Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Anyone Have Anything??? - Percy Leroy McDougal

cmfoster3 cmfoster3

posted on September 23, 2013

I’m wondering if a Cherokee or White family would be living in the Choctaw Nation in 1900; see following for background … if someone can help me with clarification and any historic / background information that would be great – oh, and of course if any of the below details would help me find out if I do in fact have any native american heritage, :) much thanks :)

there is a family assumption that my grandmother’s father (Percy Leroy McDougal) was Cherokee; after some digging, I found that when he was 4 years old in 1900, he and his family actually lived in Township 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; he lived with his Father (Robert Bascom McDougal), his mother (Ida M Cunningham McDougal), and his baby sister (Leslie B McDougal); his father died in 1903 and the next record I found was Percy living with his uncle (William A Dennon), his mother, his sister, and his 8 year old brother (Dean M McDougal) in Henry, Okmulgee County, Oklahoma; I’m not familar with the Choctaw Nation or any other tribal communities or lands, so I have no way of knowing if (1) living in the Nation means the family (or a leading member) was Choctaw, (2) if Henry, OK is in or near any Nation lands, or (3) how to find out if any of this information can be used to determine if I have any native american ancestors … I welcome any assistance :)

rayson allen rayson allen

posted on September 23, 2013

There were many white families living in the Choctaw Nation in 1900, most of them renting land and houses from citizens of the Nation and striving to better themselves economically. Many married native american citizens and applied for membership as intermarried or “identified white” citizens. The Indian Nations of Indian Territory were sovereign nations until 1907 when they became the State of Oklahoma. The Choctaw Nation allowed whites to come in as long as they did not try to buy or own any land ( hence they rented). Those who intermarried were allowed to occupy land possessed by their spouses. All whites who entered Indian Territory and did neither were considered “intruders” and were forcibly removed by US Army Troopers. All land was held in common by the Nations until 1896, when the Dawes Commission began identifying native americans and allotting lands to them, giving them title to deeds.
The family of Robert Bascom McDougal, wife Ida M. Cunniugham, son Percy Leroy McDougal and daughter Leslie M. were renting a house in Township 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian territory in the year 1900. The census says Robert was a “livery man” who worked at the livery stables in town. He was born 1-10-1856 in Louisiana and died 1-1-1903 in McAlester, Tobusky County, Choctaw Nation, I.T. which is in Pittsburg County, Oklahoma today. In 1870, his family was living in Blansett, Scott County, Arkansas (Robert age 14) Now Ida Cunningham was born in Illinois and her son Percy Leroy was born 4-20-1896 in Hartshorne, Tobusky County, Choctaw Nation, I. T. Leslie was also born in Choctaw Nation, Indian territory.
This tells me that the family was living in the Choctaw Nation for financial reasons and were not native american. They migrated westward from Illinois and Arkansas. The fact that they were renting and enumerated on the general population schedule and not on the Indian population schedule tells me this. The Dawes Rolls mentions one McDougal family who were Cherokee ( George and Betsy, Nancy Wright) and 23 McDougal persons who applied as Mississippi Choctaws, but all were refused membership and given MCR classification.
The 1910 census places this family as living with relatives in Henry, Okmulgee County, Oklahoma. Actually, this town was formed as an all black community by african americans freed after the Civil War, known as “freedmen” but former slaves of native americans. The town name was changed to Henryetta in 1900 when the discovery of oil caused a big boon in which thousands of whites came to work for their fortunes. Perhaps the William A. Dennon family was one of them. Okmulgee County was in the old Chickasaw Nation or Creek Nation, but I do not believe it was in the Cherokee Nation.
Hope this info helps answer your questions!

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on September 24, 2013

there were oklahoma land rushes before 1900. and many came for the business opportunities.

tribal membership was given to original enrollees after they applied for enrollment and they submitted evidence that satisfied the dawes process requirements.

choctaw nation was a location at the time.

U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 about Percy Leroy McDougal
Name: Percy Leroy McDougal
Birth Date: 20 Apr 1896
Birth Place: Hortshorn, Oklahoma
Residence: Crete, Illinois
Race: White

1910 United States Federal Census about Percey L Mcdougal
Name: Percey L Mcdougal
[Perrie L Mcdougal]
[Percy L Mcdougal]
Age in 1910: 14
Birth Year: abt 1896
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1910: Henry, Okmulgee, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Nephew
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Birthplace: Louisiana
Mother’s Birthplace: Illinois
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William A Dennon 49
Ida M Cunningham 31
Percey L Mcdougal 14
Leslie B Mcdougal 10
Dean M Mcdougal 8
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Henry, Okmulgee, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1267; Page: 19A; Enumeration District: 0149; FHL microfilm: 1375280.

the family rents a house in 1910. this is after allotments were given.

1900 United States Federal Census about Percy Mcdugle
Name: Percy Mcdugle
Age: 4
Birth Date: abt 1896
Birthplace: Indian Territory, Oklahoma
Home in 1900: Township 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Father’s Name: Bascom Mcdugle
Mother’s Name: Ida Mcdugle
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Bascom Mcdugle 42
Ida Mcdugle 23
Percy Mcdugle 4
Leslie Mcdugle 4/12
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: 1851; Enumeration District: 0084; FHL microfilm: 1241851.

you can correct the ancestry name index for each entry that is misspelled. you should do that so that others can find your family.

1900 United States Federal Census about Ida Mcdugle
Name: Ida Mcdugle
Age: 23
Birth Date: abt 1877
Birthplace: Illinois

the choctaw tribe was in MS/AL and was a southeastern tribe. so ida is not choctaw.

1900 United States Federal Census about Bascom Mcdugle
Name: Bascom Mcdugle
Age: 42
Birth Date: abt 1858
Birthplace: Louisiana

bascom is from LA and there were jena choctaw, mississippi choctaw in that area. they would not be enrolled in oklahoma but they could have been enrolled in the jena choctaw tribe or mississippi choctaw if they had lived in the location of the reservation. unfortunately, since bascom came to OK, it is much less likely that the family could have been enrolled in those states.

findagrave.com
Birth: Jan. 10, 1856
Death: Jan. 1, 1903

Burial:
North McAlester Cemetery
McAlester
Pittsburg County
Oklahoma, USA

you might want to try to get an obituary from a historical newspaper to post on the findagrave.com website.
see your local public library/interlibrary loan program for that.
state historical societies and state archives might also have historical newspapers.

1870 United States Federal Census about Bascum Mcdougal
Name: Bascum Mcdougal
Age in 1870: 14
Birth Year: abt 1856
Birthplace: Louisiana
Home in 1870: Blansett, Scott, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Post Office: Waldron
Value of real estate: View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
John M Mcdougal 42
Harriet E Mcdougal 40
Ambers C Mcdougal 20
Andrew Mcdougal 16
Bascum Mcdougal 14
Alice Mcdougal 12
Josephine Mcdougal 7
John W Mcdougal 5
Allenia Mcdougal 3
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Blansett, Scott, Arkansas; Roll: M593_63; Page: 570A; Image: 308; Family History Library Film: 545562.

the parents were from GA. you would have to look at the area where the parents were born to see if there were any tribes in the area.

ambrose was born in TX and the other children b. LA. this usually indicates that they were not jena choctaw nor mississippi choctaw, as most of the choctaw didn’t come from GA. there were other tribes that came from GA.

but this could also be part of a western migration to the frontier.

john mcdougal’s findagrave memorial.
Birth: 1827
Death: 1903

Inscription:
Parents of 10 children

Burial:
North McAlester Cemetery
McAlester
Pittsburg County
Oklahoma, USA

1860 United States Federal Census about J Mcdougal
Name: J Mcdougal
Age in 1860: 32
Birth Year: abt 1828
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1860: Ward 9, Ouachita, Louisiana
Gender: Male
Post Office: Monroe
Value of real estate: View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
J Mcdougal 32
H Mcdougal 29
George Mcdougal 12
Ambrose Mcdougal 10
Andrew Mcdougal 7
R Mcdougal 5
Alice Mcdougal 2
Laura Mcdougal 1/12
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Ward 9, Ouachita, Louisiana; Roll: M653_414; Page: 648; Image: 222; Family History Library Film: 803414.

this family is found on federal census records so they were not living on a reservation at this time. if they were native, they would have had difficulty proving their ancestry because they were not living on a reservation.

natives who lived on a reservation were on the native census records and not found on the federal census records.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2) ancestry.com.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
http://www.archives.gov
try the fort worth, TX office.
there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes list applicants on the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma.

requirements for enrollment for several oklahoma tribes:
http://thorpe.ou.edu/OILS/blood.html
What are tribal membership requirements?

Tribal enrollment criteria are set forth in tribal constitutions, articles of incorporation or ordinances. The criterion varies from tribe to tribe, so uniform membership requirements do not exist.

Two common requirements for membership are lineal decendency from someone named on the tribe’s base roll or relationship to a tribal member who descended from someone named on the base roll. (A “base roll” is the original list of members as designated in a tribal constitution or other document specifying enrollment criteria.) Other conditions such as tribal blood quantum, tribal residency, or continued contact with the tribe are common.

http://www.narf.org/nill/resources/enrollment.htm

enrollment is a two step process. first you have to get your CDIB card from the BIA to show your degree of blood/eligibility to enroll in a particular tribe, and then you have to apply to the tribe for acceptance, if you meet their membership requirements.

Tribal Government personnel, usually an Enrollment Clerk, located at a regional or agency office processes applications for Certificates of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) and Indian Preference in Employment, BIA Form 4432, to anyone who can provide documentation that he or she descends from an American Indian tribe.
http://www.bia.gov/WhatWeDo/ServiceOverview/TribalGov/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_recognition_in_the_United_States
this article has many resources.
however i find the paragraph on “Recognition for individuals” to be somewhat insensitive.

i think someone should rewrite that paragraph.

What are the most typical requirements for membership?
Each tribe has a base roll which was established, usually, in the early 20th century, listing the members of the tribe
at that time. Your first challenge will be to prove direct lineal descent from someone listed on that base roll. Then
you must prove that you have the required level of blood quantum – the percentage of your genetic make-up that
is native by bloodline. Most tribes require a 1/4 blood quantum – that is, you must be at least one-fourth Native
American – but note that the Eastern Band of the Cherokees requires that you be only 1/16 or higher to join, and the Cherokee Nation has no minimum quantum restriction, so long as you can prove descent. There may be other conditions for membership as well: requirements for tribal residency or continued contact with the tribe are common.
http://freedomcenter.org/_media/pdf/genealogy/16.%20Native%20American%20-%20Tribal%20Membership.pdf

choctaw enrollment, forms, FAQs
http://www.choctawnation.com/services/departments/enrollment-cdib-and-tribal-membership/

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment. some mississippi choctaw were accepted by adoption or lawsuit.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants on the dawes roll can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
http://www.odl.state.ok.us/oar/
http://www.okhistory.org/
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public library/interlibrary loan program might also have access to newspapers and local history books.

http://www.archives.gov

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.

http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

http://www.okhistory.org/publications/chronicles

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this will give you locations, family members. your local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.com and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto