Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation
RSS

Looking to get my cdib card

Karly Karly

posted on October 4, 2013

My name is karly. I don’t know much about my family history. I do know that my mother’s fathers was Philip Powell and his father Key Powell was full blood choctaw. I have no idea when he was born or when he died. Could someone from the choctaw nation please help me?

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on October 4, 2013

you have to start with what you know, gather documents, then go backward in time. i would suggest that you would want to get your mother’s birth certificate, which will have some information on it. then your mother’s father’s birth certificate.

locations and dates fix a family to a location at a particular point in time. spouse names, other childrens’ names help also, since it gives you more information for searching.

key sounds like a nickname to me.

Name Age Sex Blood Card No. Tribe Roll No.
Susan E. Powell 41 Female 1/16 Card #2581 Choctaw by Blood Roll #7488
Hubbard Powell 20 Male 1/32 Card #2581 Choctaw by Blood Roll #7489
Myrtle G. Powell 18 Female 1/32 Card #2581 Choctaw by Blood Roll #7490
Turner Powell 16 Male 1/32 Card #2581 Choctaw by Blood Roll #7491
Beulah A. Powell 11 Female 1/32 Card #2581 Choctaw by Blood Roll #7492
Rufus A. Powell 7 Male 1/32 Card #2581 Choctaw by Blood Roll #7493
Key Powell 5 Male 1/32 Card #2581 Choctaw by Blood Roll #7494
Keener Powell 3 Male 1/32 Card #2581 Choctaw by Blood Roll #7495

maybe this is your key powell.

if key powell was born about 1900, in oklahoma, maybe this is your relative. you can get a copy of the dawes packet from fold3.com, a subscription website. one month’s subscription is less than the price of a dawes packet from oklahoma historical society or NARA, links in this post.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes
the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma and contains the applicants’ names in an index. if you see a relative, that means there are underlying records.

NARA http://www.archives.gov

1940 United States Federal Census about Key Powell
Name: Key Powell
Age: 42
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1898
Gender: Male
Race: White
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Home in 1940: Bokoshe, Le Flore, Oklahoma
Map of Home in 1940: View Map
Street: Water Street
Farm: No
Inferred Residence in 1935: Bokoshe, Le Flore, Oklahoma
Residence in 1935: Same Place
Resident on farm in 1935: No
Sheet Number: 5A
Number of Household in Order of Visitation: 101
Occupation: Top Hand
House Owned or Rented: Rented
Value of Home or Monthly Rental if Rented: 10
Attended School or College: No
Highest Grade Completed: Elementary school, 7th grade
Duration of Unemployment: 7
Class of Worker: Wage or salary worker in private work
Weeks Worked in 1939: 23
Income: 200
Income Other Sources: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Key Powell 42
Kate Powell 41
Betty J Powell 16
James K Powell 12
Phillip Powell 3
Source Citation: Year: 1940; Census Place: Bokoshe, Le Flore, Oklahoma; Roll: T627_3304; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 40-1.

1930 United States Federal Census about Key Powell
Name: Key Powell
[Key Perell]
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1899
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Race: White
Home in 1930: Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma
Map of Home: View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Kate Powell
Father’s Birthplace: Missouri
Mother’s Birthplace: Alabama
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Key Powell 31
Kate Powell 30
Betty Jane Powell 6
James Key Powell 2
[2 10/12]
William A Powell 21
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma; Roll: 1936; Page: 4A; Enumeration District: 127; Image: 53.0; FHL microfilm: 2341670.

U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-Current about Key Powell
Name: Key Powell
SSN: 445-01-8312
Last Residence: 74127 Tulsa, Osage, Oklahoma, USA
Born: 3 Dec 1898
Died: Feb 1971
State (Year) SSN issued: Oklahoma (Before 1951)

1930 United States Federal Census about Kate Powell
Name: Kate Powell
[Kate Perell]
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1900
Birthplace: Arkansas
Race: White
Home in 1930: Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma
Map of Home: View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s Name: Key Powell
Father’s Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Mother’s Birthplace: Missouri
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Key Powell 31
Kate Powell 30
Betty Jane Powell 6
James Key Powell 2
[2 10/12]
William A Powell 21
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma; Roll: 1936; Page: 4A; Enumeration District: 127; Image: 53.0; FHL microfilm: 2341670.

1900 United States Federal Census about Nattie Poll
Name: Nattie Poll
[Kattie Poll]
Age: 10/12
Birth Date: Jun 1900
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1900: Fairplay, Saline, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Farenza Poll
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Name: Laure Poll
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Farenza Poll 28
Laure Poll 29
Olie Poll 6
Elbert Poll 7
Nattie Poll 10/12
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Fairplay, Saline, Arkansas; Roll: 75; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 0142; FHL microfilm: 1240075.

this might be katie. i don’t know.

or this might be. don’t know if it is the same person:

1920 United States Federal Census about Kattie Pool
Name: Kattie Pool
Age: 20
Birth Year: abt 1900
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1920: Cardwell, Dunklin, Missouri
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: James E Pool
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Birthplace: Illinois
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
James E Pool 22
Kattie Pool 20
Hazel Pool 2
[2 8/12]
Unnamed Pool 0
[0/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Cardwell, Dunklin, Missouri; Roll: T625_909; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 68; Image: 1066.

because of the naming of key’s son, his name might also be james.

i am getting this from a trail that other people researching your line show. sometimes they don’t know how to do genealogy. so be careful of people who think they find records.

U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 about Key Powell
Name: Key Powell
County: Le Flore
State: Oklahoma
Birth Date: 3 Dec 1897
Race: White

his nearest relative is susan e. powell.

1910 United States Federal Census about Key Powell
Name: Key Powell
Age in 1910: 13
Birth Year: abt 1897
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1910: Bokoshe Ward 4, Le Flore, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Name: Susan E Powell
Mother’s Birthplace: Oklahoma
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Susan E Powell 50
Bualah Powell 18
Rufus Powell 15
Key Powell 13
Keener Powell 10
Mac Mcgruder 22
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Bokoshe Ward 4, Le Flore, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1258; Page: 17A; Enumeration District: 0146; FHL microfilm: 1375271.

1900 United States Federal Census about Key Powell
Name: Key Powell
Age: 2
Birth Date: abt 1898
Birthplace: Indian Territory, Oklahoma
Home in 1900: Township 9, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Father’s Name: Julius Rowell
Mother’s Name: Susan E Rowell
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Julius Powell 49
Susan E Powell 38
Edgar Powell 20
Hubbard Powell 18
Myrtle Powell 5
Turner Powell 12
Bulah Powell 7
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 9, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: 1850; Enumeration District: 0180; FHL microfilm: 1241850.

1900 United States Federal Census about Julius Powell
Name: Julius Rowell
[Powell]
Age: 49
Birth Date: abt 1851
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1900: Township 9, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Susan E Rowell

1900 United States Federal Census about Susan E Powell
Name: Susan E Powell
[Susan E Rowell]
Age: 38
Birth Date: abt 1862
Birthplace: Indian Territory, Oklahoma
Home in 1900: Township 9, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s Name: Julius Rowell

mother is susan elizabeth powell.
Birth: Aug. 31, 1861
Death: Sep. 14, 1938

Burial:
Old Bokoshe Memorial Gardens
Bokoshe
Le Flore County
Oklahoma, USA
findagrave.com

1930 United States Federal Census about Susan E Powell
Name: Susan E Powell
[Suren E Powells]
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1858
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Race: Indian (Native American)
Home in 1930: Bokoshe, Le Flore, Oklahoma
Map of Home: View Map
Marital Status: Widowed
Relation to Head of House: Head
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Susan E Powell 72
August J Powell 18
Hubert A Powell 16
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Bokoshe, Le Flore, Oklahoma; Roll: 1910; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 1; Image: 538.0; FHL microfilm: 2341644.

susan would have passed away after social security came into effect 1/1/1937, so she would have had to submit a delayed birth certificate to show proof of age. you should ask state vital records for this document. if you get stuck, you can get a copy of her social security application with an SS-5.

U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-Current about Phillip E. Powell
Name: Phillip E. Powell
Last Residence: 74115 Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma
Born: 17 Jul 1936
Died: 18 Feb 2010
State (Year) SSN issued: Oklahoma (1951)

this name is common and there are other possibilities:
U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-Current Death, Burial, Cemetery & Obituaries
Name: Phillip E. Powell
Birth: 18 Jul 1932
Death: 19 Apr 1998 – Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA
Civil: Oklahoma

Web: Oklahoma, Find A Grave Index, 1800-2012 Death, Burial, Cemetery & Obituaries
Name: Phillip E Powell
Birth: 18 Jul 1932
Death: 19 Apr 1998

U.S. Veterans Gravesites, ca.1775-2006 Death, Burial, Cemetery & Obituaries
Name: Phillip E Powell
Birth: 18 Jul 1932
Death: 19 Apr 1998
Military: 1 Sep 1950
Military: 29 Jul 1952

you can get a copy of obituaries, which might tell you which one is likely. see your local public library/interlibrary loan program for that.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2) ancestry.com.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
http://www.archives.gov
try the fort worth, TX office.
there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes list applicants on the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma.

requirements for enrollment for several oklahoma tribes:
http://thorpe.ou.edu/OILS/blood.html
What are tribal membership requirements?

Tribal enrollment criteria are set forth in tribal constitutions, articles of incorporation or ordinances. The criterion varies from tribe to tribe, so uniform membership requirements do not exist.

Two common requirements for membership are lineal decendency from someone named on the tribe’s base roll or relationship to a tribal member who descended from someone named on the base roll. (A “base roll” is the original list of members as designated in a tribal constitution or other document specifying enrollment criteria.) Other conditions such as tribal blood quantum, tribal residency, or continued contact with the tribe are common.

http://www.narf.org/nill/resources/enrollment.htm

enrollment is a two step process. first you have to get your CDIB card from the BIA to show your degree of blood/eligibility to enroll in a particular tribe, and then you have to apply to the tribe for acceptance, if you meet their membership requirements.

Tribal Government personnel, usually an Enrollment Clerk, located at a regional or agency office processes applications for Certificates of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) and Indian Preference in Employment, BIA Form 4432, to anyone who can provide documentation that he or she descends from an American Indian tribe.
http://www.bia.gov/WhatWeDo/ServiceOverview/TribalGov/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_recognition_in_the_United_States
this article has many resources.
however i find the paragraph on “Recognition for individuals” to be somewhat insensitive.

i think someone should rewrite that paragraph.

What are the most typical requirements for membership?
Each tribe has a base roll which was established, usually, in the early 20th century, listing the members of the tribe
at that time. Your first challenge will be to prove direct lineal descent from someone listed on that base roll. Then
you must prove that you have the required level of blood quantum – the percentage of your genetic make-up that
is native by bloodline. Most tribes require a 1/4 blood quantum – that is, you must be at least one-fourth Native
American – but note that the Eastern Band of the Cherokees requires that you be only 1/16 or higher to join, and the Cherokee Nation has no minimum quantum restriction, so long as you can prove descent. There may be other conditions for membership as well: requirements for tribal residency or continued contact with the tribe are common.
http://freedomcenter.org/_media/pdf/genealogy/16.%20Native%20American%20-%20Tribal%20Membership.pdf

choctaw enrollment, forms, FAQs
http://www.choctawnation.com/services/departments/enrollment-cdib-and-tribal-membership/

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment. some mississippi choctaw were accepted by adoption or lawsuit.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants on the dawes roll can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
http://www.odl.state.ok.us/oar/
http://www.okhistory.org/
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public library/interlibrary loan program might also have access to newspapers and local history books.

http://www.archives.gov

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.

http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

http://www.okhistory.org/publications/chronicles

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this will give you locations, family members. your local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.com and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

rayson allen rayson allen

posted on October 10, 2013

DAWES PACKET ( FAMILY GROUP) CHOCTAW BY BLOOD CARD # 2581 – SUSAN E. POWELL – PAGE 44

BOKOSHE, INDIAN TERRITORY AUGUST 25, 1897

To the honorable Commission, Five Civilized Tribes, Fort Gibson, Indian Territory -

We, George L. Smith, M. C. Gregory, and Ellen Burnett, residents of Bokoshe, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory, are each lineal descendants of the Choctaw Tribe of Indians, and are so recognized by the authorities of the Choctaw Nation. We know Julias A. Powell, a white man of the United States, who was legally and lawfully married to Miss Susan E. Gregory, a Choctaw Indian woman by blood. She is also recognized by the authorities of the Choctaw Nation, and her name, together with her six older children, now appears on the regular authenticated Rolls of the Choctaw Nation. The younger child, namely “Key Powell”, has been born since the last authenticated Rolls were taken. We recommend the Enrollment of Key Powell as a citizen of the Choctaw Nation by blood.

Signed, George L. Smith, M. C. Gregory, Ella Burnett

Subscribed and sworn to before me this the 25th day of August, 1897. Signed B.B. Woodward
Notary Public

NOTES FROM OTHER PAGES IN THIS DAWES PACKET =
Julias Powell and Susan Gregory were married
9-12-1878 at the house of Abraham Gregory in Skullyville, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory.

Julias Powell was born in Sebastian County, Arkansas. Susan Gregory was born in Skullyville County, Choctaw Nation, I. T.

Key Powell was born 12-3-1896, as sworn to in affidavits by both parents. He was enrolled by the Choctaw Nation on 8-18-1900 with Roll # 7494 as 1/32 blood Choctaw Indian. This action was approved by the U.S. Secretary of the Interior on 1-17-1903.