Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Mcdonald

Onnafay Downard Onnafay Downard

posted on October 13, 2010

I am looking for information on my great,great,great grandmother. Her name was Sarah Elizabeth “Sadie” McDonald. She married my g,g,g grandfather William Albert “Will” Benbrook. She was born in Kentucky on February 14, 1876. They were married October 24, 1894 in Stone county, Arkansas. She died an August 2, 1943. Her mother’s name was Rose and I do not know her father’s name except the last name of McDonald. I do know that she was full blooded Indian and there is some arguement about the tribe. My mother thinks she was Choctaw, but we do not know for sure. If anyone has any info on a McDonald clan out of Kentucky I would very much appreciate it. Thank You.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on October 13, 2010

the macdonald/mcdonald surname is very common. many scottish men were traders and several did have native wives. it would help to discover where she might have been born and other details. i see that you give a fairly exact birthdate but very general location. what documents do you already have?

rose ? m. ? mcdonald
sarah elizabeth “sadie” mcdonald b. 2/14/1876 KY d. 8/2/1943
m. william albert “will” benbrook 10/24/1894 stone, AR

several tribes were in KY at this time. you should try to find the tribes in KY at that time. geographic location will be a big clue, which is why her birth location would be so helpful.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/kentucky/index.htm
http://500nations.com/Kentucky_Tribes.asp
http://www.native-languages.org/kentucky.htm

her social security application would help you. she probably filed a delayed birth certificate to show proof of age 1/1/1937 for the social security application.
also, get familiar with the kentucky state archives.

i am somewhat handicapped in this inquiry because i don’t know the childrens’ names nor whether they moved to oklahoma. you say nothing that would help me about the details of her life after her marriage.

but some of the details vary from your post, so knowing the childrens’ names would have been helpful.

1900 United States Federal Census
about Sarah J Benbrook
Name: Sarah J Benbrook
Home in 1900: Hixson, Stone, Arkansas
Age: 22
Birth Date: Jul 1877
Birthplace: Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relationship to Head of House: Wife
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother: number of living children: 2
Mother: How many children: 3
Spouse’s name: William A Benbrook
Marriage Year: 1894
Marital Status: Married
Years Married: 6
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William A Benbrook 23
Sarah J Benbrook 22
Charles H Benbrook 4
Francis E Benbrook 9/12

Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Hixson, Stone, Arkansas; Roll T623_77; Page: 1B; Enumeration District: 133.

this might be will’s family:
Household Members:
Name Age
Charles E. Benbrook 36
Margarett E. Benbrook 35
Sarah L. Benbrook 11
Martha F. Benbrook 8
William A. Benbrook 3
Charles A. Benbrook 3
James Ford 20
Louya E. Simons 32
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Union, Izard, Arkansas; Roll 47; Family History Film: 1254047; Page: 311B; Enumeration District: 80; Image: 0396.

offhand i would say that you have to resolve this birthplace problem. the social security application and a copy of the delayed birth certificate would help you with names and locations, which are crucial. i would say that it is unlikely that sarah traveled to AR by herself. her family should be there too, in 1900.

i think there are two possibilities:
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Hixson, Stone, Arkansas; Roll T623_77; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 133.

1900 United States Federal Census
about Armilda Owens
Name: Armilda Owens
[Armilda McDonald]
Home in 1900: Hixson, Stone, Arkansas
Age: 70
Birth Date: Oct 1829
Birthplace: Tennessee
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relationship to Head of House: Wife
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother: number of living children: 2
Mother: How many children: 4
Spouse’s name: George W Owens
Marriage Year: 1864
Marital Status: Married
Years Married: 36
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
George W Owens 55
Armilda Owens 70

this possibilities looks less strongly because it might not be a mcdonald at all:

1900 United States Federal Census
about John Mcduamnam
Name: John Mcduamnam
[John Mcdearman]
Home in 1900: Richwoods, Stone, Arkansas
Age: 64
Birth Date: Feb 1836
Birthplace: Tennessee
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relationship to Head of House: Head
Father’s Birthplace: Virginia
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Spouse’s name: Matilda Mcduamnam
Marriage Year: 1866
Marital Status: Married
Years Married: 34
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
John Mcduamnam 64
Matilda Mcduamnam 53
John W Mcduamnam 26
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Richwoods, Stone, Arkansas; Roll T623_77; Page: 6B; Enumeration District: 136.

i don’t see a rose mcdonald at the right age.
but then, it appears that some of the details are slightly different from your post, so i don’t know.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears

http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto