Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Need Help

Pam Pam

posted on October 13, 2013

I am trying to find where we belong. My Grandmother known to us as Emma Edith Beaty (Hammrick) Hamrick, is not listed as part of her family. We know that she is Native and born in Indian Territory, Errie, Oklahoma in or about 1906.
There is a picture of her and my Great Aunt Lavada M. Beaty Thompson and their mother taken in Oklahoma I believe to be in Bennington, Oklahoma.
If there is anyone out there that can help us please notify us. My mother who is aging would just like to know where she comes from.
My sincere thank you in advance to anyone that has information.
Pam

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on October 13, 2013

she might have been born after the dawes roll closed in 1906. in that case, you have to be directly related to an original enrollee of the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. the dawes roll contains the names of applicants to the five major tribes of oklahoma.

where was your family living 1896-1906? where was your grandmother born?

is this your ancestor?

1910 United States Federal Census about Emma E Beaty
Name: Emma E Beaty
Age in 1910: 5
Birth Year: abt 1905
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1910: Township 9, Bryan, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Jake A Beaty
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Name: Armanda Beaty
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Jake A Beaty 39
Armanda Beaty 26
Emma E Beaty 5
David E Beaty 1
Andy L Hendrix 30
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Township 9, Bryan, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1244; Page: 8B; Enumeration District: 0030; FHL microfilm: 1375257.

California, Death Index, 1940-1997 about Emma Ethel Hamrick
Name: Emma Ethel Hamrick
[Emma Ethel Beaty]
Social Security #: 559360483
Gender: Female
Birth Date: 18 Oct 1905
Birth Place: Oklahoma
Death Date: 26 Dec 1990
Death Place: Stanislaus
Mother’s Maiden Name: Finley
Father’s Surname: Beaty

1910 United States Federal Census about Jake A Beaty
Name: Jake A Beaty
Age in 1910: 39
Birth Year: abt 1871
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1910: Township 9, Bryan, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
while there were many unofficial migrations to/through texas, the trail of tears did not go through texas in the late 1830s. so, if he is native, he could be a texas tribe member or mississippi choctaw.

findagrave.com memorial page
Jacob Hathaway “Jake” Beaty
Birth: 1870
Texas, USA
Death: Jun. 4, 1933
Bennington
Bryan County
Oklahoma, USA

Son of Pleasant H & Mary “Polly” Ann (Tinker) Beaty married, 23 Apr 1900, Ardmore, Carter IT, Ok, Armanda April Finley.

Burial:
Jackson Cemetery
Bryan County
Oklahoma, USA

1880 United States Federal Census about Jacob Beaty
Name: Jacob Beaty
Age: 10
Birth Year: abt 1870
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1880: Precinct 4, Tarrant, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: P.H. Beaty
Father’s Birthplace: Missouri
Mother’s Name: Polly Ann Beaty
Mother’s Birthplace: Alabama
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: At Home
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
P.H. Beaty 48
Polly Ann Beaty 41
David Beaty 18
Melonia Beaty 16
Jacob Beaty 10
James A. Beaty 3
Annie B. Beaty 11m
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Precinct 4, Tarrant, Texas; Roll: 1328; Family History Film: 1255328; Page: 185D; Enumeration District: 096.

1880 United States Federal Census about P.H. Beaty
Name: P.H. Beaty
Age: 48
Birth Year: abt 1832
Birthplace: Missouri
p. h. beaty-pleasant h. beaty

1880 United States Federal Census about Polly Ann Beaty
Name: Polly Ann Beaty
Age: 41
Birth Year: abt 1839
Birthplace: Alabama
aka/mary tinker

you should also look at the MOWA tribe.

1870 United States Federal Census about Pleasant Paty
Name: Pleasant Paty
[Pleasant Beaty]
[Pleasant Baty]
Age in 1870: 36
Birth Year: abt 1834
Birthplace: Missouri
Home in 1870: West of the Brazos River, McLennan, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Post Office: Waco
Value of real estate: View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
Pleasant Paty 36
Polly Paty 33
David Paty 6
Malvina Paty 5
Jacob Paty 1
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: West of the Brazos River, McLennan, Texas; Roll: M593_1598; Page: 172A; Image: 343; Family History Library Film: 553097.

on findagrave.com
pleas h. beaty
Birth: unknown
Death: Nov. 13, 1931

Burial:
Mount Olivet Cemetery
Pauls Valley
Garvin County
Oklahoma, USA
headstone also shows myrtle jane beaty

Texas, Muster Roll Index Cards, 1838-1900 about P H Beatie
Name: P H Beatie
Enlistment Date: 18 Jan 1861
Record Type: Ranger Rolls – Statehood
there might be a civil war pension record.

1860 United States Federal Census about Pleasant Beaty
Name: Pleasant Beaty
Age in 1860: 26
Birth Year: abt 1834
Birthplace: Missouri
Home in 1860: Bosque, Texas
Gender: Male
Post Office: Flag Pond
Value of real estate: View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
Pleasant Beaty 26
Polly A Beaty 21
Neoma E Beaty 2/12
Mila A Dickinson 10
Joseph L Dickinson 10
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: , Bosque, Texas; Roll: M653_1289; Page: 40; Image: 85; Family History Library Film: 805289.

1850 United States Federal Census about Pleasant H Beatty
Name: Pleasant H Beatty
Age: 19
Birth Year: abt 1831
Birthplace: Missouri
Home in 1850: District 90, Saline, Missouri
Gender: Male
Family Number: 526
Household Members:
Name Age
David Beatty 56
Naomi Beatty 57
Pleasant H Beatty 19
Malvina Beatty 15
Ann R Beatty 13
Adam B Fizer 28
Mila A Fizer 27
William Fizer 3
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: District 90, Saline, Missouri; Roll: M432_419; Page: 42B; Image: 88.

i have found that people with the name of mary sometimes have a nickname of polly. i have two such ancestors in my background.

but i don’t know if mary tinker is polly.

1910 United States Federal Census about Armanda Beaty
Name: Armanda Beaty
Age in 1910: 26
Birth Year: abt 1884
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1910: Township 9, Bryan, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Jake A Beaty
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Township 9, Bryan, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1244; Page: 8B; Enumeration District: 0030; FHL microfilm: 1375257.

in 1910, the family rents a house on a farm. this means that the family was not likely to have been enrolled in one of the five major tribes in oklahoma. but there are 63 tribes in oklahoma so you should look at where your family lived and see if there is a tribe nearby. location is an important factor in tribal enrollment, since natives had to be living under the authority of a tribe.

however, the evidence that they did not enroll in a tribe is mounting up:
-they were renting a house in 1910 and did not receive an allotment upon enrollment
-they were born in TX and the trail of tears did not go through texas in the late 1830s.
-they were on the census in the 1800s so they could not have been on the native census records in the 1800s. natives who lived on reservations were enumerated on native census records. this family was enumerated on the federal census. that would mean that they would have difficulty submitting the proof required for the membership procedure because they had not been living on reservation for many years.
-their parents may not have been born on reservations, but you should check this.
first look at the death certificates, cemetery records, obituaries to see if there are clues to birthplace, birthdate, parents. state archives, state historical societies have some historical newspapers but you might be able to get a copy of an obituary from your local public library interlibrary loan program.
cemetery records: findagrave.com or interment.net
state vital records for vital records. if old, they might be in the state archives or state historical society.

if you request a birth certificate for a birth before 1940, also request a delayed birth certificate. on 1/1/1937 social security went into effect and people had to show proof of age. since many did not have a birth certificate, they filed delayed birth certificates. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, you can get a copy of a deceased applicant’s application with a SS-5.

dawes roll
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/final-rolls.htm

i do not see your family on the dawes roll.

1930 United States Federal Census about Emma Hamrick
Name: Emma Hamrick
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1905
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Race: White
Home in 1930: Bennington, Bryan, Oklahoma
Map of Home: View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s Name: Jessie J Hamrick
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Jessie J Hamrick 26
Emma Hamrick 25
Delmar J Hamrick 5
Wayne J Hamrick 2
[2 6/12]
Leroy Hamrick 0
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Bennington, Bryan, Oklahoma; Roll: 1894; Page: 6B; Enumeration District: 7; Image: 110.0; FHL microfilm: 2341628.

1940 United States Federal Census about Emma Hammrick
Name: Emma Hammrick
Age: 34
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1906
Gender: Female
Race: White
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Home in 1940: Bennington, Bryan, Oklahoma
Map of Home in 1940: View Map
Street: Bennington Smith Lee Road
Inferred Residence in 1935: Rural, Bryan, Oklahoma
Residence in 1935: Rural, Bryan, Oklahoma
Resident on farm in 1935: Yes
Sheet Number: 14A
Attended School or College: No
Highest Grade Completed: Elementary school, 5th grade
Weeks Worked in 1939: 0
Income: 0
Income Other Sources: No
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Jesse J Hammrick 36
Emma Hammrick 34
Delmar Hammrick 15
Wayne Hammrick 12
Leroy Hammrick 10
Ina Grace Hammrick 7
Fay Hamrick 5
Mary Joe Hamrick 2
Boyd Hamrick 1/12
Lloyd Hamrick 1/12
Aarie Beaty 56
Frank Beaty 17
Source Citation: Year: 1940; Census Place: Bennington, Bryan, Oklahoma; Roll: T627_3278; Page: 14A; Enumeration District: 7-8.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2) ancestry.com.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
http://www.archives.gov
try the fort worth, TX office.
there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes list applicants on the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma.

requirements for enrollment for several oklahoma tribes:
http://thorpe.ou.edu/OILS/blood.html
What are tribal membership requirements?

Tribal enrollment criteria are set forth in tribal constitutions, articles of incorporation or ordinances. The criterion varies from tribe to tribe, so uniform membership requirements do not exist.

Two common requirements for membership are lineal decendency from someone named on the tribe’s base roll or relationship to a tribal member who descended from someone named on the base roll. (A “base roll” is the original list of members as designated in a tribal constitution or other document specifying enrollment criteria.) Other conditions such as tribal blood quantum, tribal residency, or continued contact with the tribe are common.

http://www.narf.org/nill/resources/enrollment.htm

enrollment is a two step process. first you have to get your CDIB card from the BIA to show your degree of blood/eligibility to enroll in a particular tribe, and then you have to apply to the tribe for acceptance, if you meet their membership requirements.

Tribal Government personnel, usually an Enrollment Clerk, located at a regional or agency office processes applications for Certificates of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) and Indian Preference in Employment, BIA Form 4432, to anyone who can provide documentation that he or she descends from an American Indian tribe.
http://www.bia.gov/WhatWeDo/ServiceOverview/TribalGov/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_recognition_in_the_United_States
this article has many resources.
however i find the paragraph on “Recognition for individuals” to be somewhat insensitive.

i think someone should rewrite that paragraph.

What are the most typical requirements for membership?
Each tribe has a base roll which was established, usually, in the early 20th century, listing the members of the tribe
at that time. Your first challenge will be to prove direct lineal descent from someone listed on that base roll. Then
you must prove that you have the required level of blood quantum – the percentage of your genetic make-up that
is native by bloodline. Most tribes require a 1/4 blood quantum – that is, you must be at least one-fourth Native
American – but note that the Eastern Band of the Cherokees requires that you be only 1/16 or higher to join, and the Cherokee Nation has no minimum quantum restriction, so long as you can prove descent. There may be other conditions for membership as well: requirements for tribal residency or continued contact with the tribe are common.
http://freedomcenter.org/_media/pdf/genealogy/16.%20Native%20American%20-%20Tribal%20Membership.pdf

choctaw enrollment, forms, FAQs
http://www.choctawnation.com/services/departments/enrollment-cdib-and-tribal-membership/

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment. some mississippi choctaw were accepted by adoption or lawsuit.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants on the dawes roll can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
http://www.odl.state.ok.us/oar/
http://www.okhistory.org/
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public library/interlibrary loan program might also have access to newspapers and local history books.

http://www.archives.gov

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.

http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

http://www.okhistory.org/publications/chronicles

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this will give you locations, family members. your local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.com and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

tribes in other locations:
http://www.ncsl.org/issues-research/tribal/list-of-federal-and-state-recognized-tribes.aspx

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw were not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto