Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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need help!!

jesse christenberry jesse christenberry

posted on July 22, 2013

I am trying to find the roll numbers of my grandmas parents/parents. there names are william long, mary (strickland) long, eugene formby born in 1898, willie etter (kiser) formby born in 1908.

william and mary long’s son was born in april 14, 1923 and died on april 19, 2012. his roll number was 8196 and he was a 1/2 choctaw by blood. his name is jesse paskell long.

eugene and willie etter formby’s daughter was born in jan 9, 1926 and died in jan 13,2013.. her roll number was 5758 and was 3/8 choctaw by blood. Her name was Willie allean long

is there anyway to find out the roll number of there parents ? i mean they had to show proof some how to get there roll numbers didnt they ? i for one dont have my Indian card just yet i am working on getting as much information as i can so i can.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on July 22, 2013

the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma lists applicants to the five major tribes of oklahoma. if your family had roll numbers, then they were directly related to an original enrollee. this means that there are underlying documents, such as an enrollment application, a census card, testimony and supporting documents. there are three sources for these documents: NARA, oklahoma historical society and fold3.com.
fold3.com is a subscription website but the price of one month’s subscription is less than the price of a dawes packet from oklahoma historical society and NARA/fort worth, TX.

i am not sure of your line as you have posted. did willie allean formby marry a person named long?

william long m. mary strickland

is this your great grandparents, parents of eugene?

is this a separate line? which was your direct ancestor?
eugene formby m. willie etter? not sure of surname

i do not see any surnames of formby on the dawes roll. this may mean that willie etter kiser was choctaw?
i do not see an entry for willie kiser.
so with neither of willie allean’s parents on the dawes roll, i don’t know how she was 3/8 choctaw and had a roll number.

maybe there are some misspellings. a birth certificate would help a great deal. oh, wait, if willie etter kiser was born in 1908, she wouldn’t be listed on the dawes roll. but her parents might.

there are too many william long names on the dawes roll but the only mary long listed is not your relative.

this is what i would do:
first, find your family in census records 1900-1940. then you will know the approximate dates and locations for birth, the family members.

get some birth certificates or delayed birth certificates for the children, so you know the names of parents.

search the dawes roll for the names of people who were alive in 1900 census. you should find them on the dawes roll, look at the family group to verify it is your family.

1930 United States Federal Census about Jessie Long
Name: Jessie Long
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1924
[abt 1923]
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Race: White
Home in 1930: Liberty, Haskell, Oklahoma
Map of Home: View Map
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Son
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Name: Mary Long
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Mary Long 50
Maggie Long 25
Mary L Long 19
Roxie Long 13
William Long 16
Early Long 10
Pearlie Long 10
Jessie Long 6
[6 11/12]

Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Liberty, Haskell, Oklahoma; Roll: 1906; Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 10; Image: 162.0; FHL microfilm: 2341640.

1930 United States Federal Census about Mary Long
Name: Mary Long
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1880
Birthplace: Arkansas
Race: White
Home in 1930: Liberty, Haskell, Oklahoma
Map of Home: View Map
Marital Status: Widowed
Relation to Head of House: Head
Father’s Birthplace: United States
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas

1920 United States Federal Census about Mary Long
Name: Mary Long
Age: 39
Birth Year: abt 1881
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1920: Liberty, Haskell, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: W A Long
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Able to Read: Yes
Able to Write: No
[Yes]
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
W A Long 43
Mary Long 39
Vestie Long 18
Maggie Long 16
Allen Long 14
Jim Long 11
Mary Long 9
William Long 6
Roxy Long 3
Pearl Long 0
[3/12]
Earl Long 0
[2/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Liberty, Haskell, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1462; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 32; Image: 398.

1910 United States Federal Census about Mary Long
Name: Mary Long
Age in 1910: 29
Birth Year: abt 1881
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1910: Cowlington, Le Flore, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: William Long
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Long 33
Mary Long 29
Henry Long 11
Vesta Long 8
Maggie Long 6
Allen Long 4
James Long 2
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Cowlington, Le Flore, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1258; Page: 15B; Enumeration District: 0149; FHL microfilm: 1375271.

1900 United States Federal Census about Mary Long
Name: Mary Long
Age: 21
Birth Date: abt 1879
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1900: Township 10, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s Name: William Long
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Long 23
Mary Long 21
Henry R Long 1
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 10, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: 1850; Enumeration District: 0179; FHL microfilm: 1241850.

there is no henry long on the dawes roll.

so i don’t know where your roll # comes from.

i don’t know whether eugene’s surname is long or formby. the post is confusing.

i’m starting to see where your roll #‘s come from.
this could not be willie allean long’s roll # because she was not alive 1896-1906. this is someone else. this is the problem with common names.

Name Age Sex Blood Card No. Tribe Roll No.
Rhoda Long 28 Female 3/4 Card #2012 Choctaw by Blood Roll #5753
Julia May Long 10 Female 3/8 Card #2012 Choctaw by Blood Roll #5754
Effie Long 7 Female 3/8 Card #2012 Choctaw by Blood Roll #5756
Frost Long 6 Male 30/8 Card #2012 Choctaw by Blood Roll #5757
Willie A. Long 4 Female 3/8 Card #2012 Choctaw by Blood Roll #5758
Wilson James Long 2 Male 3/8 Card #2012 Choctaw by Blood Roll #5759

and this does not appear to be your family. this is a family group with willie a. long’s name on the dawes roll.

Name Age Sex Blood Card No. Tribe Roll No.
Jesse Long 23 Male 1/2 Card #2792 Choctaw by Blood Roll #8196
and this is the same problem here. jesse long was not alive around 1900 so this is someone else’s dawes roll #.

and this is that jesse’s family group:
Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Cox Caleb 0 M 2792 P
Choctaw Long Charley 0 M 2792 P
Choctaw Long Parnia 0 F 2792 P
Choctaw Long Jesse 20 M 1/2 2792 NR WARD BB
Choctaw Long Julia 34 F IW 2792 NR WARD BB
Choctaw Pirete Sarah 0 F 2792 P

p=parent
bb-by blood

i think you need to do your genealogy and find out if your family applied for enrollment in the five major tribes of oklahoma.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2) ancestry.com.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
http://www.archives.gov
try the fort worth, TX office.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
http://www.odl.state.ok.us/oar/
http://www.okhistory.org/
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public library/interlibrary loan program might also have access to newspapers and local history books.

http://www.archives.gov

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.

http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

http://www.okhistory.org/publications/chronicles

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this will give you locations, family members. your local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.com and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto