Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Any Information regarding Floyd Fitzgerald

Aryn Aryn

posted on October 14, 2013

My name is Aryn and I’m an eighth Choctaw. To a lot of people it means nothing to them. To me it means everything. I may not be dark skinned or have very dark hair, but my blood runs deep with my ancestors. Floyd Fitzgerald was my Great Grandfather. All I know is that he was half Irish and half Choctaw. I also know that he married my Nana (nawnaw), Pauline who was also half Irish half Choctaw. She was moved to CA when she got pregnant in the 30’s. I’m not sure when Flyod was born or even the exact year of his death. If any one at all has even a teeny little piece of information I would greatly appreciate it. Thank you for your time in reading this to whomever does. -Aryn Pauline Fitzgerald

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on October 14, 2013

there are no years, specific locations, spouses in this post. nana can be a nickname for mother/grandmother. i am not sure of relationships in your post.

fitzgerald is a common name. in the UK, fitz means that there was an illegitimate child of a royal. but since natives took surnames of favorite people, places and things, i am not sure that the fitzgerald name was adopted or was a lineal descent.

is this your floyd?

1940 United States Federal Census about Floyd Fitzgerald
Name: Floyd Fitzgerald
Age: 25
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1915
Gender: Male
Race: Indian (Native American)
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Home in 1940: Tuskahoma, Pushmataha, Oklahoma
Map of Home in 1940: View Map
Farm: No
Inferred Residence in 1935: Tuskahoma, Pushmataha, Oklahoma
Residence in 1935: Same Place
Resident on farm in 1935: No
Sheet Number: 2A
Number of Household in Order of Visitation: 24
Occupation: Laborer
House Owned or Rented: Rented
Value of Home or Monthly Rental if Rented: 4
Attended School or College: No
Highest Grade Completed: High School, 1st year
Hours Worked Week Prior to Census: 16
Duration of Unemployment: 104
Class of Worker: Wage or salary worker in Government work
Weeks Worked in 1939: 13
Income: 130
Income Other Sources: No
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Floyd Fitzgerald 25
Pauline Fitzgerald 23
John Paul Fitzgerald 5
Donald E Fitzgerald 6/12
Source Citation: Year: 1940; Census Place: Tuskahoma, Pushmataha, Oklahoma; Roll: T627_3329; Page: 2A; Enumeration District: 64-18.

California, Death Index, 1940-1997 about Floyd Allen Fitzgerald
Name: Floyd Allen Fitzgerald
Social Security #: 447096949
Gender: Male
Birth Date: 28 Aug 1914
Birth Place: Oklahoma
Death Date: 31 Jan 1956
Death Place: Alameda
Mother’s Maiden Name: Garnes
Father’s Surname: Fitzgerald

1930 United States Federal Census about Floyd A Fitzgerald
Name: Floyd A Fitzgerald
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1915
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Race: White
Home in 1930: Tuskahoma, Pushmataha, Oklahoma
Map of Home: View Map
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Son
Father’s Name: Edward Fitzgerald
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Name: Emma L Fitzgerald
Mother’s Birthplace: Oklahoma
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Edward Fitzgerald 54
Emma L Fitzgerald 41
William Fitzgerald 22
Richard Fitzgerald 20
Allie M Fitzgerald 17
Floyd A Fitzgerald 15
Gertie Lee Canfield 16
Virgira Lee Stanford 0
[10/12]
R J Fitzgerald 77
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Tuskahoma, Pushmataha, Oklahoma; Roll: 1929; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 16; Image: 855.0; FHL microfilm: 2341663.

1920 United States Federal Census about Floyd Fitzgerald
Name: Floyd Fitzgerald
Age: 5
Birth Year: abt 1915
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1920: Tuskahoma, Pushmataha, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Ed Fitzgerald
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Name: Emma Fitzgerald
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Ed Fitzgerald 43
Emma Fitzgerald 30
William Fitzgerald 13
Richard Fitzgerald 11
Ollie Fitzgerald 8
Floyd Fitzgerald 5
Gertie Fitzgerald 4
[4 0/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Tuskahoma, Pushmataha, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1480; Page: 1B; Enumeration District: 236; Image: 727.

ed owns a farm. his neighbor may be related.

1920 United States Federal Census about Allen Fitzgerald
Name: Allen Fitzgerald
Age: 35
Birth Year: abt 1885
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1920: Tuskahoma, Pushmataha, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Gertie Fitzgerald
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Name: Rebecca Fitzgerald
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Home owned: Rent
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Allen Fitzgerald 35
Gertie Fitzgerald 30
Bell Fitzgerald 14
Alimay Fitzgerald 9
Rebecca Fitzgerald 66
William Markham 66
Dorothy Markham 28
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Tuskahoma, Pushmataha, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1480; Page: 1B; Enumeration District: 236; Image: 727.

1920 United States Federal Census about Rebecca Fitzgerald
Name: Rebecca Fitzgerald
Age: 66
Birth Year: abt 1854
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1920: Tuskahoma, Pushmataha, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Mother
Marital Status: Widowed
[Widow]
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee

1910 United States Federal Census about Beckey Fitzgeralds
Name: Beckey Fitzgeralds
Age in 1910: 55
Birth Year: abt 1855
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1910: Justice Precinct 1, Mitchell, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Mother
Marital Status: Widowed
Father’s Birthplace: Indiana
Mother’s Birthplace: Indiana
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Allen S Fitzgeralds 26
Gertie Fitzgeralds 22
Rosi B Fitzgeralds 4
Beckey Fitzgeralds 55
Essie Markham 11
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Justice Precinct 1, Mitchell, Texas; Roll: T624_1578; Page: 6B; Enumeration District: 0167; FHL microfilm: 1375591.

1900 United States Federal Census about Rebecca Fitzgerald
Name: Rebecca Fitzgerald
[Becky Fitzgerald]
Age: 47
Birth Date: abt 1853
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1900: Township 2, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s Name: William Fitzgerald
Years Married: 25
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Fitzgerald 48
Rebecca Fitzgerald 47
James E Fitzgerald 25
Arthur E Fitzgerald 23
Carlis E Fitzgerald 21
Allen Fitzgerald 17
Osie Fitzgerald 12
Roy W Fitzgerald 8
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 2, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: 1852; Enumeration District: 0097; FHL microfilm: 1241852.

Arkansas Marriages, 1851-1900 about Rebecca J. Perrson
Name: William H. Fitzgerald
Spouse: Rebecca J. Perrson
Marriage Date: 2 Oct 1874
County: Washington
State: AR

i am having trouble tracing the edward fitzgerald family back from the 1920 census. it is likely that this might be due to his use of a middle name for his common name in records.

i am not seeing that this fitzgerald family applied for enrollment in one of the five major tribes. this might be because they didn’t qualify for enrollment. the dawes procedure required applicants to submit evidence of their descent from ancestors alive around 1830 in MS/AL and it appears that perhaps they could not do so. i see that rebecca was b. AR but her parents were b. TN and this could have been the problem. i don’t think there were reservations in TN. natives who were living on-reservation in the 1800s were enumerated on native census records but natives who lived off reservation were enumerated on the federal census.

since emma was b. TX and her parents were b. TX, this is a similar problem. the trail of tears in the late 1830s did not go through texas. but many unofficial migrations did. you might find a land grant to a head of household 1830-1900 or so saying choctaw scrip. these were land grants given to natives in lieu of tribal termination. ancestry.com has a database of homestead and native land grants called “mississippi land records”. those records, if you find a match, are at NARA, link in this post. MS and AL gave land grants to natives but other states apparently did not.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma and location is an important factor. so look for nearby tribes in the 1900-1940 time period.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2) ancestry.com.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
http://www.archives.gov
try the fort worth, TX office.
there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes list applicants on the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma.

requirements for enrollment for several oklahoma tribes:
http://thorpe.ou.edu/OILS/blood.html
What are tribal membership requirements?

Tribal enrollment criteria are set forth in tribal constitutions, articles of incorporation or ordinances. The criterion varies from tribe to tribe, so uniform membership requirements do not exist.

Two common requirements for membership are lineal decendency from someone named on the tribe’s base roll or relationship to a tribal member who descended from someone named on the base roll. (A “base roll” is the original list of members as designated in a tribal constitution or other document specifying enrollment criteria.) Other conditions such as tribal blood quantum, tribal residency, or continued contact with the tribe are common.

http://www.narf.org/nill/resources/enrollment.htm

enrollment is a two step process. first you have to get your CDIB card from the BIA to show your degree of blood/eligibility to enroll in a particular tribe, and then you have to apply to the tribe for acceptance, if you meet their membership requirements.

Tribal Government personnel, usually an Enrollment Clerk, located at a regional or agency office processes applications for Certificates of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) and Indian Preference in Employment, BIA Form 4432, to anyone who can provide documentation that he or she descends from an American Indian tribe.
http://www.bia.gov/WhatWeDo/ServiceOverview/TribalGov/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_recognition_in_the_United_States
this article has many resources.
however i find the paragraph on “Recognition for individuals” to be somewhat insensitive.

i think someone should rewrite that paragraph.

What are the most typical requirements for membership?
Each tribe has a base roll which was established, usually, in the early 20th century, listing the members of the tribe
at that time. Your first challenge will be to prove direct lineal descent from someone listed on that base roll. Then
you must prove that you have the required level of blood quantum – the percentage of your genetic make-up that
is native by bloodline. Most tribes require a 1/4 blood quantum – that is, you must be at least one-fourth Native
American – but note that the Eastern Band of the Cherokees requires that you be only 1/16 or higher to join, and the Cherokee Nation has no minimum quantum restriction, so long as you can prove descent. There may be other conditions for membership as well: requirements for tribal residency or continued contact with the tribe are common.
http://freedomcenter.org/_media/pdf/genealogy/16.%20Native%20American%20-%20Tribal%20Membership.pdf

choctaw enrollment, forms, FAQs
http://www.choctawnation.com/services/departments/enrollment-cdib-and-tribal-membership/

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment. some mississippi choctaw were accepted by adoption or lawsuit.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants on the dawes roll can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
http://www.odl.state.ok.us/oar/
http://www.okhistory.org/
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public library/interlibrary loan program might also have access to newspapers and local history books.

http://www.archives.gov

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.

http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

http://www.okhistory.org/publications/chronicles

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this will give you locations, family members. your local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.com and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

tribes in other locations:
http://www.ncsl.org/issues-research/tribal/list-of-federal-and-state-recognized-tribes.aspx

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw were not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

rayson allen rayson allen

posted on October 14, 2013 and updated on October 15, 2013

ANCESTRY.COM = Fitzgerald-Rutledge Family Tree
James Edward Fitzgerald, born 10-10-1875 Washington County, Arkansas Died 2-23-1957 Los Angeles County, California// Father was William Henry Fitzgerald, 1852-1906 // Mother was Rebecca J. Perrson, born 1853, AKA “Becky” //
William and Becky were married 10-2-1874 in Washington County, Arkansas // James Edward Fitzgerald, a white man, married wife # 1 -
Ellen “Millie” Carnes, a full blood Choctaw Indian woman in Bennington, Blue County, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory. // Ellen Carnes born 7-7-1881 Sardis, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory died 11-1-1918 Tuskahoma, Pushmataha, Oklahoma Father: Harris Carnes, Mother: Edaline Carnes // Their children were
William Fitzgerald 1907-1957, Richard Fitzgerald 1910-1993, Ollie Fitzgerald 1912-1939, Floyd Fitzgerald 1914-1956 //
James Edward Fitzgerald’s wife #2 was Emma l. Conally // See the following Census:
1900 Census, Town 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory = Ellen (Carnes) Anderson age 18 //
1900 Census, Town 2, Choctaw Nation, I.T.
(James Edward Fitzgerald, age 25) // 1910 Census, Tuskahoma, Pushmataha, Oklahoma (Millie Fitzgerald age 29, James Edward) // 1920 Census, Tuskahoma,Pushmataha, Oklahoma
(James Edward age 43) // 1930 Census Tuskahoma, Pushmataha, Oklahoma (James Edward age 54)

DAWES ENROLLMENT, FAMILY CARD, CHOCTAW BY BLOOD # 3848, Bennington, Jackson County, Indian Territory, Year 1896 =
Roll # 10855 Willie E. Anderson, age 33, Full
Blood, Jackson County, Father: Eastman Anderson. Mother: Eliza Anderson //
Roll # 10856 Sarah Anderson, age 40, Full Blood, Jackson County, (no parents listed) //
Roll # 10857 Walter Anderson, age 11, Full Blood, Jackson County, Father: (#1)William Anderson, Mother: Lesanna Anderson (dead) //
Roll # 10858 Ellen Carnes, Stepdaughter, age 16, Full Blood, Jackson County, Father: Ben Carnes, Mother: Sarah Carnes Anderson (#2) //
Roll # 10859 James Carnes, Stepson, age 8, Full Blood, Jackson County, Father: Tillas Carnes, Mother: Sarah Carnes Anderson (# 2)
Notes Attached= #1 and #2 have separated as of 8-24-1899. Child of # 4 (Ellen Carnes) on Choctaw Minor Card # 627. This family identified on 8-24-1899, approved for enrollment by Secretary of the Interior on 2-4-1903.

DAWES CARD, CHOCTAW MINOR # 627 =
Wilson Fisher, born 4-27-1905 Bentley, Atoka Co, Choctaw Nation, I. T. / Father: Daniel Fisher,age 24 Mother: Ellen Carnes, age 25

1885 CHOCTAW NATION CENSUS, INDIAN TERRITORY=
BLUE COUNTY-

  1. 667 Harris Carnes, Indian, age 61 //
  2. 668 John Carnes, Indian, age 16 //
  3. 669 Andrew Carnes, Indian, age 7 //
  1. 460 Eastman Anderson, Indian, age 50 //
  2. 461 Elizabeth Anderson, Indian, age 45 //
  3. 462 William Anderson, Indian, age 17 //
  1. 457 Daniel Fisher, Indian, age 4 //

ATOKA COUNTY-
Benjamin Carnes, Indian, age 30 //
Sarah Carnes, Indian, age 28 //
Solomon Carnes, Indian, age 6 //
Ellen Carnes, Indian. age 4 (female) //
Saine Carnes, Indian, age 1 (female) //

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posted on October 14, 2013

1900 United States Federal Census about Ellen Carnes
Name: Ellen Carnes[Anderson]
Age: 18
Birth Date: abt 1882
Birthplace: Indian Territory, Oklahoma
Home in 1900: Township 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Father’s Name: William Anderson
Mother’s Name: Sarah Anderson
Household Members:
Name Age
William Anderson 34
Sarah Anderson 41
Walter Anderson 14
Ellen Carnes 18
James Carnes 9

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posted on October 15, 2013

1910 United States Federal Census about Millie Fitzgerald
Name: Millie Fitzgerald
Age in 1910: 29
Birth Year: abt 1881
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1910: Tuskahoma, Pushmataha, Oklahoma
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: James E Fitzgerald
Father’s Birthplace: Oklahoma
Mother’s Birthplace: Oklahoma
Household Members:
Name Age
James E Fitzgerald 34
Millie Fitzgerald 29
Willie Fitzgerald 2
Richard Fitzgerald 0
[6/12]
James R Anderson 10
Peter M Anderson 5

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posted on October 15, 2013

1900 United States Federal Census about James E Fitzgerald
Name: James E Fitzgerald
Age: 25
Birth Date: abt 1875
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1900: Township 2, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Father’s Name: William Fitzgerald
Mother’s Name: Becky Fitzgerald

Household Members:
Name Age
William Fitzgerald 48
Rebecca Fitzgerald 47
James E Fitzgerald 25
Arthur E Fitzgerald 23
Carlis E Fitzgerald 21
Allen Fitzgerald 17
Osie Fitzgerald 12
Roy W Fitzgerald 8

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posted on October 15, 2013 and updated on October 15, 2013

U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 about James E Fitzgerald
Name: James E Fitzgerald
Township: Sardis
County: Pushmataha
State: Oklahoma
Birth Date: 15 Oct 1875
Race: White
Age: 43
Occupation: Farmer
Nearest Relative: Millie Fitzgerald, Sardis,OK
Race: White
Citizenship: Natural Born
Height: Short
Build: Medium
Color of Eyes: Gray
Color of Hair: Dark
Other: No disabilities
Date of Registration: September 12, 1918
Place of Registration: Pushmataha County, OK

ROBERT W. KING ROBERT W. KING

posted on November 22, 2013

FITZGERALDS ARE IN TALIHINA AND YANUSH, OK