know Blalock is a unique surname and I’m trying to reconnect with family since everyone is scattered and my branch fo the family is not close or in contact.

My great-grandfather is Cecil Richard Blalock (4/25/1883 to 6/29/44 Alabama) He was married to Lillie Jewel Stoker. I know they had a lot of children, but I only have information on my grandfather who was one of their last children, if not the last: Cecil Jerrell Blalock Sr. (11/19/31 to 3/26/12) born in Mentone, AL

Cecil Jerrell Sr. married Mary Underwood (whose native background I’m also trying to figure out and will list later). They had 3 children: Cynthia, Angela and Cecil Jerrell Jr. (my father).

I’ve tried to work back from my grandma Mary for my Underwood roots, but I can’t go back from her father who was Rev. James Lester Underwood 3/15/1900 to 2/14/86 in Wrightsville, GA. I know J.L.‘s mother’s name was Rebecca but we don’t know her maiden name. Again, I don’t know the names of any brothers or sisters.

I’m sure someone in my family has this information but they don’t want to discuss it.

I researched how common the surname Blalock was and the U.S. Census showed there to only be 13,195 people with the name in the whole country, so I’ve got relatives out there.

I’ve found the surnames Blalock and Underwood in connection with the following tribes: Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, Sioux and Shawnee.

The photo is of my father at a family reunion 10 yrs ago.

attached:

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on October 23, 2013

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma and contains the names of applicants to the five major tribes in oklahoma. if your family was not living on indian territory in 1900, the chances that the applied to a tribe in oklahoma is very small.

natives applied to tribes near where they lived because they had to be living under the authority of the tribe.

many surnames are on the dawes roll. natives often took surnames of favorite people, places and things. they might have intermarried with other races. the significance of a surname is different for natives and caucasians.

1940 United States Federal Census about Cecil R Blacock
Name: Cecil R Blacock
Age: 56
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1884
Gender: Male
Race: White
Birthplace: Alabama
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Home in 1940: Valley Head, DeKalb, Alabama
Map of Home in 1940: View Map
Farm: No
Inferred Residence in 1935: Valley Head, DeKalb, Alabama
Residence in 1935: Same Place
Sheet Number: 5A
Number of Household in Order of Visitation: 84
Occupation: Carpenter
House Owned or Rented: Rented
Value of Home or Monthly Rental if Rented: 8
Attended School or College: No
Highest Grade Completed: Elementary school, 8th grade
Hours Worked Week Prior to Census: 45
Class of Worker: Working on own account
Weeks Worked in 1939: 52
Income: 1000
Income Other Sources: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Cecil R Blacock 56
Lillie Blacock 41
Lorene Blacock 11
Gernese Blacock 8
Leonard Blacock 7
John H Blacock 2
Source Citation: Year: 1940; Census Place: Valley Head, DeKalb, Alabama; Roll: T627_26; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 25-17.

1930 United States Federal Census about Cecil R Blaylock
Name: Cecil R Blaylock
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1884
Birthplace: Alabama
Race: White
Home in 1930: Chattanooga, Hamilton, Tennessee
Map of Home: View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Lillie Blaylock
Father’s Birthplace: Alabama
Mother’s Birthplace: Alabama
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Cecil R Blaylock 46
Lillie Blaylock 31
Joseph G Blaylock 15
Aubert Blaylock 4
Loarine Blaylock 1
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Chattanooga, Hamilton, Tennessee; Roll: 2252; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 47; Image: 131.0; FHL microfilm: 2341986.

Alabama, Deaths and Burials Index, 1881-1974 about Cecil Richard Blalock
Name: Cecil Richard Blalock
Birth Date: abt 1883
Death Date: 29 Jun 1944
Death Place: Valley Head, Dekalb, Alabama
Death Age: 61
Marital Status: Married
Gender: Male
Father Name: Joseph M Blalock
Mother Name: Mary Elizabeth Ellison
Spouse Name: Lillie Stoker
FHL Film Number: 1908785

findagrave.com
Cecil Richard Blalock
Birth: Apr. 25, 1883
Death: Jun. 29, 1944

Family links:
Children:
Cecil Jerrell Blalock (1931 – 2012)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Bankhead Cemetery
Mentone
DeKalb County
Alabama, USA

Cecil Jerrell Blalock, Sr
Birth: Nov. 19, 1931
DeKalb County
Alabama, USA
Death: Mar. 26, 2012
Cartersville
Bartow County
Georgia, USA

Family links:
Parents:
Cecil Richard Blalock (1883 – 1944)
Lilly Jewell Blalock (1899 – 1975)

Burial:
Hilcrest Memorial Gardens
Cleveland
Bradley County
Tennessee, USA

Lilly Jewell Blalock
Birth: Mar. 15, 1899
Death: Apr. 2, 1975

Family links:
Children:
Cecil Jerrell Blalock (1931 – 2012)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Bankhead Cemetery
Mentone
DeKalb County
Alabama, USA

now that you have some dates, you should try to get obituaries through your local public library/interlibrary loan program.

it appears to me that you are posting on the choctaw board of oklahoma because you believe they are native. first, you should get the census records 1900-1940 and look for nearby tribes.

U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 about Cecil Richard Blalock
Name: Cecil Richard Blalock
County: De Kalb
State: Alabama
Birth Date: 25 Apr 1882
Race: White

1900 United States Federal Census about Richard C Blalock
Name: Richard C Blalock
Age: 17
Birth Date: Apr 1883
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1900: Fischers Mill, De Kalb, Alabama
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Joseph Blalock
Father’s Birthplace: South Carolina
Mother’s Name: Mary E Blalock
Mother’s Birthplace: Alabama
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Joseph Blalock 46
Mary E Blalock 36
Richard C Blalock 17
Daisy Blalock 14
John W Blalock 12
James B Blalock 10
Violet W Blalock 8
Joseph H Blalock 5
William W Blalock 1
Welman Blalock 5/12
Ben Derring 57
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Fischers Mill, De Kalb, Alabama; Roll: 14; Page: 10A; Enumeration District: 0076; FHL microfilm: 1240014.

1880 United States Federal Census about Mary Ellison
Name: Mary Ellison
Age: 16
Birth Year: abt 1864
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1880: Cedar Grove, Walker, Georgia
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: R. Ellison
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Name: Emeline Ellison
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: At Home
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
R. Ellison 65
Emeline Ellison 52
John Ellison 23
Mary Ellison 16
William Carter 20
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Cedar Grove, Walker, Georgia; Roll: 169; Family History Film: 1254169; Page: 332B; Enumeration District: 183; Image: 0473.

Georgia Deaths, 1919-98 about Mary E Blaylock
Name: Mary E Blaylock
Death Date: 14 Feb 1942
County of Death: Whitfld
Gender: F (Female)
Race: White
Age: 78
Certificate: 4232

findagrave.com
mary e. blalock
Birth: ?. 11, 1864
Death: ?
. 13, 1942

Inscription:
There is no marker for her

Note: She lies next to her husband Joseph M Blalock. Joseph made both of their caskets from a tree that was struck by lightening in their yard. They were stored in the loft of the home till their deaths. This according to grand daughter Grace Blalock.

Burial:
Bankhead Cemetery
Mentone
DeKalb County
Alabama, USA
Plot: Row #8

1870 United States Federal Census about Richard Ellison
Name: Richard Ellison
Age in 1870: 64
Birth Year: abt 1806
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1870: District 870, Chattooga, Georgia
Race: White
Gender: Male
Post Office: Trion Factory
Value of real estate: View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
Richard Ellison 64
Emiline Ellison 43
Drussilla Ellison 18
Robert Ellison 16
Thompson Ellison 14
John Ellison 12
Nancy Ellison 10
Mary Ellison 5
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: District 870, Chattooga, Georgia; Roll: M593_142; Page: 81B; Image: 168; Family History Library Film: 545641.

this family might be creek, chickasaw, cherokee. but they are not living on a reservation, so it might be difficult to determine their native roots. natives that lived on reservation were on native census records but natives that lived off-reservation were in federal census records.

http://www.native-languages.org/georgia.htm
http://500nations.com/Georgia_Tribes.asp

location is a major factor in tribal affiliation, so see where they lived and then try to find the tribe, if you think they are native.

1900 United States Federal Census about Lillie J Stokes
Name: Lillie J Stokes
[Lillie J Stoker]
Age: 1
Birth Date: May 1898
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1900: Cedar Grove, Walker, Georgia
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: William Stokes
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Name: Bettie E Stokes
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Stokes 28
Bettie E Stokes 27
Lillie J Stokes 1
Sallie P Stokes 17
John Stokes 68
Sarah Stokes 58
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Cedar Grove, Walker, Georgia; Roll: 226; Page: 6B; Enumeration District: 0100; FHL microfilm: 1240226.

in the 1940 census record, the child’s name is jerrell. it was mistranscribed. you should correct the ancestry census record so that others can find your family.

they were renting a house and cecil richard blalock was a railroad carpenter.

clearly, the family was not living in oklahoma, so i don’t think the dawes roll applies here. the dawes roll is limited to the natives who applied to the five major tribes of oklahoma.

i understand that you are looking for your heritage but your ancestors were not living on a reservation, so it might be difficult to find the tribe. tribes were bands of natives and many natives migrated with their band.

i don’t see a choctaw heritage but there might be another tribe that fits better.

i see that you want to trace mary underwood also. there is not enough information in your post to do that.

i start with the death and work backwards in time. try the obituary, death certificate, cemetery record for clues.

then look at the childrens’ birth record which fixes the family to a date and location and often has parents’ information.

anyone who passed away after 1/1/1937 has a social security record. you can get a copy of a deceased ancestor’s social security application with a SS-5. when people applied, they had to submit a birth record. usually this was a delayed birth certificate filed with the state vital records office where they were born. ask for both a birth certificate and a delayed birth certificate.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2) ancestry.com.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
http://www.archives.gov
try the fort worth, TX office.
there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes list applicants on the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma.

requirements for enrollment for several oklahoma tribes:
http://thorpe.ou.edu/OILS/blood.html
What are tribal membership requirements?

Tribal enrollment criteria are set forth in tribal constitutions, articles of incorporation or ordinances. The criterion varies from tribe to tribe, so uniform membership requirements do not exist.

Two common requirements for membership are lineal decendency from someone named on the tribe’s base roll or relationship to a tribal member who descended from someone named on the base roll. (A “base roll” is the original list of members as designated in a tribal constitution or other document specifying enrollment criteria.) Other conditions such as tribal blood quantum, tribal residency, or continued contact with the tribe are common.

http://www.narf.org/nill/resources/enrollment.htm

enrollment is a two step process. first you have to get your CDIB card from the BIA to show your degree of blood/eligibility to enroll in a particular tribe, and then you have to apply to the tribe for acceptance, if you meet their membership requirements.

Tribal Government personnel, usually an Enrollment Clerk, located at a regional or agency office processes applications for Certificates of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) and Indian Preference in Employment, BIA Form 4432, to anyone who can provide documentation that he or she descends from an American Indian tribe.
http://www.bia.gov/WhatWeDo/ServiceOverview/TribalGov/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_recognition_in_the_United_States
this article has many resources.
however i find the paragraph on “Recognition for individuals” to be somewhat insensitive.

i think someone should rewrite that paragraph.

What are the most typical requirements for membership?
Each tribe has a base roll which was established, usually, in the early 20th century, listing the members of the tribe
at that time. Your first challenge will be to prove direct lineal descent from someone listed on that base roll. Then
you must prove that you have the required level of blood quantum – the percentage of your genetic make-up that
is native by bloodline. Most tribes require a 1/4 blood quantum – that is, you must be at least one-fourth Native
American – but note that the Eastern Band of the Cherokees requires that you be only 1/16 or higher to join, and the Cherokee Nation has no minimum quantum restriction, so long as you can prove descent. There may be other conditions for membership as well: requirements for tribal residency or continued contact with the tribe are common.
http://freedomcenter.org/_media/pdf/genealogy/16.%20Native%20American%20-%20Tribal%20Membership.pdf

choctaw enrollment, forms, FAQs
http://www.choctawnation.com/services/departments/enrollment-cdib-and-tribal-membership/

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment. some mississippi choctaw were accepted by adoption or lawsuit.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants on the dawes roll can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
http://www.odl.state.ok.us/oar/
http://www.okhistory.org/
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public library/interlibrary loan program might also have access to newspapers and local history books.

http://www.archives.gov

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.

http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

http://www.okhistory.org/publications/chronicles

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this will give you locations, family members. your local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.com and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

tribes in other locations:
http://www.ncsl.org/issues-research/tribal/list-of-federal-and-state-recognized-tribes.aspx

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw were not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto